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Test: Excretion, Reproduction - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE - Test: Excretion, Reproduction

Test: Excretion, Reproduction for UPSC 2024 is part of Science & Technology for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Excretion, Reproduction questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Excretion, Reproduction MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Excretion, Reproduction below.
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Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 1

What is the primary function of the kidneys in the human body?

Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 1
The primary function of the kidneys in the human body is to excrete waste products. This means they are responsible for filtering the blood and removing metabolic waste products, such as ammonia, urea, and uric acid, from the body through urine.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 2

What is the main purpose of hemodialysis or artificial kidney?

Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 2
Hemodialysis or artificial kidney is used to remove metabolic waste products, such as urea and creatinine, from the blood in cases where the kidneys are not functioning properly. It helps maintain proper waste excretion when the natural kidneys are unable to do so.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 3

Which vitamin is associated with the clotting of blood?

Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 3
Vitamin K is associated with the clotting of blood. It plays a crucial role in the coagulation process, helping to prevent excessive bleeding when injuries occur.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 4
Which organ in the human body helps maintain the normal pH of blood and other bodily fluids?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 4
The kidneys play a crucial role in maintaining the normal pH of blood and other bodily fluids. They help regulate the balance of acids and bases in the body by excreting excess acid or base ions in the urine.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 5
What is the composition of normal urine in terms of pH?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 5
Normal urine is slightly acidic, typically with a pH value around 6.0. However, the pH of urine can vary slightly depending on factors such as diet and overall health.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 6
What is the term for the process of releasing an egg from the ovary?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 6
The process of releasing an egg from the ovary is called ovulation. It is a key event in the female reproductive cycle and typically occurs around the middle of the menstrual cycle.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 7
What is the function of the seminal vesicle in the male reproductive system?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 7
The seminal vesicle in the male reproductive system produces a fluid that nourishes and provides energy to sperm. This fluid is a component of semen, which is ejaculated during sexual intercourse.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 8
In which phase of the menstrual cycle does ovulation occur?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 8
Ovulation occurs during the ovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle. This is when a mature egg is released from the ovary and can potentially be fertilized.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 9
What is the primary function of the prostate gland in the male reproductive system?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 9
The primary function of the prostate gland in the male reproductive system is to produce a fluid that helps with sperm motility and survival. This fluid is a component of semen.
Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 10
What is the term for the process of the fertilized egg settling in the endometrial tissues of the uterus?
Detailed Solution for Test: Excretion, Reproduction - Question 10
The process of the fertilized egg settling in the endometrial tissues of the uterus is called implantation. It is a crucial step in the establishment of pregnancy.
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