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Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Class 6 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration

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Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 1

Match the following 

a. Municipal Corporation               I. Transitional areas
b. Municipal Councils                    II. Larger cities
c. Nagar Panchayats                     III. Smaller urban areas

Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 1

Municipal Corporations - larger cities

A municipal corporation is established in larger towns and its members are directly elected by the people. Its head is referred as Mahapaur or mayor. A post of deputy mayor is created to look after the affairs of the corporation in the absence of mayor.

Municipal Councils - smaller urban areas

 Urban local governments are established according to the size of the town. For a small urban area, a municipality is constituted which is responsible for developmental activities of that town. Under a municipality, a city is divided into several wards, each represented by one candidate. This candidate is directly elected by the people of that area through elections.

Nagar Panchaytas - transitional areas
A Nagar Panchayat is established in an area that is under transition and it has a term of five years; however, it can be dissolved under two conditions: firstly, if it abuses the power of the office and secondly, if it proves to be incompetent.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 2

There are three urban local self government

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 2
Explanation:
The correct answer is B: Nagar Panchayat, Municipality, and Municipal corporation. Here is a detailed explanation:
Nagar Panchayat:
- A Nagar Panchayat is the basic level of urban local self-government in India.
- It is created for an area with a population of fewer than 20,000 people.
- It is responsible for local governance and providing basic amenities to the residents.
Municipality:
- A Municipality is the intermediate level of urban local self-government in India.
- It is created for an area with a population between 20,000 and 1,00,000 people.
- It is responsible for local governance, urban planning, and providing various services like water supply, sanitation, roads, etc.
Municipal Corporation:
- A Municipal Corporation is the highest level of urban local self-government in India.
- It is created for major cities with a population of more than 1,00,000 people.
- It has a mayor or commissioner as its head and is responsible for local governance, infrastructure development, and providing a wide range of services to the residents.
Conclusion:
In summary, the three levels of urban local self-government in India are Nagar Panchayat, Municipality, and Municipal Corporation. These levels are established based on the population size of the area, with Nagar Panchayat being the smallest and Municipal Corporation being the largest. Each level has its own responsibilities and functions in providing governance and essential services to the urban population.
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Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 3

___ is responsible for maintaining law and order in the district

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 3

The correct answer is D as Superintendent of police heads the police force of a district. They are mostly the officers of the Indian Police Service. They are entrusted with the powers and responsibility of maintaining law and order of a district of a state or a union territory of India.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 4

Which of the following is false regarding Municipality

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 4

D is the correct option. Statement d is not true as the work is not wide but limited to its city only.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 5

_____ looks after the health department in the district

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 5

D is the correct option.On the lines of the State Health Mission, every district will have a District Health Mission headed by the Chairperson, Zila Parishad. It will have the District Collector as the Co-Chair and “Chief Medical Officer as the Mission Director”.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 6

Match the following 
a. Head of Corporation 
b. Head of Nagar Nigam 
c. Municipality elects 
I. Vice-Chairman 
II. Mayor 
III. Municipal commissioner 
Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 6

Head of the corporation is Mayor, Head of Nagar Nigam is Municipal Commissioner and Municipality Elects Vice Chairman.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 7

Match the following 
a. Permanent official of the municipality 
b. Local administration of cities come under 
c. The foremost duty of the collector
I. Chief executive officer 
II. State government
III. Maintain law and order 
Options are as follows:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 7

A is the correct option.

  • The chief executive officer of a municipal corporation is known as the mayor/municipal commissioner/sarpanch.He is the Permanent official of the municipality 
  • Local administration of cities come under state govt.Local Government is a State subject figuring as item 5 in List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. state government formed departments that works for the development of a metropolitan city, which has a population of more than 1 million.
  • The main functions of the district collector were to supervise general administration, to collect land revenue and to maintain law and order in the district.
     
Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 8

Which of the following is False

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 8

municipal corporation is corporate and political entity organized by the residents of the area to operate within a prescribed geographic area for the purpose of providing public services.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 9

Hindu Succession Amendment Act

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 9
Hindu Succession Amendment Act
The Hindu Succession Amendment Act is a legislation that made important changes to the Hindu Succession Act of 1956. It aimed to bring about gender equality in matters of inheritance among Hindus. The correct answer to the question is option C: 2005.
Explanation:
The Hindu Succession Amendment Act was enacted in the year 2005. It made significant amendments to the Hindu Succession Act of 1956, which governs the rules of succession and inheritance among Hindus.
The key provisions of the Hindu Succession Amendment Act include:
1. Equal rights for daughters: The Act removed the gender-based discrimination that existed in the original Hindu Succession Act. It granted equal rights to daughters in the ancestral property of their parents. Previously, daughters had limited rights and could only claim a share in the property if they were unmarried and their parents had passed away before the enactment of the Act.
2. Abolition of the coparcenary system: The Act abolished the coparcenary system, which was a traditional Hindu joint family system of property ownership. Under this system, only male members of the family could be coparceners and inherit ancestral property. The amendment allowed daughters to become coparceners and have equal rights in the family property.
3. Retrospective effect: The Act had a retrospective effect, which means that it applied to all daughters, irrespective of whether they were born before or after the enactment of the Act. This ensured that daughters could claim their rightful share in ancestral property, regardless of the date of their birth.
4. Exclusive property rights: The Act also granted daughters exclusive property rights. This means that daughters have the same rights and liabilities as sons in matters of inheritance, ownership, and disposal of property.
5. Implications on other legislations: The amendments made by the Hindu Succession Amendment Act also had implications on other legislations, such as the Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act and the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, as they now had to be read in conjunction with the amended provisions of the Hindu Succession Act.
In conclusion, the Hindu Succession Amendment Act of 2005 brought about significant changes in the inheritance rights of daughters among Hindus. It aimed to promote gender equality and ensure that daughters had equal rights in ancestral property.
Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 10

According to which act son, daughter and their mothers can get equals shares in the land

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 10

The correct option is Option B.
The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, an amendment to the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, received the assent from President of India on 5 September 2005 and was given effect from 9 September 2005.[1] It was essentially meant for removing gender discriminatory provisions regarding property rights in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956. It was a revolutionary step in the field of Indian legislation regarding rights of women in India.
 

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 11

Patwari perform the following function except

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 11

Functions of a Patwari:

 


  1. Measures land: A Patwari is responsible for measuring and demarcating land boundaries.

  2. Maintains and updates the records of the village: The Patwari keeps detailed records of land ownership, transfers, and changes in ownership.

  3. Organizes the collection of land revenue: The Patwari is responsible for ensuring that land revenue is collected from farmers and other landowners in the village.

  4. Law and Order: This statement is incorrect. The Patwari is not  responsible to maintain law and order.


  5.  


Therefore, the correct answer is D: Levying taxes.

 

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 12

Which of the following is false regarding Gram Sabha

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 12

The correct option is Option A.

Seats shall be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in every Gram Panchayat

In West Bengal, the Panchayat Constitution Rule was modified in 1993 so as to reserve one- third of the councillor positions in each GP to women, and a share equal to their population for SCs and STs; in a third of the villages in each GP, only women could be candidates for the position of councilor for the area.

The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people. It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them.

The Gram Sabha is a key factor in making the Gram Panchayat play its role and be responsible. It is the place where all plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people. The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people.

The Work of the Gram Panchayat includes:

Levy and collect local taxes. Execute government schemes related to employment.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 13

Patwari is also known as

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 13
Explanation:
The correct answer is D. All of these.
- Patwari: Patwari is a term used in India, particularly in rural areas, to refer to a government official who is responsible for maintaining land records and revenue administration. They play a crucial role in land management and revenue collection.
- Kanungo: Kanungo is another term used for Patwari in some regions of India. It refers to a revenue officer who assists the Patwari in land measurement, record-keeping, and revenue collection.
- Lekhpal: Lekhpal is another name for Patwari in some states of India. They are responsible for maintaining land records, assessing and collecting revenue, and providing assistance in legal matters related to land.
- Village officer: Patwari is often referred to as a village officer as they are primarily stationed in rural areas and perform various administrative and revenue-related tasks at the village level.
Hence, all the given options - Kanungo, Lekhpal, and Village officer - are alternative names for the role of a Patwari.
Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 14

Which of the following is false regarding Gram Panchayat

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 14

Thus the Gram Sabha is a key factor in making the gram panchayat to play its role and be responsible. It is the place where all plans for the work of the gram panchayat are placed before the people. Gram Sabha prevents the panchayat from doing wrong things like misuse of money for favouring certain people.
Every village panchayat may levy in its area a [property tax] a profession tax, an advertisement tax and an entertainment tax. ... A duty shall also be levied in every village panchayat area on transfers of property in accordance with the provisions of section 206.
In 1993, a constitutional amendment was passed in India that called for a random one third of village council leader, or Sarpanch, positions in gram panchayat to be reserved for women.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 15

Which of the following are the function of Gram Panchayat 
I. The construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage, school buildings and other common property resources. 
II. It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them
III. Levying and collecting local taxes. 
IV. Executing government schemes related to generating employment in the village.
Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 15

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation : The Gram sabha checks the wrong decisions taken by the Gram Panchayat

It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 16

Match the following 
a. First Level 
b. Second Level 
c. Third Level
I. Zila Parishad
II. Gram Panchayat 
III. Panchayat Samiti 
Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 16
Matching the Levels of Panchayati Raj Institutions
a. First Level
I. Zila Parishad
b. Second Level
II. Gram Panchayat
c. Third Level
III. Panchayat Samiti

The correct matching of the levels of Panchayati Raj Institutions is as follows:
a. First Level
I. Zila Parishad
b. Second Level
III. Panchayat Samiti
c. Third Level
II. Gram Panchayat
Explanation:
- Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) are a three-tier system of local self-government in rural areas of India.
- The first level of PRIs is the Zila Parishad, which is at the district level. It is responsible for the overall administration of the district.
- The second level is the Panchayat Samiti, which is at the block or tehsil level. It coordinates the functioning of Gram Panchayats in the block.
- The third level is the Gram Panchayat, which is at the village level. It is the basic unit of local self-government and is responsible for the development and administration of the village.
Therefore, the correct match is:
- First Level: Zila Parishad
- Second Level: Panchayat Samiti
- Third Level: Gram Panchayat
This is the correct answer for the given question.
Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 17

What is the system of Local Self Government on the Panchayati raj set up

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 17
System of Local Self Government on the Panchayati Raj Set Up
The correct answer is B: Three-tier structure at the village, Block, and District level. Here's a detailed explanation of the Panchayati Raj system:
1. Village Level:
- The Gram Panchayat is the basic unit of the Panchayati Raj system at the village level.
- It consists of elected representatives known as Panchayat members.
- The Gram Panchayat is responsible for various local governance functions within the village.
2. Block Level:
- The Panchayat Samiti or Block Panchayat is the intermediate level of the Panchayati Raj system.
- It is formed by the elected representatives from different Gram Panchayats within the block.
- The Panchayat Samiti coordinates and supervises the functioning of the Gram Panchayats in its jurisdiction.
- It is responsible for planning and implementing development programs and schemes at the block level.
3. District Level:
- The Zilla Parishad or District Panchayat is the highest level of the Panchayati Raj system.
- It consists of elected representatives from different Panchayat Samitis within the district.
- The Zilla Parishad acts as an intermediary between the state government and the Panchayats.
- It plays a crucial role in the planning and implementation of various development activities at the district level.
Advantages of the Three-tier Panchayati Raj system:
- Decentralization of power and decision-making.
- Efficient and effective delivery of public services at the grassroots level.
- Increased participation of local communities in governance and development.
- Empowerment of rural areas and marginalized sections of society.
- Promotes accountability and transparency in local governance.
In conclusion, the Panchayati Raj system in India follows a three-tier structure at the village, Block, and District level. This decentralized system of local self-government aims to empower rural communities, ensure effective service delivery, and promote participatory democracy.
Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 18

The Panchayati Raj system was adopted to

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 18

A is the correct option.Mahatma Gandhi advocated Panchayati Raj, a decentralized form of Government where each village is responsible for its own affairs, as the foundation of India's political system. ... It was adopted by state governments during the 1950s and 60s as laws were passed to establish Panchayats in various states.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 19

____ are important for determining the rightful owner of the land

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 19
The Rightful Owner of Land: Importance of Land Records

Land records play a crucial role in determining the rightful owner of the land. They provide a comprehensive and authoritative source of information regarding land ownership and other relevant details. Here's why land records are important:



  • Legal Proof: Land records serve as legal proof of ownership. They contain detailed information about the property, such as its boundaries, dimensions, and previous transactions, which can be used to establish ownership rights.


  • Prevention of Land Disputes: Accurate and up-to-date land records help prevent land disputes. They provide a transparent and reliable system for recording property ownership, reducing the chances of conflicting claims or boundary disputes.


  • Verification of Titles: Land records enable the verification of land titles. Prospective buyers or lenders can examine the records to ensure that the seller has a valid and marketable title to the land.


  • Facilitation of Land Transactions: Land records facilitate smooth and efficient land transactions. Buyers can rely on the records to verify the ownership and legal status of the property before making a purchase, ensuring a secure transfer of ownership.


  • Protection of Property Rights: Land records protect property rights by providing a historical record of ownership. This helps in safeguarding against fraudulent land claims or unauthorized transfers.


  • Planning and Development: Land records are crucial for urban planning and development. They provide vital information about land use, zoning regulations, and property assessments, aiding in effective land management and infrastructure development.


In conclusion, land records are of utmost importance in determining the rightful owner of the land. They provide legal proof, prevent disputes, verify titles, facilitate transactions, protect property rights, and aid in planning and development. It is essential to maintain accurate and updated land records to ensure a transparent and efficient land administration system.

Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 20

Tehsildar perform the following function except

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Local Government And Administration - Question 20

C is the correct option.The Tahsildars and Naib-Tahsildars are responsible for the collection of land revenue and other dues payable to the Government and He supervises the work of Patwari, but Profession tax is the tax levied and collected by the state governments in India.

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