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Test: Nutrition in Animals - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science & Technology for UPSC CSE - Test: Nutrition in Animals

Test: Nutrition in Animals for UPSC 2024 is part of Science & Technology for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Nutrition in Animals questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Nutrition in Animals MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Nutrition in Animals below.
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Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 1

Bile is produced in

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 2

Ingestion is the process in which organism _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 2

The process of intake of food inside the body is known as Ingestion. It takes place by absorbing substances by cell membranes in single-celled organisms.

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 3

Breaking down food into the simpler forms using enzymes is called _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 3

Breaking down complex food into simpler forms using enzymes is called Digestion.

Digestion is the process in which food is broken down into simpler forms with the help of enzymes. When we eat food, our body needs to extract nutrients from it in order to obtain energy and support various bodily functions. Digestion involves both mechanical and chemical processes.

  • Assimilation: The process of absorbing and incorporating nutrients into the body after digestion.
  • Egestion: The elimination of undigested waste materials from the body through the process of excretion.
  • Absorption: The process by which nutrients from digested food are taken up into the bloodstream or cells of the body for use and distribution.
Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 4

Which of the following pair of teeth differ in structure but are similar in function?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 4

The molars (12 in number) are the largest teeth of all whereas the premolars (8 in number) present next to molars.
The function of these types of teeth is similar, i.e. crushing and grinding of food. 

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 5

What is the shape of the stomach?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 5

The stomach is described as having a flattened J shape and is the widest part of the alimentary canal.

Free vector human internal organ with stomach

Fig: Flattened J Shaped Stomach

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 6

The acid present in the stomach:

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 6

'Hydrochloric acid' (HCL) is an acid that is secreted in the stomach. It helps to kill the harmful bacteria that may enter with food.

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 7

What process allows digested food to pass into the blood vessels in the wall of the intestine?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 7

The process of digested food passing into the blood vessels in the wall of the intestine is called Absorption.
During digestion, food is broken down into smaller molecules that can be absorbed and used by the body for energy and other functions. After digestion takes place in the stomach and small intestine, the resulting nutrients, such as glucose, amino acids, and fatty acids, need to be transported into the bloodstream so that they can be distributed to various cells and tissues in the body.

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 8

Which one is a ruminant animal?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 8

Those animals whose stomach is divided into four chambers to store different kinds of food are called Ruminant animals.
Example: cattle, sheep, goats, buffalo, deer, elk, giraffes, cow , camels.

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 9

What is the process of cud returning to the mouth in small lumps and being chewed by the animal called?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 9

The passage states that the process of cud returning to the mouth and being chewed is called Rumination.

Rumination is a special way of digesting food that happens in animals like cows, sheep, and goats. These animals have a special part in their stomach called the rumen that helps them get the most out of the nutrients in plants. When they eat, the food goes into the rumen where it gets broken down by tiny organisms and turns into a soft lump called cud.

Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 10

Amoeba obtains the food using a finger-like projection called _________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Nutrition in Animals - Question 10

The finger-like projections are called “pseudopodia“. They not only help in engulfing food molecules but also help the organism in movement.

whati holozoic nutrition in ampeba - Biology - TopperLearning.com | zatpuubb

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