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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - UPSC MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th below.
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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 1

Consider the following statements:

  1. The WIPO treaty aims to harmonize the rights of biodiverse countries and traditional wisdom with global Intellectual Property Rights.
  2. India's rich biodiversity and traditional knowledge gain recognition and protection under the WIPO treaty.
  3. The treaty includes a disclosure requirement for patent applicants regarding the origin of genetic resources in claimed inventions.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 1
  • The WIPO treaty indeed aims to harmonize the rights of biodiverse countries and traditional wisdom with global Intellectual Property Rights.
  • India's biodiversity and traditional knowledge gain recognition and protection under the treaty.
  • The treaty includes a disclosure requirement for patent applicants to disclose the origin of genetic resources in their inventions.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 2

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) aims to preserve medicinal formulations to prevent erroneous patents.
  2. The Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005, requires disclosure of the origin of biological resources in patent applications.
  3. The National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) preserves and utilizes animal genetic diversity in India.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 2
  • TKDL aims to preserve medicinal formulations to prevent erroneous patents.
  • The Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005, does require disclosure of the origin of biological resources in patent applications.
  • The NBPGR preserves and utilizes plant genetic diversity, not animal genetic diversity. The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) deals with animal genetic diversity.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 3

Consider the following statements:

  1. Cyclone Remal triggered landslides in Northeast India, highlighting the need for multi-hazard disaster resilience.
  2. Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Assam are particularly vulnerable to landslides.
  3. The Landslide Atlas of India focuses on assessing risks and monitoring landslides.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 3
  • Cyclone Remal did trigger landslides in Northeast India, emphasizing the need for multi-hazard disaster resilience.
  • States like Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Assam are highly vulnerable to landslides.
  • The Landslide Atlas of India focuses on assessing risks and monitoring landslides.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 4

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Neem case involved a controversy over a US patent for turmeric's wound healing properties.
  2. The Basmati rice case led to the revocation of a US patent due to prior Indian knowledge.
  3. The Wheat varieties case resulted in the revocation of a European patent due to evidence from India.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 4
  • The Neem case involved a controversy over a patent for neem's properties, not turmeric.
  • The Basmati rice case led to the narrowing of patent claims, not a full revocation, but it highlighted the misuse of traditional knowledge.
  • The Wheat varieties case resulted in the revocation of a European patent due to evidence from India.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 5

Consider the following statements:

  1. The National Gene Bank in India safeguards genetic diversity for future use.
  2. The Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights (PPV&FR) Act, 2001 ensures fair benefits for farmers and breeders sharing Plant Genetic Resources.
  3. The Trademark Act, 1999, mandates the disclosure of biological resource origins in patent applications.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 5
  • The National Gene Bank safeguards genetic diversity for future use.
  • The PPV&FR Act, 2001 ensures fair benefits for breeders and farmers sharing Plant Genetic Resources.
  • The Trademark Act, 1999 does not mandate the disclosure of biological resource origins in patent applications; this is covered by the Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 6

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: The WIPO treaty requires contracting parties to enforce disclosure obligations for patent applicants regarding the origin of genetic resources in claimed inventions.
Statement-II: This requirement helps prevent the misappropriation of traditional knowledge and genetic resources.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 6
  • Statement-I is correct because the WIPO treaty mandates disclosure of the origin of genetic resources in patent applications.
  • Statement-II is correct and explains that this requirement helps prevent the misappropriation of traditional knowledge and genetic resources.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 7

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: The Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is an initiative by the Indian government to document traditional knowledge in digital form.
Statement-II: The main objective of TKDL is to preserve traditional knowledge for future generations.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 7

Statement-I is correct because TKDL documents traditional knowledge in digital form.
Statement-II is correct, but the primary objective of TKDL is to prevent erroneous patents by providing accessible documentation of traditional knowledge.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 8

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: Landslides in Northeast India are primarily caused by deforestation and construction activities.
Statement-II: Human activities are significant contributors to landslide vulnerability in this region.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 8

Statement-I is correct as deforestation and construction are primary causes of landslides.
Statement-II correctly explains that human activities significantly contribute to landslide vulnerability.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 9

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: The National Gene Bank in India is designed to preserve both plant and animal genetic resources.
Statement-II: The National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) is responsible for the preservation of plant genetic diversity.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 9

Statement-I is correct; the National Gene Bank preserves both plant and animal genetic resources.
Statement-II is correct; NBPGR focuses on preserving plant genetic diversity. However, Statement-II does not explain Statement-I.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 10

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: The WIPO treaty establishes global benchmarks for the protection of genetic resources and traditional knowledge.
Statement-II: These benchmarks ensure that all countries have the same level of protection for their genetic resources and traditional knowledge.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 10

Statement-I is correct; the WIPO treaty does establish global benchmarks.
Statement-II is incorrect because the benchmarks aim to harmonize protection levels, but actual protection may vary by country based on their implementation.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 11

Consider the following pairs:

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 11
  • Bhopal is indeed a major city covered under the AMRUT Scheme.
  • Ahmedabad participates in the Pey Jal Survekshan under AMRUT 2.0.
  • Patna is not specifically noted as a model city for the Technology Sub-Mission for Water.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 12

Consider the following pairs:

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 12
  • City Water Balance Plan (CWBP) is a component of AMRUT 2.0.
  • The National Clean Air Programme is not a part of AMRUT 1.0 but a separate initiative.
  • Innovation and Research Hubs are promoted under AMRUT 2.0.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 13

Consider the following pairs:

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 13
  • The Patents (Amendment) Act, 2005 mandates disclosure of the origins of biological resources.
  • The Trademark Act, 1999 provides protection for geographical indications.
  • The Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001 ensures farmers' rights over plant genetic resources.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 14

Consider the following pairs:

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 14
  • Gujarat has the SAUNI Yojana for water resource management.
  • Tamil Nadu's Kudimaramathu Scheme focuses on water conservation and tank management.
  • Maharashtra implements the Jalyukt Shivar Abhiyan to make villages water-sufficient.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 15

Consider the following pairs:

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 15
  • Brazil is a signatory to the Paris Agreement.
  • India has ratified the Kigali Amendment.
  • China is a party to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 16

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: The AMRUT 2.0 scheme aims to achieve universal water supply coverage.
Statement-II: This objective is part of the mission to improve basic infrastructure in selected cities.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 16
  • AMRUT 2.0 indeed aims to achieve universal water supply coverage.
  • This objective is part of the mission to enhance basic urban infrastructure, making Statement-II the correct explanation for Statement-I.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 17

Consider the following statements:

Statement-I: AMRUT 2.0 focuses on promoting a circular water economy.
Statement-II: The scheme includes the development of City Water Balance Plans (CWBP) for water management.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 17
  • AMRUT 2.0 promotes a circular water economy.
  • The development of City Water Balance Plans (CWBP) is a key component in achieving this goal, making Statement-II the correct explanation for Statement-I.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 18

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) was launched due to deteriorating air quality in Indian cities.
Statement-II: AMRUT 1.0 had adequately addressed air quality concerns in urban areas.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 18

Statement-I is correct as the NCAP was launched due to worsening air quality.
Statement-II is incorrect because AMRUT 1.0 did not sufficiently address air quality issues, necessitating the NCAP.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 19

Consider the following statements:
Statement-I: AMRUT 2.0 includes initiatives like Pey Jal Survekshan and a Technology Sub-Mission for Water.
Statement-II: These initiatives are designed to improve urban water management and promote the use of advanced water technologies.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 19

AMRUT 2.0 does include initiatives like Pey Jal Survekshan and a Technology Sub-Mission for Water.
These initiatives aim to improve urban water management and leverage advanced technologies, making Statement-II the correct explanation for Statement-I.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 20

Consider the following statements:

Statement-I: The AMRUT scheme has had significant positive impacts on women's lives by improving access to water.
Statement-II: Women can now spend less time fetching water and more time on productive activities.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 20

The AMRUT scheme has indeed positively impacted women's lives by improving water access.
As a result, women can now allocate their time to more productive activities, making Statement-II the correct explanation for Statement-I.

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 21

The “Colombo Process” is associated with which of the following? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 21
  • Context: India has assumed the chair of the Colombo Process for 2024-26, the first time since the forum’s inception in 2003.
  • About Colombo Process
    • The Colombo Process is a Regional Consultative Process focused on managing overseas employment and contractual labour. It comprises 12 Asian member states, including Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, with India as a founding member. Priority areas include skills and qualification recognition and fostering ethical recruitment practices. The UN’s International Organization for Migration provides technical and administrative support.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 22

Kendu leaves are primarily used in the production of which of the following products? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 22
  • Context: In Koraput district, Odisha, 4,000 tribal farmers are facing a critical delay as they await approval from the forest department to sell kendu leaves worth Rs 34 lakh.
  • About Kendu Leaf:
    • Kendu leaf, known as the green gold of Odisha, is a nationalized product like bamboo and sal seed. It is a vital non-wood forest product, also referred to as tendu leaf, used for rolling bidis (local cigarettes). Major producing states include Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Gujarat, and Maharashtra, with Odisha being the third-largest producer.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 23

‘Pravaah Portal’, recently seen in the news, is launched by which institution? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 23

Context: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) launched three major initiatives.

  • G-Sec Mobile App: Enables retail investors to transact in government securities (G-Secs) using smartphones.
  • PRAVAAH Portal: A centralized web-based platform for individuals or entities to apply for authorizations, licenses, or regulatory approvals from the RBI, enhancing efficiency in processing applications.
  • Fintech Repository: A data storehouse for Indian FinTech firms to help understand the sector better and design appropriate policies. Additionally, the EmTech Repository for RBI-regulated entities will track the adoption of emerging technologies like AI and blockchain.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 24

She was a prominent ruler of the Holkar dynasty; British historian John Keay called her ‘The Philosopher Queen’ for her insightful political observations. She was 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 24

About Ahilyabai Holkar (1725-1795):

  • She was a prominent ruler of the Holkar dynasty in the Maratha Empire. Married to Khanderao Holkar at age 8, she became a widow in 1754 when he died in battle. Renowned for her philanthropy, she built forts, roads, temples, ghats, wells, tanks, and rest houses across India. Ahilyabai welcomed notable figures like poet Moropant and scholar Khushali Ram to her court. British historian John Keay called her ‘The Philosopher Queen’ for her insightful political observations.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 25

Consider the following statements:

  1. The NSE is the largest stock exchange in India in terms of total market capitalization.
  2. The NSE was established in 1992 and started trading in 1994.
  3. The NSE introduced electronic screen-based trading in India.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: June 1st to 7th - Question 25
  • S1 is Correct – The NSE is the largest stock exchange in India in terms of total market capitalization, often surpassing the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
  • S2 is Correct – The NSE was established in 1992 and started its trading operations in 1994.
  • S3 is Correct – The NSE introduced electronic screen-based trading in India, which was a significant shift from the traditional open outcry system.
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