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Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 below.
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Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 1

People believing that adivasis are

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 1

In India, we usually showcase Adivasi communities in particular ways. Adivasis are becoming increasingly marginalized and the people often wrongly believe that Adivasis are exotic, primitive and backward. Often Adivasis are blamed for their lack of advancement as they are believed to be resistant to change or new ideas.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 2

Adivasis ? The term literally means

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 2

Adivasis is the collective name used for the many indigenous peoples of India.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 3

___per cent of India's population is Adivasi

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 3

According to the 2011 population census Adivasis constitute a total population of 104 million. This constitutes 8.6 percent of the Indian population (Census India 2011), making them the world's largest population of Indigenous People.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 4

There are over ___ different Adivasi groups in India.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 4

There are over 500 different Adivasi groups in India.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 5

A state like ___ is home to more than 60 different tribal groups

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 5
State with More Than 60 Tribal Groups
Introduction:
In this question, we are asked to identify the state that is home to more than 60 different tribal groups. Let's analyze each option and determine the correct answer.
A: West Bengal
- West Bengal is a state located in the eastern region of India.
- It is known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse population.
- While West Bengal is home to several tribal communities, it does not have more than 60 different tribal groups.
B: Odisha
- Odisha, formerly known as Orissa, is a state located on the eastern coast of India.
- It is renowned for its rich tribal heritage and is home to a significant number of tribal communities.
- Odisha is indeed home to more than 60 different tribal groups, making it a likely candidate for the correct answer.
C: Assam
- Assam is a state located in northeastern India.
- It is known for its tea plantations, wildlife, and cultural diversity.
- While Assam is home to various tribal communities, it does not have more than 60 different tribal groups.
D: Kerala
- Kerala is a state located in the southwestern region of India.
- It is famous for its backwaters, Ayurvedic treatments, and diverse culture.
- Although Kerala has some tribal communities, it does not have more than 60 different tribal groups.
Conclusion:
Among the given options, the state that is home to more than 60 different tribal groups is Odisha (option B).
Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 6

Adivasis have always been influenced by different surrounding religions like

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 6
Explanation:

The correct answer is option C: Shakta, Buddhist, Vaishnav, Bhakti, and Christianity.


Here is a detailed explanation:



  • Shakta: Shakta refers to the worship of the Hindu goddess Shakti. Adivasis have been influenced by this form of worship.

  • Buddhist: Buddhism has also had an influence on Adivasis, especially in regions where Buddhism is prevalent.

  • Vaishnav: Adivasis have been influenced by Vaishnavism, which is the worship of Lord Vishnu and his avatars.

  • Bhakti: Bhakti refers to the devotional practices and beliefs that have influenced Adivasis, emphasizing a personal and emotional connection with the divine.

  • Christianity: Christianity has also had a significant impact on Adivasis, especially through missionary efforts and conversions.


Therefore, option C is the correct answer as it includes all the religions that have influenced Adivasis.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 7

Shakti and Tantric traditions in

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 7

The most common aspects of Devi found in Shaktism include Durga, Kali, Saraswati, Lakshmi, Parvati and Tripurasundari. The Goddess-focused tradition is very popular in Northeastern India particularly West Bengal and Assam, which it celebrates festivals such as the Durga puja, which is popular in West Bengal.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 8

During the ___ century, substantial numbers of Adivasis converted to Christianity, which has emerged as a very important religion in modern Adivasi history.

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 8

To determine the correct answer, we need to analyze the historical context of Adivasi conversions to Christianity. Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Background:
- Adivasis are indigenous people in India who follow various religions, including animism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.
- The process of Adivasi conversion to Christianity began during the colonial period when Christian missionaries arrived in India.
2. Analysis:
- The 18th century (Option A) can be ruled out as the significant Adivasi conversions to Christianity did not occur during this time.
- The 20th century (Option B) is a possibility, but it is important to evaluate the other options before concluding.
- The 17th century (Option C) is unlikely as widespread Adivasi conversions to Christianity were not observed during this period.
- The 19th century (Option D) is the most plausible choice as it falls within the colonial era when Christian missionaries actively worked among Adivasi communities.
3. Conclusion:
Based on the analysis, the correct answer is Option D: 19th century. This is when substantial numbers of Adivasis converted to Christianity, making it an important religion in modern Adivasi history.
Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 9

_____ has the largest number of speakers and has a significant body of publications including magazines on the internet or in e-zines

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 9
Answer:

Among the given options, the language with the largest number of speakers and a significant body of publications including magazines on the internet or in e-zines is:



  • Language: Santhali


Explanation:



  • Santhali has the largest number of speakers among the given options. It is primarily spoken in the eastern states of India, such as Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Odisha.

  • Santhali has a rich literary tradition and a significant body of publications, including magazines that are available both in print and on the internet or in e-zines.

  • Publications in Santhali cover a wide range of topics, including literature, culture, history, and current affairs.

  • Santhali literature has been recognized and celebrated for its contribution to the tribal literature of India.


Therefore, the correct answer is C: Santhali.

Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 10

From the 1830s onwards, Adivasis from Jharkhand and adjoining areas moved in very large numbers to various plantations in India and which other parts of the world ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Understanding Marginalisation- 2 - Question 10

From the 1830s onward, Adivasis from Jharkhand and adjoining areas moved in very large numbers to various plantations in India and the world - Mauritius, the Caribbean and even Australia. India’s tea industry became possible with their labour in Assam.

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