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Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Commerce MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Accountancy Class 11 - Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1

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Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 1

A nonprofit organization's assets that have been designated by its board of directors for a specific project should be reported on the external financial statements as__________________ net assets.

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 1
The correct answer is A: Unrestricted net assets.
Explanation:
- Nonprofit organizations typically have three categories of net assets: unrestricted, temporarily restricted, and permanently restricted.
- Unrestricted net assets are the funds that can be used for any purpose determined by the organization's board of directors.
- Assets that have been designated by the board of directors for a specific project are considered part of the unrestricted net assets.
- These designated assets can be used for the project as well as for other purposes if the board decides to change the designation.
- Therefore, these assets should be reported on the external financial statements as unrestricted net assets.
- Temporarily restricted net assets are funds that have donor-imposed restrictions that will expire over time or upon the occurrence of a specified event.
- Permanently restricted net assets are funds that have donor-imposed restrictions that will never expire.
- None of these categories accurately represent assets designated for a specific project by the board of directors, so the correct answer is A: Unrestricted net assets.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 2

Contribution received by a Non-profit organisation is shown in the statement of activities under the caption

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 2
The statement of activities in a non-profit organization
The statement of activities is a financial statement that provides information about the revenue, expenses, and changes in net assets of a non-profit organization. It helps to understand the financial performance of the organization and how it is utilizing its resources to achieve its mission.
Contribution received and its classification
- Contributions received by a non-profit organization are typically classified as revenue in the statement of activities.
- Revenue represents the inflow of assets or resources to the organization, which includes both cash and non-cash contributions.
- Non-cash contributions may include donations of goods, services, or other assets.
Revenue classification in the statement of activities
- Revenue in the statement of activities is usually categorized into different types, such as:
1. Unrestricted revenue: This includes contributions that are not restricted by the donor for specific purposes. These funds can be used by the organization for its general operations and programs.
2. Temporarily restricted revenue: This includes contributions that are restricted by the donor for specific purposes or time periods. The organization can only use these funds for the specified purposes or after the specified time period has ended.
3. Permanently restricted revenue: This includes contributions that are permanently restricted by the donor, usually in the form of endowments or investments. The organization can only use the income generated from these funds, while the principal remains intact.
Importance of revenue classification
- Classifying contributions as revenue in the statement of activities is important for several reasons:
1. It provides transparency: By showing the inflow of resources, the statement of activities provides transparency and accountability to the organization's stakeholders, including donors and the public.
2. It helps in financial planning: Revenue classification helps the organization to track and analyze its funding sources, making it easier to plan its financial activities and allocate resources effectively.
3. It facilitates compliance: Proper classification of revenue ensures compliance with accounting standards and regulatory requirements, enabling the organization to maintain its financial integrity.
In conclusion, contributions received by a non-profit organization are shown as revenue in the statement of activities. This classification helps in understanding the financial performance of the organization and its ability to fulfill its mission.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 3

Which of the following is true relating to Income and expenditure account

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 3

The correct option is Option D.

In the normal course of business, some of the expenses may be paid in advance. However, the organization may not receive the benefits from these expenses by the end of the current accounting year. We call these expenses as prepaid expenses. We treat them as current assets.

Sometimes in the normal course of business, an enterprise may have some expenses relating to which the payment is due at the end of the year. We know these expenses as Outstanding Expenses.

Wages, salary, rent, interest on the loan, etc. are examples of such expenses that may remain due at the end of the accounting year.

Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 4

_____ is a amount received by a non profit organization as per the WILL of a deceased person

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 4

Legacy is the amount received by a non-profit organisation when a person has mentioned about transferring his property value to such organisation on his or her death. Hence, on death of that person, his property will be taken by the non-profit organisation.

Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 5

Which form of financing is allowed for a nonprofit organization?

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 5

Form of Financing Allowed for Nonprofit Organizations


Answer: C. Debt


Explanation:


Nonprofit organizations are allowed to use debt as a form of financing. Here is a detailed explanation:


1. Debt Financing:



  • Nonprofit organizations can borrow money by issuing debt to investors or financial institutions.

  • This debt can be in the form of loans, lines of credit, or bonds.

  • The organization agrees to repay the borrowed amount over a specified period of time, usually with interest.

  • The borrowed funds can be used for various purposes, such as capital projects, operating expenses, or program development.

  • Nonprofits must consider their ability to generate future revenue to ensure they can meet their debt obligations.


2. Sale of Equity Securities:



  • Nonprofit organizations are generally not allowed to sell equity securities.

  • Equity securities represent ownership in a company and provide shareholders with voting rights and a share of the organization's profits.

  • Nonprofits are primarily focused on their mission and are not structured to distribute profits to shareholders.

  • However, some nonprofit organizations may have subsidiary entities or for-profit ventures that can issue equity securities.


3. None:



  • This option is incorrect because nonprofit organizations are allowed to pursue various forms of financing, including debt.

  • Nonprofits rely on a combination of funding sources, such as grants, donations, fundraising events, and earned income.

  • Debt financing is one of the options available to them, depending on their financial situation and goals.


4. Both:



  • This option is incorrect because nonprofit organizations are not allowed to sell equity securities.

  • While they can utilize debt financing, the sale of equity securities is generally not permitted.


In conclusion, nonprofit organizations are allowed to use debt financing as a form of fundraising. This allows them to borrow money and repay it over time, helping to support their operations and programs.

Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 6

Which of the following is generally considered as a non profit oriented organization?

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 6
Non-profit organizations:
- Non-profit organizations are entities that operate for purposes other than generating profit.
- These organizations exist to serve the public or a specific cause, and any surplus funds generated are reinvested back into the organization.
- Non-profit organizations typically rely on donations, grants, and fundraising to support their activities.
Options:
A: Audit firm:
- Audit firms are professional services firms that provide auditing and assurance services to clients.
- They are profit-oriented organizations that charge fees for their services.
- Therefore, audit firms are generally not considered non-profit organizations.
B: Corporation:
- Corporations are business entities that operate for profit.
- Their primary goal is to generate revenue and maximize shareholder value.
- Therefore, corporations are generally not considered non-profit organizations.
C: Charitable organization:
- Charitable organizations are a type of non-profit organization that operates exclusively for charitable purposes.
- They aim to benefit the public or a specific group of individuals through their activities.
- Charitable organizations rely on donations and grants to fund their programs and services.
- They are exempt from paying taxes on their income and may provide tax benefits to donors.
- Therefore, charitable organizations are generally considered non-profit organizations.
D: Insurance companies:
- Insurance companies are profit-oriented organizations that provide insurance coverage to individuals and businesses.
- They charge premiums for their services and aim to generate profit through underwriting and investment activities.
- Therefore, insurance companies are generally not considered non-profit organizations.
Conclusion:
Out of the given options, the charitable organization (Option C) is generally considered a non-profit oriented organization.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 7

The receipts and payments account of a non-profit organization is a 

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 7
Receipts and Payments Account of a Non-profit Organization
The receipts and payments account of a non-profit organization is classified as a real account. Let's discuss why:
Definition of a Real Account:
A real account is a type of account in accounting that records assets, liabilities, and owner's equity. It represents tangible and intangible items that are not consumed or used up during normal business operations. Real accounts maintain a continuous balance and are not closed at the end of an accounting period.
Explanation:
The receipts and payments account of a non-profit organization is a record of all cash receipts and cash payments made by the organization during a specific period. It is used to summarize the cash inflows and outflows related to the organization's activities.
The reasons why the receipts and payments account is considered a real account are as follows:
1. Nature of the Account:
- The receipts and payments account deals with actual cash transactions, which are tangible assets of the organization.
- It includes all cash receipts from various sources (donations, grants, membership fees, etc.) and cash payments for various expenses (salaries, rent, utilities, etc.).
2. Continuous Balance:
- The receipts and payments account maintains a continuous balance throughout the accounting period.
- It is not closed at the end of the period like nominal accounts.
- The closing balance of one accounting period becomes the opening balance for the next period.
3. Treatment in Financial Statements:
- The receipts and payments account is a part of the financial statements of a non-profit organization.
- It is included in the statement of receipts and payments, which is similar to a cash flow statement.
- The statement provides a summary of cash inflows and outflows, helping to analyze the organization's financial activities.
In conclusion, the receipts and payments account of a non-profit organization is classified as a real account because it deals with tangible cash transactions, maintains a continuous balance, and is included in the organization's financial statements.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 8

Non-profit organizations prepare all of the following accounts except the

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 8
Explanation:
Non-profit organizations are entities that operate for the benefit of the public or a specific cause, rather than for profit. These organizations have specific accounting requirements that differ from those of for-profit entities. When preparing financial statements, non-profit organizations typically include the following accounts:
1. Balance Sheet:
- The balance sheet presents the financial position of the organization at a specific point in time.
- It includes assets, liabilities, and net assets (or fund balances).
- The balance sheet provides information about the organization's resources, obligations, and the difference between the two.
2. Income and Expenditure Account:
- The income and expenditure account summarizes the organization's revenue and expenses over a specific period, typically a fiscal year.
- It records all the income received and all the expenses incurred by the organization.
- This account helps in determining whether the organization has generated a surplus or a deficit during the period.
3. Receipt and Payment Account:
- The receipt and payment account records all cash inflows and outflows during a specific period.
- It includes cash received from donations, grants, membership fees, and other sources, as well as cash payments for expenses, purchases, and investments.
- This account provides a summary of cash transactions and helps in reconciling the cash balance.
However, non-profit organizations do not prepare an income statement. The income statement is typically prepared by for-profit entities and provides information about the revenues, expenses, and net income or loss generated during a specific period.
Therefore, the correct answer is B: Income statement.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 9

Excess of expenditure over income of a Non-profit organisation is termed as______

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 9

Deficit : excess of expenditure over income.

The balance of the account, if credit, indicates surplus, i.e. excess of income over expenditure.

While the balance of the account, if debit, indicates deficit, i.e. excess of expenditure over income.

Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 10

_________ is a fixed annual payment and usually continue only during the life time of the named beneficiary

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 10
Answer:
Annuity is a fixed annual payment and usually continues only during the lifetime of the named beneficiary. Here is a detailed explanation:
Annuity:
- An annuity is a financial product that provides a fixed payment at regular intervals, typically on an annual basis.
- It is often used as a source of income during retirement, as it provides a steady stream of payments over a specified period of time or until the death of the beneficiary.
- Annuities can be purchased from insurance companies, and they offer the advantage of providing a guaranteed income stream.
- There are different types of annuities, including immediate annuities, deferred annuities, fixed annuities, and variable annuities.
- In the context of the given question, an annuity is the correct answer because it refers to a fixed annual payment that continues only during the lifetime of the named beneficiary.
Legacy:
- A legacy refers to something that is handed down or received from a predecessor or ancestor.
- In financial terms, a legacy can refer to an inheritance or bequest left behind by someone in a will.
Loan:
- A loan is a sum of money that is borrowed from a lender with the expectation of repayment, usually with interest, over a specified period of time.
- Unlike an annuity, a loan involves borrowing money that needs to be repaid, rather than receiving fixed payments.
Endowment:
- An endowment is a financial asset or sum of money that is donated to an institution, such as a university or charity, with the intention of providing ongoing financial support.
- Endowments typically generate income, which is used to fund scholarships, research, or other activities.
In summary, the correct answer to the given question is B: Annuity. An annuity is a fixed annual payment that usually continues only during the lifetime of the named beneficiary.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 11

Rent expense of a non-profit organization paid in advance. Which of the following is the correct classification of rent?

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 11
Rent expense of a non-profit organization paid in advance should be classified as an Asset. Here's the detailed solution:
Explanation:
When a non-profit organization pays rent expense in advance, it means they have made a prepayment for a future period. In accounting, this prepayment is recorded as an Asset because it represents a future economic benefit to the organization. The prepayment will be used up over time as the organization utilizes the rented space.
Reasoning:
The classification of rent as an Asset is based on the following reasons:
1. Future Economic Benefit: The prepayment for rent provides the non-profit organization with the right to use the rented space in the future, which brings economic benefits to the organization.
2. Control and Ownership: The prepayment gives the non-profit organization control and ownership of the right to use the rented space for the specified period.
3. Matching Principle: The prepayment for rent is not immediately recognized as an expense because it relates to a future period. According to the matching principle of accounting, expenses should be recognized in the same period as the related revenue or benefit is realized. Therefore, the prepayment is initially recorded as an Asset and gradually recognized as an expense over the period it relates to.
In conclusion, the correct classification of rent paid in advance by a non-profit organization is an Asset.
Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 12

An advance receipt of subscription from a member of the non-profit organization is considered as a/an

Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 12

The correct answer is D: Liability.
Here's why:
  • An advance receipt of subscription from a member of a non-profit organization represents a future obligation or debt to that member.

  • This liability arises because the organization has received funds in advance for services or benefits that it has not yet provided.

  • The non-profit organization has a responsibility to fulfill the subscription or membership services in the future.

  • Until the services or benefits are provided, the funds received in advance are considered a liability on the organization's balance sheet.

  • Liabilities represent obligations or debts that an organization owes to external parties.

  • Examples of liabilities include accounts payable, loans payable, and deferred revenue.

  • In this case, the advance receipt of subscription is considered deferred revenue, which is a liability until the services are provided.

  • Once the services or benefits are provided, the liability is reduced, and the corresponding revenue is recognized.

  • Therefore, an advance receipt of subscription from a member of a non-profit organization is considered a liability.
    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 13

    Income and expenditure account is based on 

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 13

    The correct option is C.

    Accrual Accounting. Accounting method that records revenues and expenses when they are incurred, regardless of when cash is exchanged. The term "accrual" refers to any individual entry recording revenue or expense in the absence of a cash transaction.Income and Expenditure Account is prepared on an accrual basis. All incomes and expenses relating to the accounting year, whether they are actually received and paid or not, are taken into consideration. Expenditure is recorded on the debit side and income is recorded on the credit side.

    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 14

    Life Membership is a capital receipt and will be added to capital fund in _______

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 14

    The correct option is Option A.

    Life Membership Fees is a capital receipt and we add it to the Capital Fund on the liabilities side of the Balance Sheet. We do not account it as an income because a life member makes a one-time payment and avails services all through his life.

    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 15

    Which of the following is to be recorded in an income and expenditure account?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 15

    The correct option is B.

    Income and expenditure is a nominal account which includes all revenue expenses and incomes. It is prepared the same as a profit and loss account i.e. on accrual basis. The difference of this account will represent surplus or deficit. Purchase and sale of fixed assets is a capital expense. And profit on sale of fixed assets is a revenue income, hence it will be included in income and expenditure accounts.

    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 16

    Honorarium is a kind of remuneration paid to a person who is not the employee of a non-profit organization. Which of the following statements is true about the honorarium payment?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 16
    Explanation:
    Honorarium payment is a type of remuneration given to a person who is not an employee of a non-profit organization. Here is a detailed explanation of the given statements:
    A: It is a revenue expenditure:
    - An honorarium payment is considered a revenue expenditure because it is a cost incurred by the organization in exchange for services rendered by an individual.
    - It is a regular expense that is recorded in the books of accounts as an operating expense.
    - It is deducted from the organization's revenue to calculate the net income or surplus.
    B: It is not recorded in the books of accounts:
    - This statement is incorrect. Honorarium payments are recorded in the books of accounts as an expense.
    - Non-profit organizations are required to maintain proper financial records, and honorarium payments are part of these records.
    C: It is capital expenditure:
    - This statement is incorrect. Honorarium payments are not considered capital expenditures.
    - Capital expenditures are investments in long-term assets or infrastructure that provide benefits over a longer period of time.
    D: None of these:
    - This statement is incorrect. As explained above, honorarium payments are considered revenue expenditures.
    In conclusion, the correct statement is A: "It is a revenue expenditure."
    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 17

    The capital of a non-profit organization is generally known as

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 17
    The Capital of a Non-Profit Organization
    Definition:
    The capital of a non-profit organization refers to the financial resources that the organization has accumulated over time. It represents the net worth of the organization and is used to support its ongoing activities and initiatives.
    Options:
    A: Cash fund
    B: Accumulated fund
    C: Equity
    D: Financial reserve
    Explanation:
    The correct answer is B: Accumulated fund. Here's why:
    - Cash fund: While non-profit organizations may have cash on hand, the capital represents more than just the cash reserves. It includes all the assets acquired by the organization, not just the liquid funds.
    - Accumulated fund: This is the most appropriate term for the capital of a non-profit organization. It encompasses all the financial resources that have been accumulated over time, including cash, investments, and any other assets.
    - Equity: Equity refers to the ownership interest in an organization. While non-profit organizations may have equity, it is not the primary term used to describe their capital.
    - Financial reserve: While non-profit organizations may have reserves set aside for specific purposes, such as emergencies or future projects, the term "financial reserve" does not accurately capture the overall capital of the organization.
    In summary, the capital of a non-profit organization is generally known as the accumulated fund, which represents the net worth of the organization and includes all its financial resources.
    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 18

    When cash is received for life membership, which one of the following double entries is passed? 

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 18

    Correct Answer :- d

    Explanation : Some organisations provide its members an option to pay a lump sum amount to become members for the whole life. The members opting for the life membership are not required to pay a periodic subscription. As this is received only once it is transferred to the Capital fund Account in Balance Sheet. As cash is received, the cash account is debited and it is a liability, so capital/ General fund is credited.

    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 19

    XYZ club has a bar that maintains a separate trading account for its trading activities. Which of the following is the treatment of profit or loss on bar trading activities?

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 19
    Treatment of Profit or Loss on Bar Trading Activities
    The correct treatment of profit or loss on bar trading activities for XYZ club is option B, which is to present the profit or loss in the income and expenditure account. Here is a detailed explanation:
    1. Income and Expenditure Account:
    - The income and expenditure account is a statement that records all the income and expenses of an organization during a specific period.
    - It is used by non-profit organizations, such as clubs, to determine their financial performance.
    - Bar trading activities, which generate revenue for the club, are considered as income and should be included in the income and expenditure account.
    2. Separate Trading Account:
    - The fact that the bar maintains a separate trading account indicates that the club treats bar trading activities as a distinct business entity within the club.
    - This implies that the profit or loss generated from the bar trading activities needs to be separately accounted for.
    3. Treatment of Profit or Loss:
    - The profit or loss from bar trading activities should be reflected in the income and expenditure account.
    - If the bar trading activities result in a profit, it will be included as income in the income and expenditure account.
    - If the bar trading activities result in a loss, it will be included as an expense in the income and expenditure account.
    4. Accumulated Fund:
    - Option C states that the profit or loss is added to the accumulated fund.
    - However, accumulated fund is typically used in non-profit organizations to represent the surplus or deficit of income over expenditure over multiple periods.
    - Profit or loss from bar trading activities is usually not added directly to the accumulated fund, but rather reflected in the income and expenditure account.
    Therefore, the correct treatment of profit or loss on bar trading activities for XYZ club is to present it in the income and expenditure account.
    Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 20

    Which of the following statement is false regarding receipt and payment account

    Detailed Solution for Test: Financial Statements Of Non Profit Organization - 1 - Question 20

    Because accrual basis means recording items in advance. As it already include prepaid rent, outstanding salary etc.

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