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Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - UPSC MCQ


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30 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams - Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 for UPSC 2024 is part of NCERT Based Tests for UPSC & State PSC Exams preparation. The Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 below.
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Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 1

In which of the following states is the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary located?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 1
  • Manas National Park or Wildlife Sanctuary is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Assam.

  • The name of the park originates from the river Manas river, which is a major tributary of the river Brahmaputra. Kaziranga National Park is also situated in Assam.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 2

Which of the following are the countries in which the Sahara desert lies?

1. Chad

2. Egypt

3. Sudan

4. Zimbabwe

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 2
  • The Sahara desert touches 11 countries.

  • These are the following: 1. Algeria 2. Chad 3. Egypt 4. Libya 5. Mali 6. Mauritania 7. Morocco 8. Niger 9. Sudan 10. Tunisia 11. Western Sahara It is restricted in North Africa. So it does not lie in Zimbabwe.

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Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 3

Consider the following statements:

1. Natural environment refers to biotic and abiotic conditions.

2. Human environment refers to human activities, creation and interaction between human beings.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 3
Biotic components are living organisms existing on the earth, i.e. human, animal and plants. Abiotic components are non-living organisms existing on the earth, i.e. land, air, water etc.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 4

Consider the following statements:

1. Prairies are totally treeless.

2. Tallgrass up to two metres high grows here.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 4
  • Prairies are particularly treeless. But for the most part, it is treeless while near the low lying plains, flanking river valleys, woodland can be found. Where water is available trees such as willows, alders and poplars grow.

  • Tallgrass up to two metres high dominates the landscape. It is actually a “sea of grass".

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 5

Which of the following are the vegetation of the Sahara desert?

1. Palm

2. Cactus

3. Potato

4. Maize

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 5
The Sahara desert despite the harsh climate has some vegetation, it mainly includes 1. Cactus 2. Date Palms 3. Acacia

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 6

Consider the following statements:

1. Hydrosphere comprises only seas and oceans.

2. Landforms are found over the continents and also on the ocean floors.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 6

Hydrosphere comprises various sources of water bodies like rivers, lakes, seas, oceans etc.

The ocean floor contains all of the geographic features that can be found on the continents. Mountains, volcanoes, plains, valleys, and canyons. Also, these underwater landforms are many times taller, deeper, longer, and wider than those on dry land.

 

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 7

Which of the following tribes were found in the prairies?

1. Blackfoot Indians

2. Craw

3. Eskimos

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 7
  • The grasslands of Prairies were the home of American Indians, more popularly known as ' Blackfoot Indians'.

  • The Prairies were also the home of other tribes also like the Apache, the Crow, the Cree and the Pawnee.

  • The Eskimos traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from the eastern Siberia to across Alaska, Canada and Greenland.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 8

Which of the following are the minerals found in the Sahara desert?

1. Oil

2. Iron

3. Bauxite

4. Uranium

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 8
Following are the minerals of importance that are found in the Sahara desert: 1. Oil 2. Iron 3. Phosphorus 4. Manganese 5. Uranium The discovery of oil in Algeria, Libya and Egypt is constantly transforming the Sahara desert. Gold is mainly found in South Africa.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 9

Consider the following statements:

1. Biosphere is the narrow zone of the earth where the hydrosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere interact.

2. A11 the plants, animals, and human beings are elements of the biosphere.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 9
Biosphere is the narrow zone of the earth where land, water and air interact to support life. Animal kingdom and plants together make the biosphere or living world.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 10

Consider the following statements:

1. The major crop of prairies is wheat.

2. These areas are not suitable for cattle rearing.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 10

In the prairies, places that receive rainfall of over 50 cm, are suitable for farming as the soil is fertile. The major crop of prairies is wheat. But some other crops are also grown here.

  • They are 1. Potatoes 2. Soybean 3. Cotton 4. Alfa-alfa Area where rainfall is very little or unreliable, grasses are short and sparse. These areas are suitable for cattle rearing.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 11

Consider the following statements about Ladakh:

1. It lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas.

2. The area experiences freezing winds and burning hot sunlight simultaneously.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 11
  • The day temperature in summer is just above zero degree and the night temperatures well below minus 30 C.

  • It is freezing cold in the winter when the temperatures may remain below minus 40 C for most of the time. As it lies in the rain shadow of the Himalayas, there is little rain, as low as 10 cm every year.

  • The area experiences freezing winds and burning hot sunlight. Here, if you sit in the sun with your feet in the shade, you may suffer from both sunstroke and frostbite at the same time.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 12

Consider the following statements:

1. The uppermost layer of the earth is called the crust. It is equal (35 km) on continental mass and oceanic floor.

2. Beneath the crust is mental which extends up to 2900 km below the crust

3.The innermost layer is the core with a radius of about 3500 km.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 12
The interior of the earth comprises three layers, i.e. Crust, Mental and Core. The uppermost layer of the earth is not equal on continental mass and oceanic floor. It is 35 km on the continental mass and 5km on the oceanic floor

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 13

Which of the following cities lies in the Canadian prairies?

1. Vancouver

2. Edmonton

3. Montreal

4. Calgary

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 13
  • Important cities in the Canadian prairies are as follows: 1. Edmonton 2. Calgary 3. Saskatoon 4. Winnipeg Vancouver and Montreal are located on the west and east coast respectively. While Canadian prairies lie in between the continent and also between the Rocky mountain and the Great lakes.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 14

Consider the following statements:

1. Groves of willows and poplars can be seen in the Ladakh region.

2. Orchards of apples bloom in the summer season in Ladakh

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 14
  • Due to high aridity vegetation is sparse in the Ladakh valley. There are scanty patches of grasses and shrubs for animals to graze.

  • Groves of willows and poplars are seen in the valley. The finest cricket bats are made from the wood of the willow trees. During the summers, fruit trees such as apples, apricots and walnuts bloom.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 15

Consider the following statements:

1. Igneous rocks are formed when molten silica cools and becomes solid.

2. These rocks are called primary rocks.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 15
Igneous rocks are formed when molten magma cools and becomes solid. There are two types of igneous rocks-Intrusive Rocks Extrusive Rocks

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 16

Consider the following statements:

1. The Velds is bounded by the Drakensberg mountain in the east.

2. The Kalahari Desert lies to the west of the Velds.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 16
Veld is a flat area covered in grass. Veld's name was given by the Dutch settlers before South Africa was colonized by the British. It is bounded by the Drakensberg mountain in the east and by the Kalahari Desert lies to the west.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 17

Which of the following crops are cultivated in Ladakh?

1. Potatoes

2. Beans

3. Apple

4. Peas

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 17
Following are the crops cultivated in the Ladakh region in summers: 1. Barley 2. Potatoes 3. Peas 4. Beans 5. Turnip Some variety of fruits are also grown here. These are 1. Apple 2. Apricot 3. Walnut

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 18

Concerning sedimentary rocks which statement/s is/are correct:

1. The loose sediments are compressed and hardened to form the sedimentary rocks

2. Sedimentary rocks can change into igneous rocks but can not change into metamorphic rocks.

3.These rocks may contain fossils.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 18
Rocks roll down; crake, and hit each other and break down into small fragments. These small particles are called sediments and are transported and deposited by wind, air etc. Sedimentary rocks can change into both metamorphic rocks and igneous rocks also.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 19

Consider the following statements:

1. The Velds have a mild climate due to the influence of neighbouring deserts.

2. It receives rainfall mainly in November to February months.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 19
  • The Velds have a mild climate due to the influence of the Indian ocean.

  • Winters are cold and dry.

  • July is the coldest month. Summers are short and warm.

  • It receives rainfall mainly in the summer months from November to February (Southern Hemisphere). This is only because of the warm currents that wash the shores of the Velds.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 20

Consider the following statements pairs:

1. Oasis: Libya

2. Bedouins: Tribe in Sahara

3. Oil: Glacier

4. Gangri: Depressions with water

5. Lamayuru: Monasteries

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 20
The pairs are correctly matched as

1. Oasis: Depressions with water in deserts

2. Bedouins: Tribe in Sahara

3. Oil: Libya in Africa

4. Gangri: Glacier in Ladakh

5. Lamayuru: Monasteries in Ladakh

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 21

The lithosphere is broken into several plates known as the lithospheric plate. These plates move around because of

1. The movement of the molten magma inside the earth.

2. The rotational movement of the earth on its axis.

3. The earth is revolving around the sun.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 21
These plates move around very slowly-just a few millimetres each year. This is because of the movement of the molten magma inside the earth. This molten magma inside the earth moves circularly.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 22

Which of the following are the main crops grown in the velds?

1. Potato

2. Oats

3. Tobacco

4. Cotton

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 22
Following are the main crops grown in the velds: 1. Potato 2. Oats 3. Maize 4. Wheat 5. Barley 6. Tobacco 7. Cotton 8. Sugarcane Tobacco, Cotton and Sugarcane are cash crops

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 23

Which of the following important places lie in the Ladakh region?

1. Baramulla

2. Kargil

3. Udhampur

4. Leh

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 23
Following are some important places that lie in the Ladakh region: 1. Drass 2. Kargil 3. Leh Udhampur- Near Jammu Baramulla- West to the Srinagar

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 24

Consider the following terms:

1. Crater

2. Vent

3. Lava

4. Seismic waves

5. Magma chamber

Which of the above are related to the volcano?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 24
  • A volcano is a vent (opening) in the earth's crust through which molten material (lava) erupts suddenly.

  • The magma chamber is the place where this molten lava is stored. The crater is the mouth of a volcano through which gases and ashes also come out in the environment. Seismic waves are the waves which originate during the earthquake.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 25

Consider the following statements about the deserts:

1. It is an arid region.

2. It is characterized by extremely high or low temperatures.

3. The vegetation cover is very scanty here.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 25
  • Deserts are the places in the world where people have learned to cope with extreme harsh temperature.

  • These are characterized by low rainfall, scanty vegetation and extreme temperatures. Depending on the temperatures there can be hot deserts or cold deserts.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 26

Which of the following practices done by the people living in temporary settlements:

1. Hunting

2. Gathering

3. Transhumance

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 26
Settlements can be permanent or temporary. The people living in deep forests,hot and cold desserts and mountains often dwell in temporary settlements. They practice 1. Hunting 2. Gathering 3.Shifting cultivation 4.Transhumance Transhumance is a seasonal movement of people. People who rear animals move in search of new pastures according to changes in the season. However, more and more settlements are permanent settlements.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 27

Which of the following animals are used as the mode of transportation?

1. Mules

2. Llamas

3. Yaks

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 27
Following animals are used as the mode of transportation: 1. In India: Donkey Mules Bullocks Camels 2. In Andes mountain: Llamas 3. In Tibet: Yaks

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 28

Consider the following statements:

1. The invention of the steam engine and the Industrial revolution helped in the speedy development of rail transport.

2. Indian railway network is the largest in the world.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 28
  • The invention of the steam engine and the Industrial revolution helped in the speedy development of rail transport.

  • Later diesel and electric engines have largely replaced the steam engine.

  • The railway network is well developed over the plain area.

  • The Indian railway network is well developed and the largest in Asia. Advanced technological skills have enabled laying of railway lines in difficult mountain terrain also. But these are much fewer in numbers.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 29

Consider the following statements about the oasis?

1. Oasis is a water body in the desert.

2. These areas are fertile.

3. People may settle around these water bodies.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 29
  • Depressions are formed when the wind blows away the sands. In the depression where underground water reaches the surface, an oasis is formed.

  • These areas are fertile. People may settle around these water bodies and grow dates, palms and other crops.

  • Sometimes oasis may be abnormally large. Tafilalet Oasis in Morocco is a large oasis with an area of about 13,000 sq. km.

Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 30

Consider the following statements about Ladakh:

1. Drass, one of the coldest inhabited places on the earth is located in Ladakh.

2. The Gangri glacier is located in Ladakh.

Select the correct answer using the code given below?

Detailed Solution for Test: Class 7 Geography NCERT Based - 3 - Question 30
  • Drass, one of the coldest inhabited places on the earth is located in the cold desert India. The altitude in Ladakh varies from about 3000m in Kargil to more than 8000m in the Karakoram. Due to its high altitude, the climate is extremely cold and dry.

  • Several glaciers are found in Ladakh, the Gangri glacier and the Siachen glacier are among them. The air at this altitude is so thin that the heat of the sun can be felt intensely.

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