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Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 1

Which of the following is not associated with the UNO?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 1

UNO: United Nations Organization
ILO: International Labor Organization
WHO: World Health Organization
ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 2

The chairmanship/presidency of the UN Security Council rotates among the Council Members

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 2

The presidency of the United Nations Security Council rotates on a monthly basis alphabetically among all of the members based on their English name.

Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 3

Which of the following is not a chief organ of the United Nations Organisations?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 3
The correct answer is A: International Labour Organisation.
Explanation:
The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945. It serves as a platform for member countries to discuss and address global issues, promote peace, and foster international cooperation. The UN consists of several organs, including:
1. General Assembly:
- Main deliberative body of the UN.
- Comprises all member states.
- Discusses and makes decisions on a wide range of issues.
2. Security Council:
- Responsible for maintaining international peace and security.
- Consists of 15 member states, including 5 permanent members with veto power.
3. International Court of Justice:
- The principal judicial organ of the UN.
- Settles legal disputes between states.
- Comprises 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and Security Council.
4. International Labour Organisation (ILO):
- Not a chief organ of the UN.
- Established in 1919, it is a specialized agency of the UN.
- Focuses on labor issues, promoting decent work, and ensuring social justice.
In conclusion, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) is not a chief organ of the United Nations Organizations, making option A the correct answer.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 4

Permanent Secretariat to coordinate the implementation of SAARC programme is located at

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 4
Permanent Secretariat of SAARC
The Permanent Secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is responsible for coordinating and implementing the programs and activities of SAARC. It serves as the central administrative body for the organization and is located in one of the member countries.
The correct answer is Kathmandu. The Permanent Secretariat is located in Kathmandu, Nepal.
Role and Functions of the Permanent Secretariat:
- The Permanent Secretariat acts as the main coordinating body for SAARC and facilitates communication and cooperation among member countries.
- It organizes and conducts meetings, conferences, and seminars related to SAARC initiatives and programs.
- The Secretariat assists in the formulation and implementation of regional programs and projects.
- It provides administrative and logistical support to SAARC bodies and working groups.
- The Permanent Secretariat also serves as a repository of information and data related to SAARC activities.
Importance of the Permanent Secretariat:
- The establishment of a Permanent Secretariat enhances the institutional framework of SAARC and ensures effective coordination and implementation of its programs.
- It strengthens regional cooperation and enables member countries to work together on common goals and challenges.
- The Secretariat plays a crucial role in promoting dialogue, understanding, and cooperation among member countries.
- It acts as a platform for member states to discuss and address regional issues and concerns.
In conclusion, the Permanent Secretariat of SAARC is located in Kathmandu, Nepal. It plays a pivotal role in coordinating and implementing regional programs and initiatives for the benefit of member countries.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 5

The Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights was led by

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 5
Indian Delegation to the First World Conference on Human Rights:
The Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights was led by Dr. Manmohan Singh.
Explanation:
The correct answer is A: Dr. Manmohan Singh. Here's a breakdown of the options:
- Option A: Dr. Manmohan Singh - This is the correct answer. Dr. Manmohan Singh, who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014, led the Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights.
- Option B: Farooq Abdullah - Farooq Abdullah is an Indian politician and the former Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. However, he did not lead the Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights.
- Option C: Dinesh Singh - There is no information available to suggest that Dinesh Singh led the Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights.
- Option D: Alam Khan - There is no information available to suggest that Alam Khan led the Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights.
In conclusion, the Indian delegation to the first World Conference on Human Rights was led by Dr. Manmohan Singh.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 6

The year 1995 is the Golden Jubilee year of which of the following international organisations?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 6
Golden Jubilee Year of International Organizations in 1995
The year 1995 marked the Golden Jubilee (50th anniversary) for several international organizations. Let's explore each option to determine which organization's Golden Jubilee year it was:
A. UNO (United Nations Organization)
- The United Nations Organization was established on October 24, 1945.
- Its Golden Jubilee year would have been in 1995, making this option a possibility.
B. NAM (Non-Aligned Movement)
- The Non-Aligned Movement was founded in 1961, so its Golden Jubilee year would have been in 2011, not 1995.
- This option can be eliminated.
C. GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, now WTO - World Trade Organization)
- GATT was established on October 30, 1947.
- Its Golden Jubilee year would have been in 1997, not 1995.
- This option can be eliminated.
D. ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)
- ASEAN was founded on August 8, 1967.
- Its Golden Jubilee year would have been in 2017, not 1995.
- This option can be eliminated.
Therefore, the correct answer is A. UNO (United Nations Organization).
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 7

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is located at which of the following places?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 7
The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is located in Geneva.
Some key points to support this answer include:
- The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is an organization within the United Nations system.
- It was established in 1964 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Geneva is an important international center for diplomacy and hosts numerous international organizations and conferences.
- Geneva is known for its role in promoting global trade and development, making it a fitting location for UNCTAD.
- The city of Geneva is situated in Switzerland, which is known for its neutrality and hosting various international organizations.
- The UNCTAD Secretariat is responsible for research, policy analysis, and providing technical assistance to member states.
- UNCTAD organizes conferences, publishes reports, and provides analysis and advice on trade and development issues.
- The organization aims to promote sustainable development and inclusive globalization.
- In addition to its headquarters in Geneva, UNCTAD also has regional offices in various locations around the world.
In conclusion, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 8

Amnesty International is an organisation associated with which of the following fields?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 8
Amnesty International: Protection of Human Rights
Amnesty International is an organization associated with the protection of human rights. Here is a detailed explanation of why this is the correct answer:
  • Background: Amnesty International is a global non-governmental organization that focuses on advocating for and protecting human rights worldwide.

  • Mission: The organization's primary mission is to conduct research and take action to prevent and end human rights abuses. They work towards ensuring that all individuals enjoy their rights as outlined in international human rights standards.

  • Advocacy: Amnesty International campaigns for the release of individuals who have been imprisoned for their peaceful beliefs or expression. They also advocate for fair trials, an end to torture and ill-treatment, and the abolishment of the death penalty.

  • Research: The organization conducts extensive research to gather evidence of human rights abuses and violations. They document these cases and use the information to raise awareness, press for justice, and demand accountability.

  • Global Reach: Amnesty International operates globally, with offices and volunteers in various countries. They collaborate with local activists and organizations to address human rights issues at both national and international levels.

  • In conclusion, Amnesty International is primarily associated with the protection of human rights. Their work encompasses advocacy, research, and global efforts to prevent and address human rights abuses.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 9

    The Halifax summit was that of

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 9
    The Halifax summit was that of G-7 countries
    The Halifax summit, also known as the G7 Summit, was a meeting of leaders from the Group of Seven (G7) countries. The G7 is an international organization made up of the world's largest advanced economies, including Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Here are the key details about the summit:
    1. Purpose of the Halifax summit:
    The Halifax summit was held in 1995 with the aim of discussing and finding solutions to various global economic and political issues. The leaders focused on topics such as international trade, economic growth, environmental sustainability, and political stability.
    2. Participants:
    The summit brought together the heads of government from the G7 member countries. These leaders included Prime Minister Jean Chrétien of Canada, President Jacques Chirac of France, Chancellor Helmut Kohl of Germany, Prime Minister Lamberto Dini of Italy, Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama of Japan, Prime Minister John Major of the United Kingdom, and President Bill Clinton of the United States.
    3. Discussions and outcomes:
    During the Halifax summit, the leaders engaged in productive discussions on various issues. They addressed the need for sustainable economic growth, the importance of free trade, and the challenges of achieving global security and stability. The outcome of the summit was the adoption of the Halifax Declaration, which outlined the shared commitments and goals of the G7 countries.
    4. Significance:
    The Halifax summit played a crucial role in shaping global policies and promoting international cooperation among the G7 countries. It provided a platform for leaders to exchange ideas, address common challenges, and work towards shared solutions. The summit's outcomes influenced subsequent G7 meetings and helped guide the collective actions of the member countries.
    In conclusion, the Halifax summit was a meeting of the G7 countries, where leaders discussed and strategized on key global economic and political issues. The summit's significance lies in its contribution to promoting international cooperation and shaping policies that impact the world economy and political landscape.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 10

    The office of the UN General Assembly is in

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 10
    Answer:

    The office of the UN General Assembly is located in New York.


    Explanation:

    • The UN General Assembly is one of the six main organs of the United Nations.

    • It is composed of all 193 member states of the UN and meets annually at the headquarters in New York.

    • The headquarters of the United Nations is situated in Manhattan, New York City.

    • It is located along the East River, between 42nd and 48th Streets.

    • The UN General Assembly has a large complex of buildings, including the iconic General Assembly Hall, where the main sessions take place.

    • The location in New York provides a central and accessible location for member states to convene and discuss global issues.


    Therefore, the correct answer is New York.

    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 11

    SAARC is observing a decade(1991-2000) of which of the following?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 11
    SAARC Decade Observance:
    The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) observed a decade from 1991 to 2000. During this period, SAARC focused on various aspects of development and welfare. The specific area of focus during this decade was the observance of the Girl Child.
    Reason for Observance:
    The observance of the Girl Child by SAARC aimed to address the challenges and issues faced by girls in the South Asian region. It recognized the importance of empowering girls and ensuring their rights and well-being.
    Key Initiatives:
    During the SAARC Decade Observance, several initiatives were undertaken to promote the welfare of the Girl Child. These initiatives included:
    1. Education: Efforts were made to enhance access to quality education for girls and eliminate gender disparities in education.
    2. Healthcare: Focus was given to improving healthcare services for girls, including access to reproductive health services and nutrition.
    3. Protection: Measures were taken to protect girls from various forms of violence, discrimination, and exploitation.
    4. Legal Reforms: Advocacy for legal reforms and policies to safeguard the rights of the Girl Child was a key aspect of the observance.
    5. Empowerment: Efforts were made to empower girls by promoting their active participation in decision-making processes and providing opportunities for skill development.
    Impact:
    The observance of the Girl Child by SAARC during the 1991-2000 decade had a significant impact in raising awareness about the rights and well-being of girls in the South Asian region. It led to increased attention and investment in areas such as education, healthcare, and protection for girls.
    Overall, the observance of the Girl Child by SAARC during this decade was a crucial step towards achieving gender equality and promoting the holistic development of girls in South Asia.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 12

    The headquarters of Food and Agriculture Organisation is in

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 12
    The headquarters of Food and Agriculture Organisation is in Rome.
    Explanation:
    The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security. Its headquarters is located in Rome, Italy. Here are some key points to support this answer:
    - The FAO was established on October 16, 1945, and its headquarters have been based in Rome since its inception.
    - Rome is home to several United Nations agencies, including the FAO, the World Food Programme (WFP), and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
    - The FAO headquarters in Rome serve as the central hub for coordinating global initiatives, policies, and programs related to food and agriculture.
    - The location of the headquarters in Rome allows for close collaboration with other international organizations and institutions based in the city, facilitating partnerships and knowledge sharing in the field of agriculture and food security.
    In conclusion, the headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organisation is situated in Rome, Italy.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 13

    Which of the following countries is not a member of Group 15 developing countries?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 13

    To determine which country is not a member of Group 15 developing countries, we need to identify the countries that are part of this group and then compare them with the given options.
    Here is a breakdown of the countries that are members of Group 15 developing countries:
    1. Algeria
    2. Argentina
    3. Brazil
    4. Chile
    5. Egypt
    6. India
    7. Indonesia
    8. Iran
    9. Jamaica
    10. Kenya
    11. Malaysia
    12. Mexico
    13. Nigeria
    14. Peru
    15. Venezuela
    Now, let's compare the given options with the list of Group 15 developing countries:
    A: Mexico - Mexico is a member of Group 15 developing countries.
    B: Malaysia - Malaysia is a member of Group 15 developing countries.
    C: Brazil - Brazil is a member of Group 15 developing countries.
    D: Bolivia - Bolivia is not a member of Group 15 developing countries.
    Therefore, the country that is not a member of Group 15 developing countries is Bolivia.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 14

    Which one of the following is not related to disarmament?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 14
    Disarmament:

    Disarmament refers to the reduction or elimination of military weapons, particularly those of mass destruction, such as nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. It is an important aspect of international peace and security.


    Options:

    A: SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks)



    • SALT refers to a series of negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

    • The aim of SALT was to limit the number of strategic nuclear weapons possessed by both countries.

    • Therefore, SALT is related to disarmament.


    B: NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty)



    • NPT is an international treaty aimed at preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.

    • It promotes disarmament by encouraging countries to reduce their nuclear arsenals and work towards complete disarmament.

    • Therefore, NPT is related to disarmament.


    C: CTBT (Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty)



    • CTBT is a multilateral treaty that bans all nuclear explosions, including both civilian and military purposes.

    • It contributes to disarmament by prohibiting nuclear testing, which is crucial for the development of new and advanced nuclear weapons.

    • Therefore, CTBT is related to disarmament.


    D: NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)



    • NATO is a political and military alliance formed by North American and European countries.

    • Its primary purpose is to ensure the collective defense of its member states.

    • While NATO promotes security and cooperation among its members, it is not directly related to disarmament.

    • Therefore, NATO is the correct answer as it is not related to disarmament.


    In conclusion, the option not related to disarmament is D: NATO.

    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 15

    Which of the following describe correctly the Group of Seven Countries (G-7)?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 15
    Explanation:
    The Group of Seven (G-7) is an international organization consisting of seven economically advanced countries. Here are the correct descriptions of the G-7 countries:
    B: They are industrialized countries:
    - The G-7 countries are considered to be among the most advanced and industrialized nations in the world.
    - They have highly developed economies and are known for their technological advancements.
    C: They are not holding Atomic Bomb technology:
    - While some G-7 countries may possess nuclear weapons, it is important to note that not all G-7 nations have atomic bomb technology.
    - Countries like Canada, Germany, and Japan do not possess nuclear weapons.
    D: They are countries who can launch their own satellites:
    - All G-7 countries have the capability to launch their own satellites and have active space programs.
    - Countries like the United States, Russia, and Canada have a long history of space exploration.
    Therefore, the correct description of the G-7 countries is that they are industrialized countries.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 16

    The International Human Rights Convention adopted by the United Nations in 1990 relates to

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 16
    The International Human Rights Convention adopted by the United Nations in 1990 relates to children.
    Explanation:
    The International Human Rights Convention adopted by the United Nations in 1990, also known as the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), specifically focuses on the rights and well-being of children. It is a legally binding international agreement that sets out the civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their nationality or background.
    Key Points:
    - The Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on November 20, 1989, and entered into force on September 2, 1990.
    - It is the most widely ratified human rights treaty in history, with almost every country in the world being a party to it.
    - The Convention recognizes that children are entitled to special care and protection and that they should grow up in a safe and nurturing environment.
    - It sets out the fundamental rights of children, including the right to life, survival, development, protection from violence, access to education, and participation in decisions that affect them.
    - The Convention also emphasizes the importance of family, stating that children should have the right to live with their parents and be cared for by them, except in cases where it is not in their best interests.
    - Governments that have ratified the Convention are required to take all necessary measures to ensure that children's rights are respected, protected, and fulfilled.
    - The Convention has had a significant impact on improving the lives of children worldwide, but challenges still exist in implementing and enforcing its provisions.
    Therefore, the International Human Rights Convention adopted by the United Nations in 1990 primarily relates to the rights and well-being of children.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 17

    Who was the first Indian to be President of UN General Assembly?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 17
    First Indian President of UN General Assembly
    The first Indian to be President of the UN General Assembly was Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit.
    Explanation:
    Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit served as the President of the United Nations General Assembly in 1953. She was the first woman to hold this prestigious position. Here is some information about her:
    - Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit was an Indian diplomat and politician.
    - She was born in 1900 and belonged to the prominent Nehru-Gandhi family.
    - She played a significant role in India's struggle for independence and was a prominent figure in the Indian National Congress.
    - Mrs. Pandit served as India's ambassador to the United States and later as the High Commissioner to the United Kingdom.
    - In 1953, she was elected as the President of the UN General Assembly, becoming the first Indian and the first woman to hold this position.
    - During her tenure, she focused on issues such as disarmament, decolonization, and the promotion of human rights.
    In conclusion, Mrs. Vijay Lakshmi Pandit was the first Indian to be President of the UN General Assembly. Her appointment was a significant milestone for both India and women in international diplomacy.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 18

    How many former republics of USSR have become members of the Commonwealth of Independent States?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 18
    Former Republics of USSR that have become members of the Commonwealth of Independent States:
    There are 11 former republics of the USSR that have become members of the Commonwealth of Independent States. These republics are:
    1. Armenia
    2. Azerbaijan
    3. Belarus
    4. Estonia
    5. Georgia
    6. Kazakhstan
    7. Kyrgyzstan
    8. Latvia
    9. Lithuania
    10. Moldova
    11. Russia
    These republics, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, formed the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) to maintain economic and political cooperation. The CIS serves as a loose alliance of sovereign states, promoting collaboration in various fields such as defense, economics, and culture.
    The CIS provides a platform for member states to discuss and address common challenges and interests. It facilitates trade and economic integration among member countries through agreements and initiatives. Additionally, the CIS promotes cultural and humanitarian cooperation, aiming to strengthen ties and mutual understanding among its members.
    The inclusion of these 11 former republics of the USSR in the CIS reflects the shared history and interconnectedness of the region. While each member state maintains its sovereignty, the CIS serves as a forum for cooperation and coordination among these countries.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 19

    The five permanent members of UN security council are

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 19
    The five permanent members of the UN Security Council are:

    • China

    • France

    • Russia (formerly known as the USSR)

    • United Kingdom

    • United States


    Detailed
    The UN Security Council is composed of 15 members, with five of them being permanent members. These permanent members hold veto power, which means they can block any resolution from being adopted by the Council. The five permanent members are:
    1. China: China is one of the founding members of the United Nations and has been a permanent member of the Security Council since its inception in 1945. It is the most populous country in the world and plays a crucial role in global affairs.
    2. France: France is another founding member of the United Nations and has been a permanent member of the Security Council since its establishment. It is known for its diplomatic influence and is one of the major powers in Europe.
    3. Russia (formerly known as the USSR): Russia inherited the permanent seat at the Security Council from the Soviet Union (USSR) after its dissolution in 1991. The USSR was one of the original permanent members and played a significant role during the Cold War era.
    4. United Kingdom: The United Kingdom has been a permanent member of the Security Council since the establishment of the United Nations. As a former colonial power and one of the major global powers, the UK has significant influence in international affairs.
    5. United States: The United States is also a founding member of the United Nations and has been a permanent member of the Security Council since its inception. It is considered the most powerful country in the world and has a significant role in shaping global policies.
    These five permanent members, often referred to as the P5, have the ability to veto resolutions, which gives them substantial influence over the decisions made by the Security Council. They have a responsibility to maintain international peace and security and work together to address global challenges.
    Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 20

    When was the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) formed?

    Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 1 - Question 20
    Formation of the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC)
    The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) was formed on December 8, 1985. It is an intergovernmental organization that promotes regional cooperation and integration among the South Asian countries. Here is a detailed explanation of the formation of SAARC:
    Background:
    - The idea of regional cooperation in South Asia was first proposed by Bangladesh's President Ziaur Rahman in 1980.
    - The proposal gained support from the leaders of other South Asian countries, including India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives.
    - The main objective of SAARC is to promote economic and social development in the region through cooperation and collaboration.
    Formation:
    - The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) was officially established on December 8, 1985, when the SAARC Charter was adopted by the member countries.
    - The member countries signed the SAARC Charter during the first SAARC Summit held in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    - The Charter outlines the objectives, principles, and organizational structure of SAARC.
    Member Countries:
    - SAARC initially had seven member countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
    - Afghanistan became the eighth member of SAARC in 2007.
    Objectives:
    - SAARC aims to promote the welfare and improve the quality of life of the people of South Asia.
    - It seeks to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development in the region.
    - SAARC also aims to provide support and assistance to each other in areas such as agriculture, health, education, and science and technology.
    Structure:
    - The highest decision-making body of SAARC is the Summit, which is held annually and attended by the heads of state or government of the member countries.
    - SAARC has a Secretariat based in Kathmandu, Nepal, which serves as the administrative and coordinating body of the organization.
    - The Secretariat is headed by the Secretary-General, who is appointed by the member countries for a three-year term.
    Conclusion:
    The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC) was formed in 1985 with the aim of promoting regional cooperation and integration among the South Asian countries. Since its formation, SAARC has been working towards achieving its objectives of economic and social development in the region through cooperation and collaboration among its member countries.
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