The essential components of our food are called __________ .
The components of food are certain organic substances and minerals found in food that are known as nutrients. They provide the body with energy and enable it to grow, repair, and maintain itself.
Which of the following nutrients is not present in milk?
Milk contains almost all nutrients, but vitamins such as niacin, vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin K are present in very less amount.
The food component present in sugar is:
The kind of sugar we usually think about, table sugar is called sucrose. It's the way the atoms are connected that makes each type of carbohydrate different.
In each molecule of table sugar, there are: 12 carbon atoms, 22 hydrogen atoms, and 11 oxygen atoms.
What fraction of your body is water?
About 2/3 of the average human body is water, mostly within the cells.
Foods like pizza, burger and noodles are rich in:
Burgers and pizzas from big fast-food chains are called junk food because they usually have a lot of calories and are very high in fat, carbs, sodium, and/or sugar while having little nutritional value.
_________ provide more than double the energy provided by carbohydrates or proteins in human body.
Fat produces more than two times more energy per gram than either carbohydrates or protein.
Any excess of these nutrients will be stored as fat in the body. In other words, regardless of whether it is carbohydrates, protein, or fat, it will be converted into fat storage in the body if it is not used. As our body fat accumulates, our body weight increases.
The component of food which help our body to fight against infections is:
Proteins help in the formation of immunoglobulins, or antibodies, to fight infection and protect the body from harmful invaders like bacteria and viruses.
Our body prepares which type of Vitamin in the presence of sunlight?
Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is synthesized in the skin by the reaction of 7-dehydrocholesterol with UVB radiation, present in sunlight with an UV index of three or more.
The disease caused by the deficiency of iron is:
Iron deficiency anaemia is a common type of anaemia — a condition in which blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's tissues.
The mineral which controls the functioning of thyroid is:
The disease caused by the deficiency of iodine is:
Iodine deficiency is the major cause of goitre worldwide. As iodine is less commonly found in plants, vegan diets may lack sufficient iodine.
This is rarely a cause in more economically developed countries where iodine is routinely added to salt.
Dietary iodine is found in:
(ii) Plant food grown in iodine-rich soil.
(iii) Cow's milk
________ helps to maintain a constant body temperature in our body.
Because water can absorb and transfer heat well, the human body uses it to stabilize temperature. Water also helps expel excess heat from the body as water vapor from the lungs and sweat on the skin.
A healthy adult's body needs ____ litres of water every day.
Health authorities commonly recommend eight 8-ounce glasses, which equals about 2 litres, or half a gallon.
The indigestible material present in food is known as:
Roughage is the rich fibrous indigestible edible material present in our food in form of grains or vegetables, which helps in elimination of waste from the large intestine.
Rickets is caused by the deficiency of:
Excessive body weight due overnutrition leads to:
Vitamins and minerals are:
Jaggery is a good source of:
The highest concentration of minerals are found in:
Iodine is used to test the presence of ________ in the food.
Which of the following nutrients is provided by vegetables?
Vegetables provide us minerals.
The mineral we get from fish is:
Scurvy (Bleeding gums) is caused due to the deficiency of :
Scurvy is the name for a vitamin C deficiency. It can lead to anaemia, debility, exhaustion, spontaneous bleeding, pain in the limbs, and especially the legs, swelling in some parts of the body, and sometimes ulceration of the gums and loss of teeth.
Night blindness is caused by the deficiency of:
Iron, a biological nutrient, is found in human body in: