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This mock test of Olympiad Test: Triangle - 1 for Class 7 helps you for every Class 7 entrance exam.
This contains 15 Multiple Choice Questions for Class 7 Olympiad Test: Triangle - 1 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank.
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QUESTION: 1

Two angles of a triangle are equal and the third angle measures 70°. Find the measure of each of the unknown angles.

Solution:

Let the measure of each unknown angle be x°. We know that the sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.

∴ x + x + 70 = 180°

⇒ 2x = (180° – 70°)

⇒ 2x = 110°

⇒ x = 55°

Hence each unknown angle is 55°.

QUESTION: 2

In a ∆XYZ, if ∠X = 90° and ∠Z = 48°, find ∠Y.

Solution:

We know that the sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.

QUESTION: 3

Each of the two equal angles of an isosceles triangle is twice the third angle. Find the angles of the triangle.

Solution:

Let the third angle be x°.

We know that the sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.

∴ 2x + 2x + x = 180°

⇒ 5x = 180°

⇒ x = 36°

So, the angles are (2 × 36)°, (2 × 36)° and (x)°

Hence, the angles of the triangles are 72°, 72°, 36°.

QUESTION: 4

What is the measure of each angle of an equilateral triangle?

Solution:

All the angles of equilateral triangle are equal.

QUESTION: 5

Find the angles of a triangle which are in the ratio 4 : 3 : 2.

Solution:

Let the measure of the given angles of the triangle be (4x)°, (3x)° and (2x)° respectively.

4x + 3x + 2x = 180°

⇒ 9x = 180°

So, the angles measure (4×20)°, (3 × 20)° and (2 × 20)°

Hence, the angles of the triangle are 80°, 60°, 40°.

QUESTION: 6

In the given figure, find the values of x and y.

Solution:

We know that an exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of its interior opposite angles.

QUESTION: 7

In the given figure, find the values of x and y.

Solution:

We know that an exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of its interior opposite angles.

The sum of all the angles of a triangle is 180°.

x + y + 68 = 180° ⇒ 62° + y + 68° = 180°

⇒ 130° + y = 180°

y = 180° – 130°

= 50°

QUESTION: 8

In the figure given alongside, x : y = 2 : 3 and ∠ACD = 130° find the values of x, y and z.

Solution:

Let x = 2t, y = 3t, then 2t + 3t = 130° ⇒ t = 26°

∴ Sum of all angles of a triangle is 180°

QUESTION: 9

A man goes 24m due east and then 10m due north. How far is he away from his initial position?

Solution:

Let O be the initial position of the man. Let he cover OA = 24m due east and then AB = 10m due north.

Finally, he reaches the point B. Join OB.

OB^{2 }= (OA^{2} + OB^{2}) = {(24)^{2} + (10)^{2}} m^{2}

= (576 + 100) m^{2} = 676 m^{2}

Hence, the man is at a distance at 26m from his initial position.

QUESTION: 10

The lengths of the sides of two triangles are given below. Which of them is right – angled?

(i) a = 8 cm, b = 5 cm, and c = 10 cm

(ii) a = 7 cm, b = 24 cm, and c = 25 cm

Solution:

(i)

Here a = 8 cm, b = 5cm and c = 10c,

The largest side is c = 10cm.

a^{2} + b^{2} = {(8)^{2} + (5)^{2}} cm^{2}

= m (64 + 25) cm^{2} = 89 cm^{2} ≠ (10)^{2 }cm^{2}

a^{2} + b^{2} ≠ c^{2}

∴ Given triangle is not right angled.

(ii) Here a = 7 cm, b = 24 cm and c = 25 cm

The largest side is c = 25 cm

a^{2} + b^{2} = {(7)^{2} + (24)^{2}} cm^{2} = (49 + 576) cm^{2}

= 625 cm^{2} = (25 cm)^{2} = c^{2}

⇒ a^{2} + b^{2} = c^{2}

Given triangle is right angled.

QUESTION: 11

Two poles of height 9 cm and 14m stand upright on a plane ground. If the distance between their feet is 12 m. Find the distance between their tops.

Solution:

Let AB and CD be the given poles such that

AB = 9 m, CD = 14 m and AC = 12 m. Join BD.

From B, draw BL ⊥ CD.

DL = (CD – CL) = (CD – AB)

= (14 – 9) m = 5 m

BL = AC = 12 m

Now, in right ∆BLD, by Pythagoras theorem.

We have

BD^{2} = BL^{2} + DL^{2} = {(12)^{2} + (5)^{2}}m^{2}

= (144 + 25) m^{2} = 169 m^{2}

QUESTION: 12

Two circles are congruent if they have

Solution:

QUESTION: 13

Two lines segments are congruent if they have

Solution:

QUESTION: 14

In a ∆ABC it is given that ∠B = 37° and ∠C = 29°. Then ∠A = ?

Solution:

We know that the sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.

QUESTION: 15

In a ∆ABC, if 2∠A = 3, ∠B = 6∠C then ∠B = ?

Solution:

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