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Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - UPSC MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 below.
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Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 1

Consider the following statements regarding Dementia.

  1. Dementia is a specific disease that affects memory, thinking, and social abilities.
  2. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia and may contribute to 60–70% of cases.
  3. DemClinic is an online memory screening clinic launched by World Health Organisation (WHO).

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 1

Only statement 2 is correct.

  • The Dementia India Alliance (DIA) has launched a national dementia support line and an online memory screening clinic called DemClinic.
  • Dementia is a general term for a group of symptoms that affect memory, thinking, and social abilities. Dementia is not a specific disease, but rather a result of various diseases and injuries that affect the brain. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia and may contribute to 60–70% of cases.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 2

Which of the following statements is correct regarding Malaviya Mission? 

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 2
  • Organised by the University Grants Commission, in association with the Ministry of Education, the Malaviya Mission – Teacher Training Programme aims to provide tailored training programmes for teachers. This programme will work for the capacity building of faculty members in higher educational institutions.
  • The Programme is an endeavour to make our educators future-ready with a deeper understanding of Indian values. It aims to improve the quality of teachers’ training, build leadership skills in teachers and help realise the goals of NEP.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 3

Consider the following statements.

  1. The Constitution of India declares that Indians possess freedom of speech, but is subject to the interest of public order, or the sovereignty and integrity of India.
  2. The right to freedom of expression has been recognised as a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  3. In India fundamental rights cannot be enforced against persons other than the state and its instrumentalities.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 3
  • The freedom of speech is one of the most cherished freedoms. The Constitution of India, too, declares that Indians possess this freedom, but makes it subject to the interest of public order, or the sovereignty and integrity of India.
  • The right to freedom of expression has been recognised as a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international human rights law by the United Nations. 
  • The Court concluded that such fundamental rights can be enforced even against persons other than the state and its instrumentalities.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 4

Consider the following statements regarding Aluminum-26.

  1. Aluminum-26 is non-radioactive isotope that decays over time.
  2. It played a significant role in heating small rocks in the early Solar System, leading to the formation of planets.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 4
  • Aluminum-26, a radioactive isotope that decays over time and is crucial for understanding the formation of the Solar System.
  • Aluminum-26’s decay played a significant role in heating small rocks in the early Solar System, leading to the formation of planets
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 5

Consider the following statements regarding Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

  1. Adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter is one of the core principles of ASEAN.
  2. India is not part of the ASEAN Plus Six grouping.
  3. India has signed a Free Trade Agreement with ASEAN.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 5

Statement 2 is incorrect.

  • ASEAN’s core principles include regional cooperation in various fields, promotion of regional peace and stability, and adherence to the principles of the United Nations Charter.
  • India is part of the ASEAN Plus Six grouping, which includes China, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand, and Australia.
  • India and ASEAN signed a Free Trade Agreement in 2010 and have seen trade growth, except during the pandemic years of 2020 and 2021.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 6

Consider the following statements regarding Rajya Sabha.

  1. Any Bill passed by the Lok Sabha, needs the assent of the Rajya Sabha to become a law.
  2. To ensure continuity, one-third of its members retire after every second year, and biennial elections are held to fill these vacancies.
  3. By-polls are not held in the case of Rajya Sabha elections.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 6

Only statement 2 is correct.

  • Rajya Sabha is a permanent House and cannot be dissolved. To ensure continuity, one-third of its members retire after every second year, under Article 83(1) of the Constitution, and “biennial elections” are held to fill these vacancies. The term of a member is six years.
  • Vacancies arising due to resignation, death or disqualification are filled up through bypolls, and those elected serve out the remainder of their predecessors’ term.
  • Any Bill, barring those designated as Money Bills by the Lok Sabha Speaker, needs the assent of the second chamber to become law.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 7

Consider the following statements regarding Arctic dipole.

  1. The positive phase of the Arctic dipole involves high pressure over the Canadian Arctic and low pressure over the Siberian Arctic.
  2. It drives upper ocean currents and has year-round impacts on air temperatures, heat exchanges, sea-ice drift, and ecological consequences.
  3. Recent study has found that Arctic dipole has its impact on the Arctic Ocean climate.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 7
  • A recent study has identified the cause of the decline in Arctic Ocean Sea ice since 2007. Researchers found that the periodic reversal of an atmospheric phenomenon known as the Arctic dipole plays a significant role in driving drops in sea ice.
  • The study, published in the journal Science, explores the ecosystem responses to the Arctic dipole and its impact on the Arctic Ocean climate, a phenomenon referred to as Atlantification.
  • The Arctic dipole follows a roughly 15-year cycle, and data spanning several decades suggest that it is approaching the end of its current regime.
  • The current “positive” phase of the Arctic dipole, which has been in place since 2007, involves high pressure over the Canadian Arctic and low pressure over the Siberian Arctic.
  • This wind pattern drives upper ocean currents and has year-round impacts on air temperatures, heat exchanges, sea-ice drift, and ecological consequences.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 8

Consider the following statements.

  1. While Dams are designed for water storage and regulation on a larger scale, Barrages are primarily used for flow control and water diversion.
  2. Yarlung Tsangpo River breaks through the Himalayas in great gorges and enters into Arunachal Pradesh, where it is known as Dihang or Siang.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 8
  • India is planning to build a large barrage on the Siang River to protect it from a Chinese dam being built in Tibet.
  • Barrages are primarily used for flow control and water diversion, while Dams are designed for water storage and regulation on a larger scale.
  • Yarlung Tsangpo River (Brahmaputra) breaks through the Himalayas in great gorges (including the Yarlung Tsangpo Grand Canyon) and enters into Arunachal Pradesh, where it is known as Dihang or Siang.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 9

Camp David summit, that was recently in news is held at/hosted by 

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 9

The Camp David summit between the United States, Japan, and South Korea offers a unique opportunity for India to enhance its strategic partnership with South Korea, particularly in the Indo-Pacific.

Camp David Summit

  • Camp David summit is a series of meetings held at the Camp David presidential retreat in Maryland, USA. It’s where world leaders, meet and negotiate agreements with the USA. E.g., The USA, Israel and Egypt negotiated and eventually reached the Camp David Accords in 1978, leading to a peace treaty between the two countries in 1979.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 10

Consider the following statements regarding Pearl millet.

  1. Pearl millet a drought-tolerant cereal grain widely cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions of India and Africa.
  2. It is known for its resilience to adverse growing conditions, including low rainfall.
  3. Heavy soils in southern India are not suitable for the cultivation of Pearl millet.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 10

Statement 3 is incorrect. 

  • A study (by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and ICAR-AICRP) reveals that climate change has shifted India’s core pearl millet (bajra) production zone from arid regions in Rajasthan to eastern Rajasthan and Haryana due to increased rainfall caused by human-induced climate change.

What is Pearl millet?

It is commonly known as bajra, a drought-tolerant cereal grain widely cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions of India and Africa. It is known for its resilience to adverse growing conditions, including low rainfall.

India classifies pearl millet cultivation zones based on rainfall patterns and soil types.
Zone ‘A1’: The arid regions of Rajasthan, which receive less than 400 millimetres (mm) of rainfall, are categorised as Zone ‘A1’.
Zone ‘A’: Semi-arid regions in north and central India, including southern Rajasthan, Haryana, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh, which receive more than 400 mm of rainfall per year, form Zone ‘A’.
Zone ‘B’: Semi-arid regions with heavy soils in southern India and central western India with over 400 mm of rainfall from Zone B.

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 11

Consider the following statements regarding Banglar mati, Banglar jol.

  1. Banglar mati, Banglar jol was written by Rabindranath Tagore.
  2. The song was written in 1905 in response to Lord Curzon’s partition of Bengal.
  3. It is declared as the state anthem of West Bengal.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 11

The West Bengal Assembly has declared Poila Baishakh (April 15), the first day of the Bengali calendar, as the statehood day and designated Rabindranath Tagore’s “Banglar mati, Banglar jol” as the state anthem.

Significance of the song: The song was written by Tagore in 1905 in response to Lord Curzon’s partition of Bengal, which was a divisive colonial strategy to weaken the nationalist movement.

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 12

Recently the Union government released draft guidelines aimed at curbing “dark patterns” employed by online platforms. Which of the following are considered as Dark patterns?

  1. false urgency
  2. basket sneaking
  3. confirm shaming
  4. forced action
  5. subscription traps

How many of the above options are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 12
  • The Union government has released draft guidelines aimed at curbing “dark patterns” employed by online platforms.
  • These dark patterns are deceptive strategies used to mislead users into taking actions they did not intend, such as making unwanted purchases or subscriptions.
  • The draft guidelines identify ten types of dark patterns, including false urgency, basket sneaking (adding extra items without user consent during checkout), confirm shaming (using fear or shame to nudge user actions), forced action (compelling additional purchases), and subscription traps (making cancellation difficult).
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 13

X-ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission (XRISM) and Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM) were successfully launched by 

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 13
  • X-ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission (XRISM) and Smart Lander for Investigating Moon (SLIM) were successfully launched by Japan.
  • XRISM is focused on studying X-ray emissions from celestial objects to better understand the universe’s structure and evolution. It will observe phenomena like black holes, neutron stars, and galaxy clusters.
  • SLIM aims to demonstrate precision landing capabilities on the Moon, allowing for targeted scientific investigations and safe placements of future landers.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 14

Climate Ambition Summit (CAS), that was recently in news was part of 

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 14

The Climate Ambition Summit (CAS) in New York, as part of the United Nations General Assembly, that concluded on September 21, was marked by the absence of major economies whose actions significantly influence the future of global emissions.

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 15

Consider the following statements regarding Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya (GSV).

  1. It is a Central University established through an Executive order.
  2. GSV is the first-of-its-kind university with a mandate to create high-quality talent for the transportation and logistics sectors.
  3. It is sponsored by the Ministry of Railways and the Chancellor of GSV is the Union Minister of Railways.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 15

Statement 1 is incorrect.

About Gati Shakti Vishwavidyalaya (GSV)

It is a Central University established through an Act of Parliament in 2022. It replaces the National Rail and Transportation Institute (NRTI) and is sponsored by the Ministry of Railways. The Chancellor of GSV is the Union Minister of Railways. GSV is the first-of-its-kind university with a mandate to create high-quality talent for the transportation and logistics sectors. Its significance lies in fulfilling the objectives of the National Developmental Plans, including the PM Gati Shakti National Master Plan 2021 and National Logistics Policy 2022, covering railways, shipping, ports, highways, roads, waterways, and aviation.

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 16

Consider the following statements regarding Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO).

  1. Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) are an irregular and rare fluctuations or ripples in the distribution of matter in the universe.
  2. These oscillations are a fundamental feature of the large-scale structure of the cosmos.
  3. They provide important clues about the distribution of dark matter and dark energy.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 16

Statement 1 is incorrect.

  • Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) are regular, periodic fluctuations or ripples in the distribution of matter (primarily baryonic matter, which includes protons and neutrons) in the universe.
  • These oscillations are a fundamental feature of the large-scale structure of the cosmos and provide important clues about its geometry, expansion rate, and the distribution of dark matter and dark energy.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 17

Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) are caused by pathogens that include

  1. Bacteria
  2. Viruses
  3. Fungi
  4. Parasites

Select the correct answer code:

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 17
  • Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) continue to disproportionately impact the most impoverished members of the international community, living in areas with inadequate water safety, sanitation and access to health care, said a new World Health Organization (WHO) report.
  • NTDs are a diverse group of 20 conditions mainly prevalent in tropical areas — caused by various pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, parasites, fungi and toxins.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 18

Consider the following statements.

  1. During Bhakti movement, many of the poet-saints were preaching for abolishing the Varna system.
  2. The Bhakti movement started earlier and got well established first in North India and much later in South India.
  3. One school within the Bhakti movement was the Nirguni tradition, according to which God was understood to be universal and formless being.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 18

Statement 2 is incorrect.

  • The Bhakti movement, which began in the 7th century in South India, had begun to spread across north India in the 14th and the 15th centuries. The movement was characterized by popular poet-saints who sang devotional songs to God in vernacular languages, with many preaching for the abolishing the Varna system and some kind of Hindu-Muslim unity. They emphasized an intense emotional attachment with God.
  • One school within the Bhakti movement was the Nirguni tradition and Sant Kabir was a prominent member of it. In this tradition, God was understood to be a universal and formless being.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 19

Consider the following statements.

  1. Article 368 of the Indian Constitution empowers Parliament to amend any provision of the Constitution.
  2. Indian Parliament has the absolute power to change the name of the country.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 19

Parliament has the absolute power to change the name of the country at any time by amending the Constitution. Article 368 of the Constitution empowers Parliament to amend any provision of the Constitution which includes the name of the country, as mentioned in Article 1.

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 20

Consider the following statements.

  1. Association for Democratic Reforms is a non-partisan, non-governmental organization which works in the area of electoral and political reforms.
  2. National Election Watch is a mechanism brought out by Election Commission of India in early 2020 to ensure free and fair election for the State Assemblies.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 20
  • Association for Democratic Reforms is a non-partisan, non-governmental organization which works in the area of electoral and political reforms since 1999.
  • The National Election Watch (NEW) is a nationwide campaign comprising of more than 1200 NGOs and other citizen led organizations working together on electoral reforms, improving democracy and governance in India. The campaign is active in almost all states of India and has been doing election watches for the State Assembly and Lok Sabha Elections since 2002.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 21

Consider the following statements regarding African Union (AU).

  1. Less than half of the countries in Africa are part of African Union (AU).
  2. Sirte Declaration called for the establishment of the African Union.
  3. Recently African Union was admitted as a member to the G20.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 21

Statement 1 is incorrect.

  • The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union.
  • At the 18th G20 (Group of 20) meeting, held in Delhi, the African Union was admitted as a member to the G20 like the European Union.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 22

Consider the following statements regarding Hallmarking.

  1. At present only gold and silver have been brought under the purview of Hallmarking.
  2. In Gold, Mandatory hallmarking is applicable only to 22 and 24 carats of gold jewellery/artefacts.
  3. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) assigns a Hallmarking Unique ID number to all hallmarked items.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 22

Statement 2 is incorrect.

Hallmarking

  • Hallmarking is like a quality stamp for jewellery and precious metal items. It tells you how pure or good the metal is.
  • The principal objectives of the Hallmarking Scheme are to protect the public against adulteration and to obligate manufacturers to maintain legal standards of fineness.

Hallmarking in India:

  • At present two precious metals namely gold and silver have been brought under the purview of Hallmarking.
  • Mandatory hallmarking order is applicable on 14, 18 and 22 carats of gold jewellery/artefacts only.
  • BIS assigns a unique HUID (Hallmarking Unique ID) number to all hallmarked items
  • Consumers can verify the authenticity of hallmarked items using the ‘verify HUID’ feature in the BIS Care app.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 23

Consider the following statements regarding Leucism.

  1. Leucism affects the pigmentation of an animal’s skin, feathers, scales, or fur.
  2. Leucism is not a genetic condition.
  3. It causes a complete absence of pigment.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 23

Only statement 1 is correct.

  • Leucism is a genetic condition that affects the pigmentation of an animal’s skin, feathers, scales, or fur. Unlike albinism, which causes a complete absence of pigment, leucism results in a partial loss of pigment, leading to white or pale colouration in affected areas.
Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 24

The countries bordering Red Sea are

  1. Saudi Arabia
  2. Yemen
  3. Eritrea
  4. Djibouti

How many of the above options are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 24

Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 25

Which of the following are the Government initiatives for the Cotton sector in India?

  1. Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme
  2. Market Access Initiative (MAI) Scheme
  3. SAMARTH scheme
  4. Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: September 2023 Weekly Current Affair - 4 - Question 25

Government initiatives for the Cotton sector in India:

  • Amended Technology Upgradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS)
  • Market Access Initiative (MAI) Scheme
  • SAMARTH (Scheme for Capacity Building in the Textile Sector)
  • Mega Investment Textiles Parks (MITRA)
  • Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme to promote the production of MMF Apparel, MMF Fabrics and Products of Technical Textiles
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