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Test: People as Resource- 1 - UPSC MCQ


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24 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE - Test: People as Resource- 1

Test: People as Resource- 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Economy for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: People as Resource- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: People as Resource- 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: People as Resource- 1 below.
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Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 1

Choose the correctly matched pair.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 1
  • Let's analyze each option to determine the correctly matched pair:
  • Option A: (a) Seasonal Unemployment - Urban Areas
    • This is incorrect. Seasonal unemployment is primarily found in rural areas, particularly among people dependent on agriculture who cannot find work during off-seasons.
  • Option B: (b) Disguised Unemployment - Family Members in Agriculture
    • This is correct. Disguised unemployment occurs when more people are working in agriculture than are needed, and the extra people do not contribute to increased productivity. They appear to be employed but are not adding to the actual output.
  • Option C: (c) Educated Unemployment - Rural Areas
    • This is incorrect. Educated unemployment is more common in urban areas where many graduates and post-graduates are unable to find jobs that match their qualifications.
  • Option D: (d) Seasonal Unemployment - Educated Youth
    • This is incorrect. Seasonal unemployment is related to agricultural cycles and affects those dependent on agricultural work, not specifically educated youth.
  • Therefore, the correctly matched pair is Option B: (b) Disguised Unemployment - Family Members in Agriculture.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 2

What type of unemployment is typically observed among individuals engaged in agricultural activities?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 2

Disguised unemployment is prevalent among individuals engaged in agricultural activities, where some workers appear to be employed but their contribution is redundant, indicating surplus labor in the sector.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 3

What is the primary goal of the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan initiative in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 3
  • The Sarva Siksha Abhiyan initiative primarily aims at providing elementary education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years.
  • This program is a time-bound effort led by the Central government in collaboration with states, local governments, and communities to achieve universalization of elementary education, emphasizing the importance of foundational learning for all young learners.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 4
Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education was published in the year _____.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 4
"Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education" was published in the year 1966.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 5
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 5
  • Option A: Primary Sector - Manufacturing
    • Incorrect: The primary sector includes activities related to natural resources such as agriculture, forestry, fishing, and mining. Manufacturing is part of the secondary sector, which involves processing raw materials into finished goods.
  • Option B: Secondary Sector - Fishing
    • Incorrect: The secondary sector comprises industries that produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construction. Fishing, being an extraction of natural resources, is part of the primary sector.
  • Option C: Tertiary Sector - Communication
    • Correct: The tertiary sector involves the provision of services rather than goods. Communication services (such as telecommunications) are a part of this sector.
  • Option D: Primary Sector - Banking
    • Incorrect: Banking falls under the tertiary sector, which provides services such as trade, transport, communication, and banking. The primary sector deals with natural resource extraction and agriculture.

By analyzing the sectors and their corresponding activities, it's clear that the correctly matched pair is "Tertiary Sector - Communication."

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 6
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 6
  • Option A: Sakal - Designed new software. This option is correct because according to the provided content, Sakal completed his vocational course in computers, got a job in a private firm, and designed a new kind of software that helped increase the firm's sales.
  • Option B: Shyam - Worked in agricultural field. This option is incorrect because Shyam, Sakal's uncle, passed the matriculation examination but was sitting idle at home as he had no job. It was Buta Chaudhary, Sakal's father, who worked in an agricultural field.
  • Option C: Buta Chaudhary - Looked after domestic chores. This option is incorrect because Buta Chaudhary, Sakal's father, worked in an agricultural field. It was Sheela, Sakal's mother, who looked after domestic chores.
  • Option D: Sheela - Passed matriculation examination. This option is incorrect because Sheela, Sakal's mother, looked after domestic chores. It was Shyam, Sakal's uncle, who passed the matriculation examination but was sitting idle at home as he had no job.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 7

Assertion (A): Human capital is considered superior to other resources like land and physical capital.

Reason (R): Human resource can make use of land and capital, while land and capital cannot become useful on their own.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 7
  • The Assertion that human capital is considered superior to other resources like land and physical capital is correct.
  • Human resource can utilize land and capital effectively, unlike land and capital which are not inherently productive on their own.
  • The Reason provided supports this by highlighting the fact that human resources can make use of land and capital.
  • Therefore, Option A is the correct answer as the Reason is indeed the correct explanation for the Assertion.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 8

Assertion (A): The number of medical colleges in India is insufficient compared to the population's healthcare needs.

Reason (R): Limited availability of medical colleges leads to a shortage of healthcare professionals in various regions.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 8
  • The assertion that the number of medical colleges in India is insufficient compared to the population's healthcare needs is correct.
  • The limited availability of medical colleges indeed contributes to a shortage of healthcare professionals in various regions, which impacts healthcare accessibility and quality.
  • Therefore, both the assertion and the reason are true, and the reason correctly explains why the assertion is valid.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 9
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 9
  • Option A: Investment in human capital - No return on investment
    • This statement is incorrect. Investment in human capital (through education, training, medical care) yields a return just like investment in physical capital. This return can be seen in the form of higher incomes earned due to higher productivity of the more educated or better-trained individuals, as well as the higher productivity of healthier people.
  • Option B: India's Green Revolution - Increased productivity of land resources
    • This statement is correct. India's Green Revolution is a dramatic example of how the input of greater knowledge in the form of improved production technologies can rapidly increase the productivity of scarce land resources.
  • Option C: Human capital formation - Physical capital formation
    • This statement is partially correct but misleading. Human capital formation refers to the process of increasing the productive capacities of people through education and health improvements, while physical capital formation refers to the accumulation of physical assets like machinery and buildings. While both are forms of capital formation, they are not the same.
  • Option D: Human resource - Non-productive skills
    • This statement is incorrect. Human resources refer to the working people in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities, emphasizing their ability to contribute to the creation of the Gross National Product. It is the positive side of a large population, often overlooked when considering only the problems of providing food, education, and health facilities.
  • Based on the analysis, the correctly matched pair is: Option B: India's Green Revolution - Increased productivity of land resources
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 10

What is the primary goal of the National Education Policy, 1986?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 10
  • The National Education Policy, 1986, primarily aims to cherish, nurture, and develop individuals as precious national resources that need to be cared for and developed with tenderness and dynamism.
  • This policy emphasizes the positive asset of each human being and stresses the importance of education in facilitating individual growth with sensitivity.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 11

What is the key abbreviation for Community Health Centre?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 11

The key abbreviation for Community Health Centre is CHC, which plays a crucial role in providing healthcare services at the community level, focusing on preventive and primary healthcare.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 12
Human Capital Formation: (i) Involves investment in education, training, and medical care.
(ii) Is synonymous with physical capital formation.
(iii) Contributes to the productive power of a country.
(iv) Yields higher incomes due to increased productivity.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 12
  • Human Capital Formation involves investment in education, training, and medical care
  • This investment contributes significantly to the productive power of a country
  • As a result, higher incomes are earned because of the increased productivity of more educated, better-trained, and healthier individuals
  • However, it is not synonymous with physical capital formation, which involves investment in physical assets like machinery and buildings
  • Thus, statements (i), (iii), and (iv) are correct
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 13
People can try to become a more productive resource by investing in _____.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 13
People can enhance their productivity and become a valuable resource by investing in education, which equips them with knowledge and skills essential for various roles in the economy, thereby contributing to overall growth and development.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 14
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 14
  • Option A: (a) Literacy Rate in Kerala (2011) - 94% is correctly matched. As per the provided information, the literacy rate in Kerala was 94% according to the 2011 Census.
  • Option B: (b) Expenditure on Education as a Percentage of GDP (2020-21) - 3.8% is incorrect. The correct figure is 2.8% as mentioned in the source material.
  • Option C: (c) Male Literacy Rate Higher than Female by - 14.2% is incorrect. The correct difference is 16.1% higher for males compared to females.
  • Option D: (d) Gross Enrolment Ratio in Higher Education (2019-20) - 27% is not incorrect, but Option A is the exact match. Option A is more precisely aligned with the given data.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 15

What was the primary reason Vilas could not go to school?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 15

Vilas could not attend school primarily due to financial constraints, as his mother, Geeta, struggled to make ends meet by selling fish to support the family. This limitation prevented him from pursuing formal education.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 16

What is the central concept of human capital theory?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 16

Human capital theory primarily revolves around the idea of investing in education and training for individuals to enhance their skills and knowledge, thereby increasing their productivity and contributing to economic growth.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 17

Human capital formation:
(i) Is the development of a country's human resources through education and health.
(ii) Provides higher productivity and income due to better training and health.
(iii) Involves only the investment in physical capital like machinery and infrastructure.
(iv) Contributes to the growth of the economy by adding to the productive power of the country.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 17
  • Human capital formation refers to the process of improving the skills, education, and health of the population which in turn increases productivity and income (statements (i) and (ii)).
  • This development is analogous to physical capital formation but is focused on the human resource aspect.
  • Investment in human capital contributes significantly to the economy's productive capacity, thereby fostering economic growth (statement (iv)).
  • Statement (iii) is incorrect as it refers to physical capital and not human capital. Therefore, the correct statements are (i), (ii), and (iv).
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 18

Health is an indispensable basis for realizing one's _____.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 18

Health is an indispensable basis for realizing one's well-being. Maintaining good health allows individuals to achieve a sense of overall wellness and quality of life.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 19

Each individual's growth presents a ______ range of problems and requirements.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 19

Each individual's growth presents a different range of problems and requirements, indicating the diverse and specific nature of challenges and needs faced by each person.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 20

Assertion (A): Human capital plays a significant role in economic development.

Reason (R): Investment in education and training enhances the productivity of individuals.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 20

- Explanation - The assertion that human capital is crucial for economic development is true as skilled and educated individuals contribute significantly to a nation's growth.

The reason that investment in education and training boosts productivity is also accurate.

However, while the reason supports the assertion, it does not fully explain the causal relationship between human capital and economic development, making Option B the correct choice.

Option B is correct because both statements are true, but the reason is not a direct explanation of the assertion.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 21

Assertion (A): Investment in human capital through education and training can yield returns similar to investment in physical capital.

Reason (R): Educated and trained individuals tend to have higher productivity and thus contribute more to the economy.

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 21
  • Assertion Correctness: The assertion is correct. Investment in human capital indeed yields returns similar to investment in physical capital as educated and trained individuals tend to be more productive.
  • Reason Correctness: The reason is also correct. Educated and trained individuals are generally more productive, leading to increased contributions to the economy.
  • Explanation: The reason provides a valid explanation for the assertion. Educated and trained individuals being more productive directly links to the effectiveness of investing in human capital.
    This question highlights the importance of investing in human capital and the parallel it draws between the returns from human capital investment and physical capital investment.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 22

What is a major determinant of earning in the market?

Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 22

Education and skill are major determinants of earning in the market. Individuals with higher education and skill levels tend to earn more due to better access to economic opportunities and higher demand for their expertise.

Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 23
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 23
  • Let's analyze each option to determine the correctly matched pair:
  • Option A: (a) Primary sector - Banking
  • Incorrect. The primary sector includes activities such as agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry farming, mining, and quarrying. Banking is part of the tertiary sector, not the primary sector.
  • Option B: (b) Secondary sector - Manufacturing
  • Correct. The secondary sector involves manufacturing and industrial activities. It includes the transformation of raw materials into finished goods and products, which is accurately described by manufacturing.
  • Option C: (c) Tertiary sector - Mining
  • Incorrect. The tertiary sector includes services such as trade, transport, communication, banking, education, health, tourism, and insurance. Mining is part of the primary sector, not the tertiary sector.
  • Option D: (d) Primary sector - Education
  • Incorrect. Education is part of the tertiary sector, which covers services. The primary sector does not include education; it focuses on natural resource-based activities such as agriculture and mining.
  • Thus, the correctly matched pair is Option B: (b) Secondary sector - Manufacturing.
Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 24
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: People as Resource- 1 - Question 24
  • Option A: National Education Policy, 1986
    • Increase in number of universities by 2020
      • Incorrect: The National Education Policy of 1986 aimed at various educational reforms but did not specifically focus on increasing the number of universities by 2020. Instead, it emphasized universal access to education, especially for girls, and the establishment of schools like Navodaya Vidyalaya.
  • Option B: Sarva Siksha Abhiyan
    • Universalisation of elementary education
      • Correct: The Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a program aimed at the universalization of elementary education. It was launched to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of 6-14 years, ensuring that all children receive a quality elementary education.
  • Option C: Mid-day meal scheme
    • Higher literacy rates among males
      • Incorrect: The Mid-day meal scheme is designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide and encourage attendance and retention in schools. It does not directly correlate with higher literacy rates among males specifically.
  • Option D: Vocational streams
    • Decrease in unemployment rate
      • Incorrect: While vocational streams aim to equip high school students with specific skills and knowledge for employment, there is no direct evidence from the provided content that they have led to a decrease in the unemployment rate.
  • Thus, the correctly matched pair is Option B: Sarva Siksha Abhiyan - Universalisation of elementary education.
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