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Test: Federalism - 1 - Class 10 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Federalism - 1

Test: Federalism - 1 for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Test: Federalism - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Test: Federalism - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Federalism - 1 below.
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Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 1

Why was the federal system established in the United States in the late 18th century?

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 1
The federal system was established in the United States in the late 18th century to balance the power of the central government with the rights of individual states. This system was designed to distribute governmental authority between the national government and the state governments, ensuring a division of powers that prevents any one entity from becoming too dominant. It aimed to create a system where both levels of government could operate independently within their spheres of influence.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 2

What role does a country's constitution play in the concept of federalism?

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 2
In the concept of federalism, a country's constitution plays a crucial role by enshrining the division of power between the central government and regional or state governments. This means that the constitution specifies which powers are allocated to the central government and which powers are reserved for the regional or state governments. By delineating these powers, the constitution provides a legal framework that governs the relationship between different levels of government in a federal system.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 3

How does the relationship between the central government and state governments differ in federations compared to unitary systems?

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 3

The relationship between the central government and state governments differs significantly between federations and unitary systems:

- **Federations (Option 2):** State governments in federations are generally **subordinate to the central government** in specific matters defined by the constitution or federal laws. While states have considerable autonomy in certain areas, the central government typically retains authority over matters such as defense, foreign affairs, and inter-state commerce.

- **Unitary Systems (Option 3):** In unitary systems, the central government **can order state or regional governments** because power is concentrated at the national level. State or regional governments derive their authority from the central government and operate under its directives.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

2. State governments in federations are subordinate to the central government

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 4
What is the primary characteristic that defines India as a federal country?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 4
India is considered a federal country primarily due to the division of power between the central government and state governments. This division of power is a fundamental aspect of federalism, where different levels of government have distinct powers and responsibilities. It is enshrined in the Indian Constitution, which outlines the roles and authority of both the central and state governments in governing the country.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 5

What is a key feature of federalism according to the provided information?

Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 5

A key feature of federalism, as explained, is that the jurisdictions of the respective levels or tiers of government are specified in the Constitution. This ensures that each level of government has its specific area of legislation, taxation, and administration outlined in the constitutional framework, helping to delineate their powers and responsibilities.

Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 6
Which list in the Indian Constitution includes subjects exclusively under the jurisdiction of the central government?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 6
The Union Lists in the Indian Constitution consist of subjects that are exclusively within the jurisdiction of the central government. Only the Union Government, or the central government, has the authority to make laws related to the subjects listed in this category. These subjects typically include matters of national importance such as defense, foreign affairs, banking, communications, and currency.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 7
Which list in the Indian Constitution allows both the Union and State Governments to make laws on the mentioned subjects?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 7
The Concurrent List in the Indian Constitution permits both the Union Government and the State Governments to make laws on the subjects specified in this list. In cases where there is a conflict between laws made by the two levels of government, the law enacted by the Union Government takes precedence. Subjects in this list typically revolve around areas of common interest to both the Union and State Governments, such as education, forests, trade unions, marriage, adoption, and succession.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 8
What was the significance of the creation of linguistic states in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 8
The creation of linguistic states in India was aimed at ensuring that individuals who spoke the same language resided in the same states. This move was crucial in addressing linguistic diversity and fostering a sense of cultural and linguistic identity among different communities within the country.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 9
What is one of the major responsibilities of the central government in India as outlined in the practice of federalism?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 9
In the federal system of governance in India, the central government is primarily responsible for addressing issues of national importance such as defence, foreign affairs, and currency. This allocation of responsibilities helps maintain a clear division of powers between the central, state, and local governments, ensuring effective governance at different levels.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 10
How did the Indian Constitution address the issue of language policy?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 10
The Indian Constitution did not designate any language as the national language but identified Hindi as the official language. The use of English for official purposes was initially intended to cease in 1965; however, due to various factors, its use continued alongside Hindi. This approach aimed to balance linguistic diversity and promote the use of Hindi without imposing it on states where other languages were predominant.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 11
How did the rise of regional political parties in India impact federalism and governance?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 11
The emergence of regional political parties in India brought about a shift towards coalition governments at the central level, encouraging power-sharing arrangements and fostering a greater respect for the autonomy of state governments. This development enhanced federal power-sharing and cooperation between different levels of government, promoting a more inclusive and collaborative governance structure.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 12
What term is used to describe the process of transferring power away from the Central and State government in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 12
Decentralization refers to the transfer of power from the Central and State governments to a third tier of government, such as local government bodies. This process allows for more direct participation in decision-making at the local level, enhancing democracy and governance.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 13
What is the popular name for the rural local government system in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 13
The rural local government system in India is commonly known as Panchayati Raj. It consists of councils with ward members (Panch) and a president or sarpanch, who are directly elected by the adult population in the respective ward or village.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 14
Which body in India is responsible for governing all the villages in a district?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 14
The Zila Parishad is the governing body that comprises all the Panchayat Samiti or Mandals in a district in India. It plays a crucial role in coordinating and overseeing the functions of the local governments at the district level.
Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 15
What is highlighted as the significance of the new system of local government in India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Federalism - 1 - Question 15
The new system of local government in India is recognized for conducting the largest democracy experiment globally. It allows for greater grassroots participation in decision-making processes, promoting democracy at the local level and empowering communities to be actively engaged in governance.
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