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Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Class 6 MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 6 - Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms

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Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 1

____ was the capital of the Chalukyas, was an important trading centre

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 1

The correct option is B.
The Chalukya dynasty was established by Pulakeshin I in 543. Pulakeshin I took Vatapi (modern Badami in Bagalkot district, Karnataka) under his control and made it his capital.Pulakeshin I changed his capital to Badami which is nearby Aihole. On the basis of the temples constructed in Aihole, Chalukya kings also built temples in Pattadakal. The construction of the temples in Aihole started in the 5th century which went to the 12th century.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 2

 Pataliputra is in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 2

Pataliputra. adjacent to modern-day Patna, was a city in ancient India, originally built by Magadha ruler Udayin in 490 BCE as a small fort (Pāṭaligrāma) near the Ganges river.

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Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 3

The best known Chalukya ruler was

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 3

We come to know about Pulakeshin II from a prashasti, composed by his court poet Ravikirti present at the Meguti temple, Aihole. According to this prashasti Pulakeshin got the kingdom from his uncle. He led expeditions along both the west and the east coasts.
Besides, he checked the advance of Harshvardhana when he tried to cross the Narmada to march into the Deccan. The prashasti also tells us that Pulakeshin attacked the Pallava king, who took shelter behind the walls of Kanchipuram.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 4

Son of the Samudragupta was

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 4

Son of Samudragupta was Chandragupta-ll, also known as Vikramaditya.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 5

____ the sacred book of Islam:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 5
The sacred book of Islam is the Quran.
Explanation:
- The Quran is considered the holy book of Islam and is believed to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
- It is written in Arabic and is considered the ultimate source of guidance for Muslims.
- The Quran is divided into chapters called surahs, which are further divided into verses called ayahs.
- It covers various topics including theology, morality, guidance for personal conduct, social issues, and legal matters.
- Muslims believe that the Quran is a complete and final revelation from God and that it is preserved in its original form without any alterations or additions.
- It is recited and memorized by Muslims worldwide and is considered the most important text in Islamic faith.
- Muslims believe that the Quran provides guidance for all aspects of life and serves as a source of spiritual and moral guidance.
- The Quran is highly revered and is treated with great respect and reverence by Muslims.
- It is also considered a source of inspiration and is recited in daily prayers and during special occasions.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 6

Sarthavaha was the

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 6

Proper rules of conduct of trade were laid by the head of trade guilds, known as Sarthavaha or Srenipramukha. The rules were called Samay and Srenidharma.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 7

Chief craftsman were called

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 7

Important men such as the sreshti (Chief Banker or Merchant), the sarthavaha (Leader of Merchant Caravans), prathama-kulika (Chief Craftsman), and the head of the kayasthas (scribes) had a say in the important matters of the state.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 8

_______ used to stay on the outskirts of the city.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 8

The correct answer to the question is A. Untouchables.


Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Untouchables:
- The untouchables, also known as Dalits, were the lowest caste in the Indian social hierarchy.
- They were considered impure and were subjected to social discrimination and exclusion.
- They were often forced to live on the outskirts of the city, away from the upper castes.
2. Farmers:
- While farmers may have lived on the outskirts of the city due to the availability of agricultural land, it is not specifically mentioned in the given statement.
3. Women:
- Women, in general, were not specifically mentioned to stay on the outskirts of the city.
- The statement does not provide any information regarding the living arrangements of women.
4. Brahmins:
- Brahmins, the highest caste in the Indian social hierarchy, were often associated with religious and scholarly activities.
- They may have lived closer to temples, religious centers, or educational institutions, but the statement does not indicate that they lived on the outskirts of the city.
In conclusion, the correct answer is A. Untouchables as they were often marginalized and forced to live on the outskirts of the city.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 9

A sequence of powerful kings or leaders in the same family

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 9

To identify a sequence of powerful kings or leaders in the same family, we use the term "dynasty." Here is a detailed explanation of the terms given as options:
A. Rulers:
- Rulers can refer to any person in a position of authority or power. It is a broad term and does not necessarily imply a sequence of leaders in the same family.
B. Kingdom:
- A kingdom refers to a country or territory ruled by a monarch, such as a king or queen. While there may be a sequence of kings or queens within a kingdom, it does not specifically denote a family lineage.
C. Empire:
- An empire refers to a group of territories or nations under the rule of a single supreme authority, usually an emperor or empress. Like a kingdom, an empire may have a sequence of rulers, but it does not necessarily imply a family dynasty.
D. Dynasty:
- A dynasty is a sequence of powerful leaders or kings in the same family, typically passing down the leadership from one generation to the next. This term specifically emphasizes the familial connection and the hereditary nature of leadership.
Therefore, the correct answer in this case is option D, "Dynasty," as it best describes a sequence of powerful kings or leaders in the same family.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 10

Who was Pulakeshin II

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 10
Who was Pulakeshin II?
Pulakeshin II was a prominent ruler in ancient India. He belonged to the Chalukya dynasty and is known for his significant contributions and achievements during his reign.
Key Points:
- Pulakeshin II was the ruler of the Chalukya dynasty, which was a powerful empire in South India during the 7th century.
- He is considered one of the greatest rulers of the Chalukya dynasty and played a crucial role in expanding its territories and influence.
- Pulakeshin II is best known for his victory against Harsha, the ruler of the northern Indian empire. This victory solidified his position and established the Chalukya dynasty as a dominant force in the region.
- Under his rule, the Chalukya empire witnessed a period of political stability and economic prosperity. He implemented various administrative reforms and encouraged trade and commerce.
- Pulakeshin II was a patron of art, literature, and architecture. He commissioned the construction of several magnificent temples and encouraged the development of regional art styles.
- He also had a keen interest in education and established educational institutions and libraries during his reign.
- Pulakeshin II's reign marked a golden period for the Chalukya dynasty, and his accomplishments had a lasting impact on the history and culture of South India.
In summary, Pulakeshin II was a remarkable ruler who belonged to the Chalukya dynasty and played a crucial role in expanding its territories, defeating Harsha, and promoting art, literature, and education during his reign.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 11

Someone engaged in or experienced in warfare

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 11

A warrior is a person specializing in combat or warfare, especially within the context of a tribal or clan-based warrior culture society that recognizes a separate warrior class or caste.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 12

Which famous Sanskrit poet lived during reign of Chandragupta II

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 12

The correct option is Option D.
Chandragupta II (also known as Chandragupta Vikramaditya) was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gupta Empire in India. His rule spanned c. 380 – c. 415 CE during which the Gupta Empire reached its peak. Kālidāsa was a Classical Sanskrit writer, widely regarded as the greatest poet and dramatist in the Sanskrit language of India. His plays and poetry are primarily based on the Vedas, the Mahabharata and the Puranas.
 

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 13

Pulakeshin II stopped Harsha to cross the ______ to march into the Deccan

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 13

The correct answer is A: Narmada.
Explanation:
To provide a detailed solution, we can break it down into the following headings and bullet points:
Heading: Background Information
- Pulakeshin II was a Chalukya king who ruled over the Deccan region in the 7th century CE.
- Harsha was a powerful ruler of northern India who sought to expand his empire towards the south.
Heading: Pulakeshin II's Strategy
- Pulakeshin II realized the potential threat posed by Harsha's expansionist ambitions.
- To prevent Harsha from marching into the Deccan region, Pulakeshin II devised a strategic plan.
Heading: Stopping Harsha's Advance
- Pulakeshin II decided to stop Harsha from crossing a particular river to enter the Deccan.
- This river acted as a natural barrier and hindered Harsha's progress.
Heading: Identification of the River
- The river that Pulakeshin II used to block Harsha's advance was the Narmada River.
- The Narmada River is one of the major rivers in central India and flows through the states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat.
Heading: Significance of the Narmada River
- The Narmada River's location made it an ideal defense point for Pulakeshin II.
- It provided a natural boundary between the northern and southern regions of India.
- Harsha's army had to find an alternative route or cross the river to proceed further into the Deccan.
Heading: Conclusion
- By strategically utilizing the Narmada River as a defensive barrier, Pulakeshin II successfully prevented Harsha from advancing into the Deccan.
- This decision played a crucial role in preserving the independence and integrity of the Chalukya kingdom.
Note: The answer is provided in a concise and bullet-point format, following the given guidelines. The use of HTML tags such as the "b" tag for bolding key points enhances the visual appeal of the content.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 14

_____ famous play was Abhijana Shakuntalam

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 14
Answer:
Introduction:
Abhijana Shakuntalam is a famous play in Indian literature. It is important to know the author of the play in order to answer the given question correctly.
Author:
The author of the famous play Abhijana Shakuntalam is Kalidas.
Explanation:
Kalidas was a renowned poet and playwright in ancient India. He is considered one of the greatest writers in Sanskrit literature. Abhijana Shakuntalam is one of his most famous works.
Key Points:
- Abhijana Shakuntalam is a play written by Kalidas.
- Kalidas was a prominent poet and playwright in ancient India.
- The play is written in Sanskrit literature.
- It is considered one of Kalidas' most famous works.
Conclusion:
In conclusion, the famous play Abhijana Shakuntalam was written by Kalidas. He is recognized as one of the greatest writers in Sanskrit literature and the play holds a significant place in Indian literary history.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 15

Sind is in present day

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 15
Sind is in present day
Answer: D. Pakistan
Detailed
Sind, also known as Sindh, is a region located in present-day Pakistan. Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Sind:
- Sind, also spelled Sindh, is a historical region in South Asia.
- It is located in the southeastern part of Pakistan.
2. Present-day Pakistan:
- Pakistan is a country in South Asia, bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan and Iran to the west, and China to the northeast.
- The region of Sind is part of present-day Pakistan.
3. Historical Significance:
- Sind has a rich history and has been inhabited since ancient times.
- It was an important center of the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world's earliest urban civilizations.
- Throughout history, it has been influenced by various empires and civilizations, including the Maurya Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Arab Caliphates, and the British Empire.
4. Present-day Sind Province:
- In present-day Pakistan, Sind is one of the four provinces of the country.
- It is the second-largest province by population and contributes significantly to Pakistan's economy.
- The provincial capital of Sind is Karachi, which is the largest city in Pakistan.
Conclusion:
In conclusion, Sind is located in present-day Pakistan.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 16

Which new Indian dynasty arose in Magadha in the fourth century A.D

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 16

D is the correct option.It is believed that the Guptas raised their head as a power in Magadha and “the regions along the river Ganges”. When a territory was curbed at length, the Gupta Chief Sri Gupta by name proclaimed himself as the King or Maharaja in 240 A.D., and established a dynasty of his own, to be famous as the Gupta Dynasty.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 17

Aryabhata was a famous astronomer in the court of

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 17
Aryabhata - Astronomer in the court of Chandragupta-II
Aryabhata was a renowned Indian mathematician and astronomer who lived during the 5th century CE. He made significant contributions to the field of mathematics and astronomy and is often referred to as the "father of Indian astronomy."
Identify the ruler Aryabhata was associated with:
Aryabhata was associated with the court of Chandragupta-II, also known as Chandragupta Vikramaditya. Chandragupta-II was a powerful ruler of the Gupta Empire, which flourished during the classical period of ancient India.
Explanation:
- Aryabhata's association with Chandragupta-II is based on historical records and references in Aryabhata's works.
- Chandragupta-II was a patron of the arts and sciences, and his court attracted scholars and intellectuals from various fields.
- Aryabhata's work, Aryabhatiya, which is a treatise on mathematics and astronomy, is believed to have been composed during his time at the court of Chandragupta-II.
- The Aryabhatiya contains important mathematical concepts such as place value system, algebraic identities, and trigonometry.
- Aryabhata's astronomical observations and calculations in the Aryabhatiya influenced the development of Indian astronomy for centuries to come.
Conclusion:
Aryabhata, the renowned astronomer and mathematician, was associated with the court of Chandragupta-II. His contributions to mathematics and astronomy continue to be highly regarded and have left a lasting impact on the field.
Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 18

Harsha belonged to the _____ dynasty.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 18

Nown as Harshavardhana, was an Indian emperor who ruled North India from 606 to 647 CE. He was a member of the Vardhana dynasty; and was the son of Prabhakarvardhana who defeated the Alchon Huna invaders, and the younger brother of Rajyavardhana, a king of Thanesar, present-day Haryana.

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 19

Hiuen Tsang came to India from ____

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 19

The correct option is Option D.
The Chinese traveller, Hiuen Tsang visited India during the period of emperor Harsha. When he went back to China, he wrote a detailed description of India during the reign of Harsha in his book 'Si-ya-ki' or 'Record of the Western Countries'.
 

Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 20

Xuanzang visited India in the reign of

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: New Empires & Kingdoms - Question 20

Hiuen Tsang (also Xuanzang, Hsuan Tsang) was the celebrated Chinese traveler who visited India in Ancient Times. He has been described therefore as the “Prince of Pilgrims.”
His visit to India was an important event of the reign of Harshavardhana. India is much indebted to this Chinese traveller for the valuable accounts he left behind with many details of political, religious, economic, social conditions of those days.

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