20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE - Test: Food Security In India- 2
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Which of the following statements is not correct about the Public Distribution System?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 3
The Correct Answer is D
This statement is not correct. In the Public Distribution System (PDS), the government typically provides essential food grains, such as rice and wheat, to eligible beneficiaries at subsidized prices. These subsidized prices are lower than market rates, and the objective is to ensure that low-income individuals have access to affordable food.
Minimum Support Price is announced fay the government to provide:
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 4
MSP is declared even before sowing is done to encourage farmers so that farmers remain satisfied that they will not have to worry for selling the crop.If MSP would not be there, farmers would sell it to the market where people will do bargaining and not give enough money to farmer to start another crop and that is why farmer suicide cases are there.MSP is generally higher than market price.
Which of the following group of people are not affected by food insecurity?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 6
The Correct Answer is D: Shopkeepers
Shopkeepers are less likely to be affected by food insecurity compared to the other groups listed (landless people with little or no land, traditional artisans, petty self-employed workers). Shopkeepers are typically involved in the retail business and may have a more stable source of income, which can provide them with some level of economic security.
Name the NGO which facilitated setting up of grain banks in different regions.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 7
The Academy of Development Science head offices is located in the city of Pune of Maharashtra. Academy helps to facilitate assists in setting up of Grain banks in several areas. It also helps in building the programmes for security of food for NGO.
Annapurna Scheme (APS) has been launched in April:
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 8
The Annapurna Scheme has been launched with effect from 1st April, 2000. It aims at providing food security to meet the requirement of those senior citizens who, though eligible, have remained uncovered under the National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS).
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 9
The Correct Answer is D.
The National Food Security Act 2013, also known as Right to Food Act, is an Indian Act of Parliament which aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of the country's 1.4 billion people. It was signed into law on 12 September 2013, retroactive to 5 July 2013.
Food security means availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 11
Food security does indeed mean the availability, accessibility, and affordability of food to all people at all times. This is a widely accepted definition of food security that encompasses the idea that not only should there be enough food, but it should also be accessible and affordable to ensure that everyone has enough to eat.
Which of the following arguments do not support the idea that high level of buffer stocks of food grains is very undesirable?
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 12
D: Proper and best maintenance of food grains.
The argument "Proper and best maintenance of food grains" actually supports the idea of having high levels of buffer stocks of food grains. Proper maintenance ensures that the food grains remain in good condition and are available in case of emergencies or shortages. Therefore, it is not an argument against having high buffer stocks; it emphasizes the importance of maintaining these stocks appropriately.
Name the Prime Minister who released a special stamp entitled “Wheat Revolution” in July 1968.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 13
Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, officially recorded the impressive strides of the Green revolution in agriculture by releasing a special stamp entitled 'Wheat Revolution' in July 1968. The success of wheat was later replicated in rice.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 15
A: Fair Price Shops
Ration shops are also commonly known as Fair Price Shops in many regions. These shops are government-regulated and provide essential commodities to eligible beneficiaries at subsidized prices as part of the Public Distribution System (PDS) in India and similar systems in other countries
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 16
A: to solve the problem of shortage of food
The main purpose of a buffer stock scheme is to address the problem of shortages of essential commodities, including food grains. Buffer stocks are created to ensure a stable supply of these commodities in the market and to stabilize prices during periods of scarcity or fluctuation in production. They are not primarily intended to support farmers or create stock for profit.
The stock of food grains like wheat and rice procured by the government through Food Corporation of Indian (FCI) is known as “buffer stock”.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 17
The stock of food grains like wheat and rice procured by the government through agencies like the Food Corporation of India (FCI) is indeed known as "buffer stock." This buffer stock is maintained to stabilize food prices in the market and to ensure food security during times of shortage or emergencies.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 19
B: Lower than the market price
The issue price of essential commodities, such as food grains, in a public distribution system (PDS) is typically lower than the market price. It is subsidized by the government to make these commodities more affordable to the eligible beneficiaries and ensure food security for low-income individuals and families.
The total food grain production in Indian in 2015-16 was 300 million tones.
Detailed Solution for Test: Food Security In India- 2 - Question 20
The statement is false. The total food grain production in India in the 2015-2016 agricultural year was not 300 million tonnes. The exact production can vary from year to year, but it was less than 300 million tonnes during that specific year.
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