Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - UPSC MCQ

# Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - UPSC MCQ

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## 15 Questions MCQ Test CSAT Preparation - Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of CSAT Preparation preparation. The Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 below.
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Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 1

### The difference between the two positive numbers is 10 and the ratio between them is 5:3. Find the product of the two numbers.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 1

Let the nos. be 5x and 3x.
Then, 5x - 3x = 10
⇒ 2x = 10, x = 5
Required product = 5x * 3x
⇒ 5 * 5 * 3 * 5 = 375

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 2

### Four numbers in the ratio of 1:3:4:7 add up to give a sum of 75. Find the value of the biggest number.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 2

Let the number be x, 3x, 4x and 7x. Then, x + 3x + 4x + 7x = 75
⇒ 15x = 75 , x = 5
Required value = 7 * 5 = 35

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Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 3

### According to the Boyle’s law, at a constant temperature, pressure of a definite mass of gas is inversely proportional to the volume. If the pressure is reduced by 20%, find the respective change in volume.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 3

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 4

P is directly proportional to Q, and Q = 7 when P = 15, find P when Q = 14.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 4

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 5

If p/q = 3/4, then find the value of the expression (5p - 3q)/(7p + 2q).

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 5

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 6

A and B invested Rs 12,000 and Rs 18,000 respectively in a business for the whole year. At the year-end, there was a total profit of Rs 2,000. What is the share of A in the profit?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 6

Ratio of their investment = 12000 : 18000 = 2: 3 A’s share in profit = (2/5) x 2000 = Rs 800

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 7

A and B invest Rs 12,000 and Rs 16,000 respectively in a business. At the year-end, they share the profit in the ratio of 3:1. If A has invested his capital for the whole year, for how many months B has invested his capital?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 7

Let B invested for n months

n = 3

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 8

The sum of the ages of the 4 members of Sinha family is 140 years. 5 years ago the ages of the 4 members Nishu, Vicky, Mrs Sinha and Mr Sinha were in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 7 : 8 . After how many years would Nishu be as old as the present age of his mother?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 8

Let their ages 5 years ago be 2x, 3x, 7x and 8x. Their ages now 2x + 5, 3x + 5, 7x + 5, 8x + 5.

Or, 20x + 20 = 140 ⇒ 2Ox = 120 ⇒ x = 6

Present age o f Nishu = 2 x 6 + 5 = 17 years

Present age o f mother = 7 x 6 + 5 = 47 years

Hence, required years (47 -17) years = 30 years

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 9

Two-fifth of Anil’s salary is equal of Bhuvan’s salary and seven -ninth of Bhuvan’s salary is equal to Chandra’s salary. The sum of the salary of all of them is Rs 770. Which of the following is the salary of each one of them?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 9

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 10

Bidhan is planning to buy a bike worth Rs 35,000, provided his brother agrees to lend him 3/2 times the money Bidhan contributes and the financer provides 3 times the brother’s contribution. How much does Bidhan’s brother contribute?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 10

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 11

An alloy of manganese, tin and bronze contains 90% bronze, 7% manganese and 3% tin. A second alloy of bronze and tin is melted with the first and the mixture contains 85% of bronze, 5% of manganese and 10% of tin. What is the percentage of bronze in the second alloy?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 11

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 12

Two cogged wheels of which one has 32 cogs and other 54 cogs, work into each other. If the latter turns 80 times in three quarter of a minute, how often does the other turn in 8 seconds? (Assume equal size cogs and equi-spaced).

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 12

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 13

A bag contains Rs 600 in the form of one rupee, 50 paise and 25 paise coins in the ratio of 3:4:12. Find the total number of 25 paise coins in the bag.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 13

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 14

Anil started a manufacturing unit with a certain amount of money. After a few months, Dheeraj became his partner, contributing three times of what Anil had contributed. At the end of the year, each was entitled to half the total profit. If Anil started the unit in January, then when did Dheeraj join as a partner?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 14

Let Anil invested Rs X , then D heeraj’s investment = Rs 3x Let Dheeraj join him for n month

Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 15

In a fort there are 1600 soldiers fighting a battle against their enemy. On a particular day after their morning meal the balance provision inside the fort is only sufficient for 12 days at the rate of 1.2 kg per day. If by the evening 400 soldiers die then for how many days will the provision be sufficient for remaining men at the rate of 1.6 kg per day. (Assume soldiers eat either in morning or in evening).

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Ratio & Proportion- 1 - Question 15

Total quantity of food at the beginning of the day
= (1600) (12) (1.2)
Total number of soldiers left at the end of the day 1200
Now we have to calculate that for how long is available provision enough for the left-out soldiers
(1200) (x) (1.6)
(1600) (12) (1.2) = (1200) (x) (1.6)
Solving it for the value of x
We get x = 12
The provision is sufficient for 1200 soldiers for 12 days.

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