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Maximum value = √(a^{2} + b^{2})
=13
Minimum value = √(a^{2} – b^{2})
=√2
tanA = cotB,
tanA*tan B = 1
So, A +B = 90^{o}
(x+y)+(xy) = 90^{o}, 2x = 90^{o} , x = 45^{o}
Tan (2x/3) = tan 30^{o} = 1/√3
tan(60) + tan(180120)
=tan(60)+(tan(60)) {because in second quadrant tan is ve}
=0
2sin^{2}θ + 2cos^{2}θ + cos^{2}θ
=2(sin^{2}θ + cos^{2}θ) + cos^{2}θ ; (by putting sin^{2}θ + cos^{2}=1)
= 2 + cos^{2}θ ;(the minimum value of cos^{2}θ=0)
= 2 + 0 = 2
The angle of elevation of the sun, when the length of the shadow of a tree is √3 times the height of the tree, is:
Let AB be the height of the tree and AC be the length of the shadow. We need to calculate the angle ACB where BC is the hypotenuse.
Given,
AC:AB = √3
cot θ = √3
θ = 30 degrees.
From a point P on a level ground, the angle of elevation of the top of a tower is 30 degrees. If the tower is 100 m high, the distance of point P from the foot of the tower is:
Let QR be the tower. Then,
QR = 100 m and angle QPR = 30 degrees.
We know, cot 30° = √3 = PQ/QR.
Therefore, PQ = 100*√3 = 173 m.
A man standing at a point P is watching the top of a tower, which makes an angle of elevation of 30° with the man’s eye. The man walks some distance towards the tower to watch its top and the angle of elevation becomes 60°. What is the distance between the base of the tower and the point P?
Let MN be the tower and man be standing at P (30° = angle MPN) and Q (60° = angle MQN). We are only given two angles and no sides of the triangles. Therefore, the data is inadequate.
A man is watching from the top of a tower a boat speeding away from the tower. The boat makes an angle of depression of 45° with the man’s eye when at a distance of 60 meters from the tower. After 5 seconds, the angle of depression becomes 30°. What is the approximate speed of the boat, assuming that it is running in still water?
Let the tower be PQ and the boat be at positions R and S when making angles of 45° and 30° respectively.
Given, PR = 60 m.
Now, PQ/PR = tan 45° = 1. So, PQ = PR = 60 m.
Again, PQ/PS = tan 30° = 1/√3. So, PS = 60 * √3 m = 103.92 m.
Distance covered in 5 seconds = 103.92 – 60 = 43.92 m.
Speed in kmph = (43.92/5) * (18/5) = 32 kmph (approximately)
The area of a square is ‘d’. What is the area of the circle which has the diagonal of the square as its diameter?
Diagonal of Square = Diameter of Circle.
Let side of square be x.
From Pythogorous theorem.
Diagonal = √(2*x*x)
We know area of square = x * x = d ⇒ Diameter = Diagonal = √(2*d)
⇒ Radius = √(d/2)
Area of Circle = π * √(d/2) * √(d/2)
= 1/2 * π * d
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