The organism which depend on the dead and decaying organic matter is:
Energy is stored in the form of:
The energy stored to synthesize a larger number of ATP molecules.
The TCA cycle starts with:
The TCA cycle starts with the condensation of acetyl group with oxaloacetic acid (OAA) and water to yield citric acid.
During anaerobic respiration less energy is produced than aerobic respiration because:
During anaerobic respiration, incomplete oxidation of glucose takes place but during aerobic respiration complete oxidation of glucose occurs in which less energy is produced.
The enzyme that interconnects the glycolysis and kreb cycle is:
The two molecules of pyruvic acid (produced from one glucose molecule during glycolysis). The acetyl CoA then enters a cyclic pathway, tricarboxylic acid cycle, more commonly called as Krebs’ cycle. Thus, acetyl-CoA interconnecting between two cyclic pathways.
In plants, the gaseous exchange take place in:
Plants unlike animals have no special systems for breathing or gaseous exchange. Stomata and lenticels allow gaseous exchange by diffusion.
Glycolysis is the conversion of:
In this process, glucose undergoes partial oxidation to form two molecules of pyruvic acid.
Aerobic respiration is common in:
Aerobic respiration is the process that leads to a complete oxidation of organic substances in the presence of oxygen, and releases carbon dioxide, water and a large amount of energy present in the substrate. This type of respiration is most common in higher organisms.
Dough kept overnight in warm place becomes soft and spongy due to:
Fermentation is a kind of anaerobic respiration in absence of oxygen to produce ethanol and carbon dioxide gas. Dough kept overnight in warm place becomes soft and spongy due to carbon dioxide gas released during fermentation.
The respiratory ratio of protein is:
When proteins are respiratory substrates the ratio would be about 0.9.
Because the respiratory pathway is involved in both anabolism and catabolism, it would hence be better to consider the respiratory pathway as an amphibolic pathway rather than as a catabolic one.
In animal cells, the first stage of glucose break down is:
In animal cells, like muscles during exercise, when oxygen is inadequate for cellular respiration pyruvic acid is reduced to lactic acid by lactate dehydrogenase. The reducing agent is NADH+ and H+ which is reoxidised to NAD+ in both the processes.
In kreb cycle, isocitric acid is converted into α-keto glutaric acid by:
Citrate is first isomerised to isocitrate and then followed by decarboxylation, leading to the formation of α-ketoglutaric acid.
When and where anaerobic respiration does occurs in man and yeast?
Anaerobic respiration in man occurs in muscle cells during sudden activity in cells to form lactic acid. In yeast anaerobic respiration occurs in absence of oxygen to form ethanol.
Krebs cycle is both catabolic and anabolic because it provides
During breakdown and synthesis of protein too, respiratory intermediates form the link. Breaking down processes within the living organism is catabolism, and synthesis is anabolism. Because the respiratory pathway (Kreb’s cycle) is involved in both anabolism and catabolism, it would hence be better to consider the respiratory pathway.
F0−F1 particles participate in the synthesis of:
Pasture effect can be studied in case of:
Reduction in consumption of respiratory substrate when the mode of respiration is changed from aerobic to anaerobic is called pasture effect. It is studied in the case of Saccharomyces.
Acetyl CoA forms a 6-C compound after combining with
Acetyl CoA is the connecting link between glycolysis and Kreb's cycle. The end product of glycolysis is pyruvate. It is converted to Acetyl CoA which enters the krebs cycle by combining with oxaloacetic acid (OAA) to form a 6 - C compound citric acid.
Acetyl CoA combine with oxalo-acetate in presence of condensing enzyme citrate synthase to form 6-C compound called:
Acetyl CoA (2-carbon compound) combines with oxaloacetate (4-carbon compound) in the presence of condensing enzyme citrate synthase to form a tricarboxylic 6-carbon compound called citric acid. It is the first product of kerbs' cycle. CoA is liberated.
The respiratory quotient(RQ) is defined as:
The ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide evolved to the volume of oxygen consumed in respiration is called the respiratory quotient(RQ) or respiratory ratio
Glycolysis occurs in:
Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell and is present in all living organisms.
Which one is NOT a preparatory phase or energy spending phase of Glycolysis:
Formation of pyruvate is not a prerparatory phase or energy spending phase of Glycolysis. In this phase one ATP molecule is released.
Fermentation is the process of anaerobic respiration in which incomplete oxidation leads to formation of ethanol in absence of oxygen. Fermentation occurs in yeast.
The CORRECT sequential order of pathway is:
There is a sequential, orderly pathway functioning, with one substrate forming the next and with glycolysis, TCA cycle and ETS pathway following one after another.
The respiratory quotient depends upon:
The value of R.Q. depends upon the nature of the respiratory substrate (the organic food matter oxidised in respiration) and its oxidation.