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Test: Nutrition, Digestion - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE - Test: Nutrition, Digestion

Test: Nutrition, Digestion for UPSC 2024 is part of Science & Technology for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Nutrition, Digestion questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Nutrition, Digestion MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Nutrition, Digestion below.
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Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 1

What are the six components of food mentioned in the text?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 1
The text mentions that the six components of food are Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Water, Minerals, and Vitamins. These nutrients play essential roles in providing energy, building tissues, and maintaining overall health.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 2

What is the primary form in which excess carbohydrates are stored in the body?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 2
Excess carbohydrates are stored in the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen. Glycogen serves as a reserve of energy that can be readily converted back into glucose when needed.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 3

Which of the following is NOT a source of protein mentioned in the text?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 3
Potatoes are not mentioned as a source of protein in the text. Protein sources mentioned include eggs, meat, fish, pulses (especially soybeans), and milk.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 4
What is the term for a diet that does not meet an individual's nutritional requirements?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 4
A diet that does not meet an individual's nutritional requirements is called malnutrition. Malnutrition can result from an inadequate intake of essential nutrients.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 5
What is the function of roughage in our diet?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 5
Roughage aids in digestion by retaining water, adding bulk to the food, and preventing constipation. It helps maintain a healthy digestive system.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 6
Which type of fats are solid at room temperature and can lead to health issues like heart diseases?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 6
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature and can contribute to health issues like heart diseases. They can lead to the build-up of plaque in arteries, causing blockages.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 7
Which nutrient is primarily responsible for the body's growth and maintenance?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 7
Proteins are primarily responsible for the body's growth and maintenance. They are essential for building and repairing tissues.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 8
Where are the end-products of digestion absorbed in the digestive system?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 8
The end-products of digestion, such as amino acids, monosaccharides, and fatty acids, are primarily absorbed in the small intestine, particularly in the villi.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 9
Which type of amino acids cannot be synthesized by the body and must be obtained from the diet?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 9
Essential amino acids are amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body and must be obtained from the diet. They are crucial for various physiological processes.
Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 10
What is the term for the minimum amount of energy required by the body for essential functions like circulation and breathing?
Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition, Digestion - Question 10
The minimum amount of energy required by the body for essential functions like circulation, breathing, and temperature regulation is termed as basal metabolic rate (BMR).
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