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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2

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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 1

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Haryali is a watershed development project which aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation. Under this initiative, all ongoing area development programmes namely, Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) will be implemented through Panchayati Raj Institutions w.e.f. April 2003. As the Watershed Development Programmes aim at holistic development of watershed areas, the convergence of all other non-land based programmes of Government of India, particularly those of the Ministry of Rural Development would enhance the ultimate output and lead to sustainable economic development of the village community. The ZP/DRDA therefore, shall take all-possible measures to ensure convergence of other programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development such as the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and the Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme in the village chosen for the implementation of the watershed development projects.

Q. In which year was Haryali, a watershed development project, launched?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 1

The year 2003 marked the launching of 'Haryali' with the objective of empowering Panchayati Raj Institutions both financially and administratively in the implementation of watershed development programme in the country.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 2

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Haryali is a watershed development project which aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation. Under this initiative, all ongoing area development programmes namely, Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) will be implemented through Panchayati Raj Institutions w.e.f. April 2003. As the Watershed Development Programmes aim at holistic development of watershed areas, the convergence of all other non-land based programmes of Government of India, particularly those of the Ministry of Rural Development would enhance the ultimate output and lead to sustainable economic development of the village community. The ZP/DRDA therefore, shall take all-possible measures to ensure convergence of other programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development such as the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and the Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme in the village chosen for the implementation of the watershed development projects.

Q. The Neeru-Meeru programme in ______ and Arvary Pani Sansad in _______ have taken up constructions of various water-harvesting structures.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 2

The Neeru-Meeru (Water and You) programme (in Andhra Pradesh) and Arvary Pani Sansad (in Alwar, Rajasthan) have taken up constructions of various water-harvesting structures such as percolation tanks, dug out ponds (Johad), check dams, etc., through people's participation.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 3

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Haryali is a watershed development project which aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation. Under this initiative, all ongoing area development programmes namely, Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) will be implemented through Panchayati Raj Institutions w.e.f. April 2003. As the Watershed Development Programmes aim at holistic development of watershed areas, the convergence of all other non-land based programmes of Government of India, particularly those of the Ministry of Rural Development would enhance the ultimate output and lead to sustainable economic development of the village community. The ZP/DRDA therefore, shall take all-possible measures to ensure convergence of other programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development such as the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and the Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme in the village chosen for the implementation of the watershed development projects.

Q. Ralegan Siddhi, a village of _________, has become an example for watershed development throughout the country.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 3

Ralegan Siddhi is a small village in the district of Ahmadnagar, Maharashtra. It has become an example for watershed development throughout the country. In 1975, this village was caught in a web of poverty and illicit liquor trade. The transformation took place when a retired army personnel, settled down in the village and took up the task of watershed development. He convinced villagers about the importance of family planning and voluntary labour; preventing open grazing, felling trees, and liquor prohibition.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 4

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Haryali is a watershed development project which aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation. Under this initiative, all ongoing area development programmes namely, Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) will be implemented through Panchayati Raj Institutions w.e.f. April 2003. As the Watershed Development Programmes aim at holistic development of watershed areas, the convergence of all other non-land based programmes of Government of India, particularly those of the Ministry of Rural Development would enhance the ultimate output and lead to sustainable economic development of the village community. The ZP/DRDA therefore, shall take all-possible measures to ensure convergence of other programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development such as the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and the Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme in the village chosen for the implementation of the watershed development projects.

Q. Which state has made water harvesting structures in the houses compulsory?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 4

Tamil Nadu is the first and the only state in India which has made roof top rainwater harvesting structure compulsory to all the houses across the state. There are legal provisions to punish the defaulters.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 5

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Haryali is a watershed development project which aims at enabling the rural population to conserve water for drinking, irrigation, fisheries and afforestation. Under this initiative, all ongoing area development programmes namely, Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) will be implemented through Panchayati Raj Institutions w.e.f. April 2003. As the Watershed Development Programmes aim at holistic development of watershed areas, the convergence of all other non-land based programmes of Government of India, particularly those of the Ministry of Rural Development would enhance the ultimate output and lead to sustainable economic development of the village community. The ZP/DRDA therefore, shall take all-possible measures to ensure convergence of other programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development such as the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY) the Indira Awas Yojana (IAY), the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and the Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme in the village chosen for the implementation of the watershed development projects.

Q. Consider the following statements with regard to India's National Water Policy and mark the correct option.

Statement I: The first National Water Policy was adopted in September, 1987.
Statement II: The National Water Policy 2002 stipulates primitive approaches to water management.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 5

The first National Water Policy was adopted in September, 1987. It was reviewed and updated in 2002 and later in 2012. The National Water Policy 2002 stipulates water allocation priorities broadly in the following order: drinking water; irrigation, hydro-power, navigation, industrial and other uses. The National Water Policy 2002 stipulates progressive new approaches to water management.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 6

Which of the following is not a commercial crop in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 6

Commercial agriculture, or otherwise known as agribusiness, is a cropping method in which crops or livestock are raised in order to sell the products on the market in order to make money.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 7

Which one of the following countries has the highest sex ratio in the world?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 7
  • In India, the sex ratio is the number of females per thousand males.
  • On average, the world population reflects a sex ratio of 102 males per 100 females.
  • The highest sex ratio in the world has been recorded in Latvia where there are 85 males per 100 females. In contrast, in Qatar, there are 311 males per 100 females.
  • The world pattern of sex ratio does not exhibit variations in the developed regions of the world.
  • The sex ratio is favourable for females in 139 countries of the world and unfavourable for them in the remaining 72 countries listed by the United Nations.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 8

Which Port is situated at the head of Vembanad Kayal, popularly known as the ‘Queen of the Arabian Sea’?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 8

Cochin Port 

  • Cochin Port situated at the head of Vembanad Kayal, popularly known as the ‘Queen of the Arabian Sea’, is also a natural harbour.
  • Hence the correct answer is option 1.
  • This port has an advantageous location being close to the Suez-Colombo route.
  • It caters to the needs of Kerala, southern Karnataka and south western Tamil Nadu.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 9

Given below are two statements: One is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R) : 

Assertion (A): In areas of intensive subsistence agriculture animal husbandry is a meagre sideline of crop farming

Reasons (R): Throughout the region, the farmers are handicapped in raising cattle due to a lack of scientific methods of breeding the animals. 

Q. In light of the above statements choose the most appropriate answer from the options given below: 

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 9

Characteristics of Intensive Subsistence Farming:

  • Intensive farming is an agricultural intensification and mechanization system that aims to maximize yields from available land through various means, such as heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers.
  • Three major characteristics of intensive farming are as follows, 
    • Low fallow ratio
    • Labour and capital intensive
    • Higher crop yields per unit land area.
  • That means high output per unit of land and relatively low output per worker
  • Executive use of mechanization found.
  • It is a labour-intensive farming method.
  • This farming produces cheaper food per hectare to feed the rising population.
  • Created multiple cropping systems.
  • High productivity using modern inputs.
  • It also involves intensive livestock farming.
  • It is a common practice in the fertile areas of south-east Asia, China, India (Punjab, parts of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, etc.), etc.

Intensive livestock farming:

  • In areas of intensive subsistence agriculture. animal husbandry is a meagre sideline of crop farming
  • This is clearly more sophisticated than primitive agriculture. Sometimes it is also known as the ‘monsoon type of agriculture’.
  • Subsistence farming is being superseded by intensive animal farming in the more developed parts of the world, where for example beef cattle are kept in high-density feedlots, and thousands of chickens may be raised in broiler houses or batteries. 
  • Throughout the region. the farmers are handicapped in raising cattle due to a lack of scientific methods of breeding the animals

Therefore, Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is NOT the correct explanation of (A).

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 10

Autobahns a term for roadways is used in which country?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 10

Roads

  • Road transport is the most economical for short distances compared to railways.
  • Freight transport by road is gaining importance because it offers door-to-door service
  • The quality of the roads varies greatly between developed and developing countries because road construction and maintenance require heavy expenditure.
  • In developed countries good quality roads are universal and provide long-distance links in the form of motorways, autobahns (Germany), and interstate highways for speedy movement.
  • Hence the correct answer is option 1.
  • Lorries, of increasing size and power to carry heavy loads, are common.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 11

Which method of soil conservation is most suitable in the coastal and dry regions?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 11

The correct answer is Shelterbelts.

  • A shelterbelt is a barrier of trees and shrubs that provides protection from wind and storm and lessens erosion.
  • Shelterbelts are a specific type of agroforestry system that help reduce natural hazards.
  • It is the most suitable method of soil conservation in coastal and dry areas.
  • Soil conservation is the protection of soil from erosion and other types of deterioration, so as to maintain soil fertility and productivity.

 Thus, we can say that Shelterbelts is the most suitable method of soil conservation in the coastal and dry regions.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 12

Which of the following are not the part of continuous landmass?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 12

Landmass

  • There are four major continuous landmasses on Earth: Afro-Eurasia, the Americas, Antarctica, and Australia.
  • Covering an expanse of over 6.6 million square miles, Russia is the world's largest country by landmass, beating out runner-up Canada by around 2.8 million square miles.
  • Most geologists recognize six continents — Africa, Antarctica, Eurasia, Australia, North America, and South America
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 13

Which is the major rail route of Russia that runs from St. Petersburg in the west to Vladivostok on the Pacific Coast?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 13

Trans–Siberian Railway -

  • This is a trans–Siberian Railways major rail route of Russia runs from St. Petersburg in the west to Vladivostok on the Pacific Coast in the east passing through Moscow, Ufa, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Chita and Khabarovsk.
  • Hence the correct answer is option 1.
  • It is the most important route in Asia and the longest (9,332 km)double-tracked and electrified trans–continental railway in the world.
  • It has helped in opening up its Asian region to West European markets.
  • It runs across the Ural Mountains Ob and Yenisei rivers Chita is an important agro centre and Irkutsk, a fur centre.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 14

Which one of the following is NOT the part of the definition of a town as per the census of India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 14

 As per the census 2011, Places that satisfy the following criteria are called census towns:

  • A minimum population of 5,000;
  • At least 75 per cent of the male main working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and Hence, option 3 is not correct.
  • A density of population of at least 400 persons per sq. km. 
  • Presence of municipality, corporation, etc
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 15

Petrochemicals are used in the manufacture of________.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 15
  • Petrochemicals are used in the manufacture of detergent.
  • Detergent is a substance that's used for cleaning.
  • Detergent is similar to soap, but it's stronger and dissolves more completely in water.
  • Detergents are special, powerful cleansers that can break up dirt, oils, and grease in clothing or dishes.
  • The most important raw material for synthetic detergent production alkylbenzene.
  • The alkyl molecular group has in the past usually been C12H24 (tetrapropylene) obtained from the petrochemical gas propylene.
  • This molecular group is attached to benzene by a reaction called alkylation, with various catalysts, to form the alkylbenzene.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 16

Which group of profession from the following came under tertiary sector of economy?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 16

Tertiary Sector

  • The tertiary Sector is a collection of industries that produce mostly intangible value, meaning value that has no physical form.
  • It is a hallmark of advanced economies to have a large tertiary sector that generates a high percentage of GDP and employment.
  • The tertiary sector is also called as service sector.
  • This sector also includes essential services that may not directly help in the production of goods.
  • Examples: Education, Utilities, Transportation, Hospitality, etc.
  • For example, we require teachers, doctors, tailors, some of which provide us with personal services.

Primary Sector

  • The sector that includes the different raw materials is also known as the primary sector.
  • This sector includes all of the sectors of human activity that transform natural resources into commodities.
  • These raw materials are products generated from agriculture, crop production, animal husbandry, fishing, forestry, and mining.
  • The activities carried out in the primary sector are important, necessary, and indispensable for the populations' survival.

Secondary Sector

  • The secondary sector includes economic activities that create finished products for consumption( consumer goods).
  • It takes the production of the primary activities and manufactures new end goods.
  • Examples: Manufacturing, Construction, etc.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 17

Which of the following sentence is correctly define slum?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 17

Slum

  • The word “slum” is often used to describe informal settlements within cities that have inadequate housing and squalid, miserable living conditions. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • They are often overcrowded, with many people crammed into very small living spaces.
  • These settlements lack basic municipal services such as water, sanitation, waste collection, storm drainage, street lighting, paved sidewalks and roads for emergency access.
  • Most also do not have easy access to schools, hospitals or public places for the community to gather. 
  • UN-HABITAT defines a slum household as a group of individuals living under the same roof in an urban area who lack one or more of the following:
  • Durable housing of a permanent nature that protects against extreme climate conditions.
  • Sufficient living space, which means not more than three people sharing the same room.
  • Easy access to safe water in sufficient amounts at an affordable price.
  • Access to adequate sanitation in the form of a private or public toilet shared by a reasonable number of people.
  • Security of tenure that prevents forced evictions.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 18

 Milpa and Ladang are different names for

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 18
  • Shifting cultivation is a form of agricultural practice or a cultivation system.
  • In which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored.
  • It is practised by tribal and is also known as Burn and Slash cultivation.
  • It is known as Jhoom in Assam, Onam in Kerala, Podu in Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha. The same is known as Bewar in Madhya Pradesh.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 19

Which of the following is the name the three stages of demographic transition theory?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 19

The five stages of the demographic transition model

  • Stage One: The Pre-Industrial Stage (highly fluctuating – high stationery)
  • Stage Two: The Industrial Revolution (early expanding) –very rapid increase.
  • Stage Three: Post-Industrial Revolution (late expanding) –increase slows down.
  • Stage Four: Stabilization (low stationery) – very slow increase
  • Stage Five: Declining population

Hence the correct answer is Rural agrarian, demographic transition, urban industrial.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 20

In which of the following regions has the oldest well-documented urban settlement found?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 20

Urban Settlements in India 

  • Towns flourished since prehistoric times in India. 
  • Even at the time of Indus valley civilization, towns like Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were in existence. 
  • They were the first well documented human urban settlements in Human History.
  • The following period has witnessed the evolution of towns. 
  • It continued with periodic ups and downs until the arrival of Europeans in India in the eighteenth century.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 21

The total amount of green-house gases produced, to directly and indirectly support human activities, is referred to as

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 21

The correct answer is the Carbon footprint.

The total amount of green-house gases produced, to, directly and indirectly, support human activities, is referred to as Carbon Footprint.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 22

According to the Demographic Transition Theory, the third stage in a demographic cycle is marked by:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 22

Demographic Transition Theory

  • It predicts the shift in the population (birth and death rate) of an area.
  • This theory also studies the relationship between economic development and population growth.

Demographic cycle

  • According to the Demographic Transition Theory, the third stage is marked by low fertility low mortality.
  • High fertility and high mortality is the first stage in a demographic cycle.
  • At the beginning of the second stage, fertility remains high and increases population.
  • Then fertility starts to decline and leads to a low mortality rate.
  • This is the high fertility low mortality stage.
  • The third stage is where fertility and mortality decreases.
  • The last stage is the low fertility and low mortality stage, where both fertility and mortality even declines at a considerable rate.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 23

What kind of agriculture has flourished most in the Eurasian steppes and the Canadian and American Prairies?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 23

In the interior of semi-arid terrain in the midlatitudes, commercial grain farming is practised. This type of agriculture developed best in the Eurasian steppes, the Canadian and American Prairies, the Pampas of Argentina, the Velds of South Africa, the Australian Downs, and the Canterbury Plains of New Zealand.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 24

Which of the following can be referred to as sheet erosion?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 24

Sheet erosion is the uniform removal of soil in thin layers, and it occurs when soil particles are carried evenly over the soil surface by rainwater that does not infiltrate into the ground.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 25

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Mining requires large areas that need to be cleared prior to mining activities. Large scale deforestation results in the loss of oxygen producing plants and the destruction of vital habitats. Among other ill-effects of deforestation, the prime one is that it reduces overall biodiversity of an area. Mining utilises a variety of poisonous chemicals which can leak into nearby water supplies or evaporate into the air, bringing them into contact with humans, and wildlife.

Q. What does the phrase 'destruction of vital habitats' refer to in the text?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 25

The context refers to deforestation leading to lack of habitat for various animal species. Deforestation also leads to extinction of indigenous animals, plants and organisms, thus reducing overall biodiversity.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 26

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Mining requires large areas that need to be cleared prior to mining activities. Large scale deforestation results in the loss of oxygen producing plants and the destruction of vital habitats. Among other ill-effects of deforestation, the prime one is that it reduces overall biodiversity of an area. Mining utilises a variety of poisonous chemicals which can leak into nearby water supplies or evaporate into the air, bringing them into contact with humans, and wildlife.

Q. Profitability of mining does not depend on:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 26

The profitability of mining activities is determined by two major factors:
Physical characteristics: They include deposit size, grade, and method of occurrence.
Economic considerations such as mineral demand, accessible and used technology, capital to create infrastructure, and labour and transportation costs.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 27

Which economic factor(s) that affect(s) population distribution is/are best exemplified by the copper belt of Katanga, Zambia in Africa?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 27

Following are the economic factors that influence population distribution:
(1) Minerals:
Areas with mineral deposits attract industries. Mining and industrial activities generate employment. So, skilled and semi–skilled workers move to these areas and make them densely populated. Katanga Zambia copper belt in Africa is one such good example.
(2) Urbanisation: Cities offer better employment opportunities, educational and medical facilities, better means of transport and communication.
(3) Industrialisation: Industrial belts provide job opportunities and attract large numbers of people.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 28

Which continent has countries with the highest score for human development?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 28

Countries with higher human development are those where a lot of investment in the social sector has taken place. Altogether, a higher investment in people and good governance has set this group of countries apart from the others. The degree of social diversity in these countries is not very high. Many of the countries with a high human development score are located in Europe and represent the industrialised western world.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 29

Which of the following statements regarding red soil is false?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 29

Red soil develops on crystalline igneous rocks in areas of low rainfall in the eastern and southern parts of the Deccan plateau. Yellow and red soils are also found in parts of Odisha, Chhattisgarh, southern parts of the middle Ganga plain and along the piedmont zone of the Western Ghats. These soils develop a reddish colour due to diffusion of iron in crystalline and metamorphic rocks. It looks yellow when it occurs in a hydrated form.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 30

Which of the following statements is correct with respect to coal deposit in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 30

About 80 percent of the coal deposits in India are of bituminous type and of non-coking grade. The most important Gondwana coalfields of India are located in Damodar Valley. Jharia is the largest coalfield, followed by Raniganj.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 31

Which of the following is true with regard to India's ports?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 31

India is surrounded by sea from three sides and is bestowed with a long coastline. Water provides a smooth surface for very cheap transport, provided there is no turbulence. India has a long tradition of sea faring and developed many ports with place name suffixed with pattan meaning port. An interesting fact about ports in India is that its west coast has more ports than its east coast. Though ports have been in use since ancient times, the emergence of ports as gateways of international trade became important after the coming of the European traders and colonisation of the country by the British. This led to variation in the size and quality of ports. There are some ports which have very vast area of influence and some have limited area of influence. At present, India has 13 major ports and 205 notified minor and intermediate ports. In case of the major ports, the central government decides the policy and plays regulatory functions. The minor ports are there whose policy and functions are regulated by state governments. The major ports handle larger share of the total traffic.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 32

Which of the following statements regarding India's trade condition in the 1950s - 60s is true?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 32

India faced serious food shortage during 1950s and 1960s. The major item of import at that time was foodgrain, capital goods, machinery and equipment. The balance of payment was adverse as imports were more than exports, in spite of all the efforts of import substitution. After 1970s, foodgrain import was discontinued due to the success of Green revolution, but the energy crisis of 1973 pushed the prices of petroleum, and import budget was also pushed up. Foodgrain import was replaced by fertilisers and petroleum.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 33

Which of the following statements is/are true with regard to post-modernism in geography?

Statement I: The universally applicable theories regarding human geography were devised.
Statement II: The impact of regional variations upon human geography was neglected.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 33

Post-modernism is a theoretical approach to human geography. This approach was born as a critique approach against the modernism. In this approach, the grand generalisations and the applicability of universal theories to explain the human conditions were questioned. The importance of understanding each local context in its own right was emphasised.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 34

The slash and burn agriculture technique can be linked to which of the following agricultural practices?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 34

Primitive subsistence agriculture or shifting cultivation is widely practised by many tribes in the tropics, especially in Africa, South and Central America and South-east Asia. The vegetation is usually cleared by fire, and the ashes add to the fertility of the soil. Shifting cultivation is, thus, also called the slash and burn agriculture.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 35

Cattle are the most important livestock in

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 35

Nomadic herding or pastoral nomadism is a primitive subsistence activity, in which the herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools and transport.
In tropical Africa, cattle are the most important livestock, while in Sahara and Asiatic deserts, sheep, goats and camel are reared. In the mountainous areas of Tibet and Andes, yak and llamas and in the Arctic and sub-Arctic areas, reindeer are the most important animals.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 36

Which of the following factors indicate(s) socio-economic development of a nation?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 36

Proportion of literate population of a country is an indicator of its socio-economic development, as it reveals the standard of living, social status of females, availability of educational facilities and policies of the government. Level of economic development is both a cause and a consequence of literacy. In India – literacy rate denotes the percentage of population above 7 years of age, who is able to read, write and have the ability to do arithmetic calculations with understanding.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 37

Which of the following refers to the term possibilism?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 37

The people begin to understand their environment and the forces of nature with the passage of time. With social and cultural development, humans develop better and more efficient technology. They move from a state of necessity to a state of freedom. They create possibilities with the resources obtained from the environment. The human activities create cultural landscape. The imprints of human activities are created everywhere; health resorts on highlands, huge urban sprawls, ports on the coasts, oceanic routes on the oceanic surface and satellites in the space. The earlier scholars termed this as possibilism. Nature provides opportunities and human beings make use of these and slowly nature gets humanised and starts bearing the imprints of human endeavour.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 38

India occupies 2.4% of the world's land area and contributes to 15% of the world's population. In 10 years between 1991 and 2001, our population grew by nearly 21%.

Cooperative farming is when member-farmers:

  • Farm jointly
  • Continue to be the owner of their land individually
  • Distribute profits based on the ratio of land they own
  • Distribute wages according to the number of days they worked

Q. Who among these will benefit the MOST from cooperative farming?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 38

Small landowners will benefit the most as a result of cooperative farming. They will be able to benefit as a result of pooling of resources. They will continue to remain owners of the land, share profits in ratio of their holdings, and will be able to earn more as a result of increased production and better marketing. Thus, option C is correct.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 39

Which of the following ports is also known as 'Queen of the Arabian Sea'?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 39

Kochi Port, situated at the head of Vembanad Kayal, popularly known as the 'Queen of the Arabian Sea', is also a natural harbour. This port has an advantageous location being close to the Suez-Colombo route. It caters to the needs of Kerala, southern Karnataka and south western Tamil Nadu.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 40

Directions: Match the plantations with the areas where they were established.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 40

The French established cocoa and coffee plantations in west Africa. The British set up large tea gardens in India and Sri Lanka, rubber plantations in Malaysia and sugarcane and banana plantations in West Indies. Spanish and Americans invested heavily in coconut and sugarcane plantations in the Philippines.

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