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Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Class 10


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15 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation

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Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 1

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to peasants and artisans, persuading them to produce for an international market. With the expansion of world trade and the acquisition of colonies in different parts of the world, the demand for goods began growing. But merchants could not expand production within towns. This was because here urban crafts and trade guilds were powerful. These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people into the trade. Rulers granted different guilds the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products. It was therefore difficult for new merchants to set up business in towns. So they turned to the countryside.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option

Q. Merchants from the towns Europe began moving to the:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 1
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to peasants and artisans, persuading them to produce for an international market.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 2

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to peasants and artisans, persuading them to produce for an international market. With the expansion of world trade and the acquisition of colonies in different parts of the world, the demand for goods began growing. But merchants could not expand production within towns. This was because here urban crafts and trade guilds were powerful. These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people into the trade. Rulers granted different guilds the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products. It was therefore difficult for new merchants to set up business in towns. So they turned to the countryside.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option

Q. Associations of .................. trained Craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people into the trade.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 2
Guilds were powerful associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people into the trade. They had been granted the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products by the rulers.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 3

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to peasants and artisans, persuading them to produce for an international market. With the expansion of world trade and the acquisition of colonies in different parts of the world, the demand for goods began growing. But merchants could not expand production within towns. This was because here urban crafts and trade guilds were powerful. These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people into the trade. Rulers granted different guilds the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products. It was therefore difficult for new merchants to set up business in towns. So they turned to the countryside.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option

Q. The Merchants persuaded peasants and artisans to produce for:

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 3
Merchants supplied money to artisans and peasants, and successfully persuaded them to produce for an international market. There was large-scale industrial production for an international market, even before factories began cropping up in Europe including England.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 4

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to peasants and artisans, persuading them to produce for an international market. With the expansion of world trade and the acquisition of colonies in different parts of the world, the demand for goods began growing. But merchants could not expand production within towns. This was because here urban crafts and trade guilds were powerful. These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintained control over production, regulated competition and prices, and restricted the entry of new people into the trade. Rulers granted different guilds the monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products. It was therefore difficult for new merchants to set up business in towns. So they turned to the countryside.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option

Q. With the expansion of World trade, the demand for goods began ..................

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 4
Movement towards economic deregulation and trade liberalisation in Australia began in the mid-1970s. It accompanied large changes in the world economy following on the breakdown of the Bretton Woods system of fixed exchange rates and the turmoil associated with the first oil price shock.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 5

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Consider the case of the steam engine. James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen and patented the new engine in 1781. His industrialist friend Matthew Boulton manufactured the new model. But for years he could find no buyers. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there were no more than 321 steam engines all over England. Of these, 80 were in cotton industries, nine in wool industries, and the rest in mining, canal works and iron works. Steam engines were not used in any of the other industries till much later in the century. So, even the most powerful new technology that enhanced the productivity of labour manifold was slow to be accepted by industrialists.

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Q. Who invented or produced the first Steam Engine?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 5
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid. The steam engine uses the force produced by steam pressure to push a piston back and forth inside a cylinder. This pushing force can be transformed, by a connecting rod and flywheel, into rotational force for work.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 6

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

Consider the case of the steam engine. James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen and patented the new engine in 1781. His industrialist friend Matthew Boulton manufactured the new model. But for years he could find no buyers. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there were no more than 321 steam engines all over England. Of these, 80 were in cotton industries, nine in wool industries, and the rest in mining, canal works and iron works. Steam engines were not used in any of the other industries till much later in the century. So, even the most powerful new technology that enhanced the productivity of labour manifold was slow to be accepted by industrialists.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Q. How many Steam Engines were there at the beginning of the nineteenth century all over the England?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 6
By the end of the century, over 2000 steam engines had been built in England, and fewer than 500 of them were Watt engines. Actually, steam engines never did become the major power source during the eighteenth century. Most of the power still came from waterwheels and windmills.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 7

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

Consider the case of the steam engine. James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen and patented the new engine in 1781. His industrialist friend Matthew Boulton manufactured the new model. But for years he could find no buyers. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there were no more than 321 steam engines all over England. Of these, 80 were in cotton industries, nine in wool industries, and the rest in mining, canal works and iron works. Steam engines were not used in any of the other industries till much later in the century. So, even the most powerful new technology that enhanced the productivity of labour manifold was slow to be accepted by industrialists.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Q. Out of 321 Steam Engines, how many were used in Cotton Industries?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 7
At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there were no more than 321 steam engines all over England. Of these, 80 were in cotton industries, nine in wool industries, and the rest in mining, canal works and iron works. Steam engines were not used in any of the other industries till much later in the century.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 8

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

Consider the case of the steam engine. James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen and patented the new engine in 1781. His industrialist friend Matthew Boulton manufactured the new model. But for years he could find no buyers. At the beginning of the nineteenth century, there were no more than 321 steam engines all over England. Of these, 80 were in cotton industries, nine in wool industries, and the rest in mining, canal works and iron works. Steam engines were not used in any of the other industries till much later in the century. So, even the most powerful new technology that enhanced the productivity of labour manifold was slow to be accepted by industrialists.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Q. Who manufactured the new model of Steam Engine?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 8
The new model of the steam engine was made by Mathew Boulton . They both worked hard and opened a mill that was called the Boulton and Watt in Birmingham, England in the 18th century.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 9

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A range of products could be produced only with hand labour. Machines were oriented to produce uniforms, standardised goods with intricate designs and specific shapes. In mid-nineteenth century Britain, for instance, 500 varieties of hammers were produced and 45 kinds of axes. These required human skill, not mechanical technology. In Victorian Britain, the upper classes – the aristocrats and the bourgeoisie – preferred things produced by hand. Handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class. They were better finished, individually produced, and carefully designed. Machine made goods were for export to the colonies. In countries with labour shortage, industrialists were keen on using mechanical power so that the needed for human labour can be minimised. This was the case in nineteenth-century America. Britain, however, had no problem hiring human hands.

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Q. ............... were Standardised products, which were produced for a mass market.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 9
Mass production is the manufacturing of large quantities of standardized products, often using assembly lines or automation technology. Mass production facilitates the efficient production of a large number of similar products.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 10

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

A range of products could be produced only with hand labour. Machines were oriented to produce uniforms, standardised goods with intricate designs and specific shapes. In mid-nineteenth century Britain, for instance, 500 varieties of hammers were produced and 45 kinds of axes. These required human skill, not mechanical technology. In Victorian Britain, the upper classes – the aristocrats and the bourgeoisie – preferred things produced by hand. Handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class. They were better finished, individually produced, and carefully designed. Machine made goods were for export to the colonies. In countries with labour shortage, industrialists were keen on using mechanical power so that the needed for human labour can be minimised. This was the case in nineteenth-century America. Britain, however, had no problem hiring human hands.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Q. In Victorian Britain, the aristocrats and bourgeoisie belonged to the ...................

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 10
The upper classes in Victorian Britain preferred things produced by hand because:
  • Handmade products came to symbolise, refinement and class.

  • They were better finished. Individually produced and carefully designed.

  • Mainly the upper class- aristocrats and bourgeoise preferred the things produced by hand.

Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 11

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

A range of products could be produced only with hand labour. Machines were oriented to produce uniforms, standardised goods with intricate designs and specific shapes. In mid-nineteenth century Britain, for instance, 500 varieties of hammers were produced and 45 kinds of axes. These required human skill, not mechanical technology. In Victorian Britain, the upper classes – the aristocrats and the bourgeoisie – preferred things produced by hand. Handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class. They were better finished, individually produced, and carefully designed. Machine made goods were for export to the colonies. In countries with labour shortage, industrialists were keen on using mechanical power so that the needed for human labour can be minimised. This was the case in nineteenth-century America. Britain, however, had no problem hiring human hands.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Q. .............. products symbolised refinement and class.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 11
Handmade products came to symbolise, refinement and class. They were better finished. Individually produced and carefully designed. Mainly the upper class- aristocrats and bourgeoise preferred the things produced by hand.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 12

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

A range of products could be produced only with hand labour. Machines were oriented to produce uniforms, standardised goods with intricate designs and specific shapes. In mid-nineteenth century Britain, for instance, 500 varieties of hammers were produced and 45 kinds of axes. These required human skill, not mechanical technology. In Victorian Britain, the upper classes – the aristocrats and the bourgeoisie – preferred things produced by hand. Handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class. They were better finished, individually produced, and carefully designed. Machine made goods were for export to the colonies. In countries with labour shortage, industrialists were keen on using mechanical power so that the needed for human labour can be minimised. This was the case in nineteenth-century America. Britain, however, had no problem hiring human hands.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:

Q. ................. varieties of hammers and ................ kinds of axes were produced in Britain in mid nineteenth century.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 12
In mid-nineteenth century, Britain, for instance, 500 varieties of hammers were produced and 45 kinds of axes, these required human skill, and not mechanical technology.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 13

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The European companies gradually gained power – first securing a variety of concessions from local courts, then the monopoly rights to trade. This resulted in a decline of the old ports of Surat and Hooghly through which local merchants had operated. Exports from these ports fell dramatically, the credit that had financed the earlier trade began drying up, and the local bankers slowly went bankrupt. In the last years of the seventeenth century, the gross value of trade that passed through Surat had been ₹16 million. By the 1740s it had slumped to ₹3 million.

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Q. Who secured concessions from local Courts?

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 13
  • The European companies gradually gained power in trade with India.

  • They secured many concessions from local courts as well as the monopoly rights to trade.

  • This led to a decline of the old ports of Surat and Hooghly from where local merchants had operated.

  • Exports from these ports fell abruptly and local banks here went bankrupt.

Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 14

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

The European companies gradually gained power – first securing a variety of concessions from local courts, then the monopoly rights to trade. This resulted in a decline of the old ports of Surat and Hooghly through which local merchants had operated. Exports from these ports fell dramatically, the credit that had financed the earlier trade began drying up, and the local bankers slowly went bankrupt. In the last years of the seventeenth century, the gross value of trade that passed through Surat had been ₹16 million. By the 1740s it had slumped to ₹3 million.

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Q. .............. slowly went bankrupt.

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 14
“Gradually and then suddenly.” The dialogue above is from Ernest Hemingway's 1926 novel, The Sun Also Rises. It's often attributed to Mark Twain or F. Scott Fitzgerald, or misquoted as something like “At first you go bankrupt slowly, then all at once.” But the theme is the same.
Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 15

Read the source given below and answer the questions that follows:

The European companies gradually gained power – first securing a variety of concessions from local courts, then the monopoly rights to trade. This resulted in a decline of the old ports of Surat and Hooghly through which local merchants had operated. Exports from these ports fell dramatically, the credit that had financed the earlier trade began drying up, and the local bankers slowly went bankrupt. In the last years of the seventeenth century, the gross value of trade that passed through Surat had been ₹16 million. By the 1740s it had slumped to ₹3 million.

Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option.

Q. The gross value of trade that passed through Surat had been ..................

Detailed Solution for Case Based Questions Test: The Age of Industrialisation - Question 15
In the last years of the seventeenth century, the gross value of trade that passed through Surat had been ₹16 million.
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