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Test: Power-sharing - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Power-sharing - 2

Test: Power-sharing - 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Power-sharing - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Power-sharing - 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Power-sharing - 2 below.
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Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 1

What event in Sri Lanka, occurring in 1956, heightened the grievances of Tamil speakers and led to further preferential policies favoring the Sinhalese population?

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 1
The Act in 1956 in Sri Lanka that recognized only Sinhala as the official language exacerbated the grievances of Tamil speakers. This move marginalized the Tamil population and paved the way for subsequent policies that favored the Sinhalese community in various aspects, such as government jobs and university admissions.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 2

What was a major consequence of the civil war in Sri Lanka on the country's economy and population?

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 2
The civil war in Sri Lanka had a detrimental impact on the country's economy and population. It resulted in a significant setback to economic development, widespread destruction, loss of lives, and the emergence of a large refugee population seeking safety in other countries, disrupting the social and economic dynamics of Sri Lanka.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 3

Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in _______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 3

Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948.

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 4
What was a significant factor contributing to tension and domination in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 4
Economic disparities played a crucial role in creating tension and domination in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s. Despite the French-speaking population being a minority (40%), they were wealthier and had control over the economy, leading to significant disparities and discontent among the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 5
In Belgium, what role does the capital city of Brussels play in terms of governance?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 5
In Belgium, the capital city of Brussels plays a significant role in governance as it has a government that includes representation from both the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities. This setup reflects the country's commitment to power sharing and ensuring that both linguistic groups have a voice in the decision-making processes at the regional level. It highlights the importance of inclusivity and representation in governance structures.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 6
What is one key aspect of power-sharing in a democracy that distinguishes it from other forms of government?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 6
Power-sharing in a democracy stands out for its inherent respect for each social group. Unlike other forms of government, democracies aim to ensure that various social groups have a voice and representation in decision-making processes, fostering inclusivity and diversity within the governance structure.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 7

Which language was recognized as the only official language of Sri Lanka in 1956? (2012)
 

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 7

In 1956, the Official Language Act No. 33 declared Sinhala as the only official language, replacing English which had been imposed under British colonial rule.

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 8
How do political parties, pressure groups, and Public Interest groups influence decision-making in a democracy?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 8
Political parties, pressure groups, and Public Interest groups play a crucial role in influencing the decision-making and law-making processes in a democracy. Through advocacy, lobbying, and public engagement, these groups contribute to shaping policies, representing various interests, and ensuring that diverse viewpoints are considered in the governance of a nation.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 9
What does the term "Ethnicity" primarily refer to?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 9
"Ethnicity refers to a social division based on shared culture. People belonging to the same ethnic group often share similarities in physical type or culture, fostering a sense of common descent. This shared cultural identity may not necessarily be tied to religion or nationality but is based on cultural similarities such as language, traditions, and customs."
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 10

Where is the parliament of European Union? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 10

The European Parliament has three places of work – Brussels (Belgium), the city of Luxembourg and Strasbourg (France). Luxembourg is home to the administrative offices (the "General Secretariat"). Meetings of the whole Parliament ("plenary sessions") take place in Strasbourg and in Brussels.

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 11
What is the significance of "Reserved Constituencies" in a political context?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 11
"Reserved Constituencies play a crucial role in ensuring minority representation and a fair share of power within political systems. By reserving constituencies for minorities in assemblies and parliaments, these groups are given a platform to have their voices heard and participate in the decision-making processes. This practice helps in promoting inclusivity and diversity within governance structures."
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 12

Which of the following is not a federal country?

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 12

Correct Answer :- D

China is not a federal country. There is a communist party in China. Federal is relating to a system of government in which several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs.

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 13
What is the primary purpose of "Vertical Division of Power" in a government structure?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 13
"The concept of Vertical Division of Power aims to balance power between higher and lower levels of government, such as the central, provincial, and regional levels. By distributing power vertically across various tiers of governance, this system helps in decentralizing authority and promoting effective decision-making at different administrative levels. It ensures that power is not concentrated solely at the central level but is shared among different governing bodies."
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 14

How many languages are scheduled in the Indian Constitution? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 14

The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 languages, which have been referred to as scheduled languages and given recognition, status and official encouragement

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 15
What characterizes a "Coalition Government" in a political setup?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 15
"A Coalition Government is formed when two or more political parties come together to create a governing alliance. This collaborative approach allows parties with differing ideologies to work together towards common goals and govern collectively. Coalition governments are often seen in scenarios where no single party gains a clear majority in elections, leading to the necessity of forming alliances to establish a functional government."
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 16
What is the primary reason for implementing power-sharing arrangements in governance?
Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 16
Power-sharing is implemented in governance primarily to ensure political stability and reduce social conflict. By allowing different segments of society to have a permanent share of power, power-sharing helps in fostering unity, preventing conflict, and maintaining stability in diverse societies. It is a mechanism to address the interests of various groups and avoid the domination of one group over others, thereby promoting a more inclusive and stable political environment.
Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 17

Why did the Sri Lankan Tamils launch parties and struggle?

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 17

The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and struggles for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs. But their demand for more autonomy to provinces populated by the Tamils was repeatedly denied. By 1980s several political organizations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Elam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka. The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict. It soon turned into a Civil War. 

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 18

Which of the following is an example of holding together federation? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 18

A 'holding-together' federation is where a large country decides to divide its power between the constituent states and the national government. India, Spain, and Belgium are examples of this kind of federation.

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 19

Which of the following is very important factor for better understanding between Central and State Government?

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 19

The rising era of Coalition government and regional politics has given rise to inter-relation between center and state governments.  The word 'coalition' means a collective type that decides to work collectively jointly in an alliance to achieve a shared goal between two or more individuals, factions, governments, political parties, military forces, etc. Tolerance and in case of no single party rule makes it easier.

Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 20

Which one of the following is correct regarding power sharing?
A. It leads to conflict between different groups.
B. It ensures the stability of the country.
C. It helps to reduce the conflict between different groups. 

Detailed Solution for Test: Power-sharing - 2 - Question 20

Power sharing ensures that all people have stake in government.
Power sharing ensures maximum participation. It upholds the concept of people’s rule. It always brings better outcomes in democracy. It ensures the political stability in democracy.
Power sharing accommodates diverse groups. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.

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