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Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1


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Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 1

What kind of government is there in Myanmar?

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 1

Military rule in Myanmar lasted from 1962 to 2011. 

The government of Myanmar, as defined by the Constitution of 2008, functions as a parliamentary republic. In this type of government, the heads of the Cabinet are responsible for carrying out the laws set forth by Parliament. In 2008, Myanmar established a new Constitution and created a new form of government, which is divided into 3 branches: legislative, executive, and judicial. 

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 2

General Pervez Musharraf overthrew a democratically elected government and declared himself the _______________ of the country.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 2

In Pakistan, General Pervez Musharraf led a military coup in October 1999. He overthrew a democratically elected government and declared himself the ‘Chief Executive’ of the country. Later he changed his designation to President and in 2002 held a referendum in the country that granted him a five year extension.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 3

Which of the following statements is not correct?

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 4

Who led a military coup in Pakistan in 1999?

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 4

In October, 1999 senior officers loyal to army chief Gen. Pervez Musharraf arrested prime minister Nawaz Sharif and his ministers after thwarting the Sharif regime's attempt to dismiss Musharraf and prevent his plane from landing in Pakistan as he returned from a visit to Sri Lanka

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 5

Which of the following countries is not a democracy?

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 6

A dictatorship is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 6

The ruler is not elected by the people but in this type of government one is made the supreme head vesting all the powers.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 7

‘One person, one vote' means:

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 7

One person, one vote means, "In a democracy each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value" this statement means in a democratic country all are treated equal with same value given to each individual.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 8

Why are China and Mexico not regarded as democracies despite holding elections?

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 8

China is not regarded a democratic country because it is ruled by the Communist Party. Elections are held in China but in the country, only the members of the Chinese Communist party or its eight allied parties can contest elections, and thus, only the Communist party can form the Government. Free and fair elections are not held in China. thus, China is not a democracy. 

In Mexico, elections are held after every six years, but until 2000, every election was won by the Institutional Revolutionary Party (IRP). The IRP used every legal and illegal method to win the elections. Teachers in schools were forced to influence parents to vote for the IRP, media ignored all activities of the ruling party but only focused itself on criticising the opposing parties and large sums were spent on campaigning for IRP candidates.

Democracy must be based on free and fair elections where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing the elections.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 9

The example of Zimbabwe shows that popular govts, can be undemocratic and leaders can be autocratic.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 9
  • Since its independence in 1980, Zimbabwe has been ruled by ZANU-PF, the party that led the freedom struggle. Its leader, Robert Mugabe, has been ruling the country since then. 
  • Elections have been held regularly and always won by ZANU-PF. President Mugabe is popular but also uses unfair practices in elections. 
  • Over the years his government has changed the constitution several times to increase the powers of the President and make him less accountable. Opposition party workers are harassed and their meeting disrupted. Public protests and demonstrations against the government are declared illegal.
  • There is a law that limits the right to criticize the President. Television and radio are controlled by the government and give only the ruling party's version.
Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 1 - Question 10

One of the appropriate reasons that the government in China is not democratic is

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