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Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Class 5 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 5 - Test: Natural Calamities - 1

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 for Class 5 2024 is part of Science Class 5 preparation. The Test: Natural Calamities - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 5 exam syllabus.The Test: Natural Calamities - 1 MCQs are made for Class 5 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 below.
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Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 1

Which of the following natural disasters is caused by the shaking of the earth's crust?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 1

Earthquakes are caused by the shaking of the earth's crust due to the movement of tectonic plates. They can cause damage to buildings and infrastructure, and can sometimes trigger other natural disasters such as landslides and tsunamis.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 2

What is the name for a powerful windstorm that forms over warm ocean waters?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 2

Hurricanes are powerful windstorms that form over warm ocean waters. They can cause strong winds, heavy rain, and flooding, and can be extremely dangerous for people living in coastal areas.

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Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 3

Which of the following natural disasters is caused by heavy rainfall and overflowing rivers?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 3

Floods are caused by heavy rainfall, overflowing rivers, or other natural events that cause water to accumulate in an area. They can cause significant damage to property and infrastructure, and can be particularly dangerous for people living in low-lying areas.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 4

What is the name for a rapid flow of mud and rocks down a slope or hillside?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 4

Landslides are caused by the movement of rocks, soil, and debris down a slope or hillside. They can be triggered by heavy rainfall, earthquakes, or other natural events, and can be particularly dangerous for people living in mountainous areas.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 5

What is the name for a large wave caused by an earthquake or other underwater disturbance?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 5

Tsunamis are large waves caused by underwater disturbances such as earthquakes, landslides, or volcanic eruptions. They can cause significant damage to coastal areas, and can be particularly dangerous because they can travel long distances from the source of the disturbance.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 6

What is the name for a funnel-shaped cloud that forms over land?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 6

Tornadoes are funnel-shaped clouds that form over land and are usually accompanied by strong winds and heavy rain. They can be extremely dangerous and can cause significant damage to buildings and infrastructure.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 7

What is the name for a volcanic eruption that sends ash and gas high into the atmosphere?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 7

Plume eruptions are volcanic eruptions that send ash and gas high into the atmosphere. They can be extremely dangerous because the ash and gas can travel long distances and can cause respiratory problems for people living in the area.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 8

What is the name for a large mass of ice that breaks off from a glacier and falls into the sea?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 8

Icebergs are large masses of ice that break off from glaciers and float in the sea. They can be dangerous for ships and other vessels that are traveling in the area, and can also have an impact on the climate and ecosystem of the surrounding area.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 9

What is a natural calamity?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 9

A natural calamity is a disaster that is caused by natural phenomena such as floods, earthquakes, cyclones, and landslides. These disasters cannot be controlled or prevented by humans.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 10

Which of the following is not a natural calamity?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 10

While fires can be caused by natural events such as lightning strikes, they are typically not considered natural calamities because they are often caused by human actions such as carelessness or arson.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 11

Which of the following is a type of natural calamity that is caused by water?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 11

Floods are a type of natural calamity that is caused by an overflow of water. This can occur due to heavy rainfall, melting snow, or the overflow of rivers and lakes.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 12

Which of the following is a natural calamity that is caused by the movement of the earth's tectonic plates?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 12

Earthquakes are caused by the movement of the earth's tectonic plates. When these plates move, they can cause the ground to shake, resulting in damage to buildings and other structures.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 13

Which of the following is a natural calamity that is caused by high-speed winds?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 13

Cyclones are a type of natural calamity that is caused by high-speed winds. These winds can cause damage to buildings and other structures, and can also result in flooding due to heavy rainfall.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 14

Which of the following is a natural calamity that is caused by volcanic activity?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 14

Volcanic eruptions are a type of natural calamity that are caused by the release of molten rock, ash, and gas from a volcano. These eruptions can cause damage to buildings and other structures, as well as result in landslides and tsunamis.

Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 15

What is a landslide?

Detailed Solution for Test: Natural Calamities - 1 - Question 15

A landslide is a type of natural calamity that is caused by the sudden movement of a large mass of rock or earth down a slope. This can be triggered by heavy rainfall or seismic activity.

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