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Test: Development (Hard) - Class 10 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Development (Hard)

Test: Development (Hard) for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Test: Development (Hard) questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Test: Development (Hard) MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Development (Hard) below.
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Test: Development (Hard) - Question 1

The National Development Council gets its administrative support from:

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 1
The administrative assistance is provided by the Planning Commission. NDC is an advisory body to the Planning Commission.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 2

In response to India's 'Look East' policy, which of the following countries has launched 'Look West' policy? (Both are complementary to each other.)

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 2
Thailand has launched ‘Look West Policy. Both of these policies are complementary to each other.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 3

Income of a country means ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 3
Income of a country means the total value of goods and services produced in a year by the residents of a country under consideration. National income is measured by NNP at factor cost.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 4

The minimum area of the land required to sustain the life of one person completely is called his

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 4
Ecological footprint is the minimum area of land required to sustain the life of an individual or a population completely.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 5

Technological development relates to ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 5
Technical development relates to anything in regions to the inventions or innovations.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 6

National Social Assistance Programme is aimed at providing

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 6
The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India that provides financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 7

"Functional Finance" is associated with:

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 7
Functional finance is an economic theory proposed by Abba P. Lerner, based on effective demand principles and chartism.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 8

What is the carbon credit?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 8
Carbon credit shows that a country or any entity emits the carbon below the limit prescribed by the government, hence the country or entity can sell it in exchange where carbon credits are traded.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 9

In the context of mitigating the impending global warming due to anthropogenic

emissions of carbon dioxide, which of the following can be the potential sites for carbon sequestration?

1. Abandoned and uneconomic coal seams

2. Depleted oil and gas reservoirs

3. Subterranean deep saline formations

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 9
Carbon sequestration may be carried out by pumping carbon into carbon sinks of two types: A. Natural sinks-ocean, forest, soil etc. B. Artificial sink-depleted oil reserve, unminable mines. So statement 1,2 and 3 are correct. And deep Saline Formations, in fact, have the highest capacity for this. So accordingly, the answer is "D".

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 10

In response to India's 'Look East' policy, which of the following countries has launched 'Look West' policy? (Both are complementary to each other.)

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 10
Thailand has launched ‘Look West Policy. Both of these policies are complementary to each other.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 11

Planning was considered a prerequisite

1. for balanced socio-economic development

2. for extending the benefits of development in an even manner.

3. for focussing on the removal of regional disparities.

4. for maximizing the utilization of available resources.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 11
Planning was considered for balanced socio-economic development to focus on removal of regional disparities and maximizing the utilization of available resources.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 12

Two of the schemes launched by the Government of India for Women's development are Swadhar and Swayam Siddha. As regards the difference between them, consider the following statements.

1. Swayan Siddha is meant for those in difficult circumstances such as women survivors of natural disasters or terrorism, women prisoners released from jails, mentally challenged women etc. whereas Swadhar is meant for holistic empowerment of women through Self Help Groups.

2.Swayamsiddha is implemented through Local Self Government bodies or reputed Voluntary Organizations, whereas Swadhar is implemented through the ICDS units set up in the states.

Which of the statements given is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 12
Swayamsiddha is an integrated programme for the empowerment of women through the network of Self-Help Groups of women. The programme shall be implemented through the State government in 650 blocks throughout the country, but the State governments will be at liberty to choose the implementing authority.

Swadhar scheme, launched in 2001, provides for holistic rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances. Twenty-two projects for the rehabilitation of the widows, women affected by riots in Gujarat, and women and girls rescued from prostitution are in operation at present. So both the statements are wrong.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 13

Competition for light, nutrients and space is most severe between

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 13
Competition is rivalry for obtaining the same resource. Competition of light, nutrients and space is most severe between closely related organisms growing in the same area/niche, due to overproduction of population in the same area/niche.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 14

Economic activities are performed for

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 14
An economic activity involving the production and sale of goods and services undertaken with a motive of earning profit by satisfying human needs in society is called business.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 15

What can be the goals/aspirations of farmers who depend only on rain for growing crop?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 15

The developmental goals of ' Farmers who depend on rain for growing crops' are to dig tubewells and canals for irrigation; higher support prices for crops; availability of hardworking and cheap labour and crop insurance.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 16

The overall welfare of people in any society is determined by

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 16
Welfare economics is the study of how the structure of markets and the allocation of economic goods and resources determine the overall well-being of society.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 17

Which of the following public facilities can ensure the development of the society and economy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 17
Provision of more government schools can ensure the development of the society and economy.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 18

A: Ecological productivity decreases from the equator towards the poles.

R: Insolation rapidly decreases from the equator towards the poles.

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 18
Explanation:
A: Ecological productivity decreases from the equator towards the poles.
- Ecological productivity refers to the ability of an ecosystem to produce biomass or organic matter.
- It is generally observed that ecological productivity decreases as we move from the equator towards the poles.
- This is because the availability of sunlight, temperature, and growing season length decreases with increasing latitude.
- The lower temperatures and reduced sunlight in polar regions limit plant growth and ultimately reduce ecological productivity.
R: Insolation rapidly decreases from the equator towards the poles.
- Insolation refers to the incoming solar radiation or sunlight received by the Earth's surface.
- Insolation is highest at the equator and decreases as we move towards the poles.
- This is primarily due to the curvature of the Earth's surface and the angle at which sunlight reaches different latitudes.
- At the equator, sunlight strikes the Earth's surface more directly, providing higher solar energy.
- As we move towards the poles, the sunlight has to pass through a larger portion of the Earth's atmosphere, resulting in scattering and absorption, leading to a decrease in insolation.
Conclusion:
- Both statement A and R are true.
- Statement R provides the correct explanation for statement A.
- Therefore, the correct answer is option A: Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.
Test: Development (Hard) - Question 19

Recently there was a proposal to translocate some of the lions from their natural habitat

in Gujarat to which one of the following sites?

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 19
Kuno Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary was a proposal to translocate some of the lions from their natural habitat in Gujarat.

Test: Development (Hard) - Question 20

In India, in the overall index of industrial production, the indices of eight core industries have a combined weight of 37-90%. Which of the following is among those eight core industries?

1. Cement

2. Fertilizers

3.Naturalgas

4.Refinery products

5.Textiles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

Detailed Solution for Test: Development (Hard) - Question 20
  • According to the data released by the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the eight-core sector industries recorded a growth of 5.5% in February 2020.
  • The eight Core Industries in decreasing order of their weightage: Refinery Products> Electricity> Steel> Coal> Crude Oil> Natural Gas> Cement> Fertilizers.
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