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Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Biology Class 12 - Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT)

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Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 1

Consider the following three statements and select the correct option stating which one is true (T) and which one is false (F).
(i) The skull of baby chimpanzee is more like adult human skull than adult chimpanzee skull.
(ii) The first mammals were like shrews.
(iii) The work of Thomas Malthus on populations influenced Lamarck.

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 1

(i) The skull of a baby chimpanzee is more like an adult human skull than an adult chimpanzee skull. This is true. The skulls of baby chimpanzees and humans are very similar in shape and size. As they grow, the skulls of chimpanzees begin to differentiate and become more distinct.

(ii) The first mammals were like shrews. This is also true. The earliest known mammals were small, shrew-like creatures that lived during the Mesozoic Era, around 200 million years ago.

(iii) The work of Thomas Malthus on populations influenced Lamarck. This is false. It was Charles Darwin, not Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who was influenced by Thomas Malthus's work on population growth. Malthus's ideas on population growth and scarcity of resources influenced Darwin's theory of natural selection. Lamarck, on the other hand, proposed a different theory of evolution based on the inheritance of acquired characteristics.
Correct answer is C.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 2

Which one of the following statements is correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 2

Homo erectus that appeared about 1.7 million years ago in middle pleistocence is the ancestor of fan.

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Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 3

The figure shows the skull of which Homo erectus?
The skull belongs to Homo erectus with chin absent

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 3

The skull belongs to Homo erectus erectus, also known as Java man. Chin was absent whereas jaw prognathous. They were omnivorous. Cannibalism was also found.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 4

The primate which existed 15 mya was __________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 4

Ramapithecus appeared about 15 million years ago in Pliocene epoch. Fossil of Ramapithecus was discovered by Edward Lewis (1932) from rocks of Shivalik Hills of India.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 5

The brain capacity of Homo erectus was about 

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 5

Homo erectus appeared about 1.7 million years ago in middle Pleistocene. Its brain capacity was about 900 c.c. He was about 1.5−1.8 m tall having erect posture. 

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 6

Which theory attempts to explain to us the origin of universe?

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 6

Big-Bang theory was proposed by Abbe Lemaitre. It states that the universe originated due to a thermonuclear explosion of a dense entity. It was the first proposed theory.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 7

The most apparent change during the evolutionary history of Homo sapiens is traced by

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 7

The brain capacity gradually increased from early human ancestors. Homo habilis has 650−800c.c., brain capacity which increased around 900c.c., in Homo erectus The Neanderthal man had 1400c.c., brain capacity which evolved to around 1450c.c., in Homo sapiens sapiens.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 8

According to spontaneous generation, life originated _____

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 8

In 1881, Donald johnson, found a 3.2 milion. Years old skeleton of a female human ancestor. He nicknamed it Lucky's scientific name is Australopitheucs afranensis.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 9

Which of the following statements is correct regarding evolution of manking?

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 9

Homo erectus appeared about 1.7 million years ago in middle Pleistocene. H.erectus evolved from Homo habillis that appeaed about 2 million years ago.

Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 10

The cranial capacity was largest among the

Detailed Solution for Test: Evolution of Man (NCERT) - Question 10

The cranial capacity of Neanderthal man was 1400c.c., Peking man had 850−1100c.c., Java ape man had 800−1000c.c. and African man had 500c.c.

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