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Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Class 5 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Science Class 5 - Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2

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Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 1

Read the given statements

Statement I: Clay is the smallest particle of soil.

Statement II: Sand is the smallest particle of soil.

Q. Which of the following is correct about the above statements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 1

Statement I: Clay is the smallest particle of soil.
Statement II: Sand is the smallest particle of soil.
To determine the correct statement among the two, we need to understand the properties of clay and sand particles.
Clay particles:
- Clay particles are the smallest particles of soil.
- They are fine-grained and have a smooth texture.
- They are cohesive and can easily be molded into different shapes.
- Clay particles have high water-holding capacity due to their small size and large surface area.
- They are less porous and have low permeability, meaning water drains slowly through them.
Sand particles:
- Sand particles are larger than clay particles.
- They are coarse-grained and have a gritty texture.
- Sand particles are not cohesive and cannot be molded easily.
- They have low water-holding capacity and water drains quickly through them.
- Sand particles are more porous and have high permeability.
Conclusion:
Based on the properties of clay and sand particles, we can conclude that Statement I: Clay is the smallest particle of soil is correct. Therefore, the correct answer is option A: I is true.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 2

Van Mahotsav is celebrated to

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 2
Van Mahotsav: Celebrating and Saving Trees

Van Mahotsav is an annual festival in India that aims to create awareness about the importance of trees and their conservation. Here is a detailed explanation of why Van Mahotsav is celebrated and how it helps in saving trees:


1. Importance of Van Mahotsav:

  • Van Mahotsav is celebrated to promote afforestation and increase the green cover in the country.

  • It aims to educate people about the significance of trees in maintaining the ecological balance and providing numerous environmental benefits.

  • Through this festival, people are encouraged to plant trees and take responsibility for their growth and protection.


2. Celebrating Trees:

  • Van Mahotsav is a way to celebrate the beauty and diversity of trees and forests.

  • It provides an opportunity to appreciate the role of trees in providing clean air, conserving water, preventing soil erosion, and supporting wildlife habitats.

  • Various cultural events, tree plantation drives, and awareness programs are organized during Van Mahotsav to engage people in the celebration of nature.


3. Saving Trees:

  • Van Mahotsav plays a crucial role in saving trees and ensuring their sustainability.

  • It encourages individuals, communities, and organizations to actively participate in tree plantation drives.

  • By planting trees, we can combat deforestation, reduce air pollution, mitigate climate change, and improve the overall environment.

  • Van Mahotsav also emphasizes the need for proper care and maintenance of trees to ensure their survival and growth.


4. Collaborative Efforts:

  • Van Mahotsav brings together various stakeholders, including government, NGOs, schools, and communities, to work collectively towards tree conservation.

  • It fosters a sense of responsibility and ownership among individuals and encourages them to actively contribute to the protection of forests and natural resources.


Therefore, Van Mahotsav is celebrated to create awareness, celebrate the beauty of trees, and inspire people to actively participate in tree plantation drives to save and conserve our precious natural resources.

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Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 3

Which of the following is a sedimentary rock?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 3

The sedimentary rock among the given options is Sandstone. Here is a detailed explanation:
Sedimentary Rocks:
Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and compaction of sediments over time. They are typically made up of fragments of other rocks, minerals, or organic materials that have been transported and deposited by wind, water, or ice.
Sandstone:
Sandstone is a type of sedimentary rock that is composed mainly of sand-sized grains of mineral, rock, or organic material. It is formed from the cementation of sand grains, which are typically quartz, feldspar, or lithic fragments.
Explanation:
Among the given options, the only rock that fits the description of a sedimentary rock is Sandstone. Let's analyze the other options and eliminate them:
- Slate: Slate is a metamorphic rock formed from the alteration of shale or mudstone. It does not qualify as a sedimentary rock.
- Marble: Marble is a metamorphic rock formed from the alteration of limestone or dolomite. It does not qualify as a sedimentary rock.
- Granite: Granite is an igneous rock formed from the solidification of molten magma. It does not qualify as a sedimentary rock.
Therefore, the correct answer is option D: Sandstone, as it is the only sedimentary rock among the given options.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 4

Which of the following rock preserves the fossils

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 4

Answer :

There are three main types of rock: igneous rock, metamorphic rock, and sedimentary rock. Almost all fossils are preserved in sedimentary rock. Organisms that live in topographically low places (such as lakes or ocean basins) have the best chance of being preserved.

 

Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 5

The rock used for building materials like tiles and bricks is made from

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 5
The rock used for building materials like tiles and bricks is made from shale.
Shale is a sedimentary rock that is commonly used for building materials due to its durability and availability. Here is a detailed explanation of why shale is the correct answer:
1. Shale as a sedimentary rock:
- Shale is formed from the accumulation of clay, silt, and organic matter over time.
- It is a fine-grained rock with a layered structure, making it suitable for various construction purposes.
2. Durability and strength:
- Shale is known for its durability and strength, making it ideal for building materials.
- It has a high compressive strength, which means it can withstand heavy loads and pressure.
- Shale is resistant to weathering, erosion, and chemical reactions, making it long-lasting.
3. Availability:
- Shale deposits are widely distributed around the world, making it easily accessible for construction purposes.
- It can be found in abundant quantities, ensuring a steady supply for the construction industry.
4. Versatility:
- Shale can be easily cut and shaped into various sizes and forms, making it suitable for different construction applications.
- It is commonly used for manufacturing tiles, bricks, and other building materials due to its ability to retain shape and withstand external forces.
In conclusion, shale is the rock of choice for building materials like tiles and bricks due to its sedimentary nature, durability, strength, availability, and versatility.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 6

Regarding soil, which of the following statements is true?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 6
Statement: Regarding soil, which of the following statements is true?
Answer: A-zone of horizon of soil contains maximum humus.
Explanation:
Humus is the organic matter in soil that is formed by the decomposition of plant and animal materials. It is a dark, stable substance that improves soil structure and fertility.
The different horizons or layers of soil are labeled as A, B, C, and D, with A being the topmost layer and D being the deepest.
In general, the A-horizon of soil is the topsoil and contains the highest amount of organic matter, including humus. This is because it is directly influenced by the addition of organic material from plants, animals, and other sources.
On the other hand, the B-horizon is the subsoil and is typically characterized by the accumulation of minerals leached from the A-horizon above. It generally has less organic matter and humus compared to the A-horizon.
Based on this information, it can be concluded that the A-zone of horizon of soil contains maximum humus.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 7

Which of the following rock is like a sponge?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 7
Answer:
Rock like a sponge: Pumice
Explanation:
Pumice is a type of volcanic rock that is known for its unique porous and lightweight nature, which gives it the appearance and texture similar to a sponge. Here is a detailed explanation of each option:
- Sandstone:
- Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed of sand-sized mineral particles.
- It is compact and does not have the sponge-like characteristics of pumice.

- Slate:
- Slate is a metamorphic rock that is formed from shale or mudstone.
- It is characterized by its fine-grained texture and ability to be split into thin sheets.
- It is not porous like pumice.
- Conglomerate:
- Conglomerate is a sedimentary rock made up of rounded gravel and pebble-sized particles.
- It is typically cemented together and lacks the porous nature of pumice.
- Pumice:
- Pumice is an igneous rock that forms when frothy lava solidifies rapidly, trapping gas bubbles within its structure.
- These gas bubbles create the characteristic porous texture, making pumice float on water.
- Pumice is commonly used as an abrasive material, in horticulture, and as a lightweight aggregate in concrete.
In conclusion, pumice is the rock that is most similar to a sponge due to its porous nature.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 8

Fossil fuels are usually found

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 8
Explanation:
Introduction:
Fossil fuels are energy sources that are formed from the remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. They are non-renewable resources and are important sources of energy for electricity generation, transportation, and heating.
Location of fossil fuels:
Fossil fuels are typically found in specific locations. The correct answer to the given question is option D, which states that fossil fuels are found both below the ground and at the bottoms of the sea. Let's explain each location in detail:
Below the ground:
1. Fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas are primarily found underground.
2. Coal is formed from the remains of ancient trees and plants that were buried and subjected to heat and pressure over millions of years.
3. Oil and natural gas are formed from the remains of microscopic marine organisms that lived in ancient oceans. These organisms were buried under layers of sediment and transformed into hydrocarbons.
At the bottoms of the sea:
1. Oil and natural gas can also be found in offshore areas, specifically at the bottoms of the sea.
2. Ancient marine organisms, such as plankton, accumulated on the ocean floor over millions of years and were eventually transformed into oil and natural gas through geological processes.
3. These offshore reserves are often accessed through drilling platforms and pipelines.
Conclusion:
Fossil fuels are primarily found below the ground and at the bottoms of the sea. They are formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals and are important sources of energy for various human activities. Recognizing the locations of fossil fuels is crucial for their extraction and utilization.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 9

Which of the following rocks are known as fiery rock?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 9
Answer:
Introduction:
The question is asking which rocks are known as fiery rocks. We need to identify the correct option from the given choices and provide a detailed explanation for our answer.

Igneous Rock:
- Igneous rock is formed through the solidification of molten material, either magma or lava.
- It is referred to as fiery rock because it forms from the cooling and solidification of hot, molten material.
- Igneous rocks are often associated with volcanic activity and are characterized by their crystalline structure.
Sedimentary Rock:
- Sedimentary rock is formed through the deposition and compaction of sediment layers over time.
- It is not known as fiery rock because it does not form from the cooling and solidification of molten material.
- Sedimentary rocks are typically composed of fragments of other rocks, minerals, and organic material.
Metamorphic Rock:
- Metamorphic rock is formed through the transformation of pre-existing rocks by heat and pressure.
- It is not known as fiery rock because although it is formed under high temperatures and pressures, it does not involve the solidification of molten material.
- Metamorphic rocks often exhibit foliation, which is a layered or banded appearance due to the reorientation of minerals during the metamorphic process.
Conclusion:
Based on the above explanation, the correct answer is option A: Igneous rock. Igneous rocks are known as fiery rocks because they are formed from the cooling and solidification of hot, molten material. Sedimentary and metamorphic rocks do not involve the solidification of molten material and are not known as fiery rocks.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 10

Which of the following natural resources provides raw materials for plastic paint, fertilizers and cosmetics?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 10
Answer:
The natural resource that provides raw materials for plastic, paint, fertilizers, and cosmetics is petroleum.
Here is a detailed explanation:
Petroleum:
- Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface.
- It is composed of hydrocarbon compounds and is a major source of energy worldwide.
- Petroleum is refined to produce various products, including plastics, paints, fertilizers, and cosmetics.
- The raw materials derived from petroleum are used as feedstock in the production of these products.
Plastics:
- Plastics are synthetic materials made from polymers derived from petroleum.
- Petroleum is used as a raw material to produce the monomers and polymers required for plastic manufacturing.
- These plastics are then used in various industries, including packaging, construction, automotive, and electronics.
Paints:
- Petroleum-based products, such as solvents and resins, are used in the production of paints.
- The solvents help dissolve the pigments and binders, while the resins provide adhesion and durability to the paint.
- These petroleum-derived materials form the base of many paint formulations.
Fertilizers:
- Petroleum is a key ingredient in the production of nitrogen-based fertilizers, such as urea.
- Urea is synthesized from ammonia, which is obtained through the Haber-Bosch process that uses natural gas derived from petroleum.
- Nitrogen-based fertilizers are essential for promoting plant growth and increasing crop yields.
Cosmetics:
- Petroleum derivatives, such as mineral oil and petrolatum, are commonly used in cosmetic products.
- These derivatives provide moisturizing and emollient properties to skincare products.
- Additionally, petroleum-based waxes and oils are used in the formulation of lipsticks, mascaras, and other cosmetic products.
In conclusion, petroleum is the natural resource that provides the raw materials for plastic, paint, fertilizers, and cosmetics.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 11

Black gold is the name given to which natural resource?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 11
Black gold is the name given to petroleum.
Explanation:
Petroleum, also known as crude oil, is a natural resource that is often referred to as black gold. Here's a detailed explanation:
- Petroleum: It is a naturally occurring fossil fuel that is formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals. It is composed of hydrocarbons, which are organic compounds made up of hydrogen and carbon atoms.
- Importance: Petroleum is a vital resource that is used for various purposes. It is the primary source of energy for transportation, electricity generation, and heating. Additionally, it is a crucial raw material in the production of numerous products, including plastics, fertilizers, and chemicals.
- Color: Petroleum has a dark, blackish color, which is why it is often referred to as black gold. The term "black gold" highlights its economic significance and value.
- Extraction: Petroleum is extracted from underground reservoirs through drilling wells. It is then processed and refined to separate different components, such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel.
- Global demand: Petroleum is one of the most widely traded commodities in the world. Numerous countries rely on petroleum imports to meet their energy needs.
In conclusion, black gold refers to petroleum, which is a valuable natural resource used for energy production and various industrial applications.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 12

Which of the following rock sample may contain fossils

Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 13

Fossil fuels are formed over a long period of time, because of heat and pressure. What was the original things which gets converted to fossil fuels?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 13
The Formation of Fossil Fuels
Fossil fuels are formed through a process that takes millions of years. Here is a detailed explanation of how they are formed:
1. Organic Matter Accumulation: The process begins with the accumulation of organic matter, which is primarily derived from plants and microscopic organisms that lived millions of years ago. These organisms include algae, plankton, and other marine life.
2. Burial: Over time, this organic matter gets buried under layers of sediment, such as sand, clay, and rock. The burial process is essential because it provides the necessary conditions for fossil fuel formation.
3. Heat and Pressure: As the layers of sediment continue to accumulate, the organic matter gets exposed to immense heat and pressure. The heat comes from the Earth's core and the pressure is caused by the weight of the overlying sediment.
4. Chemical Changes: The combination of heat and pressure causes chemical changes in the organic matter. This process, known as diagenesis, transforms the organic matter into a waxy substance called kerogen. Kerogen is the precursor to fossil fuels.
5. Cooking Process: As the burial depth and temperature increase, the kerogen undergoes further chemical reactions. This process, known as catagenesis, converts the kerogen into different types of fossil fuels. For example, the catagenesis of kerogen can produce coal, oil, or natural gas depending on the conditions.
6. Migration and Trapping: Once the fossil fuels are formed, they can migrate through porous rocks such as sandstone or limestone. However, they can also get trapped in impermeable rocks, forming reservoirs. These reservoirs are where we typically extract fossil fuels through drilling.
7. Time: It is important to note that the formation of fossil fuels is a slow process that takes millions of years. This is why they are considered non-renewable resources, as they are not replenished on a human timescale.
In conclusion, fossil fuels are formed from the burial and transformation of organic matter over millions of years. The original source of this organic matter is primarily plants and microscopic organisms that lived long ago. The heat and pressure applied to the buried organic matter cause chemical changes, eventually leading to the formation of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 14

Composition of air is given in the following graph
 
Q. Which of the following is correct?

Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 15

Lava cools to form.

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 15
Explanation:
When lava cools, it undergoes a process called solidification, where it transitions from a molten state to a solid state. This cooling process results in the formation of rocks. The specific type of rock formed depends on the composition of the lava and the cooling conditions. In the case of lava, it is primarily composed of molten rock material, such as silica, iron, and magnesium.
The correct answer is "b. Igneous rock" because lava, when it cools and solidifies, forms igneous rocks. Here's a detailed explanation:
Igneous rock formation process:
1. Cooling: As lava cools, it loses heat energy and begins to solidify.
2. Crystal formation: During the cooling process, minerals within the lava start to crystallize or solidify. These minerals include quartz, feldspar, mica, and olivine.
3. Texture: The texture of the igneous rock depends on the rate of cooling. Slow cooling allows larger crystals to form, resulting in a coarse-grained texture. Rapid cooling leads to the formation of smaller crystals, resulting in a fine-grained or glassy texture.
4. Composition: The composition of the igneous rock depends on the original composition of the lava. For example, if the lava was rich in silica, the resulting igneous rock would be rich in silica as well.
Other options:
- Sandstone: Sandstone is a sedimentary rock formed from the accumulation and cementation of sand grains. It is not formed directly from the cooling of lava.
- Sedimentary rocks: Sedimentary rocks are formed through the accumulation and lithification of sediment particles, such as sand, silt, and clay. They are not formed directly from the cooling of lava.
- Metamorphic rock: Metamorphic rocks are formed from the transformation of pre-existing rocks due to high temperatures and pressures. They are not formed directly from the cooling of lava.
In conclusion, when lava cools and solidifies, it forms igneous rocks. This is due to the process of solidification and the crystallization of minerals within the lava.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 16

Building blocks of rocks are

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 16
The building blocks of rocks are minerals. Here is a detailed explanation:
What are rocks?
- Rocks are naturally occurring solid materials composed of minerals.
- They are classified into three main types: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.
What are minerals?
- Minerals are naturally occurring, inorganic substances that have a specific chemical composition and a characteristic crystalline structure.
- They are the building blocks of rocks and are the individual units that make up the Earth's crust.
How do minerals form rocks?
- Rocks are formed by the combination and arrangement of different minerals.
- When minerals come together, they form a solid material with a specific texture, color, and composition, which we call a rock.
- The types and proportions of minerals present in a rock determine its physical and chemical properties.
Examples of minerals in rocks:
- Quartz, feldspar, and mica are common minerals found in granite, an igneous rock.
- Calcite and dolomite are minerals found in limestone, a sedimentary rock.
- Garnet, mica, and quartz are minerals found in gneiss, a metamorphic rock.
The importance of minerals in rocks:
- Minerals give rocks their unique properties, such as hardness, density, and color.
- They play a crucial role in understanding the geological history and processes that formed the rocks.
- The study of minerals and rocks is essential in various fields, including geology, mining, and construction.
Conclusion:
The building blocks of rocks are minerals. Minerals are the individual units that come together to form rocks, and their types and proportions determine the properties of rocks. Understanding minerals and their relationship to rocks is essential in various scientific disciplines.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 17

A large part of forest was cleared by burning. What it will happen to the area?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 17
Effects of Forest Clearing by Burning:

1. Soil Erosion will Increase:


- Burning the forest removes the protective cover of vegetation, exposing the soil to the elements.
- Without the roots of plants to hold the soil in place, erosion becomes more likely.
- Rainwater can wash away the topsoil, leading to soil erosion.

2. Loss of Wildlife Habitat:


- The clearing of the forest by burning destroys the natural habitat of many wildlife species.
- Animals lose their homes and food sources, leading to a decline in their populations.
- Some species may even become endangered or extinct due to the loss of their habitat.

3. Impact on Biodiversity:


- Forest clearing by burning reduces the overall biodiversity of the area.
- Many plant and animal species may not be able to survive in the altered environment.
- This can lead to a loss of genetic diversity and disrupt the ecological balance of the ecosystem.

4. Air Pollution:


- Burning the forest releases large amounts of smoke and pollutants into the air.
- This can contribute to air pollution, affecting both the local and regional air quality.
- The smoke can also have negative health effects on humans and wildlife in the area.

5. Regrowth of Vegetation:


- While the immediate impact of forest clearing by burning is destructive, over time, some vegetation may start to regrow.
- However, the regrowth process can be slow, and the new vegetation may not be as diverse or robust as the original forest.
Overall, the clearing of a large part of the forest by burning has significant negative impacts on the area, including increased soil erosion, loss of wildlife habitat, decreased biodiversity, air pollution, and potentially slow regrowth of vegetation.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 18

Igneous rocks is formed by

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 18
Answer:

Igneous rocks are formed by the cooling down of lava from a volcano.


Explanation:


Igneous rocks are one of the three main types of rocks, along with sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. They are formed through the solidification and cooling of molten rock material, known as magma or lava.


The process of formation of igneous rocks involves the following steps:


- Magma Generation: Magma is generated in the Earth's mantle through processes such as melting of rocks due to increased temperature or addition of volatiles.
- Magma Migration: Magma rises towards the Earth's surface through cracks and fissures in the crust. It can also accumulate in magma chambers beneath volcanoes.
- Lava Eruption: When magma reaches the surface, it is called lava. Lava can erupt from volcanoes or flow out through cracks in the Earth's surface.
- Cooling and Solidification: As lava is exposed to the cooler temperatures of the Earth's surface or water bodies, it begins to cool down. The cooling process results in the solidification of the lava, forming igneous rocks.

Types of Igneous Rocks:


- Extrusive Igneous Rocks: These rocks are formed from lava that cools down quickly on the Earth's surface. Examples include basalt and obsidian.
- Intrusive Igneous Rocks: These rocks are formed from magma that cools down slowly beneath the Earth's surface. Examples include granite and gabbro.

In conclusion, igneous rocks are formed by the cooling down of lava from a volcano. This process of solidification and cooling leads to the formation of various types of igneous rocks with different textures and mineral compositions.

Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 19

Which of the following factors is not responsible for exhaustion of natural resources?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 19
Factors Responsible for Exhaustion of Natural Resources
There are several factors that contribute to the exhaustion of natural resources. However, one of the following factors is not responsible for this issue:
A: Increase in population
- The increase in population puts a strain on natural resources as more resources are required to meet the growing demands of the population.
- Higher population leads to increased consumption of resources, such as water, food, and energy.
- It puts pressure on land, leading to deforestation and habitat destruction.
B: Increased number of vehicles
- The increase in the number of vehicles contributes to the depletion of natural resources.
- Vehicles require fossil fuels, such as gasoline, which are non-renewable resources.
- The extraction and burning of these fossil fuels result in environmental pollution and contribute to climate change.
C: Increased use of renewable resources
- Increased use of renewable resources is not responsible for the exhaustion of natural resources.
- Renewable resources are sustainable and can be replenished over time.
- Utilizing renewable resources, such as solar power and wind energy, reduces the dependence on non-renewable resources.
D: None of these
- This option implies that all the mentioned factors (increase in population, increased number of vehicles, and increased use of renewable resources) contribute to the exhaustion of natural resources.
Conclusion
The factor that is not responsible for the exhaustion of natural resources is C: Increased use of renewable resources. Unlike the other factors mentioned, increased use of renewable resources helps in conserving natural resources and promoting sustainability.
Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 20

Mineral(s) is / are used for

Detailed Solution for Test: Rocks And Minerals - 2 - Question 20
The use of minerals:
Fertilizers:
- Minerals such as potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen are essential components of fertilizers.
- These minerals help provide nutrients to plants, promoting their growth and improving crop yield.
Gemstones:
- Minerals like diamond, ruby, emerald, and sapphire are used as gemstones.
- These minerals are valued for their beauty, rarity, and durability, and are often used in jewelry and decorative items.
Metal extraction:
- Many minerals are used for metal extraction.
- For example, iron ore is used to extract iron, which is then used in the production of steel.
- Other minerals like copper, aluminum, and zinc are also extracted from ores and used in various industries.
All of these:
- Minerals have a wide range of applications, including fertilizers, gemstones, and metal extraction.
- They are crucial for agricultural, industrial, and commercial purposes.
In summary, minerals are used for various purposes, including fertilizers, gemstones, and metal extraction. They play a vital role in agriculture, industry, and commerce.
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