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Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Mr. Rohit, who was an employee in Z Cosmetics Limited was able to produce the goods in time but at higher cost. Mr. Rohit was

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Effectiveness is concerned with doing the right things on time and efficiency is concerned with doing things in the right way.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 2

Personal objectives are related with satisfying the personal needs of the employees. Management must seek to satisfy the diverse needs of employees like

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 2

The satisfaction of personal objectives of individuals is necessary, as only satisfied employees will help to achieve the organisational goals.

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Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

Efficiency means doing the task correctly and with maximum cost.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

Efficiency means doing the task with minimum cost.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

Provision of creche for the children of employees refers to the social objective of a business.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

Provision for creche for the children of employees relates to the personal objectives.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

The marketing manager of ‘Informatics Limited’ always keeps a check on the changes happening in the surroundings and instructs the research and development department to improve the products accordingly. This habit of the marketing manager helps the company to keep an edge over the competitors.Which feature of management is depicted in the above case?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

Management has to adapt itself and its goals according to the changing needs of the business environment.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

Coordination is the responsibility of the top-level managers.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

Coordination is the responsibility of all the managers.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 7

Which of the following is not an importance of management?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 7

Success of every organisation is measured by the extent to which its objectives are
achieved. Management helps in achieving both individual as well as organisational goals.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

Which of the following is a cost benefit analysis?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

Efficiency focuses on deriving more benefits by using less resources.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

Superintendent works at which level of management?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

Superintendent works like supervisor, he/she supervises and controls the workers. He/she also arrange material and tools to start the process.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): The effect of management is noticeable in an organisation where targets are according to plans, employees are happy and satisfied and there is orderliness instead of chaos.
Reason (R): Every member of the organisation has a different purpose for joining the organisation and each member works towards his personal goal.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

Assertion is correct and the reason behind is that management is an intangible force. Reason is not a correct statement as the members of the organisation work towards fulfilling the common organisational goals.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): Through management, the personal objectives can be achieved.
Reason (R): Management helps to provide good quality products, create employment opportunities and adapt new technologies.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

A manager motivates and leads his team in such a way that individual members are able to achieve to the overall organizational objective.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): In any organisation, coordination is required so that production and sales department can work hand in hand.
Reason (R): Coordination integrates group efforts.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

The reason for the given is assertion is that coordination ensures unity of action. It acts as a binding force between departments.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 13

Management is a ______ function a s it adapts itself according to the changing environment.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 13
Management is a Dynamic Function

  • Adapts to Changing Environment: Management is dynamic because it needs to adapt to the ever-changing environment in which an organization operates. This includes changes in technology, market trends, regulations, and competition.


  • Fosters Innovation: A dynamic management style encourages innovation and creativity within the organization. It allows for new ideas to be implemented and tested, leading to growth and success.


  • Responds to Challenges: Dynamic management is essential for addressing challenges and overcoming obstacles that may arise. It enables quick decision-making and problem-solving to navigate through uncertainties.


  • Embraces Change: Management needs to be dynamic to embrace change and stay ahead of the curve. This involves being flexible, open to new ideas, and willing to adapt strategies as needed.


  • Improves Performance: By being dynamic, management can continuously evaluate and improve performance. It allows for adjustments to be made in processes, resources, and goals to achieve better outcomes.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 14

It is always noticed that efficient management motivates employees to adopt changes by convincing them. Which point of importance of management discussed here?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 14
Importance of Efficient Management in Motivating Employees

  • Efficient management motivates employees: Efficient management plays a crucial role in motivating employees to adopt changes by convincing them. When employees see that their managers are effective in leading and guiding them, they are more likely to trust and follow their direction.

  • Creating a dynamic organization: Management helps in creating a dynamic organization that can adapt to changes and challenges in the external environment. A well-managed organization is more likely to innovate, grow, and stay competitive in the market.

  • Achieving personal objectives: Management also helps employees in achieving their personal objectives by providing them with opportunities for growth, development, and advancement within the organization. When employees see that their personal goals align with the organization's goals, they are more likely to be motivated and engaged in their work.

  • Achieving group goals: Management plays a key role in aligning individual goals with group goals, ensuring that everyone is working towards a common objective. By setting clear goals, communicating effectively, and providing support and resources, management can motivate employees to work together towards achieving shared goals.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 15

The policies framed by the top management is interpreted by _______ level of management.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 15
Interpreting Policies by Middle Management

  • Role of Middle Management: Middle management plays a crucial role in interpreting and implementing the policies framed by the top management.

  • Bridge between Top and Lower Levels: Middle managers act as a bridge between the top management and lower-level employees, ensuring that the policies are effectively communicated and executed.

  • Understanding Strategic Goals: Middle managers are responsible for understanding the strategic goals set by the top management and translating them into actionable plans for their teams.

  • Implementing Policies: Middle managers are tasked with overseeing the implementation of policies within their departments, ensuring that they align with the overall objectives of the organization.

  • Feedback Loop: Middle managers also provide valuable feedback to the top management regarding the effectiveness of policies and any necessary adjustments that may be required.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

It is a common view that efficient management always satisfy its employees. Which point of features of management discussed here?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 16



Explanation:

  • Intangible force: Efficient management satisfying its employees is an intangible force that drives employee motivation and engagement. When employees feel satisfied, they are more likely to be productive and loyal to the organization.



Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

Levels of management in an organisation serve as a ______ line among the different managerial posts.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 17
Levels of Management in an Organisation

  • Importance of Levels: Levels of management in an organisation serve as a dividing line among the different managerial posts.

  • Clear Hierarchy: The levels of management help in establishing a clear hierarchy within the organisation.

  • Roles and Responsibilities: Each level of management has its own set of roles and responsibilities which helps in creating a structured work environment.

  • Communication: The levels of management facilitate smooth communication flow within the organisation.

  • Decision Making: Different levels of management are responsible for decision-making at various levels of the organisation.

  • Coordination: The levels of management help in coordinating the efforts of different departments towards achieving common goals.

  • Efficiency: By clearly defining the levels of management, the organisation can ensure efficiency in operations and decision-making processes.


Therefore, the levels of management in an organisation play a crucial role in maintaining order, clarity, and efficiency within the organisational structure.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

A _______ chain is fo rm e d from top level management to the lower level management.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 18
Explanation:

  • Scalar Chain: The scalar chain is a chain of authority and communication that runs from the top of the organization to the bottom. It ensures a clear line of communication and authority within the organization.

  • Top-Level Management: This refers to the senior executives or leaders of the organization who are responsible for making strategic decisions and setting goals for the company.

  • Lower-Level Management: This includes middle managers and supervisors who are responsible for implementing the decisions made by top-level management and overseeing day-to-day operations.

  • Vertical Chain: The scalar chain is vertical in nature, meaning it flows vertically from the top level of management to the lower levels.

  • Communication: The scalar chain helps facilitate effective communication within the organization by ensuring that information flows smoothly up and down the chain of command.


By following the scalar chain, organizations can maintain order, clarity, and efficiency in their operations. It helps to avoid confusion, minimize errors, and ensure that everyone is aligned with the organization's goals and objectives.
Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

Google and Microsoft make the provision of creche, laundry, gym and entertainment facilities for their employees. Which objective of management is achieved by the management?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 19
Personal Objective Achieved by Providing Facilities:

  • Employee Satisfaction: By providing facilities like creche, laundry, gym, and entertainment, the management helps in improving the overall satisfaction level of employees.

  • Work-Life Balance: These facilities contribute to maintaining a healthy work-life balance for employees, which is essential for their personal well-being.

  • Employee Retention: Offering such amenities can help in retaining talented employees as they feel valued and taken care of by the organization.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 20

Human resource resist to adapt the changes in business environment.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 20
Human Resource Resistance to Change in Business Environment

  • Comfort Zone: Human resources often resist change because they are comfortable with the current way of doing things and fear the unknown.


  • Job Security: Change can bring uncertainty about job roles and responsibilities, leading to resistance from employees who fear losing their jobs.


  • Training and Development: Lack of training and development opportunities can make employees resistant to change as they may feel unprepared to adapt to new processes.


  • Communication: Poor communication from management about the reasons for change and the benefits it will bring can lead to resistance from employees who feel left in the dark.


  • Organizational Culture: If the organizational culture does not support change or encourages resistance, employees are more likely to resist adapting to new business environments.


  • Leadership: Strong leadership is needed to guide employees through change and motivate them to embrace new ways of working. Without effective leadership, resistance is more likely to occur.


In conclusion, human resource resistance to change in the business environment is a common challenge that organizations face. By addressing the root causes of resistance and implementing strategies to overcome it, businesses can successfully navigate change and thrive in an ever-evolving market.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

Principles of management cannot be

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

Principles of management are prepared though observations and experimentation on human beings.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

Management principles differ from pure science principles because management principles are

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

Pure science principles are rigid in nature but management principles are flexible, they can change as per situation.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

Principles of management are derived in ________ ways.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

Principles of management are derived in two ways i.e. observation and experimentation.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

Principles of scientific management are universally applicable.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

Principles of scientific management are normally not adopted by the proprietary business corporate houses.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

Remuneration principle states that overall pay and compensation to both males and females should be same.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

The remuneration should be fair as per the competency level of an employee without discrimination on any ground.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

In case of emergency, any worker can approach the CEO of a company under Gang Plank.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

The statement "In case of emergency, any worker can approach the CEO of a company under Gang Plank" is true.

Gang Plank is a management philosophy that emphasizes collaboration, communication, and shared responsibility. It is based on the idea that workers should have greater autonomy and be encouraged to take ownership of their work. In a Gang Plank organization, the traditional hierarchy is flattened, and there is a greater emphasis on teamwork and collaboration.

One of the key features of Gang Plank is that it encourages open communication and transparency. This means that workers are encouraged to speak up and share their ideas, concerns, and feedback with their colleagues and managers. In case of an emergency, any worker should be able to approach the CEO or other higher-level executives to report the issue and seek help.

Therefore, the statement is true that in case of emergency, any worker can approach the CEO of a company under Gang Plank.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

The technique of ‘Mental Revolution’ is derived from the scientific principle of Cooperation not individualism’ given by Taylor.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

The statement is partially false.

The technique of "mental revolution" is indeed associated with Taylor, who believed in using cooperation and collaboration to increase productivity in the workplace. However, it is not accurate to say that this principle is derived from Taylor's scientific principle of "Cooperation not individualism."

In fact, Taylor's scientific management approach emphasized individualism, with a focus on improving efficiency through the use of standardized procedures and the division of labor. The idea of cooperation and collaboration was introduced by later management theorists, including Mary Parker Follett and Elton Mayo.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

Fayol’s book, ‘General and Industrial Management1 was published in English in the year 1956.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

It was published in 1949.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

One of the techniques given by F.W. Taylor violates a principle given by Henry Fayol. Identify the technique.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

Functional foremanship violates principle of unity of command because there are eight bosses in functional foremanship, whereas unity of command focusses on single boss.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

Gang plank permits direct communication between

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

Gang plank is used in case of urgent information. In this, employees of different departments working at the same level can
communicate directly without following the scalar chain.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 31

The manager in the ‘Geeta Solutions Limited’ is very lax with his subordinates and does not explain to them the parameters, rules and regulations for reporting and completion of work. Identify the principle of management misused here.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 31

The manager has given the authority and has not clarified how they will be accountable if they fail to fulfill their responsibility.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 32

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): Unity of Command with the objective of one head and one plan ensures unity of action and coordination.
Reason (R): As dual subordination is avoided through Unity of Command, there are no confusions regarding the task to be done.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 32

It is unity of direction and not the unity of command which ensures unity of action and coordination as its objective is one head and one plan. Unity of command talks about one person, one boss.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): Personnel should be selected and appointed after due and rigorous procedure.
Reason (R): The principle of ‘Stability of Personnel’ says that employee turnover should be minimised to maintain organisational efficiency.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

As per Fayol, If employees are selected and appointed after due and rigorous procedure, and given reasonable time to show result, they would not leave the organization and the cost of recruitment, selection and training would be saved.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): According to Taylor, there should be an almost equal division of work and responsibility between workers and management.
Reason (R): The principle of ‘harmony, not discord’ says that there should be complete harmony between management and workers.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

Both A and R are correct but R is not the correct explanation of A as per Taylor because of ‘Principle of cooperation not individualism’.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

Directions: There are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the appropriate option from the options given below

Assertion (A): Employees deserve just and fair remuneration but what is just and fair is determined by multiple factors. They include contribution of employees, paying capacity of employer and also prevailing wage rate for the occupation under consideration.
Reason (R): The principles of management are flexible and can be modified by the manager when the situation so demands.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

The reason behind assertion is that principles of management are contingent and are dependent on the prevailing situation at particular point of time.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 36

A managerial principle is a broad and ______ guideline for decision-making and behaviour.

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 36
Managerial Principle

  • Broad and General: Managerial principles are designed to provide a broad and general framework for decision-making and behavior within an organization.

  • Guideline: These principles serve as guidelines or rules that managers can follow to ensure consistency and effectiveness in their management practices.

  • Decision-Making: They help managers make informed decisions that align with the goals and objectives of the organization.

  • Behavior: Managerial principles also influence the behavior of employees by setting expectations and standards for how they should conduct themselves in the workplace.


By providing a broad and general framework, managerial principles allow for flexibility and adaptability in various situations, enabling managers to apply them to different contexts and challenges that may arise in the organization. Therefore, the correct answer is option B: General.
Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 37

“Management principles are not as rigid as principles of pure science.” Which of the following best describes the given statement?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 37
Explanation:

  • Management principles deal with human behaviour: Unlike principles of pure science, management principles are applied in the context of human behavior and interactions. This means that they are more flexible and require creativity in their application.

  • Applied creatively given the demands of the situation: Management principles need to be adapted and applied creatively based on the specific demands and challenges of each situation. There is no one-size-fits-all approach in management.

  • Research in work situations: While principles of management are based on research and observations in work situations, they are not as rigid as principles of pure science. This is because of the dynamic nature of human behavior and organizational contexts.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 38

Derivation of principles of management may be said to be a matter of _______ and its creative application may be regarded as an _______

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 38
Explanation:

  • Derivation of principles of management: This process involves studying various theories, concepts, and practices in the field of management to understand the fundamental principles that govern effective management.

  • Matter of Science: The derivation of management principles is based on empirical evidence, research, and logical reasoning, making it a scientific process.

  • Creative application: Once the principles of management are derived, their application in real-world scenarios requires creativity, innovation, and flexibility to address unique challenges and situations.

  • Matter of Art: The application of management principles involves a certain level of intuition, judgment, and creativity, making it more of an art than a science.


Therefore, the derivation of principles of management may be considered a matter of science, while its creative application may be regarded as an art.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 39

Which principle prescribes that work should be divided into small tasks to attain specialisation in the work performance of each worker?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 39
Division of Work

  • Definition: The principle of division of work states that work should be divided into small tasks to attain specialization in the work performance of each worker.

  • Importance: This principle helps in increasing efficiency and productivity as workers become skilled in their specific tasks.

  • Specialization: By dividing work into smaller tasks, workers can focus on mastering a particular skill set, leading to improved quality of work.

  • Efficiency: Specialization allows workers to complete tasks more quickly and accurately, leading to overall efficiency in the organization.

  • Coordination: Division of work also helps in better coordination among workers as each individual is responsible for a specific task.

  • Overall Benefits: Implementing the principle of division of work leads to a more organized and productive work environment, benefiting both the workers and the organization as a whole.

Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 40

‘Hindustan Lever Limited’ decided to divest in non-core business of chemicals and seeds.’ Which point of importance of principles of management is highlighted here?

Detailed Solution for Business Studies: CUET Mock Test - 1 - Question 40
Importance of Principles of Management Highlighted:

  • Meeting changing environment requirements: Hindustan Lever Limited's decision to divest in non-core business of chemicals and seeds shows that they are adapting to the changing business environment. This decision reflects their ability to identify and respond to market trends and shifts in consumer preferences.


By divesting in non-core businesses, the company is aligning its resources and efforts towards its core competencies, which can help in achieving greater success and sustainability in the long run. This decision also showcases the company's strategic management approach in ensuring that their business operations are in line with current market demands.
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