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Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Class 10 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2

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Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 1

What event led to the formation of the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain' in the 18th century?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 1
The formation of the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain' in the 18th century was a result of the passing of the Act of Union in 1707 between England and Scotland. This legislative act brought the two nations together under one unified entity, marking an important step in the political consolidation of the British Isles.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 2

Who played a significant role in the unification of Italy by leading Italian forces into southern Italy in 1860?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 2
Giuseppe Garibaldi played a crucial role in the unification of Italy by leading Italian forces into southern Italy in 1860. With the support of his volunteers, known as the "Redshirts," Garibaldi played a key military role in the unification process, contributing to the eventual formation of a united Italy under King Victor Emmanuel II.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 3

Which of the following best describes the political dynamics between England and Scotland after the Act of Union in 1707?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 3
Following the Act of Union in 1707, England came to dominate the political landscape within the newly formed 'United Kingdom of Great Britain.' The English Parliament wielded significant power and influence, leading to the suppression of Scottish political and cultural identities as England's dominance grew within the unified nation.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 4
What event marked the proclamation of the new German Empire in 1871?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 4
The proclamation of the new German Empire in 1871 took place during an assembly at the Palace of Versailles. This significant event involved the gathering of princes from the German states, representatives of the army, and key Prussian ministers, including Otto von Bismarck, in the Hall of Mirrors. The proclamation marked the establishment of the German Empire under Kaiser William I of Prussia and signified a pivotal moment in German history.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 5
What concept became intense and narrow-minded in the mid-nineteenth century, leading to nations becoming intolerant of each other and competing for territorial control?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 5
Nationalism, the feeling of love for one's own nation, became intense and narrow-minded in the mid-nineteenth century. This intense nationalism led to nations becoming intolerant of each other and competing with one another for territorial control. It heightened tensions between countries and fueled conflicts and power struggles.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 6
Which region, formerly comprising present-day territories of various countries, witnessed intense conflict as European nationalities struggled for independence, eventually leading to the First World War in 1914?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 6
The Balkan region, which formerly comprised territories such as Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Greece, and others, became an area of intense conflict as different Slavic nationalities struggled to define their identity and gain independence. This intense struggle for independence and identity in the Balkans eventually contributed to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 7
What movement began in the colonies of Asian and African countries that were colonized by European nations, representing a nationalist fight against imperial domination?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 7
Anti-imperial movements emerged in colonies across Asian and African countries that were colonized by European nations. These movements were nationalist in nature, with people fighting against imperial domination to establish independent nation-states. The resistance against colonial rule marked a significant turning point in the history of decolonization and the rise of independent nations.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 8
Which event depicted in a painting by Alphonse-Marie-Adolphe de Neuville from 1887 symbolizes French students being educated about the lost provinces of Alsace-Lorraine taken by Germany in 1871?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 8
The painting by Alphonse-Marie-Adolphe de Neuville from 1887 portrays French students being taught about the lost provinces of Alsace-Lorraine, which were taken by Germany in 1871 during the Franco-Prussian War. This event symbolizes a significant moment in French history when these territories were annexed by Germany, leading to a sense of loss and the desire to regain these regions.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 9
What economic challenges did Europe face in the 1830s, leading to widespread pauperism in both urban and rural areas?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 9
Europe faced economic hardships in the 1830s, with a significant increase in population leading to overcrowded urban slums. The rise in food prices coupled with widespread unemployment exacerbated poverty and pauperism among both urban laborers and rural peasants, contributing to social unrest and popular revolts during this period.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 10
What did the educated middle classes demand during the revolution of 1848 in Europe?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 10
During the revolution of 1848 in Europe, the educated middle classes demanded the creation of a nation-state based on parliamentary principles. This included advocating for a constitution, freedom of the press, and freedom of association. This movement was a significant push towards liberal ideals and political reforms in various European regions during that time.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 11
Who rejected the offer of the Crown for the German nation in 1848, leading to opposition against the elected assembly?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 11
Friedrich Wilhelm IV, King of Prussia, rejected the offer of the Crown for the German nation in 1848, which led to his opposition against the elected assembly. This refusal contributed to the challenges faced by the liberal movement in establishing a unified nation-state during that period.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 12
What approach did nationalism take in Europe after 1848, moving away from its initial association with democracy and revolution?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 12
After 1848, nationalism in Europe shifted away from its initial association with democracy and revolution. Instead, nationalist sentiments were often harnessed by conservatives to promote state power and achieve political dominance over Europe. This change in approach led to a reevaluation of the role of nationalism in shaping political structures and ideologies in various European regions.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 13
How did the memory of the French Revolution inspire liberals in the post-1815 era?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 13
The memory of the French Revolution continued to inspire liberals in the post-1815 era, particularly concerning the importance of freedom of the press. Liberals criticized the new conservative order and advocated for greater political freedoms, including freedom of expression through the press. This issue was a significant point of contention between liberal nationalists and conservative regimes during this period.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 14
What was the primary goal of the secret societies formed in many European states in 1815, as mentioned in the provided content?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 14
The secret societies formed in many European states in 1815 aimed to train revolutionaries and spread their revolutionary ideas. These societies played a crucial role in opposing monarchical forms of government and advocating for liberty and freedom. Revolutionary leaders like Giuseppe Mazzini founded underground societies like Young Italy and Young Europe to further these goals.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 15
Which event mobilized nationalist sentiments among the educated elite in Europe, as described in the provided information?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 15
The Greek War of Independence was an event that mobilized nationalist feelings among the educated elite in Europe. The struggle for independence among the Greeks, which began in 1821, sparked a growth of revolutionary nationalism in Europe. This event attracted support from individuals like the English poet Lord Byron, who not only organized funds but also fought in the war himself.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 16
Who described Giuseppe Mazzini as 'the most dangerous enemy of our social order' due to his relentless opposition to monarchy and his vision of democratic republics?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 16
Giuseppe Mazzini was described as 'the most dangerous enemy of our social order' by Metternich. This description stemmed from Mazzini's unwavering opposition to monarchy and his advocacy for the establishment of democratic republics. His vision of a world without monarchies posed a significant threat to the conservative order of the time.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 17
What economic challenges were faced in Europe during the 1830s, as highlighted in the provided content?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 17
The 1830s in Europe witnessed a rise in prices, bad harvests, and widespread poverty. This period was marked by economic difficulties that affected various segments of society, leading to discontent among not only the poor, unemployed, and starving peasants but also the educated middle classes. These economic challenges contributed to the social unrest and revolutionary movements that characterized the era.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 18
What cultural movement sought to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment during the 18th and 19th centuries?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 18
Romanticism was a cultural movement during the 18th and 19th centuries that aimed to develop a particular form of nationalist sentiment. It emphasized emotions, individualism, and the glorification of the past and nature. Romantic artists and writers often sought to evoke a sense of national identity and pride through their works, connecting with the cultural and historical roots of their respective countries.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 19
Which German philosopher claimed that true German culture was to be discovered among the common people (das volk)?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 19
Johann Gottfried Herder, a German philosopher, argued that true German culture was to be found among the common people, known as das volk. He believed that the spirit of the nation (volkgeist) could be popularized through folk songs, folk poetry, and folk dances, emphasizing the importance of cultural expressions rooted in the everyday lives of the people.
Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 20
In which year did an armed rebellion against Russian rule take place, only to be ultimately crushed?
Detailed Solution for Test: The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - 2 - Question 20
In 1831, an armed rebellion against Russian rule took place, but it was ultimately crushed by the authorities. This event underscores the tensions and resistance faced by populations under foreign domination, highlighting the struggles for independence and self-determination in various regions during the 19th century.
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