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Test: Weather and Climate- 2


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10 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies for Class 5 | Test: Weather and Climate- 2

Test: Weather and Climate- 2 for Class 5 2023 is part of Social Studies for Class 5 preparation. The Test: Weather and Climate- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 5 exam syllabus.The Test: Weather and Climate- 2 MCQs are made for Class 5 2023 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 below.
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Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 1

Water vapour in the air is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 1
  • The amount of water vapour in the air is called absolute humidity.
  • The amount of water vapour in the air as compared with the amount of water that the air could hold is called relative humidity.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 2

The climate of a desert is usually

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 2
  • Although some deserts are very hot, with daytime temperatures as high as 54°C (130°F), other deserts have cold winters or are cold year-round. And most deserts, far from being empty and lifeless, are home to a variety of plants, animals, and other organisms.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 3

Places near sea coast have ___________ climate.

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 3

Coastal areas will generally have more moderate temperatures than inland areas because of the heat capacity of the ocean.

Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 4

The layer of air surrounding the earth is called ___________ climate.

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 4
  • We live at the bottom of an invisible ocean called the atmosphere, a layer of gases surrounding our planet.
  • Nitrogen and oxygen account for 99 percent of the gases in dry air, with argon, carbon dioxide, helium, neon, and other gases making up minute portions.
  • Water vapour and dust are also part of Earth's atmosphere.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 5

___________ is used to measure pressure

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 5
  • Barometers measure this pressure.
  • Atmospheric pressure is an indicator of weather.
  • Changes in the atmosphere, including changes in air pressure, affect the weather.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 6

___________ can be defined as the weather conditions of a large area for a long period of time

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 6
  • Climate is defined as an area's long-term weather patterns.
  • The simplest way to describe climate is to look at average temperature and precipitation over time.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 7

Direction of wind is measured by

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 7
  • Wind vanes measure wind direction and are often used with anemometers, which measure wind speed.
  • Campbell Scientific offers a variety of anemometer designs: cup, propeller, ultrasonic, sonic, and lidar.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 8

The two elements of weather and climate are

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 8

The elements of weather and climate are-temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity and precipitation.

Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 9

The scientific study of weather and climatic conditions is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 9
  • The study of weather is called meteorology, and a person who studies the weather is called a meteorologist.
  • Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences with a major focus on weather forecasting.
Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 10

Weather is the

Detailed Solution for Test: Weather and Climate- 2 - Question 10
  • Weather describes the condition of the atmosphere over a short period of time e.g. from day to day or week to week, while climate describes average conditions over a longer period of time.
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