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Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions


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12 Questions MCQ Test Political Science Class 11 | Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions

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Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 1

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

People with special needs or disabilities could be considered unequal in some particular respect and deserving of special help. But it is not always easy to get agreement regarding which inequalities of people should be recognised for providing them special help. Physical disabilities, age or lack of access to good education or health care, are some of the factors which are considered grounds for special treatment in many countries. It is believed that if people who enjoy very different standards of living and opportunities are treated equally in all respects with those who have been deprived of even the basic minimum needs to live a healthy and productive life, the result is likely to be an unequal society, not an egalitarian one. In our country, lack of access to good education or health care and other such facilities is often found combined with social discrimination on grounds of caste. The Constitution, therefore, allowed for reservations of government jobs and quotas for admissions to educational institutions for people belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Tribes. Our discussion of different principles of justice has indicated that governments might sometimes find it difficult to harmonise the three principles of justice such as equal treatment for equals, recognition of different efforts and skills while determining rewards and burdens, and provision of minimum standard of living and equal opportunities to the needy.

Q. Who allowed reservations of government jobs for Scheduled Tribes?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 1 The term 'Scheduled Tribes' first appeared in the Constitution of India. Article 366 (25) defined scheduled tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of this constitution".
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 2

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

People with special needs or disabilities could be considered unequal in some particular respect and deserving of special help. But it is not always easy to get agreement regarding which inequalities of people should be recognised for providing them special help. Physical disabilities, age or lack of access to good education or health care, are some of the factors which are considered grounds for special treatment in many countries. It is believed that if people who enjoy very different standards of living and opportunities are treated equally in all respects with those who have been deprived of even the basic minimum needs to live a healthy and productive life, the result is likely to be an unequal society, not an egalitarian one. In our country, lack of access to good education or health care and other such facilities is often found combined with social discrimination on grounds of caste. The Constitution, therefore, allowed for reservations of government jobs and quotas for admissions to educational institutions for people belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Tribes. Our discussion of different principles of justice has indicated that governments might sometimes find it difficult to harmonise the three principles of justice such as equal treatment for equals, recognition of different efforts and skills while determining rewards and burdens, and provision of minimum standard of living and equal opportunities to the needy.

Q. Who are getting quotas for admissions to educational institutions?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 2 SCs/ STs get reservation in all groups of posts under the Government in case of direct recruitment and in case of promotions made by non-selection method.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 3

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

People with special needs or disabilities could be considered unequal in some particular respect and deserving of special help. But it is not always easy to get agreement regarding which inequalities of people should be recognised for providing them special help. Physical disabilities, age or lack of access to good education or health care, are some of the factors which are considered grounds for special treatment in many countries. It is believed that if people who enjoy very different standards of living and opportunities are treated equally in all respects with those who have been deprived of even the basic minimum needs to live a healthy and productive life, the result is likely to be an unequal society, not an egalitarian one. In our country, lack of access to good education or health care and other such facilities is often found combined with social discrimination on grounds of caste. The Constitution, therefore, allowed for reservations of government jobs and quotas for admissions to educational institutions for people belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Tribes. Our discussion of different principles of justice has indicated that governments might sometimes find it difficult to harmonise the three principles of justice such as equal treatment for equals, recognition of different efforts and skills while determining rewards and burdens, and provision of minimum standard of living and equal opportunities to the needy.

Q. Principle of Justice is/ are:

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 3 The three principles that our justice system seeks to reflect are: equality, fairness and access. Equality is defined in the dictionary as 'the state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 4

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

People with special needs or disabilities could be considered unequal in some particular respect and deserving of special help. But it is not always easy to get agreement regarding which inequalities of people should be recognised for providing them special help. Physical disabilities, age or lack of access to good education or health care, are some of the factors which are considered grounds for special treatment in many countries. It is believed that if people who enjoy very different standards of living and opportunities are treated equally in all respects with those who have been deprived of even the basic minimum needs to live a healthy and productive life, the result is likely to be an unequal society, not an egalitarian one. In our country, lack of access to good education or health care and other such facilities is often found combined with social discrimination on grounds of caste. The Constitution, therefore, allowed for reservations of government jobs and quotas for admissions to educational institutions for people belonging to the Scheduled Castes and Tribes. Our discussion of different principles of justice has indicated that governments might sometimes find it difficult to harmonise the three principles of justice such as equal treatment for equals, recognition of different efforts and skills while determining rewards and burdens, and provision of minimum standard of living and equal opportunities to the needy.

Q. What are considered grounds for special treatment?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 4 Some physical disabilities, age, lack of good education or health care facilities are considered of special treatment. In India, lack of good education, healthcare, amenities, etc. are generally combined with social discrimination on the basis of caste.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 5

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Differences of opinion on matters such as whether,and how, to distribute resources and ensure equal access to education and jobs arouse fierce passions in society and even sometimes provoke violence. People believe the future of themselves and their families may be at stake. We have only to remind ourselves about the anger and even violence which has sometimes been roused by proposals to reserve seats in educational institutions or in government employment in our country. As students of political theory however we should be able to calmly examine the issues involved in terms of our understanding of the principles of justice. The theory of just distribution put forward by the well-known political philosopher, John Rawls. Rawls has argued that there could indeed be a rational justification for acknowledging the need to provide help to the least privileged members of a society.

Q. When did violence occur on just distribution of resources?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 5 In simple terms, reservation in India is all about reserving access to seats in the government jobs, educational institutions, and even legislatures to certain sections of the population. Reservation in India is a government policy, backed by the Indian Constitution (by means of various amendments).
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 6

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Differences of opinion on matters such as whether,and how, to distribute resources and ensure equal access to education and jobs arouse fierce passions in society and even sometimes provoke violence. People believe the future of themselves and their families may be at stake. We have only to remind ourselves about the anger and even violence which has sometimes been roused by proposals to reserve seats in educational institutions or in government employment in our country. As students of political theory however we should be able to calmly examine the issues involved in terms of our understanding of the principles of justice. The theory of just distribution put forward by the well-known political philosopher, John Rawls. Rawls has argued that there could indeed be a rational justification for acknowledging the need to provide help to the least privileged members of a society.

Q. On which issue, violence may be provoked sometimes?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 6 Differences of opinion on matters such whether, and how, to distribute resources and ensure equal access to education and jobs arouse fierce passions in society and even sometimes provoke violence. People believe the future of themselves and their families may be at stake.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 7

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Differences of opinion on matters such as whether,and how, to distribute resources and ensure equal access to education and jobs arouse fierce passions in society and even sometimes provoke violence. People believe the future of themselves and their families may be at stake. We have only to remind ourselves about the anger and even violence which has sometimes been roused by proposals to reserve seats in educational institutions or in government employment in our country. As students of political theory however we should be able to calmly examine the issues involved in terms of our understanding of the principles of justice. The theory of just distribution put forward by the well-known political philosopher, John Rawls. Rawls has argued that there could indeed be a rational justification for acknowledging the need to provide help to the least privileged members of a society.

Q. Who put forward the theory of just distribution?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 7 The most widely discussed theory of distributive justice in the past four decades has been that proposed by John Rawls in A Theory of Justice, (Rawls 1971), and Political Liberalism, (Rawls 1993).
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 8

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Differences of opinion on matters such as whether,and how, to distribute resources and ensure equal access to education and jobs arouse fierce passions in society and even sometimes provoke violence. People believe the future of themselves and their families may be at stake. We have only to remind ourselves about the anger and even violence which has sometimes been roused by proposals to reserve seats in educational institutions or in government employment in our country. As students of political theory however we should be able to calmly examine the issues involved in terms of our understanding of the principles of justice. The theory of just distribution put forward by the well-known political philosopher, John Rawls. Rawls has argued that there could indeed be a rational justification for acknowledging the need to provide help to the least privileged members of a society.

Q. Who was John Rawls?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 8 John Rawls, (born February 21, 1921, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.—died November 24, 2002, Lexington, Massachusetts), American political and ethical philosopher, best known for his defense of egalitarian liberalism in his major work, A Theory of Justice (1971). in moral philosophy in 1950.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 9

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

According to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, human beings possess dignity. If all persons are granted dignity then what is due to each of them is that they have the opportunity to develop their talents and pursue their chosen goals. Justice requires that we give due and equal consideration to all individuals. Although there might be broad agreement in modern society about the equal importance of all people, it is not a simple matter to decide how to give each person his/her due. A number of different principles have been put forward in this regard. One of the principles is the principle of treating equals equally. It is considered that all individuals share certain characteristics as human beings. Therefore, they deserve equal rights and equal treatment. Some of the important rights which are granted in most liberal democracies today include civil rights such as the rights of life, liberty and property, political rights like the right to vote, which enable people to participate in political processes, and certain social rights which would include the right to enjoy equal opportunities with other members of the society.

Q. What are political rights?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 9 Political rights include natural justice (procedural fairness) in law, such as the rights of the accused, including the right to a fair trial; due process; the right to seek redress or a legal remedy; and rights of participation in civil society and politics such as freedom of association, the right to assemble, the right to petition, the right of self-defense, and the right to vote.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 10

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

According to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, human beings possess dignity. If all persons are granted dignity then what is due to each of them is that they have the opportunity to develop their talents and pursue their chosen goals. Justice requires that we give due and equal consideration to all individuals. Although there might be broad agreement in modern society about the equal importance of all people, it is not a simple matter to decide how to give each person his/her due. A number of different principles have been put forward in this regard. One of the principles is the principle of treating equals equally. It is considered that all individuals share certain characteristics as human beings. Therefore, they deserve equal rights and equal treatment. Some of the important rights which are granted in most liberal democracies today include civil rights such as the rights of life, liberty and property, political rights like the right to vote, which enable people to participate in political processes, and certain social rights which would include the right to enjoy equal opportunities with other members of the society.

Q. _____ deserve equal rights and equal treatment.

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 10 Giving each person his/her due means that providing justice by ensuring the well-being of the people. The meaning of “giving each his due” changed over time, In today's world, it means understanding of what is due to each person as a human being.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 11

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

According to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, human beings possess dignity. If all persons are granted dignity then what is due to each of them is that they have the opportunity to develop their talents and pursue their chosen goals. Justice requires that we give due and equal consideration to all individuals. Although there might be broad agreement in modern society about the equal importance of all people, it is not a simple matter to decide how to give each person his/her due. A number of different principles have been put forward in this regard. One of the principles is the principle of treating equals equally. It is considered that all individuals share certain characteristics as human beings. Therefore, they deserve equal rights and equal treatment. Some of the important rights which are granted in most liberal democracies today include civil rights such as the rights of life, liberty and property, political rights like the right to vote, which enable people to participate in political processes, and certain social rights which would include the right to enjoy equal opportunities with other members of the society.

Q. Who said, ‘human beings possess dignity’?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 11 Kant's main themes were these (Kant 2002: 214–45): all persons, regardless of rank or social class, have an equal intrinsic worth or dignity. Human dignity is an innate worth or status that we did not earn and cannot forfeit.
Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 12

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

According to the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, human beings possess dignity. If all persons are granted dignity then what is due to each of them is that they have the opportunity to develop their talents and pursue their chosen goals. Justice requires that we give due and equal consideration to all individuals. Although there might be broad agreement in modern society about the equal importance of all people, it is not a simple matter to decide how to give each person his/her due. A number of different principles have been put forward in this regard. One of the principles is the principle of treating equals equally. It is considered that all individuals share certain characteristics as human beings. Therefore, they deserve equal rights and equal treatment. Some of the important rights which are granted in most liberal democracies today include civil rights such as the rights of life, liberty and property, political rights like the right to vote, which enable people to participate in political processes, and certain social rights which would include the right to enjoy equal opportunities with other members of the society.

Q. What are civil rights?

Detailed Solution for Test: Social Justice- Case Based Type Questions - Question 12 Civil rights are basic rights that every citizen has under the laws of the government. In the United States the civil rights of each individual citizen are protected by the Constitution. Civil rights include the right to free speech, privacy, religion, assembly, a fair trial, and freedom of thought.
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