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Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1


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15 Questions MCQ Test National Cyber Olympiad Class 6 | Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 for Class 6 2022 is part of National Cyber Olympiad Class 6 preparation. The Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 6 exam syllabus.The Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 MCQs are made for Class 6 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 below.
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Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 1

Which of the following was the 1st calculating device?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 1

The abacus, also called a counting frame, is a calculating tool that was in use in the ancient Near East, Europe, China, and Russia, centuries before the adoption of the written Hindu–Arabic numeral system. The exact origin of the abacus is still unknown.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 2

Identify the device shown in the picture. 

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 2

Invented by Joseph Jacquard and demonstrated in 1801, the Jacquard Loom is an attachment for powered fabric looms. It uses a chain of punch cards to instruct the loom on how to make intricate textiles.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 3

Which one of the following technology associates itself with the Fourth Generation Computers?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 3

Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating an integrated circuit (IC) by combining thousands of transistors into a single chip.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 4

LOGO was developed and promoted by ______ as a programming language for young students.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 4

Seymour Papert, who was part of the team that first developed Logo, and is often referred to as the "father of Logo".

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 5

IBM-704 is associated with which era of computer hierarchy?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 5

The IBM 704, introduced by IBM in 1954, is the first mass-produced computer with floating-point arithmetic hardware.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 6

Apple computers were first developed in the 1970s. Who invented the first Apple computers?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 6

Through their work at Apple in the 1970s and 1980s, he and Apple co-founder Steve Jobs are widely recognized as two prominent pioneers of the personal computer revolution. In 1975, Wozniak started developing the Apple I into the computer that launched Apple when he and Jobs first began marketing it the following year.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 7

The type of computer shown in the figure is ______.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 7

Hybrid computers are computers that exhibit features of analog computers and digital computers. The digital component normally serves as the controller and provides logical and numerical operations, while the analog component often serves as a solver of differential equations and other mathematically complex equations.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 8

Analog and digital signals are processed by which of the following computers?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 8

Hybrid computers are computers that exhibit features of analog computers and digital computers. The digital component normally serves as the controller and provides logical and numerical operations, while the analog component often serves as a solver of differential equations and other mathematically complex equations.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 9

Identify the following:

1. It was a software program.

2. This program was developed in 1993.

3. It was an advance in software development.

4. It was a navigation tool for interactive material.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 9

MOSAIC  is the correct ✔ answer. 
MOSAIC was the first widely- distributed graphical browser or viewer for the World Wide Web. Mosaic arrived in 1993 . Marc Andreessen, then in his early 20 s, is credited with inventing or leading the development of Mosaic.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 10

______ were used in second generation computers.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 10

A second generation of computers, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured circuit boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic core memory. A transistor computer, now often called a second generation computer, is a computer which uses discrete transistors instead of vacuum tubes.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 11

______ is an example of second generation computers.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 11

The distinguishing feature of second generation computers (1956-1963) is that they used discrete transistors mounted on printed circuit cards. Examples are the IBM 1401, IBM 7090 and 7094, UNIVAC 1107, PDP-1 and 8. The IBM 7090 was a transistorized version of the vacuum tube IBM 709 machine.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 12

In which years were the second generation computers predominantly found?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 12

A second generation of computers, through the late 1950s and 1960s featured circuit boards filled with individual transistors and magnetic core memory. These machines remained the mainstream design into the late 1960s, when integrated circuits started appearing and led to the third generation computer.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 13

The image shows a vital component of the first generation computers. Identify it.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 13

The first computer systems used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 14

Identify the components shown in the picture.

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 14

A transistor is a semiconductor device used to amplify or switch electronic signals and electrical power. It is composed of semiconductor material usually with at least three terminals for connection to an external circuit.

Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 15

Which was the electronic general purpose computer in the world?

Detailed Solution for Olympiad Test : Evolution Of Computer - 1 - Question 15

PDP-11 (Programmed Data Processor-11) is one of the most famous computers in computing history, one of a series manufactured by Digital Equipment Corporation ( DEC ) from the early 1960s through the mid-1990s.

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