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Test: Food Security and PDS - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE - Test: Food Security and PDS

Test: Food Security and PDS for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Economy for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Food Security and PDS questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Food Security and PDS MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Food Security and PDS below.
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Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 1

What was the main objective of the Public Distribution System (PDS) in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 1
The main objective of the Public Distribution System (PDS) in India is "to distribute foodgrains at government-controlled prices to vulnerable sections." The PDS aims to provide essential commodities like wheat, rice, sugar, and more to consumers, particularly those belonging to economically weaker sections, at subsidized prices.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 2

What were the three aspects of the food problem in India mentioned in the text?

Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 2
The three aspects of the food problem in India mentioned in the text are: "quantitative inadequacy, qualitative deficiency, and high prices." These aspects include insufficient production, poor nutritional quality of food, and high food prices.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 3

What is the primary factor responsible for the quantitative inadequacy of foodgrains in India, as mentioned in the text?

Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 3
The primary factor responsible for the quantitative inadequacy of foodgrains in India is the "slow rise in domestic production." Factors such as slow growth in productivity and fluctuations in production contribute to this inadequacy.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 4
What is the main objective of the buffer stock operations mentioned in the text?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 4
The main objective of buffer stock operations is "to stabilize foodgrains prices in the open market." Buffer stocks are maintained by the government to prevent prices from falling below a certain level during periods of excess supply and to ensure lower prices during shortages.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 5
What is the primary aim of the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 5
The primary aim of the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) in India is "to provide foodgrains to families living below the poverty line (BPL)" at subsidized prices. It focuses on targeting specific beneficiaries based on income criteria.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 6
What is the economic cost of foodgrains composed of, as mentioned in the text?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 6
The economic cost of foodgrains is composed of three components: "MSP (Minimum Support Price), procurement incidentals, and distribution costs." These costs encompass the price paid to farmers, incidental expenses related to procurement, and the expenses associated with distribution.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 7
What is the significance of the High Level Committee (HLC) mentioned in the text?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 7
The significance of the High Level Committee (HLC) mentioned in the text is that it "suggests measures to improve the operational efficiency of the Food Corporation of India (FCI)." The HLC was set up to recommend reforms and improvements in the functioning of the FCI.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 8
What were the drawbacks associated with the Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS), as mentioned in the text?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 8
The drawbacks associated with the Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS), as mentioned in the text, include "proliferation of bogus cards and inadequate storage facilities." These issues affected the efficient implementation of RPDS.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 9
What is the primary reason for the urban bias in the Public Distribution System (PDS), as stated in the text?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 9
The primary reason for the urban bias in the Public Distribution System (PDS), as stated in the text, is "discriminatory policies favoring urban populations." Initially, PDS had an urban bias, but efforts have been made to correct this bias over time.
Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 10
What is the self-targeting feature of employment programs like the Employment Guarantee Scheme mentioned in the text?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security and PDS - Question 10
The self-targeting feature of employment programs like the Employment Guarantee Scheme is that they "target unskilled manual workers who face high poverty and unemployment." This ensures that those in the greatest need of employment opportunities are the primary beneficiaries of such programs.
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