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This mock test of Diffraction MCQ Level - 1 for Physics helps you for every Physics entrance exam.
This contains 10 Multiple Choice Questions for Physics Diffraction MCQ Level - 1 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank.
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QUESTION: 1

What wavelength of light would you be able to resolve at the furthest distance based on diffraction?

Solution:

∴ Blue light (A = 450 nm)

The correct answer is: Blue λ = 450 nm

QUESTION: 2

How does the width W of the central maximum formed from diffraction through a circular aperture (pupil) change with aperture size (b) for a fixed distance away from the aperture?

Solution:

Width of central maxima is inversely proportional to slit width or aperture size .

The correct answer is: W decreases as b increases

QUESTION: 3

A grating is able to resolve two very close spectral lines of wavelength 5890 and 5896 in its first order diffraction. The resolving power of the grating is :

Solution:

The two lines will be seen distinctly if they are resolved by grating.

Resolving power

∴ The correct option is close to 1000.

The correct answer is: close to 1000

QUESTION: 4

The diffraction pattern due to circular aperture consists of :

Solution:

The correct answer is: a bright central disc surrounded by alternate dark and bright concentric rings

QUESTION: 5

The distance between the maxima of two wavelengths seen on a screen, after passing through a diffraction grating :

Solution:

**dsin(theta) = m (lambda)**

**If distance between the maximas increases it means sin(theta) will increase so to normalize that d should decrease. It means that ‘d’ should decrease which in turn means that the number of slits per cm will increase.**

QUESTION: 6

According to Rayleigh’s criterion of resolution, the two spectral lines of equal intensity are just resolved when the central maximum of the diffraction pattern due to one falls :

Solution:

The correct answer is: on the first minimum of the diffraction pattern of other

QUESTION: 7

Dispersive power of a grating can be defined as :

Solution:

The correct answer is: Increase of angle of diffraction w.r.t. change in wavelength

QUESTION: 8

The resolving power of a grating :

Solution:

The correct answer is: increases as the total number of lines on the grating increases

QUESTION: 9

Which one of the following plane transmission grating of width W, and number of lines per cm, L, will have the maximum resolving power in the first order?

Solution:

Resolving power = nN, where n is order of diffraction and N is the total number of ruling on grating.

**N = WL**

**∴ R ^{.}P = nWL
**

where

R

R

R

R

The correct answer is: W = 1.5 cm, L = 4000

QUESTION: 10

If N is the total number of rulings on the grating, m is the order of spectrum and A is the wavelength of light used, then resolving power of grating is given by :

Solution:

The correct answer is: mN

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