Test: Indian Architecture, Sculpture & Pottery- 2


10 Questions MCQ Test Nitin Singhania: Indian Art & Culture (Summary & Tests) | Test: Indian Architecture, Sculpture & Pottery- 2


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Attempt Test: Indian Architecture, Sculpture & Pottery- 2 | 10 questions in 12 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Nitin Singhania: Indian Art & Culture (Summary & Tests) for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Which of the following statements are correct about Udayagiri Caves of Madhya Pradesh?

1. They were made under the Kalinga king kharavela

2. The caves have one of the earliest Hindu sculptures

Which of these statements is/ are correct?

Solution:  
  • Udayaragiri caves (not to be confused with Udayagiri-Khandagiri Caves in Odisha): It is located in Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh. Created in the early 5th century AD under the patronage of Chandragupta II, it is famous for having numerous sculptures on the hill walls.

  • The sculpture of Varaha or Boar incarnation of the Vishnu is notable. The caves have one of the earliest Hindu sculptures. It also has caves dedicated to Shiva, Narasimha (half-lion, half-man), Narayana (resting Vishnu) and Skanda.

QUESTION: 2

Rani Gumpha caves are associated with:

Solution: Ranigumpha cave in udayagiri is Double storied and has some beautiful sculptures.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements about stupas in the post-Mauryan period.

1. Stupas became larger and more decorative in the post-Maurya period

2. Wood was the principal building material

3. Their torans were evidence of Hellenistic influence

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  • Stupas became larger and more decorative in the post-Mauryan period. 

  • Stone was increasingly used in place of wood and brick. 

  • The Shunga dynasty introduced the idea of torans as beautifully decorated gateways to the stupas. The torans were intricately carved with figures and patterns and were evidence of Hellenistic influence.

QUESTION: 4

The sculptures of Mathura School were made using:

Solution: The sculptures of Mathura School were made using spotted red sandstone.

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements.

1. Mathura school was patronised by kushana rulers

2. Madurai School developed in the North-West frontier

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • Mathura School developed in and around Mathura, Sonkh and kankalitala.

  • Madurai school doesn’t exist.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following statements is correct about Roman art of the post-Mauryan period?

Solution:  
  • There exists some difference between Greek and Roman styles and Gandhara School integrates both the styles. 

  • The idealistic style of Greeks is reflected in the muscular depictions of Gods and other men showing strength and beauty. Lots of Greek mythological figures from the Greek Parthenon have been sculpted using Marble.

  • On the other hand, Romans used art for ornamentation and decoration and is realistic in nature as opposed to Greek idealism. 

  • Roman art projects realism and depicts real people and major historical events. The Romance used concrete in their sculptures. They were also famous for their mural paintings.

QUESTION: 7

It indicates warding off evil. A hand is stretched out, either horizontally or vertically, with the palm forward. The thumb presses the folded two middle fingers but the index and little fingers are raised straight upwards. It signifies expelling demons and negative energy. The energy created by this Mudra helps remove obstacles such as sickness or negative thoughts. It is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements.

1. Temple architecture reached its climax during the Gupta age

2. Buddhist and Jain art also reached its peak during the Gupta age

Which of these statements are correct?

Solution:  
  • Gupta period is often hailed as the "Golden period of Indian Architecture". While the earlier Gupta rulers were Buddhists and continued the traditions of Buddhist architecture, temple architecture came to the forefront under the patronage of the Hindu rulers of the later Gupta phase. Temple architecture reached its climax during this period.

  • Similarly, Buddhist and Jain art also reached its peak during the Gupta Age.

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements about Ajanta Caves.

1. The figures in these caves were done using fresco painting

2. There was an absence of red colour in the paintings

3. The figures in these caves demonstrate idealism

Choose from the following options.

Solution:  
  • The Ajanta caves were inscribed by the Buddhist monks under the patronage of the Vakataka kings - Harishena being a prominent one. 

  • The figures in these caves were done using fresco painting and demonstrate considerable naturalism. 

  • The colours were obtained from local vegetation and minerals. The outlines of the paintings were done in red colour and then the inside was painted. 

  • One of the striking features is the absence of blue colour in the paintings. Cave No. 16 is one of the most elegant specimens of cave architecture. 

  • The paintings are generally themed around Buddhism - the life of Buddha and Jataka stories.

  • Of the 29 caves, 5 were developed during the Hinayana phase while the remaining 24 were developed during the Mahayana phase of Buddhism.

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements regarding Sarnath sculptures;

1. During the Gupta period, a new school of sculpture developed around Sarnath

2. It was characterised by the use of cream coloured sandstone and the use of metal

3. The sculptures of this school were immaculately dressed and lacked any form of nakedness

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:  
  •  During the Gupta period, a new school of sculpture developed around Sarnath. It was characterised by the use of cream coloured sandstone and the use of metal.

  • The sculptures of this school were immaculately dressed and lacked any form of nakedness. The halo around the head of Buddha was intricately decorated. Example: Sultanganj Buddha (7.5 ft high).

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