Test: Cultural Institutions in India


10 Questions MCQ Test Nitin Singhania: Indian Art & Culture (Summary & Tests) | Test: Cultural Institutions in India


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Attempt Test: Cultural Institutions in India | 10 questions in 12 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Nitin Singhania: Indian Art & Culture (Summary & Tests) for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements about Archaeological Survey of India.

1. It is directly under the ages of the ministry of culture

2. Kamla Devi Chattopadhyay helped it to be established

3. It is charged with the control over all heritage sites across the nation

Which of the following statements are correct?

Solution: It is directly under the aegis of the Ministry of culture and it is the foremost institution for archaeological researches conducted across India. It has been charged with preservation of the cultural heritage of our nation. Its focus is on the preservation of physical and tangible heritage that is accumulated in the ancient monuments and archaeological sites. The provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958, guide ASI. Another major legislation that directs the working of the ASI, is the Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972. This Act directs ASI to prevent the illegal export of Indian antiquities from our nation. Although the ASI is charged with the control over all heritage sites across the nation, for the smooth functioning, the entire country has been divided into 24 Circles, which concentrate on preservation of monuments under their jurisdiction.
QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements about Crafts Council of India.

1. Their headquarters are located in the Kolkata

2. It is under the Office of Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)

3. They are affiliated to world crafts Council

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: Crafts Council of India: The Council of India or CCI is a non-profit organisation that promotes activities serve and develop handicraft industry in India. Kamala Devi Chattopadhyay who wanted to help the craft persons to get regular work and recognition for their craft, established the CCI in 1976. Although their headquarter is located in Chennai, they have over ten State Councils that are affiliated to the parent organisation. They achieved a global platform after being affiliated to the World Crafts Council. Their main objective is to safeguard the interests of crafts personnel and to preserve craft traditions. Over the years they have established a series of shops that display the arts and crafts patronised by the Crafts Council. This shop has been named 'Kamala' after the founder of the CCI. One of their current objectives is to find innovative ways to blend ancient handicraft techniques with contemporary ideas and demands. The Craft Fair Council is the main body behind organising the All India Craft Fair. The Department of Culture and the Zonal Cultural Centres are responsible for organising craft fairs in their respective areas. They are also responsible for organising cultural events during the Republic Day celebrations every year. Their responsibility is to ensure that the unique artistic traditions of various parts of India are represented in globally recognized platforms.
QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements about All India Radio.

1. They create programs in the languages which have classical language status

2. Their Motto is 'Bahujan Hitaya : Bahujan Sukhaya'

Which of these statements are NOT correct?

Solution: The All India Radio is the premier public service radio broadcaster in India. They are under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. Their motto is 'Bahujan Hitaya: Bahujan Sukhaya', that literally means that their sole objective is to serve, educate and entertain the audience.

Currently, AIR has 414 stations around the country and these stations cover nearly 92% of India's landmass. Demographically, they reach out to almost 99.19% of the population. Since its inception, AIR has tried to safeguard the citizen's rights by keeping them informed on all matters of public interest. This can only be achieved by giving them a fair and balanced flow of information. They create programmes in about 23 languages and cover 146 dialects. The content, aims and objectives of AIR are governed by the Prasar Bharati Act, which was amended in 1990.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements about Centre for cultural Resources and Training (CCRT).

1. It is an autonomous body and has its headquarters in New Delhi

2. It was instituted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development for linking education with culture

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: The Ministry of Culture, Government of India, has instituted the Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (CCRT) for linking education with culture. It was established in 1979 at the behest of Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan and Smt. Kamala Devi Chattopadhyay. Although an autonomous body, CCRT has been mandated by the government to strengthen the foundation of the nation by making education, culture based and meaningful. CCRT has its headquarters in New Delhi and three Regional Centres at Udaipur in the west, Hyderabad in the south and Guwahati in the north-east, to facilitate the widespread dissemination of Indian art and culture. CCRT has a holistic approach towards education and they focus on the emotional, spiritual and cognitive development of children.

They want to do this through reframing education and making it more meaningful. CCRT not only focuses on the students but creates an awareness amongst teachers, principals and non-teaching/ administrative actors about the multiplicity of regional cultures and languages in India.

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements about National Archives of India.

1. It was created immediately after the independence of India

2. Its name was later changed to 'Imperial records department'

3. The archives are still not opened to the public for research

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: This is one of the oldest institutions that was created by the British to keep the administrative records pertaining to the Indian state. The idea of its establishment is attributed to the British Civil Auditor, Sandeman, who wanted a 'Grand Central Archive' to protect all the valuable records in 1860. The archive or the 'Imperial Records Department (IRD) was first established in 1891 in the old British capital- Calcutta under the auspices of Prof. G.W. Forrest.

The IRD was shifted to New Delhi in 1911 as the British changed the national capital from Calcutta to Delhi. After India gained its independence, the IRD was renamed as the National Archives of India (NAI). Soon after this rechristening, there was a change in the administrative set-up and a Director of the Archives headed the NAI. The archives were opened to the public for research in 1939.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements about Indian Council for cultural relations.

1. It was established mainly to conduct programs that promote Indian culture to all parts of the nation

2. It was established by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

3. It has been given the additional charge to organise the National Film Award functions

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) is under the aegis of the Ministry Culture and was established to conduct programmes that promote Indian culture international platform. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who firmly believed in prom cultural exchanges with other countries and cultures, established it in 1950. ICCR focuses on the formulation and implementation of the programmes and policies that are deeply rooted in the external cultural relations between India and other nations. With globalisation, the platforms of cultural exchanges among nations have taken various forms. ICCR funds various programmes relating to visual and performing arts that are international in their appeal. They provide grants in support of programmes like the Jazz Festival in New Indian Council for Cultural Relations Delhi, the North-East Music Festival in Guwahati, etc. Directorate of film festivals has also been given the additional charge to organised in National Film Award Function.
QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements about Indian Council of Historical Research.

1. The Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) was established under the promulgation of the Societies Registration Act in 1972

2. It is an autonomous organisation, which draws funds from the University Grants Commission (UGC)

3. It was created with the express purpose to promote and preserve the history of India.

Which of these statements are NOT correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements about Nehru Memorial Museum and Library.

1. Its building was called the Teen Murti House and it was the official residence of the last British Commander-in-Chief

2. After the British left India, it became the residence of the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: The Nehru Memorial Museum and Library (NMML) was built in 1929-30 as part of the Lutyens' designs for the imperial capital. Its building was called the Teen Murti House and it was the official residence of the last British Commander-in-Chief. After the British left India, it became the residence of the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. He lived in this house for 16 years and after he passed away in 1964, the government made Teen Murti House a museum and library in his honour. Although the library was set up in 1964, there was a great amount of data collected that needed to be housed in the library and an exclusive library was built in 1974. The Museum was established with the express purpose of creating a space to exhibit personalia, memorabilia, mementos and any other object related to Pt. Nehru's life and India's freedom struggle.
QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements about The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage or INTACH.

1. It is a non-profit NGO, which was founded in 1984 in New Delhi

2. The primary purpose of the organisation was to spearhead awareness regarding our heritage and to take steps to conserve it

3. The organization has various branches that are called 'Chapters'

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage or INTACH is a non-profit NGO, which was founded in 1984 in New Delhi. The primary purpose of the organisation was to spearhead awareness regarding our heritage and to take steps to conserve it. The organization has various branches that are called 'Chapters'. Currently, they have Chapters in about 170 Indian cities and several international ones too. The first governing council of the INTACH consisted of noted people like the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, M.G.K Menon, Dr. Kapila Vatsyayan, Madhavrao Scindia etc.
QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements.

1. It is on their recommendation that the Government of India has ordered for the establishment of the National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM)

2. The foremost task of the NMM was to create the 'National Electronic Database'

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution: The Archaeological Survey of India and the National Archives of India hade number of manuscripts that are the repositories of the ancient and medieval heritage of India. It is on their recommendation that the Government of India has ordered for the establishment of the National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM). The foremost task of the NMM was to create the 'National Electronic Database'. This database has about one million manuscripts, which makes it the largest database of Indian manuscripts in the world. Another major task of the NMM was to conserve the manuscripts using indigenous and modern methods so as to preserve documents while retaining its ancient heritage.
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