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Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Class 9 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 9 - Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics for Class 9 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 9 preparation. The Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 9 exam syllabus.The Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics MCQs are made for Class 9 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics below.
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Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 1

Which of these is not a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 1
We can say that Indian Elections are democratic  as:-
1) every citizen in India above the age of 18 have voting rights iirrespective of their age, gender, cast, religion etc.
2) people have the right to protest and take actions against government when they are not satsatisfied with the current government rule. Then cay even vote them out of office at the time of election. 
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 2

Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioner (CCE) of India?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 2
The Chief election commission of India is appointed by the president on the recommendation of council minister of India under article 324(2) constitution of India.
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 3

What is the age of a person who can contest election for Lok Sabha in India?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 3
Article 84 (b) of Constitution of India provides that the minimum age for becoming a candidate for Lok Sabha election shall be 25 years. Similar provision exists for a candidate to the Legislative Assemblies vide Article 173 (b) of the Constitution read with Sec. 36 (2) of the R. P. Act, 1950.
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 4

The number of Lok Sabha Constituencies in India at present is:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 4

There are currently 543 constituencies in Lok Sabha. Maximum size of Lok Sabha as outlined in the Constitution of India is 550 in which 530 members represent people of the states of India and 20 members representing people from the Union Territories on the basis of their population.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 5

The voter’s list is also known as: 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 5

The electoral roll is a list of persons who are eligible to vote in a particular electoral district and who are registered to vote, if required in a particular jurisdiction.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 6

Which of the following statements is against the democratic process of elections? 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 6

The spirit of democracy means government by the people , for the people and to the people. Therefore, giving right to vote is foremost criteria to hold on.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 7

The number of seats reserved for scheduled caste in Lok Sabha is: 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 7

A total of 131 seats (24.03%) are reserved for representatives of Scheduled Castes (84) and Scheduled Tribes (47).

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 8

Which one of the following provisions fails to ensure fair and equal chance to compete to candidates and political parties?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 8

For ensuring that there is just ways to function there should be proper guidelines and therefore mandated code of conduct.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 9

Which of the following does not include election procedure? 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 9

Booth Capturing is a practice carried out by members of a political party during an election, that involves staying in a polling booth for long periods of time, stopping people entering who are registered to vote, and voting in their place in order to give the party an unfair advantage.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 10

Which of the following is not allowed while carrying out an election campaign?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 10

The elections should be free and fair. Use of money or muscle power are considered unfair means of campaigning.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 11

Which among the following is not correct? 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 11

When the five-year limit is up, or the legislature has been dissolved and new elections have been called, the Election Commission puts into effect the machinery for holding an election. The Commission normally announces the schedule of elections in a major Press Conference a few weeks before the formal process is set in motion. A separate date for counting is fixed and the results declared for each constituency by the concerned Returning Officer.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 12

Which is the new reform introduced in the electoral process by the Election Commission?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 12

Electronic Voting Machine ( EVM ) is an electronic device for recording votes. This will enable the voter to cast his vote by pressing the blue button on the Balloting Unit against the candidate and symbol of his choice.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 13

Which of the following statements regarding elections and election commission hold true ?
(i) Election Commission of India has enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
(ii) There is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country.
(iii) It is very easy for the party in power to win an election.
(iv) Many reforms are needed to make our elections completely free and fair.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 13

The party in power often loses elections. It is always the anti-incumbency factor working against it.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 14

Who has given the slogan ‘Garibi Hatao’?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 14

The Congress party led by Indira Gandhi gave the slogan of Garibi Hatao (Remove poverty) in the Lok Sabha elections of 1971. The party promised to reorient all the policies of the government to remove poverty from the country.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 15

Elections in India for Parliament and State Legislatures are conducted by ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 15
Elections in India for Parliament and State Legislatures are conducted by the Election Commission of India.
The Election Commission of India is an independent constitutional authority responsible for ensuring free and fair elections in the country. It is a permanent body established under the provisions of the Constitution of India.
Functions of the Election Commission of India:
- Conducting elections: The Election Commission is responsible for conducting elections to the Parliament, State Legislatures, and the offices of the President and Vice-President of India. It oversees the entire electoral process, from the preparation of electoral rolls to the counting of votes.
- Delimitation of constituencies: The Commission is responsible for the delimitation of constituencies for elections to the Parliament and State Legislatures. It reviews and determines the boundaries of electoral constituencies to ensure equal representation.
- Voter registration: The Election Commission oversees the registration of voters and the preparation of electoral rolls. It ensures that eligible citizens are enrolled as voters and that the electoral rolls are accurate and up to date.
- Election code of conduct: The Commission enforces the Model Code of Conduct, which is a set of guidelines for political parties and candidates to ensure fair and ethical campaigning during elections.
- Monitoring and enforcement: The Election Commission monitors the conduct of elections and takes necessary measures to prevent malpractices and electoral fraud. It has the authority to cancel elections in case of irregularities and misconduct.
- Electoral reforms: The Commission works towards electoral reforms and improving the electoral process in India. It suggests amendments to election laws and recommends changes to strengthen the democratic system.
Conclusion:
The Election Commission of India is responsible for conducting elections in India for Parliament and State Legislatures. It plays a crucial role in ensuring free and fair elections and upholding the democratic principles of the country.
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 16

Members of Election Commission are appointed by ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 16
 In India, Members of Election Commission are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister who is advised by the Council of Ministers. Hence, 'A' is the correct answer.
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 17

By-Election is the election which is held ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 17
In the UK a writ for a by-election must be issued within three months of a vacancy arising. In the United States, special elections are held when a seat in the House of Representatives, state legislature, or local legislature becomes vacant.
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 18

In Democracy Elections are important because :

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 18

The nature of democracy is that elected officials are accountable to the people, and they must return to the voters at prescribed intervals to seek their mandate to continue in office. For that reason most democratic constitutions provide that elections are held at fixed regular intervals.

Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 19

Following is a weakness (challenge to) Indian election system: 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 19
Misuse of official machinery:
Though some steps have been taken by the Election Commission and the election laws to check the misuse of official machinery during the elections, yet the ruling party makes use of government servants, vehicles and discretionary grants to win the voters in their favour.
Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 20

During election the voters make many choices. Select the correct options. 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions (1 mark): Electoral Politics - Question 20

The voters choose their government. They choose who will govern them and make rules and policies for their governance and betterment.

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