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Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 1

Which is principal organ of the United Nations that as virtually accomplished its object?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 1
Principal Organ of the United Nations that has virtually accomplished its object:
The correct answer is D: The Trusteeship Council.
Explanation:
- The Trusteeship Council was established under the United Nations Charter with the purpose of supervising the administration of Trust Territories.
- Trust Territories were territories that were placed under the administration of the United Nations by member states who were responsible for their administration.
- The main objective of the Trusteeship Council was to help prepare these territories for self-governance or independence.
- Over time, as the Trust Territories achieved their objectives and gained independence or self-governance, the Trusteeship Council's work has been largely completed.
- As of now, all Trust Territories have achieved self-governance or independence, and there are no more territories under the Trusteeship Council's supervision.
- Therefore, the Trusteeship Council has virtually accomplished its object and its role within the United Nations has become obsolete.
- The Security Council, General Assembly, and International Court of Justice continue to play important roles within the United Nations, but the Trusteeship Council has fulfilled its purpose.
Conclusion:
The Trusteeship Council is the principal organ of the United Nations that has virtually accomplished its object.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 2

The headquarters of the UNESCO is at

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 2
Headquarters of UNESCO:
The headquarters of UNESCO is located in Paris, France.
Explanation:
The headquarters of UNESCO is an important piece of information to know about this international organization. Here is a detailed explanation of the headquarters of UNESCO:
- UNESCO: UNESCO stands for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes international collaboration in the fields of education, science, culture, and communication.
- Location: The headquarters of UNESCO is situated in Paris, France. It is located at 7 Place de Fontenoy, in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
- Significance: The headquarters serves as the central hub for UNESCO's activities and initiatives. It houses various departments, offices, and committees that work towards achieving the organization's goals.
- Functions: The headquarters of UNESCO is responsible for coordinating and implementing UNESCO's programs and projects worldwide. It serves as a platform for member states to discuss and address global issues related to education, science, culture, and communication.
- Architecture: The UNESCO headquarters building is known for its unique and modernist design. It was constructed between 1953 and 1958 by the architects Marcel Breuer and Pier Luigi Nervi. The building features a distinctive curved shape and is recognized as a symbol of UNESCO's mission and values.
In conclusion, the headquarters of UNESCO is located in Paris, France. It serves as the central hub for the organization's activities and plays a crucial role in promoting international collaboration in the fields of education, science, culture, and communication.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 3

Which UN body deals with population problem?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 3
UNFPA
- The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is the UN body that deals with population problems.
- It was established in 1969 and works in over 150 countries.
- UNFPA's primary goal is to promote reproductive health and rights, including family planning and access to maternal healthcare.
- It focuses on population dynamics, gender equality, youth empowerment, and the prevention of gender-based violence.
- UNFPA supports countries in collecting and analyzing population data, which is essential for effective planning and development.
- The organization also advocates for policies and programs that address population challenges, such as population aging, urbanization, and migration.
- UNFPA collaborates with governments, NGOs, and other UN agencies to achieve its objectives.
- It provides technical assistance, financial support, and capacity building to its partner countries.
- UNFPA plays a critical role in advancing the sustainable development goals, particularly Goal 3 (good health and well-being) and Goal 5 (gender equality).
- Through its work, UNFPA contributes to improving the lives of individuals and communities by ensuring their reproductive rights and well-being.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 4

Besides UK, USA, Germany and Japan the G-7 countries includes

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 4
G-7 Countries:
- United Kingdom (UK)
- United States of America (USA)
- Germany
- Japan
Additional G-7 Countries:
- Canada
- France
- Italy
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 5

The headquarters of World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is located in

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 5
Answer:
The headquarters of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Explanation:
- The World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) dedicated to promoting the protection of intellectual property rights worldwide.
- WIPO was established in 1967 and currently has 193 member states.
- It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Geneva is known as a major center for international diplomacy and is home to many international organizations and agencies.
- WIPO's headquarters in Geneva serves as the central hub for its activities, including the development and administration of international intellectual property treaties and the coordination of efforts to protect intellectual property rights globally.
- The location of WIPO's headquarters in Geneva allows for easy access to other international organizations and facilitates collaboration and cooperation on intellectual property-related issues.
Therefore, the correct answer is D: Geneva.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 6

Which of the following is used as the logo of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 6

The correct answer is B: Panda. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) uses a panda as its logo. Here is a detailed explanation:

1. Introduction:


The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international organization dedicated to the conservation of nature and the protection of the environment. Founded in 1961, it is one of the largest and most well-known environmental organizations in the world.

2. WWF Logo:


The WWF logo is a widely recognized symbol of the organization and its mission. The logo features a black and white image of a panda. The panda is depicted in a stylized manner, with bold lines and minimalistic details.

3. Significance of the Panda:


The panda was chosen as the symbol of WWF for several reasons:
- Endangered Species: Pandas are an endangered species, known for their distinctive black and white markings. By using the panda as its logo, WWF aims to raise awareness about the importance of conserving endangered species and their habitats.
- Cultural Significance: Pandas hold cultural significance in many countries, particularly in China where they are considered a national treasure. By using the panda as its logo, WWF also appeals to a global audience and fosters a sense of international cooperation for conservation efforts.
- Adaptable Image: The panda's simple and recognizable image makes it well-suited for use as a logo. Its black and white coloration is easily identifiable and can be reproduced in various sizes and formats.

4. WWF's Conservation Efforts:


The WWF logo serves as a visual representation of the organization's commitment to conservation. WWF works on numerous projects and initiatives across the globe to protect and preserve biodiversity, combat climate change, promote sustainable development, and advocate for responsible and ethical practices.

5. Conclusion:


In conclusion, the logo of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) features a panda. The panda symbolizes WWF's dedication to the conservation of nature and the protection of endangered species.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 7

Which of the following countries is not a member of the G-8 group?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 7
Answer:
The country that is not a member of the G-8 group is Spain.
Explanation:
The G-8 group, also known as the Group of Eight, is an intergovernmental organization consisting of eight of the world's largest advanced economies. These countries meet annually to discuss important global economic and political issues. The G-8 group includes the following countries: Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Canada, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
To determine the country that is not a member of the G-8 group, we need to evaluate each option:
A: Germany - Germany is a member of the G-8 group.
B: France - France is a member of the G-8 group.
C: Italy - Italy is a member of the G-8 group.
D: Spain - Spain is not a member of the G-8 group.
Therefore, the correct answer is Spain as it is the only country among the given options that is not a member of the G-8 group.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 8

Pakistan which rejoined the Commonwealth, had pulled itself out of it in the year

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 8
Rejoining of Pakistan in the Commonwealth:
Pakistan withdrew from the Commonwealth in 1972 but rejoined it later. The correct answer is option C.
Detailed explanation:

  • In 1947, Pakistan became an independent country.

  • In 1949, Pakistan joined the Commonwealth, which is an intergovernmental organization of countries that were mostly former territories of the British Empire.

  • However, due to political and diplomatic tensions with India, Pakistan withdrew from the Commonwealth in 1972.

  • During this period, Pakistan adopted a policy of non-alignment and sought closer ties with other countries.

  • After a gap of 24 years, Pakistan decided to rejoin the Commonwealth in 1996.

  • The decision to rejoin was made to enhance diplomatic and economic cooperation with Commonwealth countries.

  • By rejoining the Commonwealth, Pakistan regained its membership in an international organization that promotes democracy, human rights, and economic development.


Therefore, the correct answer is option C: 1972.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 9

Which of the following countries is not a member of SAARC?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 9

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an organization of South Asian nations, which was established on 8 December 1985 when the government of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka formally adopted its charter providing for the promotion of economic and social progress, cultural development within the South Asia region and also for friendship and cooperation with other developing countries. It has its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal. It has total 8 member countries

Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 10

The main aim of SAARC is

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 10
The main aim of SAARC is:
- Regional Cooperation: The primary objective of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is to promote and enhance regional cooperation among the member countries. This includes cooperation in various sectors such as trade, economy, agriculture, health, education, culture, and security.
- Trade and Economic Integration: SAARC aims to foster economic integration among its member countries by promoting trade liberalization, regional connectivity, and the removal of barriers to trade and investment. It seeks to enhance intra-regional trade and promote economic cooperation for the mutual benefit of all member states.
- Social and Cultural Exchanges: SAARC encourages social and cultural exchanges among member countries to promote understanding, cooperation, and goodwill among the people of South Asia. It organizes various cultural events, exchanges, and festivals to showcase the rich diversity and heritage of the region.
- Poverty Alleviation and Sustainable Development: SAARC is committed to addressing the challenges of poverty, inequality, and sustainable development in the region. It focuses on promoting social welfare, improving access to basic services, and implementing sustainable development initiatives to uplift the living standards of the people in South Asia.
- Peaceful Coexistence: SAARC aims to promote peaceful coexistence and resolve disputes through dialogue and negotiations. It provides a platform for member countries to address their differences and conflicts, with the goal of maintaining regional peace, stability, and security.
Overall, the main aim of SAARC is to foster regional cooperation, economic integration, social and cultural exchanges, poverty alleviation, and peaceful coexistence among its member countries. By working together, SAARC strives to achieve common goals and improve the lives of the people in South Asia.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 11

Which of the following is the headquarters of World Trade Organisation (WTO)?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 11
Headquarters of World Trade Organisation (WTO)
The correct answer is Geneva.
Explanation:
The headquarters of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is located in Geneva, Switzerland. Here are some key points to support this answer:
- The WTO is an international organization that deals with global trade rules between nations. It was established in 1995 and has 164 member countries.
- Geneva is known as a major center for international diplomacy and hosts various international organizations, including the United Nations and its specialized agencies.
- The WTO headquarters is situated in the Centre William Rappard building, which is a historic landmark in Geneva.
- The choice of Geneva as the headquarters of the WTO is due to its long-standing tradition of diplomatic neutrality and its central location in Europe.
- The WTO headquarters serves as a hub for negotiations, dispute settlement, policy discussions, and other activities related to global trade.
In conclusion, the headquarters of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is located in Geneva, Switzerland.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 12

The international township built near Pondicherry in India in coloration with UNESCO is called

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 12
Introduction:
The international township built near Pondicherry in India in collaboration with UNESCO is called Auroville. Auroville is a unique community that aims to promote unity, peace, and sustainable living.
Key Points:
Here are some key points about Auroville:
1. Location: Auroville is located near Pondicherry in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
2. Establishment: Auroville was founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa, also known as "The Mother," who was a spiritual collaborator of Sri Aurobindo.
3. Purpose: The main objective of Auroville is to create a universal township where people from different countries, cultures, and backgrounds can live harmoniously together.
4. UNESCO Collaboration: Auroville is recognized as an international project by UNESCO and has received support from various countries around the world.
5. Charter: Auroville operates based on its Charter, which states its purpose and principles. The Charter emphasizes human unity, spiritual development, sustainable living, and the importance of cultural diversity.
6. Matrimandir: The centerpiece of Auroville is the Matrimandir, a large golden spherical structure that serves as a meditation center. It is a symbolic representation of the universal Divine.
7. Population: Auroville has a diverse population of approximately 2,500 residents from over 50 countries. The residents live in different communities and engage in various activities such as organic farming, handicrafts, education, and research.
8. Sustainable Practices: Auroville promotes sustainable practices such as organic farming, renewable energy, waste management, and eco-friendly construction techniques.
9. Cultural Exchange: Auroville encourages cultural exchange and hosts events, workshops, and festivals that celebrate different cultures and traditions.
10. Visitors: Auroville welcomes visitors from around the world who are interested in exploring its unique principles and way of life.
Conclusion:
Auroville, the international township near Pondicherry, India, is a testament to the vision of human unity and sustainable living. Its collaboration with UNESCO and its commitment to cultural diversity and ecological practices make it a truly remarkable community. Auroville continues to inspire people globally and serves as a model for alternative ways of living in harmony with nature and each other.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 13

Which of the following is a cultural organisation?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 13
Answer:
Cultural Organization:
- UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a cultural organization.
- It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes international collaboration in education, science, culture, and communication.
- Its main objective is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international cooperation through education, science, and culture.
- UNESCO works towards the preservation and promotion of cultural heritage, the development of education systems, the advancement of scientific research, and the free flow of information and ideas.
Other Organizations:
- ILO (International Labour Organization) is not a cultural organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that focuses on labor rights, labor standards, and promoting social justice.
- WHO (World Health Organization) is not a cultural organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that focuses on international public health.
- FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) is not a cultural organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations that focuses on international efforts to defeat hunger and improve agricultural productivity.
In conclusion, the correct answer is A: UNESCO.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 14

The non-permanent members of the Security Council of the UN elected by the General Assembly for two years term at present include (2-year term which begins on the January 1, 2011)

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 14

For the 2-year term which begins on the January 1, 2011, the elected non-permanent members for this 2-year period will be Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal, and South Africa.

Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 15

Which of the following countries is not a member of G-15?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 15
Answer:
To determine which country is not a member of G-15, we need to examine the given options and identify the country that does not belong to the group.
Options:
A: Jamaica
B: Indonesia
C: Colombia
D: Peru

To find the country that is not a member of G-15, we need to know which countries are part of G-15. G-15 is a group of developing countries that aims to promote cooperation and enhance economic growth. The countries in G-15 are:
1. Algeria
2. Argentina
3. Brazil
4. Chile
5. Egypt
6. India
7. Indonesia
8. Iran
9. Jamaica
10. Kenya
11. Malaysia
12. Mexico
13. Nigeria
14. Peru
15. Senegal
16. Sri Lanka
17. Venezuela
18. Zimbabwe
Now, let's compare the given options with the list of G-15 countries:
A: Jamaica - Jamaica is a member of G-15.
B: Indonesia - Indonesia is a member of G-15.
C: Colombia - Colombia is not a member of G-15.
D: Peru - Peru is a member of G-15.
Therefore, the country that is not a member of G-15 is Colombia.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 16

The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) is located at

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 16
Answer:
The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (ESCAP) is located in Bangkok.
Explanation:
The ESCAP is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations, and it serves as the regional hub for economic and social development in the Asia-Pacific region. It plays a crucial role in providing policy advice, technical assistance, and capacity-building support to its member countries.
Here is a detailed explanation of why the correct answer is D: Bangkok:
- Manila (Option A): While Manila is the capital city of the Philippines, it is not the location of the ESCAP.
- Singapore (Option B): Singapore is a city-state located in Southeast Asia, but the ESCAP is not based there.
- Kuala Lumpur (Option C): Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of Malaysia, but it is not the location of the ESCAP.
- Bangkok (Option D): Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand and is indeed the location of the ESCAP headquarters. The ESCAP office in Bangkok serves as a hub for promoting regional cooperation and integration, facilitating regional dialogue, and supporting member countries in achieving sustainable development goals.
In conclusion, the correct answer is D: Bangkok.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 17

Vietnam joined the U.N.O in the year

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 17

Answer:


To determine the year in which Vietnam joined the United Nations Organization (U.N.O), we need to look at the historical timeline of Vietnam's involvement with the U.N.O.


1. Establishment of the United Nations Organization:

  • The United Nations Organization (U.N.O) was established on October 24, 1945, after the end of World War II.

  • Its main purposes are to maintain international peace and security, promote human rights, foster social progress, and encourage cooperation among nations.


2. Vietnam's Path to Join the U.N.O:

  • Vietnam, previously known as French Indochina, gained independence from France in 1945.

  • After the Geneva Agreements in 1954, Vietnam was divided into North Vietnam (communist) and South Vietnam (non-communist).

  • The Vietnam War took place from 1955 to 1975, with the involvement of various countries.

  • Following the end of the war, Vietnam underwent a reunification process.


3. Vietnam's Membership in the U.N.O:

  • Vietnam's membership in the United Nations was initially held by the Republic of South Vietnam.

  • However, after the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam became the successor state.

  • As a result, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam applied for U.N.O membership.

  • Vietnam was accepted as a member of the United Nations Organization (U.N.O) on September 20, 1977.


4. Answer:

Therefore, the correct answer is A: 1977.


Note: It is important to verify historical information from reliable sources as there may be variations or updates.

Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 18

The International Court of Justice is located at

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 18
International Court of Justice Location

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is located in The Hague, Netherlands.


Explanation:



  • The ICJ is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations.

  • It was established in 1945 and its main purpose is to settle legal disputes between countries.

  • The court consists of 15 judges who are elected by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.

  • The location of the ICJ was chosen to be in The Hague, as it has a long history of hosting international courts and tribunals.

  • The Hague is also the seat of several other international organizations, including the International Criminal Court.

  • The city is known for its commitment to international law and justice.


Therefore, the correct answer is B: The Hague.

Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 19

Which of the following international organisations has started the scheme 'Partnership for Peace' for a group of nations?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 19
Partnership for Peace
The correct answer is C: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
Explanation:
The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a program initiated by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) in 1994. It aims to create a framework for cooperation and dialogue between NATO and non-NATO countries. The program allows countries to engage in political and military cooperation with NATO, with the goal of promoting stability and building trust among nations.
Key Points:
- The Partnership for Peace scheme was started by NATO.
- It was initiated in 1994.
- The program aims to foster cooperation and dialogue between NATO and non-NATO countries.
- The goal of the program is to promote stability and build trust among nations.
- The Partnership for Peace program allows countries to engage in political and military cooperation with NATO.
Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 20

Which of the following pairs of country and the purpose for which U.N. Peace Keeping Force is maintained is correctly is correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: United Nations & Other World Organisations - 2 - Question 20

The correct pair of country and the purpose for which U.N. Peacekeeping Force is maintained is:
A: Cyprus - to maintain peace between the two dominant ethnic groups in the country
Explanation:
- The United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) was established in 1964 to prevent further fighting between the Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and to maintain peace on the island.
- Cyprus has been divided into the Greek Cypriot-controlled south and the Turkish Cypriot-controlled north since 1974, and UNFICYP's main objective is to facilitate the return to normal conditions and the reunification of the island.
The other options are incorrect because:
B: Mozambique - To supervise a referendum
- There has been no mention of U.N. Peacekeeping Force being maintained in Mozambique to supervise a referendum.
C: El Salvador - to deliver humanitarian aid
- U.N. Peacekeeping Force is not maintained in El Salvador solely for delivering humanitarian aid.
D: Lebanon - For supervising a 1992 accord
- Although Lebanon has had U.N. Peacekeeping Forces deployed for various purposes, there is no specific mention of it being maintained for supervising a 1992 accord.
Therefore, option A is correctly matched.
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