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Test: The Living World- 2


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Test: The Living World- 2 for NEET 2022 is part of Topic-wise MCQ Tests for NEET preparation. The Test: The Living World- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: The Living World- 2 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: The Living World- 2 below.
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Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 1

Choose the correct answers from the alternatives given.

Which one of the following is the basic unit of classification?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 1

Species is the basic unit of classification and the organisms that share many features in common can breed among each other and produce offspring, are members of the same species.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 2

______ has the smallest number of organisms with maximum number of similar characters.

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 2

In the hierarchy of classification, the species is the grouping which will have the smallest number of organisms.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 3

Taxon tiger represents

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 3

Taxon tiger represents the taxonomic category species. The tiger (Panthera Tigris) is the largest cat species, most recognizable for its pattern of dark vertical stripes on reddish-orange fur with a lighter underside.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 4

According to IUCN, ______ species in Kew, Royal Botanical Garden are rare, threatened and endangered.

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 4

The botanical garden is the collection of a diverse range of species which are a major source of biodiversity. IUCN classifies 2,700 of these as rare, threatened or endangered.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 5

The suffix 'inae' signifies, which of the following options?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 5
  • Taxon represents a taxonomic group of any rank. Each plant belongs to a hierarchy of taxa, which are assigned taxonomic ranks.
  • The seven essential ranks of taxa in descending order are a kingdom, division/phylum, class, order, family, genus and species.
  • Each of these taxonomic ranks is assigned a “suffix” to that refers to their position in the taxonomic hierarchy. 
  • The taxonomic rank above genus but below family and subfamily is termed as a tribe; tribe have one to many sub-tribes.
  • The name of a tribe ends with “ini” and that of subtribe ends with “ina”.
  • The taxonomic category below the order and above family is termed as suborder and the name of suborder ends with “ineae”. 
Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 6

Moschus moschiferus is

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 6

Moschus moschiferus is the scientific name for Siberian Musk deer.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 7

Assertion: New names in binomial nomenclature are derived from Latin or are latinised.

Reason: Latin is a technical language.

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 7

Binomial nomenclature is the system of providing organisms with appropriate and distinct names consisting of two words, first generic and second specific. The original names were taken from Latin and Greek languages.

New names are now derived either from Latin language or are latinised.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 8

The basic taxonomic category is

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 8

Species is considered as a basic taxonomic category because individuals of a species have the same morphological features and they can also interbreed.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 9

Systematics includes

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 9
  • Systematics is the study of the identification, taxonomy and nomenclature of organisms, including the classification of living things with regard to their natural relationships and the study of variation and the evolution of taxa.
  • A major goal of biological classification systems is to reflect evolutionary relationships among organisms.
  • Knowing phylogenetic relationships is essential for interpreting the evolution of traits of organisms.
Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 10

Term Species, Division and Phylum, were coined by

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 10

The term species was coined by John Ray and the terms phylum and division were coined by Ernst Haeckel.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 11

Which one of the following includes all the other lower taxa?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 11
  • The taxonomic ranks in descending order are domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species.
  • Higher taxon will comprise broader characteristic features and include features of its lower taxa.
  • As a class would include order, family, genus and species.
Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 12

Systematic enumeration of plant species occurring in a given region is called:

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 12

Flora: The plant species that grow in a particular region generally naturally occurring.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 13

Individuals of one population can interbreed with individuals of another population only if they belong to the same

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 13

Species are organisms with similar characteristics and their inbreeding results in the production of fertile offspring.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 14

Two plants belong to the same species if they

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 14

A species is a group of related organisms which can potentially interbreed with each other freely in natural conditions and produce viable offspring.

Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 15

Choose the correct answers from the alternatives given.
Which of the following is the correct order of classification?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Living World- 2 - Question 15

The 8 levels of modern taxonomy classification systems are Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.

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