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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3

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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 1

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in which of the following regions in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 1

The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. The groundwater utilisation is very high in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. However, there are States like Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Kerala, etc., which utilise only a small proportion of their groundwater potentials. States like Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Tripura and Maharashtra are utilising their groundwater resources at a moderate rate.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 2

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. The water available in lagoons and lakes in states like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal is generally used for:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 2

India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc.

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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 3

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. What is the reason behind the high concentration of pollutants in rivers?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 3

The waste water which is discharged from the sewage treatment plants has a higher temperature than the temperature of the river. In summers, the surrounding temperature is already higher and the release of this hot water further accelerates the pollution of water bodies. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when the flow of water is low.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 4

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Statement A: The formation of a number of lagoons and lakes in India is because of its vast coast line.
Statement B: The pollutants in rivers remain low during the summer season.
 

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 4

According to the passage:
Statement A is correct as India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes.
Statement B is incorrect as the drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers, especially remains very high during the summer season when the flow of water is low.
Hence, option A is the correct answer.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 5

Directions: Answer the following question based on the passage given below:

There are four major sources of surface water. These are rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks. In the country, there are about 10,360 rivers and their tributaries longer than 1.6 km each. The total replenishable groundwater resources in the country are about 432 cubic km. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed. The States like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in these lagoons and lakes. Although, water is generally brackish in these water bodies, it is used for fishing and irrigating certain varieties of paddy crops, coconut, etc. Available water resources are degrading rapidly. The major rivers of the country generally retain better water quality in less densely populated upper stretches in hilly areas. In plains, river water is used intensively for irrigation, drinking, domestic and industrial purposes. The drains carrying agricultural (fertilizers and insecticides), domestic (solid and liquid wastes), and industrial effluents join the rivers. The concentration of pollutants in rivers specially remains very high during the summer season when flow of water is low.

Q. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Statement A: River is one of the major resources of ground water.
Statement B: The level of utilisation of ground water in south India is quite less.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 5

According to the passage:
Statements A is incorrect as river is one of the major resources of surface water and not of ground water. There are four major sources of surface water (rivers, lakes, ponds and tanks).
Statement B is also incorrect as the level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. India has a vast coastline and the coast is very indented in some states. Due to this, a number of lagoons and lakes have formed.
Hence, option D is the answer.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 6

_________ type describes water as a resource.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 6

A cyclic resource is what can be formed, again and again. Water is a cyclic resource. The water from the sea, river, and ocean, etc. evaporates and condenses to form clouds. When the rain occurs, water from these clouds comes on the earth and flows down into water resources. The hydrological cycle is also known as the water cycle; it is the normal water recycling system on the earth.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 7

The life expectancy of females in Finland is high.

Based on this information, which of the following statements is definitely TRUE?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 7

Since life expectancy of females in Finland is high, we can conclude that they must have better access to healthcare. Option 1 is incorrect as HDI is a result of many factors apart from life expectancy, such as education, GNI per capita, etc. It may be the case that HDI is low despite high life expectancy, if women in Finland do not excel in other HDI parameters. Option 3 is incorrect as low gross income cannot be inferred. If anything, the income must have been high, leading to better healthcare and then better life expectancy. Option 4 cannot be 'definitely' true, as focussing only on healthcare of young girls does not help us conclude that life expectancy of all females in Finland is high.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 8

Which of the following statements is/are true?

Statement 1 - It took more than a century to achieve the mark of two billion people in 1927, but only 33 years to reach three billion mark in 1960.
Statement 2 - The second stage of the demographic transition is the pre-industrial stage.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 8

Statement 1 - In 1804, it is estimated that the world's population surpassed one billion for the first time. It took more than a century to achieve the mark of two billion people in 1927, but only 33 years to reach three billion mark in 1960. Hence, it is true.
Statement 2 - The first stage of the demographic transition is the pre-industrial stage. During this stage, the population is stable, with both high birth rates and high death rates. The death rates are high because there is increased disease, minimal medical care, poor sanitation, and limited food supplies. Hence, it is false.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 9

What is the local name of rainwater harvesting structure in Rajasthan?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 9

A taanka, also known as a tanka or kund, is a traditional rainwater harvesting technique, common to the Thar desert region of Rajasthan, India.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 10

Which of the following is/are included under demography?

P. Study of population density
Q. Mortality rate
R. Study of landforms in a country
S. Fertility rate

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 10

Demography is the systematic study of population. The term is of Greek origin and is composed of the two words - demos (people) and graphein (describe), implying the description of people.
Demography studies the trends and processes associated with population including – changes in population size; patterns of births, deaths, and migration; and the structure and composition of the population, such as the relative proportions of women, men and different age groups.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 11

In which rural settlement can 'dry points' be seen?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 11

Upland, which is not prone to flooding, is chosen by people to prevent damage to houses and loss of life. In low lying river basins, people prefer to settle on terraces and levees which are also known as 'dry points'. In tropical countries, people build their houses on stilts near marshy lands to protect themselves from floods, insects and animal pests.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 12

The Neeru-Meeru (Water and You) programme, in ________, and the Arvary Pani Sansad, in _________, have taken up constructions of various water-harvesting structures.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 12

The Neeru-Meeru (Water and You) programme, in Andhra Pradesh, and the Arvary Pani Sansad, in Alwar, Rajasthan, have taken up constructions of various water-harvesting structures such as percolation tanks, dug-out ponds (Johad), check dams, etc., through people's participation. Tamil Nadu has made water harvesting structures in the houses compulsory. No building can be constructed without making structures for water harvesting.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 13

Which one of the following statements is NOT true about Geography?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 13

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth's surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way the locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 14

Based on the given statement, choose the option that most accurately fills the blank.

__________ makes possible the adaption and survival of the humans and is considered the most important factor in the interaction between people and the environment.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 14

Human beings interact with their environment with the help of technology. Technology indicates the level of cultural development of the society. Human beings were able to develop technology after they developed better understanding of the natural laws. For example, the understanding of the concepts of friction and heat helped us to discover fire. Similarly, understanding of the secrets of DNA and genetics enabled us to conquer many diseases. We use the laws of aerodynamics to develop faster planes. Knowledge about nature is extremely important to develop technology and technology loosens the shackles of environment on the human beings.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 15

Out of the given subjects, which two are most affected by the issues of population, resource and development?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 15

Indian culture and civilisation have been most sensitive to the issues of population, resource and development for a long time. It would not be incorrect to say that ancient scriptures were essentially concerned about the balance and harmony among the elements of nature.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 16

What is full form of HVJ?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 16

HVJ stands for Hajira-Vijaipur-Jagdishpur. It is India's first cross state gas pipeline. The project was started in 1986 after the incorporation of GAIL (India) Limited to supply gas to the fertiliser plants located in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 17

Which state is known as most urbanised state in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 17

In India, certain states are heavily urbanised, while others have a large rural population. Goa is India's most urbanised state, with 62.17 percent of the population living in cities. It is followed by Kerala (47.7%) and Maharashtra (45.2%).

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 18

Jobs that involve high degree of innovation are known as ______________.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 18

Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, re-arrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas; data interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies. The people involved in such activities are called gold collar professionals, officers, research scientists.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 19

Which of the following affected the agricultural sector in India negatively?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 19

Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences, with a major focus on weather forecasting. Every farming activity such as ploughing harrowing, land preparation, weeding, irrigation, manuring, spraying, dusting, harvesting, threshing, storage and transport of farm produce are affected by weather.
Hence, reduced funding in meteorology affected the agricultural sector in India negatively.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 20

How many types of population pyramids created from age-sex distributions are there?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 20

There are three types of population pyramids: expansive, constrictive, and stationary.
Expansive population pyramids depict populations that have a larger percentage of people in younger age groups.
Constrictive population pyramids are named so because they are constricted at the bottom. There is a lower percentage of younger people.
Stationary population pyramids are those that show a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. There is no decrease or increase in population; it is stable.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 21

Economic development refers to________

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 21

Economic development is not economic growth

  • It’s easy to confuse development with growth, considering they have similar meanings and are often used interchangeably. Add the fact that economic growth is an important part of economic development. Economic growth is all about numbers. “Economic Growth is the positive change in the real output of the country in a particular span of time.”
  • Economic growth is a straightforward measurement of actual economic output — things like gross domestic product (GDP) fall into this measurement. It’s a pure numbers game.
  • But economic development is much broader in scope and includes elements that you might not normally associate with economics, like social welfare, early childhood education, and criminal justice reform.

Economic development refers to Economic growth plus changes in output distribution and economic structure. Therefore Option B is the correct answer.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 22

Which of the following is not a component of Population change?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 22

Components of Population Change

  • There are three components of population change – Births, Deaths and Migration. 
  • Crude Birth Rate (CBR) is expressed as the number of live births in a year per thousand of population. 
  • Crude Death Rate (CDR) is expressed in terms of the number of deaths in a particular year per thousand of population in a particular region.

Migration

  • When people move from one place to another, the place they move from is called the Place of Origin and the place they move to is called the Place of Destination. 
  • The place of origin shows a decrease in population while the population increases in the place of destination. 
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 23

Which of the following is NOT a demerit of using wind energy? 

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 23

That energy produced from Wind is called Wind Energy. Wind is caused due to unequal heating of land and water bodies by the sun. This unequal heating generates air movement and causes winds to blow. This kinetic energy of wind is used to generate wind energy from a Windmill.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 24

Which among the following best defines the Hamleted Rural settlements?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 24

The correct answer is option B, i.e fragmented units which are physically separated.

Rural Settlements in India can broadly be put into four types:

  • Clustered, agglomerated or nucleated settlements
  • Semi-clustered or fragmented settlements
  • Hamleted settlements
  • Dispersed or isolated settlements

Hamleted Settlement is fragmented into several units which are physically separated from each other bearing a common name.

  • This segmentation of a large village is often motivated by social and ethnic factors.
  • Such villages are more frequently found in the middle and lower Ganga plain, Chhattisgarh and lower valleys of the Himalayas.

Other types of Rural Settlements are as follows:

  • The Clustered Rural Settlement is a compact or closely built up area of houses. In this type of village the general living area is distinct and separated from the surrounding farms, barns and pastures.
  • Semi-Clustered or Fragmented Settlements may result from tendency of clustering in a restricted area of dispersed settlement. More often such a pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation of a large compact village.
  • Dispersed or Isolated Settlements pattern in India appears in the form of isolated huts or hamlets of few huts in remote jungles, or on small hills with farms or pasture on the slopes.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 25

Which of the following is not a measure of economic development?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 25
  • Economic development is the process of change over a long period of time.
  • Economic development can involve a stronger economy enabling a greater range of social services that improve a nation's welfare.
  • The most commonly used measures of economic development are:
    • Gross Domestic Product
    • Incidence of poverty
    • Green Index
    • Life status
    • Literacy rate
    • Average life expectancy

 Thus, we can say that geographical conditions are not a measure of economic development.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 26

Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used to

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 26

Contour Bunding:

  • Contour bunding is the farming practice of ploughing and/or planting across a slope following its elevation contour lines.
  • These contour lines create a water break which reduces the formation of rills and gullies during times of heavy precipitation, allowing more time for the water to settle into the soil.
  • Contour bunding, involves the placement of lines of stones along with the natural rises of a landscape, and contour farming.
  • These techniques help to capture and hold rainfall before it can become runoff.
  • Contour bunding is a proven sustainable land management practice for marginal, sloping, and hilly land where the soil productivity is very low.
  • It is widely adopted by the ethnic minorities of Nepal who practice the shifting cultivation system of farming.
  • Counter bunding is used for preventing erosion in hilly areas. Hence the correct answer is option 3.
  • Over generations, they have successfully used this technology to control soil erosion, promote water retention, and increase crop production.
  • It has a high probability of replication because it is simple to implement, is low cost, and makes maximum use of local resources.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 27

Traditionally to practice hunting, gathering, shifting cultivation and transhumance in deep forests, people in hot and cold deserts lived in ________ ​.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 27

The correct answer is Temporary settlements.

  • Settlements are places where people build their homes to live.
  • Settlements can be permanent or temporary.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 28

Which of the following is/are the source(s) of soil pollution?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 28

Explanation:

Pollution refers to the contamination of the body which results in being harmful to lives and/or ecosystems when exposed into the environment.

Soil pollution:

Soil pollution is caused due to industrial activity (electronic waste disposal), agricultural activities (use of pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers, etc on the farmland), waste disposal (seepage of leachate from the waste landfills), accidental oil spills, acid rain, etc.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 29

Which of the following statements is correct about black soil?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 29

Option C is the correct answer.

  • These soils are generally poor in phosphoric contents. So, option A is NOT correct.
  • It is however rich in soil nutrients, such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash, and lime.
  • The black soils are made up of extremely fine i.e. clayey material. They are well-known for their capacity to hold moisture. So, option B is NOT correct and option C is correct.
  • It is typical of the Deccan trap (Basalt) region spread over the northwest Deccan plateau and is made up of lava flows. So, option D is NOT correct.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 30

Griffith Taylor introduced a new form of determinism, termed as Neodeterminism or stop and go determinism between which of the two ideas?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 30

Neo-determinism:

  • This interaction between primitive human society and strong forces of nature when man was scared of nature is termed environmental determinism.
  • Nature provides opportunities and human beings make use of these and slowly nature gets humanized and starts bearing the imprints of human endeavor.
  • This is known as possibilism.
  • A geographer, Griffith Taylor introduced another concept which reflects a middle path between the two ideas of environmental determinism and possibilism.
  • He termed it as Neodeterminism or stop and go determinism.
  • It means that human beings can conquer nature by obeying it and the fact that possibilities can be created within the limits which do not damage the environment.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 31

The total fertility rate is :

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 31

The correct answer is The number of children a woman will likely bear in her lifetime.

  • The fertility rate refers to the number of live births per 1000 women in the child-bearing age group, usually taken to be 15 to 49 years. 
    • This is a ‘crude’ rate – it is a rough average for an entire population and does not take account of the differences across age groups.
    • Differences across age groups can sometimes be very significant in affecting the meaning of indicators.
  • That is why demographers also calculate age-specific rates.
  • The total fertility rate refers to the total number of live births that a hypothetical woman would have if she lived through the reproductive age group and had the average number of babies in each segment of this age group as determined by the age-specific fertility rates for that area. Hence, option 3 is correct.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 32

Strip cropping method involves

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 32

Strip cropping:

  • Large fields can be divided into strips.
  • Strips of grass are left to grow between the crops.
  • This breaks up the force of the wind.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 33

Which one of the following is not a type of commercial agriculture?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 33

The correct answer is option 4 i.e. Intensive subsistence agriculture.

Farmers practise different types of farming in India, based on the nature of the land, climatic characteristics, and available irrigational facilities.

Subsistence Farming

  • In subsistence farming, the entire production is for only consumption.
  • There is no surplus to sell in markets. Such type of farming is adopted by small and marginal farmers on fragmented landholdings.
  • It includes generally food crops, and the methods of farming are generally archaic. Hence option 4 is not correct.

Commercial farming

  • Commercial farming is the opposite of subsistence farming.
  • Its objective is to sell the produce in the market.
  • Commercial farming is done with modern tools and techniques, and High Yielding Varieties of seeds.
  • Dairy Farming, Grain Farming, and Livestock Ranching are all types of commercial farming done for commercial purposes. Hence options 1,2 and 3 are correct.

Extensive farming

  • Extensive farming is done on a large parcel of land.
  • The large patch is able to produce a large amount but production per unit of land may be low.
  • Extensive farming is done in those countries where landholding size is large e.g. United States, Canada etc.
  • Extensive farming is almost absent in India except in few states such as Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh.

Intensive Farming

  • The aim of intensive farming is to produce maximum output per unit of land.
  • It is common in India as well as South-East Asian countries such as Thailand, Vietnam, and Indonesia etc.

Plantation Farming

  • Plantation Farming is farming in an estate where a single cash crop is grown for sale.
  • Examples are Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Banana, Spices.

Mixed Farming

  • Mixed farming refers to the raising of livestock along with crops.
  • Mixed farming is economically better than other farming.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 34

Which of the following is not method of soil conservation?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 34

Soil conservation practices are tools the farmer can use to prevent soil degradation and build organic matter. These practices include crop rotation, reduced tillage, mulching, cover cropping and cross-slope farming. farmers to increase soil organic matter content, soil structure and rooting depth.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 35

The Big Trunk Route runs though

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 35

The correct answer is The North Atlantic Ocean.

  • North Atlantic sea route is popularly known as a big trunk route.
  • It covers one-fourth of the World's foreign trade.
  • It covers the North-Eastern USA and North-Western Europe.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 36

Out of the following, select the correct combination which represents non-renewable natural resources?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 36

A resource is a source or supply from which a benefit is produced and that has some utility. Resources can broadly be classified upon their availability. They are classified into renewable and non-renewable resources.

Non-renewable natural resources:

  • A non-renewable resource is a natural resource that cannot be readily replaced by natural means at a quick enough pace to keep up with consumption.
  • This means that non-renewable resources are limited in supply and cannot be used sustainably.
  • These are not environmentally friendly because the amount of carbon emission is high.
  • The cost of these resources is high.
  • They are not pollution-free.
  • They require low maintenance cost.
  • Coal, oil, nuclear energy, petroleum, natural gas, fossil fuels, batteries, shale gas, phosphate are some examples.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 37

The most popular definition of sustainable development is given by:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 37

World Commission On Environment And Development (WCED)

  • The commission was set up in 1983 by the United Nations and is also known as Brundtland Commission, after the name of Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland.
  • Environmental challenges like ozone depletion, global warming led to the formation of the Brundtland Commission.
  • It is an international group of environmental experts, politicians, and civil servants.
  • The commission was given the responsibility of proposing long-term solutions for bringing about sustainable development and continuing it into the 21st century.
  • The concept of 'sustainable development' and ways to achieve that, was introduced by the Brundtland Report also known as 'Our Common Future' released in 1987.
  • The Brundtland Report within the major topic of sustainable development included other topics like - the role of the international economy, population and human resources, food security, species and ecosystems, energy, industry, and also proposed legal principles for environmental protection.
  • However, the Brundtland Report is most popularly known for its definition of sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” 
  • The Brundtland Report also talked about the increasing global population. According to the report, the global population in the 21st century would be somewhere between 7.7 billion and 14.2 billion people with more people living in cities than in rural areas.
  • The report also stated that though some of the highest population growth rates were among developing countries, the environmental impact of an additional individual born in an industrialized country was much greater than that of one born in a developing country.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 38

In India, the maximum rural settlement is found in

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 38

Human Settlement means a cluster of dwellings of any type or size where human beings live. For this purpose, people may erect houses and other structures and command some area or territory as their economic support base. The economy and population parameters help to classify the settlements under two broad heads, rural and urban settlement.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 39

The Canadian Pacific railway runs between?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 39

The correct answer is Vancouver and Halifax.

  • The Canadian Pacific Railway is owned by the Canadian Pacific Railway Limited which started its operations as legal owner in a corporate restructuring in the year 2001.
  • It is headquartered in Canada and started its operations on 16th February 1881.
  • The track gauge is 1,435 m and the length of the track is 20,100 Kilometer (12,500 mi).
  • Andrew Reardon is the current chairman and Keith Creei is the current President and Cheif Executive Officer (CEO) of Canada Pacific Railway. (May 2021)
  • It was Canada's first transcontinental railway.
  • The Canadian Pacific Railway runs between Vancouver and Halifax.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 40

Maximum land area has been degraded and converted to wasteland in India under the influence of

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 3 - Question 40

The correct answer is Water Erosion.

  • The land which may be classified as a wasteland such as barren hilly terrains, desert lands, ravines, etc. normally cannot be brought under cultivation with the available technology.
  • If the land is left uncultivated for more than five years, it would be categorized as a culturable wasteland.
  • Major factors are loss of topsoil due to water erosion; land degradation due to acidity; vegetal degradation with water erosion; and gully formation.
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