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Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Class 5 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 5 - Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1

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Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 1

Due to excessive cutting of trees and cleaning of forest to accommodate growing populations increased demand of food and accommodation, which of the following will result

(i) Soil erosion             
(ii) Animal extinction
(iii) Global warming                 
(iv) Loss of medicinal plants

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 1
Effects of excessive cutting of trees and cleaning of forests:

The excessive cutting of trees and cleaning of forests to accommodate growing populations and meet the increasing demand for food and accommodation can have several negative effects on the environment. The following are some of the potential consequences:


1. Soil erosion:



  • The removal of trees and vegetation disrupts the natural stability of the soil, making it more vulnerable to erosion.

  • Without the roots of trees to hold the soil in place, it can be easily washed away by rain and wind, leading to soil erosion.

  • Soil erosion can result in the loss of fertile topsoil, reducing the productivity of the land and impacting agricultural activities.


2. Animal extinction:



  • The destruction of forests and natural habitats directly contributes to the loss of biodiversity and can lead to the extinction of animal species.

  • Many animals rely on forests for food, shelter, and breeding grounds. When their habitats are destroyed, they may not be able to survive or reproduce, ultimately leading to their extinction.

  • Deforestation also disrupts the delicate balance of ecosystems, affecting the entire food chain and causing a ripple effect on various species.


3. Global warming:



  • Trees play a crucial role in mitigating climate change by absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen through photosynthesis.

  • Deforestation increases the concentration of greenhouse gases, particularly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect and global warming.

  • The loss of forests also reduces the Earth's capacity to regulate temperature, leading to higher temperatures and more extreme weather events.


4. Loss of medicinal plants:



  • Forests are rich sources of medicinal plants, with many traditional medicines derived from various plant species.

  • The destruction of forests not only eliminates habitats for these plants but also reduces the chances of discovering new medicinal plants with potential therapeutic properties.

  • The loss of medicinal plants can have significant implications for healthcare and the development of new drugs.


Therefore, the excessive cutting of trees and cleaning of forests can result in soil erosion, animal extinction, global warming, and the loss of medicinal plants. Hence, the correct answer is option D: All of these.

Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 2

A particular community is exposed excessive noise pollution, what will be result after some times to members of the community

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 2
Excessive noise pollution can have various negative effects on the members of a community. Some of the possible results after some time include:
1. Headache:
Exposure to loud and continuous noise can lead to headaches, especially for individuals who are sensitive to noise. The constant disturbance can cause stress and tension, resulting in headaches.
2. Deafness:
Prolonged exposure to high levels of noise can damage the delicate structures in the ear, leading to hearing loss or deafness. The loud noise can cause the hair cells in the inner ear to become damaged or destroyed over time.
3. Lack of sleep:
Excessive noise can disrupt sleep patterns and make it difficult for individuals to fall asleep or stay asleep. Continuous noise can lead to insomnia, which can have a negative impact on overall health and well-being.
4. Stress and anxiety:
Living in a noisy environment can increase stress levels and contribute to feelings of anxiety. The constant exposure to noise can elevate stress hormones in the body, leading to a range of physical and mental health issues.
5. Impaired cognitive function:
Studies have shown that excessive noise can impair cognitive function, including memory, attention, and problem-solving abilities. The constant background noise can make it challenging to concentrate and perform tasks effectively.
6. Communication difficulties:
High levels of noise can make it difficult for individuals to communicate effectively, especially in crowded or noisy environments. This can lead to misunderstandings, frustration, and social isolation.
In conclusion, excessive noise pollution can have detrimental effects on the members of a community. It can result in headaches, deafness, lack of sleep, stress, impaired cognitive function, and communication difficulties. Therefore, it is important for communities to address and mitigate noise pollution to protect the well-being of their residents.
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Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 3

Harish is a nature lover. He always wants to act in an eco-friendly way whereas his brother is opposite to him. His brother always throws daily wastes and garbage in open vacant space. What advice Harish should give to his brother to minimize the pollution

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 3
Advice for Minimizing Pollution
To help Harish's brother minimize pollution and act in an eco-friendly way, Harish can give him the following advice:
1. Separate the waste:
- Encourage his brother to separate the wet and dry waste into different containers.
- Wet waste includes food scraps, vegetable peels, and other organic materials, while dry waste includes paper, plastic, and other non-biodegradable items.
2. Recycle:
- Emphasize the importance of recycling to his brother.
- Explain how certain materials can be recycled and reused, reducing the need for new production and minimizing waste.
3. Composting:
- Encourage his brother to compost organic waste.
- Explain how composting can turn food scraps and other organic materials into nutrient-rich soil, which can be used for gardening or farming.
4. Use biodegradable products:
- Suggest using biodegradable products, such as biodegradable bags and utensils, to his brother.
- Explain how these products break down naturally over time, reducing their impact on the environment.
5. Participate in community initiatives:
- Encourage his brother to participate in local recycling and waste management programs.
- Explain how these initiatives help in proper waste disposal and reduce pollution in the community.
6. Educate others:
- Encourage his brother to educate others about the importance of eco-friendly practices.
- Explain that spreading awareness can inspire more people to adopt sustainable habits and contribute to a cleaner environment.
By following these suggestions, Harish's brother can significantly reduce pollution and contribute to a healthier and cleaner environment.
Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 4

Find the substance which is not placed in proper table given below.

Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 5

Which scale used to measure the, intensity of earthquake?

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 5
The Richter Scale is used to measure the intensity of an earthquake.
The Richter Scale is a logarithmic scale that quantifies the energy released by an earthquake. It was developed by Charles F. Richter in 1935 and is widely used by seismologists to compare the magnitudes of different earthquakes. Here is a detailed explanation of the Richter Scale:
1. Logarithmic Scale:
The Richter Scale is logarithmic, which means that each whole number increase on the scale represents a tenfold increase in the amplitude of seismic waves. For example, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5 is 10 times more powerful than an earthquake with a magnitude of 4.
2. Measuring Seismic Waves:
The scale measures the amplitude of seismic waves recorded by seismographs. Seismographs are instruments that detect and record the vibrations caused by earthquakes. The amplitude of these waves is used to determine the magnitude of the earthquake.
3. Calculation:
To calculate the Richter magnitude, the logarithm of the amplitude of seismic waves is determined and adjusted for the distance between the seismograph and the epicenter of the earthquake. The formula used is logarithm to base 10 of the maximum amplitude divided by the amplitude of a reference earthquake.
4. Magnitude Categories:
The Richter Scale has no upper limit and has been known to record magnitudes greater than 9.0. However, most earthquakes range from 0 to 9 on the scale. The categories of earthquake magnitudes are as follows:
- Magnitude less than 3: Generally not felt, but recorded.
- Magnitude 3 to 3.9: Often felt, but rarely causes damage.
- Magnitude 4 to 4.9: Noticeable shaking of indoor items, rattling noises, but significant damage is unlikely.
- Magnitude 5 to 5.9: Can cause damage to buildings and other structures.
- Magnitude 6 to 6.9: May cause a lot of damage in populated areas.
- Magnitude 7 or higher: Major earthquake that can cause serious damage.
5. Limitations:
Although widely used, the Richter Scale has some limitations. It does not provide a complete description of the impact or effects of an earthquake. Other scales, such as the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale, are used to assess the intensity of an earthquake based on observed effects on people, buildings, and the environment.
In conclusion, the Richter Scale is a logarithmic scale used to measure the intensity of an earthquake based on the amplitude of seismic waves. It provides a standardized way to compare the magnitudes of different earthquakes and assess their potential impact.
Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 6

Karnataka state suffered draught for three consecutive years. What will be the condition of water table in the state?

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 6

The condition of the water table in Karnataka state, after suffering from drought for three consecutive years, will be as follows:
1. Decrease in water table: The continuous evaporation and flow of water during the drought period will lead to a decrease in the water table. As the rainfall is significantly reduced, the recharge of groundwater is limited, causing the water table to drop.
2. Depletion of groundwater: The lack of rainfall and reduced surface water availability during droughts force people to rely heavily on groundwater for their water needs. Excessive extraction of groundwater to compensate for the shortage can lead to the depletion of groundwater resources and further lower the water table.
3. Increased competition for water: With a lower water table, there will be increased competition among various sectors for the limited available water resources. Agriculture, industries, and households will all face challenges in meeting their water requirements, leading to conflicts and water stress.
4. Impact on ecosystems: A lower water table can also have detrimental effects on the surrounding ecosystems. Wetlands, rivers, and lakes may dry up, disrupting the habitats of various plant and animal species. This can result in an imbalance in the ecosystem and a loss of biodiversity.
5. Long-term consequences: The prolonged drought period can have long-term consequences on the water table. Even after the drought ends and normal rainfall resumes, it may take several years for the water table to recover and reach its previous levels. The impacts of consecutive drought years can be felt for an extended period.
In conclusion, the condition of the water table in Karnataka state will be significantly lower due to continuous evaporation, reduced recharge, and excessive extraction of groundwater during the three consecutive years of drought.
Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 7

Which of the following are causes of draught.            

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 7
Causes of Drought:

  • Scarcity of rainfall: Lack of sufficient rainfall is one of the main causes of drought. When there is a prolonged period of below-average rainfall, it can lead to a deficiency in water resources, affecting agriculture, ecosystems, and water supplies.

  • Severe hot days: High temperatures can contribute to the evaporation of moisture from the soil and vegetation, leading to dry conditions. Extreme heat can also accelerate the depletion of water sources, exacerbating drought conditions.

  • Dry windy conditions: Strong winds can increase evaporation rates, further drying out the soil and vegetation. Dry windy conditions can also enhance the spread of wildfires, which can further damage ecosystems and water resources.


Conclusion:

All of the above factors - scarcity of rainfall, severe hot days, and dry windy conditions - can contribute to the occurrence and severity of drought. These factors can individually or collectively result in water scarcity, agricultural losses, ecological imbalances, and other negative impacts associated with droughts.

Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 8

Rain water harvesting is the solution of water problem. In this method

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 8
Rainwater harvesting as a solution to the water problem:
Rainwater harvesting is a method that involves collecting and storing rainwater for later use. It is an effective solution to address the water problem and can be implemented in various ways. Here is a detailed explanation of how rainwater harvesting helps in solving the water problem:
1. Conservation of well water:
- By collecting rainwater, we reduce the dependency on well water, which helps in conserving groundwater resources.
- This ensures that the water from wells is not depleted rapidly and can be used as a backup source during times of water scarcity.
2. Sustainable agricultural practices:
- Rainwater harvesting allows farmers to utilize the stored rainwater for irrigation purposes.
- This reduces the reliance on traditional water sources such as rivers and canals, which may be affected by drought or excessive water usage.
- By using rainwater, farmers can continue growing crops even during dry periods, ensuring food security and sustainable agricultural practices.
3. Prevention of water runoff:
- Rainwater harvesting prevents rainwater from flowing into rivers and seas untreated.
- This helps in reducing the burden on local water bodies and improves water quality by minimizing pollution caused by runoff.
- By collecting rainwater, we utilize it effectively and reduce the strain on natural water sources.
4. Water availability during emergencies:
- Storing rainwater enables us to have a reserve of water during emergencies or times of water scarcity.
- This is particularly important in areas where access to clean and safe water is limited.
- Rainwater can be used for various purposes such as domestic use, gardening, and even for drinking after proper filtration and treatment.
5. Reducing the strain on municipal water supply:
- Rainwater harvesting reduces the demand for water from municipal sources.
- This helps in reducing the strain on the existing water infrastructure and ensures a more sustainable and reliable water supply for the community.
In conclusion, rainwater harvesting is an effective solution to the water problem. By collecting and storing rainwater, we can conserve groundwater, promote sustainable agriculture, prevent water runoff, ensure water availability during emergencies, and reduce the strain on municipal water supply. Implementing rainwater harvesting systems can significantly contribute to water conservation and secure water resources for the future.
Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 9

The persons who are involved in study of earthquake are called

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 9
The persons who are involved in the study of earthquakes are called seismologists.



Seismologists are scientists who specialize in the study of earthquakes and the vibrations they produce. They play a crucial role in understanding and predicting earthquakes, as well as assessing their impact on the environment and society. Here are some key points about seismologists and their work:
- Definition: Seismologists are scientists who study earthquakes and seismic waves.
- Field of Study: Seismology is a branch of geophysics that focuses on the behavior and characteristics of earthquakes.
- Education: Seismologists typically have a background in geology, geophysics, or earth sciences. They may hold advanced degrees such as a Master's or Ph.D. in seismology.
- Areas of Research: Seismologists investigate various aspects of earthquakes, including their causes, mechanisms, and effects. They analyze seismic data, study fault lines, and monitor seismic activity using seismographs.
- Monitoring and Prediction: Seismologists work with seismographic networks to monitor earthquake activity globally. They analyze data to identify patterns and trends, which can help in predicting future earthquakes and assessing the seismic hazard in a particular region.
- Impact Assessment: Seismologists also assess the potential impact of earthquakes on infrastructure, buildings, and the environment. They provide valuable information for designing earthquake-resistant structures and developing emergency response plans.
- Collaboration: Seismologists often collaborate with other scientists, engineers, and policymakers to mitigate the risks associated with earthquakes. They contribute to interdisciplinary research and provide expertise in seismic hazard assessment.
- Importance: The work of seismologists is crucial for understanding and managing the risks posed by earthquakes. Their research and findings contribute to public safety, urban planning, and disaster preparedness efforts.
In conclusion, seismologists are the experts who study earthquakes and their impact on the environment. They use their knowledge and expertise to monitor seismic activity, predict earthquakes, and assess their potential consequences.
Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 10

Status of bacterial count, oxygen level, no of area plant and animals given below of four river side cities. Which of them situated near an unpolluted river, on the basis of the given data

Detailed Solution for Test: Pollution And Calamities - 1 - Question 10
Analysis of the Data:
The data provided includes information about the bacterial count, oxygen level, and the number of plant and animal species in four river-side cities. We need to determine which city is situated near an unpolluted river based on the given data.
City A:
- Bacterial count: High
- Oxygen level: Low
- Number of plant species: Low
- Number of animal species: Low
City B:
- Bacterial count: Low
- Oxygen level: High
- Number of plant species: High
- Number of animal species: High
City C:
- Bacterial count: Low
- Oxygen level: Low
- Number of plant species: Low
- Number of animal species: Low
City D:
- Bacterial count: Low
- Oxygen level: High
- Number of plant species: Low
- Number of animal species: Low
Conclusion:
Based on the given data, it can be concluded that City B is situated near an unpolluted river. This is because it has a low bacterial count, high oxygen level, and a high number of plant and animal species. The presence of a high number of plant and animal species indicates a healthy and balanced ecosystem, which is characteristic of an unpolluted river.
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