Class 10 Exam  >  Class 10 Tests  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 10  >  Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Class 10 MCQ

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Class 10 MCQ


Test Description

20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture below.
Solutions of Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture questions in English are available as part of our Social Studies (SST) Class 10 for Class 10 & Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture solutions in Hindi for Social Studies (SST) Class 10 course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for Class 10 Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture | 20 questions in 20 minutes | Mock test for Class 10 preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Social Studies (SST) Class 10 for Class 10 Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 1

Agriculture is a primary activity that produces most of the food we consume and raw material for various _____.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 1

Agriculture not only produces food but also raw materials for industries, demonstrating its significant role in supporting various industrial processes.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 2

Assertion (A): Primitive subsistence farming is still practiced in certain regions of India using traditional tools and methods.

Reason (R): This type of farming relies on natural conditions like monsoon for cultivation and does not involve the use of modern agricultural inputs.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 2
  • The assertion that primitive subsistence farming is still practiced in certain regions of India using traditional tools and methods is correct.
  • This type of farming indeed relies on natural conditions like monsoon for cultivation and does not involve the use of modern agricultural inputs.
  • However, while both the assertion and reason are true, the reason does not provide a direct explanation for the assertion.
  • The reason statement explains a characteristic of primitive subsistence farming but does not directly relate to why it is still practiced in certain regions using traditional tools and methods.
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 3

Choose the correctly matched pair.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 3

Let's examine each option to determine the correctly matched pair:

  • Option A: Jhumming - Rajasthan - This is incorrect. Jhumming is a type of primitive subsistence farming practiced in the north-eastern states of India such as Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland, not in Rajasthan.
  • Option B: Pamlou - Manipur - This is correct. Pamlou is the name given to this type of farming in Manipur.
  • Option C: Dipa - Nagaland - This is incorrect. Dipa is the name given to this type of farming in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, not in Nagaland.
  • Option D: Pamlou - Andaman and Nicobar Islands - This is incorrect. As mentioned earlier, Pamlou is associated with Manipur, while Dipa is the term used in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Therefore, the correctly matched pair is Option B: Pamlou - Manipur.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 4
Primitive Subsistence Farming: (i) Is practiced on small patches of land with primitive tools.
(ii) Depends on the use of modern fertilizers and inputs.
(iii) Is known as jhumming in north-eastern states like Assam and Meghalaya.
(iv) Involves shifting cultivation to allow soil fertility to replenish naturally.
Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 4
  • Primitive Subsistence Farming is characterized by the use of primitive tools (i), such as hoes and digging sticks.
  • It involves shifting cultivation to allow soil fertility to replenish naturally (iv).
  • This type of farming is known as jhumming in the north-eastern states like Assam and Meghalaya (iii).
  • It does not rely on modern fertilizers or inputs, making statement (ii) incorrect.
  • Therefore, the correct statements are (i), (iii), and (iv).
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 5

What type of farming involves the cultivation of a single crop over a large area with capital-intensive inputs?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 5
  • Plantation farming is characterized by the cultivation of a single crop on a large scale using capital-intensive inputs like machinery and migrant labor.
  • This type of farming interfaces with both agriculture and industry, with crops like tea, coffee, rubber, and sugarcane being typical examples.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 6

Rinjha's family is engaged in ______ farming.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 6

Rinjha's family is engaged in "Jhumming" farming, as mentioned in the text. Jhumming is the type of farming practiced in the North-eastern region.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 7

Assertion (A): Jhum cultivation, also known as slash-and-burn agriculture, is practiced in various regions of India.

Reason (R): It is a traditional farming method that involves clearing land by cutting down vegetation and burning it before cultivation.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 7
  • Assertion: The Assertion is true as Jhum cultivation is indeed practiced in different regions of India under various names like 'Bewar', 'Podu', 'Penda', 'Kumari', 'Valre', 'Khil', 'Kuruwa', and 'Jhumming'.
  • Reason: The Reason is also true as slash-and-burn agriculture involves the clearing of land through cutting and burning before planting crops. However, the Reason does not provide a direct explanation for the Assertion, making Option B the correct answer. While the method of clearing land is described in the Reason, it does not directly explain the prevalence of Jhum cultivation in India.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 8
Choose the correctly matched pair:
Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 8
  • Option A: (a) 'Milpa' - Venezuela - Explanation: This is incorrect. 'Milpa' is the term used for slash and burn agriculture in Mexico and Central America, not Venezuela.
  • Option B: (b) 'Ladang' - Indonesia - Correct: 'Ladang' refers to slash and burn agriculture in Indonesia.
  • Option C: (c) 'Kumari' - North-eastern region of India - Explanation: This is incorrect. 'Kumari' is the term used for slash and burn agriculture in the Western Ghats region of India, not the North-eastern region.
  • Option D: (d) 'Podu' - Madhya Pradesh - Explanation: This is incorrect. 'Podu' is the term used for slash and burn agriculture in Andhra Pradesh, not Madhya Pradesh. In Madhya Pradesh, this type of farming is called 'Bewar' or 'Dahiya'. Therefore, the correctly matched pair is Option B: (b) 'Ladang' - Indonesia.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 9

Which crop is highlighted as the staple food crop of a majority of people in India?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 9

Rice is emphasized as the staple food crop for a majority of people in India due to its significant production levels and consumption across the country. It is a kharif crop that requires specific conditions to thrive, making it a crucial component of the agricultural landscape in India.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 10

Rice is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after _____.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 10

Rice is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 11

Assertion (A): Wheat is the main food crop in the north and north-western part of India.

Reason (R): Wheat is a rabi crop that requires a cool growing season and bright sunshine at the time of ripening.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 11
  • The assertion that wheat is the main food crop in the north and north-western part of India is true based on the information provided in the text.
  • The reason given is also true - wheat is a rabi crop that requires a cool growing season and bright sunshine at the time of ripening.
  • However, the reason is not the correct explanation of the assertion.
  • While the reason describes the conditions necessary for wheat cultivation, it does not directly explain why wheat is the main food crop in the mentioned regions.
  • The dominance of wheat in these areas could be due to various factors beyond the specific requirements for its growth.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 12
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 12
  • Explanation: Let's analyze each pair to determine which is correctly matched based on the provided content:
  • Option A: Bajra - Red soil
    • Bajra grows well on sandy soils and shallow black soil, not specifically on red soil. Therefore, this pair is incorrectly matched.
  • Option B: Wheat - High temperature
    • Wheat requires a cool growing season and bright sunshine at the time of ripening. It does not require high temperature. Therefore, this pair is incorrectly matched.
  • Option C: Jowar - Rain-fed crop
    • Jowar is described as a rain-fed crop mostly grown in the moist areas which hardly needs irrigation. Therefore, this pair is correctly matched.
  • Option D: Rice - Low humidity
    • Rice requires high temperature (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. Therefore, this pair is incorrectly matched.
  • Thus, the correctly matched pair is Option C: (c) Jowar - Rain-fed crop.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 13

Which crop is a major source of sugar, gur, khandsari, and molasses in India?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 13

Sugarcane is a vital crop in India, serving as the primary source of sugar, gur, khandsari, and molasses. It thrives in specific climatic conditions and is a key contributor to the country's agricultural landscape.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 14

Maize is a crop that requires a temperature between ____°C to ____°C.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 14

Maize is a crop that requires a temperature between 21°C to 27°C for optimal growth. This temperature range is conducive for the successful cultivation of maize, ensuring a good yield.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 15

Assertion (A): Maize is primarily a kharif crop in India.

Reason (R): Maize cultivation in India requires a temperature range of 21°C to 27°C.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 15
  • The Assertion that maize is primarily a kharif crop in India is true based on the provided information.
  • Maize cultivation indeed requires a temperature range of 21°C to 27°C, as mentioned in the text.
  • Both the Assertion and Reason are true.
  • The Reason provided does not directly explain why maize is primarily a kharif crop in India.
  • The temperature range mentioned is a necessary condition for maize growth but not the sole reason why it is grown primarily during the kharif season.
  • Therefore, the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 16
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 16
  • Option A: Groundnut - Rabi Crop - This is incorrect. Groundnut is primarily a kharif crop, not a rabi crop.
  • Option B: Linseed - Kharif Crop - This is incorrect. Linseed is a rabi crop, not a kharif crop.
  • Option C: Sesamum - Kharif Crop in North India - This is correct. Sesamum is grown as a kharif crop in North India.
  • Option D: Castor Seed - Rabi Crop only - This is incorrect. Castor seed is grown as both a rabi and kharif crop.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 17

What is the major crop known as the "golden fibre"?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 17
  • Jute is referred to as the "golden fibre" due to its importance in various industries like making gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets, and more.
  • It thrives well in specific climatic conditions and is a significant crop in states like West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, and Meghalaya in India.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 18

India was the second largest producer of tea in 2018 after _______.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 18

India ranked as the second largest tea producer in 2018, with China holding the position as the largest producer globally.

Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 19

Assertion (A): India was the second largest producer of tea in 2018.

Reason (R): Tea cultivation in India is mainly concentrated in states like Assam, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and other regions.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 19
  • The Assertion is true. India was indeed the second largest producer of tea in 2018.
  • The Reason is also true as tea cultivation is predominantly carried out in states like Assam, Darjeeling, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and other regions.
  • However, while the Reason provides context for the assertion, it does not directly explain why India was the second largest producer of tea in 2018.
  • Hence, the correct answer is Option B as the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.
Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 20
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture - Question 20
  • Option A: Tea - Andhra Pradesh, Tripura: This pair is incorrectly matched. While Andhra Pradesh and Tripura are tea-producing states, the major tea-producing states are Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. Hence, this is not the correct match.
  • Option B: Coffee - Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand: This pair is incorrectly matched. Coffee is primarily grown in Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu, especially in the Nilgiri hills. Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are not known for coffee production.
  • Option C: Rubber - Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Garo Hills of Meghalaya: This pair is correctly matched. Rubber is grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and also in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Garo Hills of Meghalaya under special conditions. Thus, this is the correct match.
  • Option D: Jute - Tamil Nadu, Punjab: This pair is incorrectly matched. Jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha, and Meghalaya. Tamil Nadu and Punjab are not known for jute cultivation.
91 videos|502 docs|131 tests
Information about Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Important Questions (1 Mark): Agriculture, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice

Up next

91 videos|502 docs|131 tests
Download as PDF

Up next