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Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Class 9 MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 9 - Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 for Class 9 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 9 preparation. The Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 9 exam syllabus.The Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 MCQs are made for Class 9 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 below.
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Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 1

A single party, the ‘Baath Party’ is allowed to rule in

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 1

The Correct Answer is C: Iraq

Iraq is a country in Western Asia. It became independent from Briitish rule in 1932. Three decades later there were a series of coups by military officers. Since 1968, it was ruled by Arab Socialist Ba’th Party (the Arabic word Ba’th means renaissance. In Syria, the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party was founded on 7 April 1947. The party has been ruling Syria since 1963 after the Syrian Coup.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 2

In China, the National People’s Congress has the power to appoint the__________ of the country.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 2
  • The National People's Congress in China has the power to appoint the President of the country.
  • This appointment is a significant decision as the President holds a key position in the government and plays a crucial role in shaping policies and leading the nation.
  • The President is the head of state and represents China both domestically and internationally.
  • The appointment process involves members of the National People's Congress voting to select the President from a list of candidates.
  • Once appointed, the President serves a fixed term in office and carries out the duties and responsibilities associated with the position.
Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 3

Which of the following statements is correct about democracy?

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 3

In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value
- Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislation.
- In a democratic system, each adult citizen is given the right to vote in elections.
- The principle of "one person, one vote" ensures that each individual's vote carries the same weight as any other citizen's vote.
- This means that each vote must have equal value, regardless of factors such as age, gender, or socioeconomic status.
- Democracy aims to ensure that all eligible citizens have the opportunity to participate in the decision-making process and have their voices heard.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 4

Presidential form of democracy is in practice in

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 4
  • In the United States, the presidential form of democracy is practiced.

  • This system of government separates the executive branch from the legislative branch.

  • The President is the head of the executive branch and is elected separately from the legislature by the citizens of the country.

  • The President serves as both the head of state and the head of government.

  • The President has significant powers, including the ability to veto legislation passed by Congress and to issue executive orders.

  • There is a system of checks and balances in place to ensure that no one branch of government becomes too powerful.

  • The President is elected to a four-year term and can serve a maximum of two terms.
Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 5

Who passed the ‘Legal Framework Order’?

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 5

The Legal Framework Order, 2002 was issued by Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf in August 2002. It provided for the general elections of 2002 and the revival of the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan, and added numerous amendments to the Constitution.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 6

Zimbabwe attained independence in 1990.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 6

The country gained official independence as Zimbabwe on 18 April 1980. The government held independence celebrations in Rufaro stadium in Salisbury, the capita

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 7

The meaning of ‘democracy’ is that

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 7

Rulers are elected by the people: Democracy is a form of government where the leaders are chosen through regular, free, and fair elections where every eligible citizen has the right to vote. The elected leaders represent the will of the people and are accountable to them.


     
Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 8

Since 1930, which country holds elections after every six years and which has never been under a military or dictator’s rule? 

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 8

- Mexico holds elections every six years to elect a new president.
- The country has never been under military rule or dictatorship since 1930.
- Mexico has a long history of democracy and peaceful transitions of power through elections.
- The Mexican people have a strong commitment to upholding democratic principles and ensuring that their leaders are chosen through free and fair elections.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 9

ZANU-PF is a political party that led the freedom struggle in Zimbabwe.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 9
  • ZANU-PF, which stands for Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front, was a political party that played a significant role in leading the freedom struggle in Zimbabwe.

  • During the liberation struggle against colonial rule in Zimbabwe, ZANU-PF, along with other liberation movements, fought for independence and self-governance.

  • ZANU-PF was founded in 1963 and was instrumental in organizing and mobilizing support for the liberation struggle, which eventually led to the independence of Zimbabwe in 1980.

  • After independence, ZANU-PF became the ruling party in Zimbabwe and has been in power for several decades, shaping the country's political landscape and policies.

  • While ZANU-PF played a crucial role in the liberation struggle, it has also faced criticism for its governance, human rights abuses, and economic challenges in Zimbabwe.
Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 10

Democracy enhances the dignity of the

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 10

Enhancement of Citizens' Dignity through Democracy
- Democracy empowers citizens by giving them a voice in decision-making processes.
- It allows individuals to participate in the governance of their country, leading to a sense of ownership and responsibility.
- Through democratic processes such as elections, citizens have the opportunity to choose their representatives, thus ensuring accountability.
- Freedom of expression and opinion are protected in a democratic system, allowing citizens to express themselves without fear of reprisal.
- The rights and freedoms guaranteed by democracy contribute to the overall dignity of citizens, as they are treated as equal members of society.
- By promoting equality and inclusivity, democracy ensures that all citizens have the opportunity to participate in public life and contribute to the common good.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 11

Autocracy gives every man the right to be his own oppressor.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 11

  • Autocracy refers to a system of government where one person, often a dictator or monarch, holds all the power and authority.

  • Under autocracy, the ruler has the power to oppress and control the population without any checks or balances.

  • When every man has the right to be his own oppressor in an autocratic system, it means that individuals can act as oppressors over themselves and others due to the concentration of power in the hands of a single ruler.

  • Therefore, in an autocracy, individuals may inadvertently contribute to their own oppression by supporting or upholding the ruling authority that has the power to oppress them.
Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 12

Which of the following statements is not correct about the rule of law and respect for rights in a democracy?

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 12

- Sufficient Room for Normal Political Activity:
- In a democracy, there should be sufficient room for normal political activity, which includes freedom of speech, assembly, and association. Citizens should be able to participate in political processes without fear of reprisal or persecution.

- Respect for Basic Rights:
- The state should respect some basic rights of the citizens, such as the right to life, liberty, and property. These rights are enshrined in many democratic constitutions and should be protected by the state.

- Freedom to Form Associations:
- Citizens should be free to form associations, such as political parties, interest groups, and civil society organizations. This allows for the expression of diverse opinions and the ability to advocate for different causes.

- Equality Before the Law:
- In a democracy, everyone should be equal in the eyes of the law. This means that all individuals, regardless of their background or status, should be treated fairly and equally under the law. No one should be above the law, and all should be held accountable for their actions.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 13

In Zimbabwe, the government controls the media to publish

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 13

Government Control of Media in Zimbabwe


  • The government in Zimbabwe controls the media to publish the ruling party version of events and news.

  • By controlling the media, the government can shape the narrative and control the information that is disseminated to the public.

  • This can lead to a biased and one-sided view of current events, as only the ruling party's perspective is allowed to be portrayed in the media.

  • By controlling the media, the government can suppress dissenting voices and limit the spread of alternative viewpoints.

  •  

This control over the media can have serious implications for freedom of speech and democracy in Zimbabwe, as it limits the ability of the public to access unbiased information and form their own opinions on political matters.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 14

Democracy does not provide any method to deal with differences and conflicts

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 14

- Democratic systems provide mechanisms to address differences and conflicts:
- In a democratic society, individuals have the freedom to express their opinions and beliefs through various channels such as voting, protests, and media platforms.
- The presence of political parties and interest groups allows for differing viewpoints to be represented and debated within the political system.
- Democratic institutions like the judiciary, legislative bodies, and executive branches provide avenues for resolving conflicts through legal means and negotiation.

- Conflict resolution mechanisms in democracy:
- Elections allow citizens to choose their representatives and hold them accountable for their actions, providing a peaceful way to resolve differences through the democratic process.
- Public debates and discussions in democratic societies help in understanding different perspectives and finding common ground to address conflicts.
- Civil society organizations and non-governmental organizations play a crucial role in mediating conflicts and promoting dialogue among different groups.

- Conclusion:
- In conclusion, while democracy may not eliminate differences and conflicts entirely, it provides a framework and mechanisms to address them peacefully and constructively. Through active participation, dialogue, and respect for the rule of law, democratic societies can navigate differences and conflicts in a manner that upholds the values of equality, freedom, and justice.

Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 15

A democratic government has to respect some guarantees to the minorities.

Detailed Solution for Test: What Is Democracy? Why Democracy?- 2 - Question 15
  • Protection of Minority Rights: In a democratic government, it is essential to respect and protect the rights of minorities to ensure that all citizens are treated fairly and have equal opportunities.

  • Equal Treatment: Guaranteeing certain rights and protections to minorities helps prevent discrimination and ensures that all individuals, regardless of their background, have a voice in the democratic process.

  • Preventing Tyranny of the Majority: By respecting minority rights, a democratic government can prevent the tyranny of the majority and ensure that the rights of all individuals are protected, even if they are in the minority.

  • Promoting Diversity: Protecting minority rights can also help promote diversity and inclusion within society, leading to a more vibrant and inclusive democratic system.
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