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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - UPSC MCQ


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25 Questions MCQ Test Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly - Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024

Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 for UPSC 2024 is part of Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly preparation. The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 below.
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Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 1

With reference to India’s Lokpal and Lokayuktas, consider the following statements:

  1. The idea of a Lokpal first came up in 1963 during a discussion on Budget allocation of the Union Law Ministry.
  2. Karnataka was the first state to create a Lokayukta in 1972.
  3. The Lokpal and Lokayukta deal with complaints against public servants, including the Lokpal chairperson and members.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 1
  • Only statements 1 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: Former Supreme Court judge A.M. Khanwilkar has been appointed as the chairperson of the anti-corruption ombudsman Lokpal, filling a vacancy that existed for nearly two years.
  • S1: The idea of a Lokpal — the central anti-corruption ombudsman — first came up in 1963 during a discussion on Budget allocation of the Union Law Ministry. Bills seeking an ombudsman were introduced in Parliament eight times between 1968 and 2001 but were not passed, noted a 2020 report by anti-corruption organisation Transparency International India.
  • S2: Over the years, different states set up their own Lokayuktas — the state equivalent of the Lokpal. Maharashtra was first in this respect with its Lokayukta body established in 1971 under the Maharashtra Lokayukta and Upayukta Act
  • S3: The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013, subsequently came into force on January 16, 2014. The Act provides for establishing a Lokpal headed by a Chairperson, who is or has been a Chief Justice of India, or is or has been a judge of the Supreme Court, or an eminent person who fulfils eligibility criteria as specified. Of its other members, not exceeding eight, 50 per cent are to be judicial members, provided that not less than 50 per cent belong to the Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST), Other Backward Classes, or minority communities, or are women. The Lokpal and Lokayukta deal with complaints against public servants, including the Lokpal chairperson and members.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 2

Consider the following statements:

  1. The African Club is a close association of creditor nations that get together to offer debt relief and financial support to debtor governments within the African Union.
  2. The African Club was founded in 2023 after Democratic Republic of the Congo consented to meet in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with its public creditors.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 2
  • Context: During the 37th African Union Summit, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, African leaders launched the ‘Africa Club’, an alliance of African multilateral financial institutions.
  • Focusing on the urgent need for reforming the global financial system to address climate and development needs.
  • To tackle this, there was a call for increased access to high-quality finance for climate and development efforts, which led to the
  • African leaders also demanded solutions to the debt crisis, increased grant and concessional money to Africa, and rechannelling of Special Drawing Rights (SDR) to African financial institutions.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 3

Consider the following statements:

  1. Genome India Project (GIP) is a research initiative led by the Bangalore-based Indian Institute of Science’s Centre for Brain Research and funded by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research.
  2. The GIP aims to identify genetic variations through whole genome sequencing of 10,000 representative individuals across India.
  3. Human genome is the entire set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) residing in the nucleus of every cell of the human body.

How many of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 3
  • Only statements 2 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) announced the completion of India’s ‘10,000 genome’ project, aiming to create a reference database of whole-genome sequences representative of the country’s diverse population.
  • The Genome India Project (GIP) is a national project that aims to sequence 10,000 genomes by the end of 2023. The project is funded by the Government of India’s Department of Biotechnology and is led by the Centre for Brain Research (CBR). The GIP’s first phase aims to identify genetic variations by sequencing the genomes of 10,000 people across India. The project’s goal is to develop personalized medicine based on patients’ genomes.
  • S1: Genome India Project funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, and spearheaded by Indian Institute of Science’s Centre for Brain Research(CBR).
  • S2: The project aims to identify genetic variations through whole genome sequencing of 10,000 representative individuals across India in the first phase of the study.
  • S3: Human genome is the entire set of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) residing in the nucleus of every cell of the human body. It carries the complete genetic information responsible for the development and functioning of an organism.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 4

Consider the following statements about the SWAYAM Plus platform:

  1. It is an initiative of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) to promote online learning in India.
  2. SWAYAM Plus courses are exclusively for undergraduate students.
  3. It offers live interactive sessions with instructors and experts.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 4
  • Only statement 3 is correct.
  • Context: Union Minister of Education and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship launched the SWAYAM Plus platform, in collaboration with industry leaders such as L&T, Microsoft, and CISCO.
  • Operated by the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT Madras), the platform aims to offer courses focusing on employability and professional development, covering sectors like manufacturing, energy, computer science, engineering, IT, management studies, healthcare, hospitality, and tourism.
  • SWAYAM Plus combines academic rigor with real-world expertise from industry partners to enhance the employability of college students and lifelong learners.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 5

Consider the following statements about the Women Exporters in the Digital Economy (WEIDE) Fund:

  1. It is a joint effort between the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Ford Foundation to accelerate progress on closing the gender digital divide.
  2. The fund has received its first donation of USD 5 million from the United States.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 5
  • Context: The World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Trade Centre (ITC) have jointly launched a USD 50 million global fund called the Women Exporters in the Digital Economy (WEIDE) Fund.
  • The aim of this fund is to assist women-led businesses and women entrepreneurs in developing economies and least-developed countries in adopting digital technologies and expanding their online presence.
  • The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has allocated USD 5 million as the first donor to the fund.
  • Additionally, the ITC hosted the SheTrades Summit, bringing together women entrepreneurs, global business leaders, and development partners to discuss solutions to challenges faced by women in accessing new markets in the digital trading system.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 6

With reference to Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), consider the following statements:

  1. It was established by the UN General Assembly to provide rapid and life-saving assistance to vulnerable populations during humanitarian crises.
  2. It is managed by the Office for Disaster Risk Reduction on behalf of the UN Secretary-General.
  3. It releases resources for underfunded emergencies twice a year.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 6
  • Only statements 1 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: The UN has allocated US$100 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) to support underfunded humanitarian crises in seven countries across Africa, the Americas, and the Middle East.
  • About UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF)
    • It was established in 2005 by the UN General Assembly to provide rapid and life-saving assistance to vulnerable populations during humanitarian crises.
    • Managed by the Emergency Relief Coordinator on behalf of the UN Secretary-General, CERF releases resources for underfunded emergencies twice a year.
    • It addresses critical funding gaps exacerbated by increased global conflicts, climate-induced disasters, and poly-crisis phenomena. The fund is replenished annually through contributions from governments, the private sector, foundations, and individuals.
    • CERF’s allocations are divided into:
      • Rapid Responses: providing immediate aid during sudden crises
      • Underfunded Emergencies support countries facing prolonged humanitarian challenges.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 7

Consider the following statements about Harit Nauka Initiative:

  1. It is an initiative of the Indian Ports Association (IPA).
  2. It is aimed at promoting the adoption of greener technologies in inland waterway vessels.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 7
  • Context: PM Modi will inaugurate India’s first green hydrogen fuel cell inland waterway vessel as part of the National Green Hydrogen Mission.
  • What is the Harit Nauka initiative?
    • The Harit Nauka initiative is a program launched by the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways aimed at promoting the adoption of greener technologies in inland waterway vessels. It focuses on shifting inland vessels towards sustainable alternatives, such as hydrogen fuel cells, to reduce environmental impact.
    • This initiative aims to establish the V.O.Chidambaranar Port as India’s first Green Hydrogen Hub Port, with projects including a desalination plant and hydrogen production facility.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 8

With reference to ‘Elephant Grass’, consider the following statements:

  1. It can be cooked to make soups and stews.
  2. It can be used as feed for livestock.
  3. It can be used in the production of biofuels.

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 8
  • Napier grass, also known as elephant grass, is a productive and versatile forage grass native to Africa and southeast Asia. Due to its high yield, it is widely used as feed for livestock and in bioenergy applications.
  • Elephant grass is a multipurpose plant. The young leaves and shoots are edible by humans and can be cooked to make soups and stews (Burkill, 1985). The culms can be used to make fences, and the whole plant is used for thatch. It is considered a potential second generation energy source crop in the USA (EPA, 2013). Leaf and culm infusions are reported to have diuretic properties (Duke, 1983). Elephant grass has several environmental applications. It can be used to make mulch and to provide soil erosion control. It is a weed controller and, in Africa, it has been reported to be used as a trap plant in push-pull management strategies to fight against stem borers in maize crops (see Environmental impact below) (Khan et al., 2007).
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 9

What happens to the electrical conductivity of a semiconductor when it is exposed to light? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 9
  • Context: The Union Cabinet, led by the PM, approved the establishment of three semiconductor units as part of the ‘Development of Semiconductors and Display Manufacturing Ecosystems in India’ initiative.
  • When a semiconductor is exposed to light, it can absorb photons with energies greater than the bandgap energy. This absorption can excite electrons from the valence band to the conduction band, creating additional charge carriers and thereby increasing the conductivity of the semiconductor. Hence option C is the correct answer.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 10

In which of the following states is Mudumalai Tiger Reserve located? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 10
  • Context: The first-ever herpetofaunal survey in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve recorded 82 species of reptiles and amphibians. Conducted in February, it covered Theppakadu, Kargudi, and Nilakottai forest ranges.
  • About Mudumalai Tiger Reserve
    • Mudumalai Tiger Reserve is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu state at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve (1st Biosphere Reserve in India). The Reserve has tall grasses, commonly referred to as ‘Elephant Grass’
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 11

Consider the following schemes:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY)
  2. Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan ( SCA to SCSP)
  3. Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana(BJRCY)
  4. Swachhta Udyami Yojana (SUY)

How many of the above schemes have been merged into one scheme, namely Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit. Jaati Abhyuday Yojana (PM-AJAY)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 11
  • Context: The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment inaugurated and laid the foundation stone for 34 residential hostels across various states and central institutes (under PM-AJAY), in order to cater to the accommodation needs of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) students.
  • Pradhan Mantri Anusuchit Jaati Abhuyday Yojana (PM- AJAY) is a merged scheme of 03 Centrally Sponsored Scheme namely Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana (PMAGY), Special Central Assistance to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan ( SCA to SCSP) and Babu Jagjivan Ram Chhatrawas Yojana(BJRCY) and has been implemented since 2021-22 with an aim to reduce poverty of the SC communities by generation of additional employment opportunities through Skill development, income generating schemes and other initiatives and to improve socio-economic developmental indicators by ensuring adequate infrastructure and requisite services in the SC dominated villages.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 12

Consider the following statements about Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP):

  1. It is a bi-national hydropower project between India and Bhutan.
  2. It is situated on the Sankosh River.
  3. It is governed by the integrated Indian-Bhutan Friendship Treaty, which was signed in New Delhi on February 8, 2007

How many of the above statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 12
  • Context: The recent Nepal-India official dialogue did not address progress on the significant Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP), despite the signing of a long-term power-sharing agreement over a month ago.
  • The project remains stalled due to disagreements over benefit sharing, posing challenges to its initiation.
  • About the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project (PMP):
    • It is a joint hydropower initiative situated on the Mahakali River, shared by Nepal and India. It is governed by the integrated Mahakali Treaty signed in 1996. The project aims to generate approximately 6,480 MW of energy, with equal division between the two countries, and provide irrigation water for 130,000 hectares of land in Nepal and 240,000 hectares in India.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 13

Which of the following statements regarding Haemophilia A is true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 13
  • Context: India has successfully conducted the first human clinical trial for gene therapy targeting ‘haemophilia A’.
  • The trials utilized a novel technology involving a lentiviral vector to express an FVIII transgene in the patient’s own haematopoietic stem cell, leading to the expression of FVIII from specific differentiated blood cells.
  • Hemophilia A, also known as classical haemophilia or factor VIII deficiency, is a hereditary bleeding disorder. It’s caused by a mutation on the X-chromosome’s Factor VIII gene, which means that only boys are affected. In most cases, the mutation is passed down from parent to child.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 14

The Mission LiFE, a global mass movement to nudge individual and community action to protect and preserve the environment,  introduced by India at 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 14
  • Context: The United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) adopted a resolution on sustainable lifestyles submitted by India, and co-sponsored by Sri Lanka and Bolivia.
  • Mission LiFE, introduced by India at UNFCCC COP26 (Oct 2022), aims to encourage individual and community actions for environmental preservation. It operates in three phases: changing demand by nudging individuals towards eco-friendly practices, changing supply by enabling industries to meet this demand, and changing policy to support Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP).
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 15

The ‘National Electronic Funds Transfer’ (NEFT) and ‘Real Time Gross Settlement’ (RTGS) system are managed by the 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 15
  • Context: Recently, the National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) system processed a record 4.10 crore transactions, marking the highest number of transactions processed in a single day.
  • The NEFT system, along with the Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) system, is managed by the Reserve Bank of India for settling retail and wholesale payments, respectively.
  • Both NEFT and RTGS have been operating on a 24x7x365 basis.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 16

Consider the following statements about Agalega Island:

  1. It is located in the Pacific Ocean.
  2. It is a part of the Seychelles archipelago.
  3. It is a dependency of Mauritius.

How many of the given above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 16
  • Only statement 3 is correct.
  • It is an atoll, comprising two islands, North and South Agalega. It is governed by Mauritius and used by India for various purposes. Despite this, it remains under the sovereignty of Mauritius. A 2015 memorandum of understanding on India–Mauritius military cooperation envisaged developing the Agaléga islands for an Indian military base.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 17

Consider the following minerals:

  1. Lithium
  2. Titanium
  3. Beryllium
  4. Zirconium
  5. Niobium
  6. Tantalum

As per the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment act, 2023, how many of the above minerals have been removed from India’s atomic minerals lists?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 17
  • Context: The Union Cabinet has approved the amendment of the Second Schedule to the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957.
  • The Government of India July 12, 2023 amended the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act of 1957, allowing private players to mine lithium and other five critical minerals including titanium, beryllium, zirconium, niobium and tantalum. These six minerals have been removed from the country’s atomic minerals lists, paving way for private players to mine and empowering the government to auction their reserves going ahead.
  • Recently, the Union Ministry of Mines, has released a list of thirty critical minerals that are strategic to the country’s economic development and national security.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 18

In the context of which one of the following is the term ‘BioTRIG’ mentioned? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 18
  • Context: A recent study introduces a waste management technology called ‘BioTRIG,’ utilizing pyrolysis at the community level in rural India.
  • This process converts organic waste into useful products like bio-oil, syngas, and biochar fertilize
  • The BioTRIG system aims to address various rural challenges, including indoor air pollution, soil degradation, and lack of reliable electricity.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 19

Consider the following statements

  1. Originally, the Constitution of India expressedly mentioned five privileges.
  2. The parliamentary privileges do not extend to the president who is also an integral part of the Parliament.
  3. Till now, the Parliament of India has not made any special law to exhaustively codify all the privileges.

How many of the given above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 19
  • Only statements 2 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: The Supreme Court ruled that MPs and MLAs can’t claim immunity for bribery. Article 105(2) and 194(2) protections have been overturned.
    • The case involved Sita Soren (daughter-in-law of JMM chief Shibu Soren) accused of taking bribes for the vote.
  • S2: The parliamentary privileges do not extend to the President who is also an integral part of the Parliament. Article 361 of the Constitution provides for privileges for the President.
  • S1 and S3: Originally, the Constitution (Article 105) expressedly mentioned two privileges, that is, freedom of speech in Parliament and right of publication of its proceedings. With regard to other privileges, it provided that they were to be the same as those of the British House of Commons, its committees and its members on the date of its commencement (ie, 26 January, 1950), until defined by Parliament.
  • The 44th Amendment Act of 1978 provided that the other privileges of each House of Parliament, its committees and its members are to be those which they had on the date of its commencement (ie, 20 June, 1979), until defined by Parliament. This means that the position with regard to other privileges remains same. In other words, the amendment has made only verbal changes by dropping a direct reference to the British House of Commons, without making any change in the implication of the provision.
  • It should be noted here that the Parliament, till now, has not made any special law to exhaustively codify all the privileges. They are based on five sources, namely, 1. Constitutional provisions, 2. Various laws made by Parliament, 3. Rules of both the Houses, 4. Parliamentary conventions, and 5. Judicial interpretations.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 20

Consider the following statements regarding National Urban Co-operative Finance and Development Corporation (NUCFDC):

  1. The NUCFDC was established based on the recommendation of the Vishwanathan Committee on Primary (Urban) Co-operative Banks, formed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
  2. The NUCFDC is registered under the Multi State Co-operative Societies Act.
  3. It provides financial assistance through State Channelizing Agencies (SCAs) nominated by the State Governments/UTs.

How many of the given above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 20
  • Statements 1 and 3 are correct.
  • Context: The Home Minister launched the National Urban Co-operative Finance and Development Corporation Limited (NUCFDC), serving as the umbrella organization for Urban Cooperative Banks (UCBs).
    • The initiative aims to modernize and strengthen the UCB sector, benefiting both banks and customers.
  • The National Urban Co-operative Finance and Development Corporation (NUCFDC) was established based on the recommendation of the Vishwanathan Committee on Primary (Urban) Co-operative Banks, formed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
  • NUCFDC is registered with the RBI as a non-deposit-taking Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC), and UCBs can voluntarily subscribe to its capital
  • The key objectives of NUCFDC include expanding the number of credit societies and UCBs, facilitating dialogue between banks and regulators, providing liquidity to UCBs, establishing IT infrastructure for shared use by members to enhance service offerings, and more.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 21

Consider the following statements about the World Poverty Clock:

  1. It is a digital tool that shows the number of people living in extreme poverty worldwide.
  2. It is created by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 21
  • Context: India has made significant progress in reducing extreme poverty, with less than 3% of its population now living below the poverty line, according to the latest data from the World Poverty Clock.
  • This achievement aligns with the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of ending extreme poverty by 2030.
  • World Poverty Clock: It is a tool to monitor progress against poverty globally and regionally, created by an NGO, World Data Lab.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 22

Consider the following statements:

  1. Leopard (Panthera pardus) is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.
  2. In India,Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of leopards followed by Maharashtra.
  3. It is nocturnal and preys on smaller herbivores like chital and wild boa.

How many of the given above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 22
  • Context: The report on the Status of Leopards in India was recently released by the Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
  • The leopard (IUCN: Vulnerable; CITES Appendix-I; Schedule-I in WPA), scientifically known as Panthera pardus, is the smallest member of the Big Cat family and is highly adaptable to various habitats. It is nocturnal and preys on smaller herbivores like chital and wild boar. Melanism, resulting in black skin and spots, is common but often mistaken for a different species called the black panther. Leopards inhabit a wide range from Africa to Asia, including the Indian subcontinent.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 23

Consider the following statements about the ADITI scheme:

  1. It is launched by the Ministry of Power and the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.
  2. It aims to leverage emerging technologies in the power sector through indigenous development and collaboration.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 23
  • Context: Raksha Mantri launched the Acing Development of Innovative Technologies with iDEX (ADITI) scheme, aiming to promote innovations in critical and strategic defence technologies.
  • Under this scheme, start-ups can receive a grant-in-aid of up to Rs 25 crore for their research and development efforts in defence technology.
  • More about the Scheme:
    • The scheme is part of the iDEX framework and aims to develop about 30 deep-tech critical and strategic technologies while bridging the gap between defence requirements and innovation capabilities.
    • Additionally, the event unveiled the 11th edition of the Defence India Start-up Challenge (DISC) with 22 problem statements, inviting innovators to propose solutions to enhance defence capabilities.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 24

In what industries is dry ice commonly used? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 24
  • Context: The Gurugram Police arrested the manager of an eatery that served dry ice instead of mouth freshener, resulting in their hospitalization with severe corrosive injuries to the oral cavity and food pipe.
  • Dry ice is solid carbon dioxide (CO2) formed by compressing and cooling carbon dioxide gas. Unlike regular ice, which melts into liquid water, dry ice undergoes sublimation, transitioning directly from a solid to a gas without passing through a liquid phase.
  • This sublimation process releases large volumes of CO2 gas, making dry ice useful for applications such as cooling, preservation, and creating special effects like fog or smoke.
  • However, dry ice can be hazardous if mishandled or ingested. When in contact with moisture in the mouth or digestive tract, dry ice sublimates rapidly, releasing CO2 gas and potentially causing serious internal injuries, such as burns, bloating, vomiting, and even life-threatening complications like stomach or intestinal perforation.
Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 25

Consider the following statements about the Ganges Dolphin:

  1. The Ganges river dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India.
  2. It is listed as ‘endangered’ under the IUCN Red List Assessments.
  3. The Ganges river dolphin can only live in freshwater and is essentially blind.

How many of the given above statement(s) is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Weekly Current Affairs: March 1 to 7, 2024 - Question 25
  • Context: The National Dolphin Research Centre (NDRC), India’s first dolphin research facility, was inaugurated in Patna by Bihar.
  • The centre aims to study Gangetic dolphins and understand the river ecosystem. It is located on the Ganges within the Patna University campus.
  • Protection Status of Gangetic Dolphins:
    • International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN): Endangered
    • Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: Schedule I
    • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES): Appendix I
    • Convention on Migratory Species (CMS):Appendix 1
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