Test: Sectors of the Indian Economy- 1

10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE | Test: Sectors of the Indian Economy- 1

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Animal Husbandry is a part of


Primary sector consists of agriculture. It is also known as raw material sector. Agriculture, crop production, animal husbandry, fisheries and mining- all are included in primary sector. Hence, rural banking does not relate to primary sector as it is a part of tertiary sector.


Assertion: Primary sector is the largest employer.
Reason: It includes all those occupations which are related to man’s natural environment like farming, animal rearing, mining etc.


The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the basis of:


Industries in the public sector are owned by the government while those in the private sector are owned by entrepreneurs.

In Public sector, the government owns most of the assets and provides all the services.In the Private sector, ownership of assets and delivery of services is in the hands of private individual or companies.


Converting iron ore to steel is a part of


All industrial and manufacturing work comes under secondary sector and activities and converting iron ore to steel is an industrial activity. Hence it comes under secondary activity.


Assertion: Agriculture is an activity . of the organised sector in India.
Reason: Most of the workers. working on agriculture are employed only during harvesting and sowing season.


Agriculture is not an organised sector because you need to ask for loans that also from the informal sources that is the moneylenders,family or friend to buy all the necessary things like fertilizers, seeds etc. They also ask a high rate of interest . Farmers don't prefer taking loans from bank because banks ask for collateral or papers like adhaar which mostly farmers don't have .


When we produce a good by exploiting natural resources, it is an activity of the:


When the economic activity depends mainly on exploitation of natural resources then that activity comes under the primary sector. Agriculture and its related activities are the primary sectors of economy. PRIMARY SECTOR is the economic sector that produce goods by exploiting the natural resources because it forms the base for all the products that are associated directly with land and water. Production of wheat, vegetables, milk , marble and coal are some examples of this sector.


ATM is an example of


ATM is an example of tertiary sector which is also known as service sector. ATM is a machine whose full name is Automated Teller Machine. It was invented in 1960 by John Shepherd - Barron.


Assertion: The share of agriculture in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is declining in India.
Reason: Agriculture sector is facing problems of non irrigated land, increasing debts, seasonal employment etc.


The service sector includes activities such as:


How do big private companies contribute in the development of a nation?


The big private companies contribute in the development of a nation in the following ways: 1.It promotes rapid economic development through creation and expansion of infrastructure. 2. It creates employment opportunities.

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