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Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 12 - Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT)

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) for NEET 2024 is part of Biology Class 12 preparation. The Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) below.
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Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 1

The reason behind conserving biodiversity have been grouped into which of the following categories?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 1

We should conserve biodiversity. The reason for this can be broadly divided into three categories.
(i) Narrowly utilltarian (Humans derive a major part of their requirement from organisms).
(ii) Broadly utilitarian (Biodiversity is fundamental to ecosystem services of nature).
(iii) Ethical (Every living species has an intrinsic value, it is our moral duty not to destory them).

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 2

'Broadly utilitarian' argument for the conservation of biodiversity does not include

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 2

Bioprospecting or exploring molecular, genetic and species level-diversity for gaining the products of economic importance. It comes under narrowly utilitarian category. 

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 3

In a national park, protection is provided to

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 3

National park is a reserved area used for conservation purposes. It is maintained by government. Cultivation, grazing, forestry and habitat manipulation are not allowed. Protection is provided to the entire ecosystem.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 4

Presently, total number of biodiversity hotspots in the world is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 4

Total number of hotspots indentified by ecologists is 34 covering an area less than 2% of land surface with about 44% of species.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 5

Presently india has ____ biosphere reserves_____national park and ___wildlife sancturies

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 5

India now has 14 biosphere reserves, 90 national parks and 448 wildlife sanctuaries. Biosphere reserves, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries are all examples of in-situ conservation. 

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 6

India relishes a history of relishes a history of religious and culture traditions which emphasised the protection of nature. In many cultures, tracts of forest were set aside, all the trees and wildlife within were venerated and given total protection. Such areas are refferred to as

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 6

Sacred forests (= sacred groves) are forest patches around places of worship which are held in high esteem by tribal communities. They are the most undisturbed forest patches (island of pristine forests) which are often surrounded by highly degraded landscapes. They are found in several parts of India, e.g., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, etc. Many endemic species which are of have become extinct elsewhere can be seen to flourish here.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 7

What is the name of the species whose population has been reduced to a critical level?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 7

Endangered species are those whose population has been reduced to a critical level and are at high risk of extinction in the wild. Brown spider monkeys, Bengal tigers, Ganga river dolphins, Indian Rhinos, Blackbuck, and other endangered species are examples.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 8

Which of the following statements regarding biodiversity hotspots are incorrect?
(i) High endemism
(ii) High level of species richness
(iii) Total number is 34 in the world
(iv) Five of these occur in India
(v) High alien species invasion
(vi) Cover less than 2% of the earth's land area, but if properly conserved, they can reduce extinctions by about 30%

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 8

Exotic species tend to cause a threat to biodiversity. They are not found in hotspots which are regions of high biodiversity. In India, 3 hotspots are found, i.e., Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma (N-E India) and Himalayas.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 9

The narrowly utilitarian arguments for biodiversity conservation include which of the following from the given list?
(i) Industrial products like dyes, lubricants
(ii) Ecosystem services like photosynthesis
(iii) Pollinators layer of bees, birds and bats
(iv) Firewood, fibre and construction material
(v) The aesthetic pleasure of walking through thick woods
(vi) Products of medicinal importance
(vii) Watching spring flowers in full bloom

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 9

Narrowly utilitarian arguments for biodiversity conservation include direct benefits from organisms. Industrual products, firewood, fibre, construction  material and medicinal products are all included under narrowly utilitarian category.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 10

Ex situ conservation is used for the conservation of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 10

Ex situ (off site) conservation is conservation of selected rare plants/animals in places outside their natural homes. It is a desirable approach to save threatened or endangered plant or animal species from extinction. Ex situ conservation includes offsite collections, gene banks, in vitro fertilisation, cryopreservation techniques and tissue calture.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 11

Which of the following is not an example of in situ conservation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 11

In situ (on site) conservation is conservation and protection of the whole ecosystem and its biodiversity at all levels in order to protect the treatened species. Two methods are being used to save biodiversity, hotspots and protected areas. Protected areas include national parks, sanctuaries, biosphere reserves and sacred forests. Zoological parks serve the purpose of ex-situ conservation.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 12

Which of the following is not included under in situ conservation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 12

In situ, conservation protects species in their natural habitats, such as national parks and biosphere reserves, while botanical gardens provide an artificial environment for plant species.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 13

'Which of the following is not an objective of Convention of Biodiversity? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 13

The various commitments of Convertion on Biological Diversity (CBD) at Rio de Janeiro (1992), Brazil were (i) Adoption of ways and means to conserve biodiversity (ii) Managing biodiversity for sustainable use (iii) Ensuring equitable sharing of benefits from biological diversity including utilisation of genetic resources.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 14

First 'Earth Summit' for Convention on Biological Diversity' (CBD) was held at

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 14

Earth summit at Rio de Jenerio (1992), Brazil promoted Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) which was signed by 152 nations. Its recommendations came into effect on 29th Dec. 1993. India became a party to this Convention on Biological Diversity in May, 1994.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 15

What is considered as the rivet in the ‘Rivet popper hypothesis’?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 15

aul Ehrlich, a Stanford ecologist gave the ‘Rivet popper hypothesis’. In this hypothesis, he considered species as a rivet. This hypothesis provides a perspective on what might happen if a few species of the planet are extinct.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 16

Symbol of WWF is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 16

The symbol of World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is a giant panda.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 17

Refer to the given figure representing different zones of a biosphere reserve.

Choose the correct answer as per the statements given below:
(i) Limited human activity is allowed such as for research and education.
(ii) An active co-operation occurs between reserve management and local people for activities like cropping, settlements, etc.
(iii) No human activity is allowed.

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 17

A −  Core area
B − Buffer zone
C − Transition zone

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 18

Cryopreservation is the reservation of germplasm at very low temperature of around

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 18

Cryopreservation is preservation at −196C (liquid nitrogen). It can maintain tissue culture, embryos, animal cells/ tissues, spermatozoa indefinitely. The cryopreserved material is revived through special technique when required.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 19

Which of the given statements is true?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 19

National parks are meant for protection of entire ecosystem (both flora and fauna). Wildlife sanctuaries are ecosystem tracts of land where wild animals (fauna) can take refuge without being hunted. Activities such as collection of forest products, harvesting of timber, private ownership of land, etc. are not allowed in national parks.

Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 20

Biodiversity Act of India was passed by the Parliament in the year

Detailed Solution for Test: Biodiversity & Conservation (NCERT) - Question 20

The bidiversity Act provids support for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources. The Biological Act of ndia was passed in 2002. This act of pailiament received the assent of President of India on the 5th February 2003.

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