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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4

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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 1

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) is the earliest area development programme launched by the Central Government in 1973-74 to tackle the special problems faced by those fragile areas which are constantly affected by severe drought conditions. These areas are characterized by large human and cattle populations which are continuously putting heavy pressure on the already fragile natural resources base for food, fodder and fuel. The major problems are continuous depletion of vegetative cover, increase in soil erosion, fall in ground water levels due to continuous exploitation without any effort to recharge the underground aquifers. Desert Development Programme (DDP) was launched for hot desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and cold desert areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Similarly, in 1989, Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP) was launched under the aegis of National Wasteland Development Board for development of wastelands on watershed basis. At present, the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) are running as a consolidated single programme named Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).

Q. In which Five-Year Plan was Drought Prone Areas Programme initiated?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 1

Drought Prone Areas Programme was initiated during the Fourth Five-Year Plan with the objectives of providing employment to the people in drought-prone areas and creating productive assets.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 2

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) is the earliest area development programme launched by the Central Government in 1973-74 to tackle the special problems faced by those fragile areas which are constantly affected by severe drought conditions. These areas are characterized by large human and cattle populations which are continuously putting heavy pressure on the already fragile natural resources base for food, fodder and fuel. The major problems are continuous depletion of vegetative cover, increase in soil erosion, fall in ground water levels due to continuous exploitation without any effort to recharge the underground aquifers. Desert Development Programme (DDP) was launched for hot desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and cold desert areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Similarly, in 1989, Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP) was launched under the aegis of National Wasteland Development Board for development of wastelands on watershed basis. At present, the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) are running as a consolidated single programme named Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).

Q. Consider the following statements and mark the correct option.

Statement I: In the Eighth Five-Year Plan, special area programmes were designed.
Statement II: Hill Area Development Programmes were initiated during the Ninth Five-Year Plan.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 2

As part of target area planning in the Eighth Five-Year Plan, special programmes were designed to develop infrastructure in hill areas. North Eastern states tribal areas and backward areas, integrated tribal development project of Bharmour region in Himachal Pradesh, Indira Gandhi Canal Command Area Project in Rajasthan are some examples of such programmes.
Hill Area Development Programmes were initiated during the Fifth Five-Year Plan covering 15 districts comprising all the hilly districts of Uttar Pradesh (present Uttarakhand), Mikir Hill and North Cachar hills of Assam, Darjiling district of West Bengal and Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu.

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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 3

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) is the earliest area development programme launched by the Central Government in 1973-74 to tackle the special problems faced by those fragile areas which are constantly affected by severe drought conditions. These areas are characterized by large human and cattle populations which are continuously putting heavy pressure on the already fragile natural resources base for food, fodder and fuel. The major problems are continuous depletion of vegetative cover, increase in soil erosion, fall in ground water levels due to continuous exploitation without any effort to recharge the underground aquifers. Desert Development Programme (DDP) was launched for hot desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and cold desert areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Similarly, in 1989, Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP) was launched under the aegis of National Wasteland Development Board for development of wastelands on watershed basis. At present, the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) are running as a consolidated single programme named Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).

Q. Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWMP) is financed by the central and state governments in the ratio of

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 3

The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is the result of the unified approach of the GOI for treatment and development of the new generation watersheds in a realistic and holistic manner. The Central and State share for the IWMP projects is in the ratio of 90:10.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 4

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) is the earliest area development programme launched by the Central Government in 1973-74 to tackle the special problems faced by those fragile areas which are constantly affected by severe drought conditions. These areas are characterized by large human and cattle populations which are continuously putting heavy pressure on the already fragile natural resources base for food, fodder and fuel. The major problems are continuous depletion of vegetative cover, increase in soil erosion, fall in ground water levels due to continuous exploitation without any effort to recharge the underground aquifers. Desert Development Programme (DDP) was launched for hot desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and cold desert areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Similarly, in 1989, Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP) was launched under the aegis of National Wasteland Development Board for development of wastelands on watershed basis. At present, the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) are running as a consolidated single programme named Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).

Q. Mark the incorrect statement(s).

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 4

The Planning Commission of India supervised the fiveyear plans for the economic development of the country. However, the 65-year-old Planning Commissionwas dissolved and a think tank – NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) took its place in 2015.
Unlike its predecessor (The Planning Commission) which had the power to allocate funds to States for regional development, the NITI Aayog has no such powers.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 5

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) is the earliest area development programme launched by the Central Government in 1973-74 to tackle the special problems faced by those fragile areas which are constantly affected by severe drought conditions. These areas are characterized by large human and cattle populations which are continuously putting heavy pressure on the already fragile natural resources base for food, fodder and fuel. The major problems are continuous depletion of vegetative cover, increase in soil erosion, fall in ground water levels due to continuous exploitation without any effort to recharge the underground aquifers. Desert Development Programme (DDP) was launched for hot desert areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana and cold desert areas of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Similarly, in 1989, Integrated Watershed Development Programme (IWDP) was launched under the aegis of National Wasteland Development Board for development of wastelands on watershed basis. At present, the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP), Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP) and Desert Development Programme (DDP) are running as a consolidated single programme named Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).

Q. The Brundtland Commission, formerly the __________, was a sub-organization of the United Nations (UN) that aimed to unite countries in pursuit of sustainable development.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 5

The Brundtland Commission, formerly the World Commission on Environment and Development, was a sub-organization of the United Nations (UN) that aimed to unite countries in pursuit of sustainable development. It was founded in 1983 when Javier Perez de Cuellar, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, appointed Gro Harlem Brundtland, former Prime Minister of Norway, as chairperson of the commission.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 6

Which year witnessed the greatest decennial expansion of towns in terms of urbanisation trends?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 6

In the year 1981, the greatest decennial expansion of towns in terms of urbanisation trends happened, which was 46.14%. Average growth rates in cities today are declining, and some city centers are losing population to the urban periphery. Urbanisation is shifting towards small and intermediate cities. The region is starting to age rapidly, a trend that is especially pronounced in urban areas.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 7

Which of the following developed satellite ports?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 7

A satellite port can either be one that is already existing or is created near a port that is reaching capacity. The government-run ports in Chennai, Paradip and the Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) in Mumbai developed satellite ports as part of their expansion plans.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 8

Which of the following states is the 'potential resource' for wind and solar energy?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 8

Potential resources are resources which are found in a region but have not been utilised. For example, the western parts of India particularly Rajasthan and Gujarat have enormous potential for the development of wind and solar energy.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 9

How will cyberspace be affected by the usage of the internet?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 9

Cyberspace is the world of electronic computerised space. As billions use the internet each year, cyberspace will expand the contemporary economic and social space of humans through e-mail, e-commerce, e-learning and e-governance. Internet together with fax, television and radio will be accessible to more and more people cutting across place and time.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 10

Which of the following is incorrect about the current state of demographic transition theory?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 10

Demographic transition theory can be used to describe and predict the future population of any area. The theory is divided into three stages and tells that the population of any region changes from high births and high deaths to low births and low deaths as society progresses from rural agrarian and illiterate to urban industrial and literate society. These changes occur in stages which are collectively known as the demographic cycle.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 11

According to some economists, which of these is a temporary alternative for farmers to increase their incomes and reduce environmental degradation?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 11

Both the goals of reducing environmental degradation and increasing the income can be achieved by engaging in alternative employment opportunities. Alternative employment opportunities in agriculture sector include poultry farming, horticulture, dairy farming, etc. These would help to reduce farm-based environmental degradation and also provide an opportunity to farmers to make money.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 12

'Volga' is one of the most important waterways in __________.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 12

Russia has a large number of developed waterways, of which Volga is one of the most important. It provides a navigable waterway of 11,200 km and drains into the Caspian Sea. The Volga-Moscow Canal connects it with the Moscow region and the Volga-Don Canal with the Black Sea.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 13

In which year did the Brundtland Commission Report, which presented the concept of sustainable development, come out?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 13

The seminal contribution with respect to resource conservation at the global level was made by the Brundtland Commission Report, 1987. This report introduced the concept of 'sustainable development' and advocated it as a means for resource conservation, which was subsequently published in a book entitled 'Our Common Future'.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 14

What type of agriculture has been effectively practised in Denmark, Belgium, Sweden and Italy?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 14

Co-operative movement originated over a century ago and has been successful in many Western European countries like Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, Italy, etc.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 15

_______ was planned as the capital of Australia in 1912 by American landscape architect, Walter Burley Griffin.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 15

Canberra was planned as the capital of Australia in 1912 by American landscape architect, Walter Burley Griffin. He had envisaged a garden city for about 25,000 people taking into account the natural features of the landscape.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 16

___________ is the only country in the world to officially proclaim the Gross National Happiness (GNH) as the measure of the country's progress.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 16

Bhutan is the only country in the world to officially proclaim the Gross National Happiness (GNH) as the measure of the country's progress. Material progress and technological developments are approached more cautiously taking into consideration the possible harm they might bring to the environment or other aspects of cultural and spiritual life of the Bhutanese. This simply means material progress cannot come at the cost of happiness. GNH encourages us to think of the spiritual, non-material and qualitative aspects of development.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 17

Which of the following terms best describes the stage of a society's cultural development?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 17

Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society. Human beings were able to develop technology after they developed better understanding of natural laws. For example, understanding of concepts of friction and heat helped us discover fire. Similarly, understanding of the secrets of DNA and genetics enabled us to conquer many diseases.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 18

Which of the following statements is/are true?

Statement I: Abiotic resources are obtained from the biosphere and have life, such as human beings, and flora and fauna.
Statement II: Biotic resources are all those things which are composed of non-living things like rocks and metals.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 18

Statement I is false as all those things which are composed of non-living things are called abiotic resources. For example, rocks and metals. Soil is the most important renewable natural resource. It is the medium of plant growth and supports different types of living organisms on the earth. The soil is a living system.
Statement II is false as biotic resources are obtained from biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, livestock, etc.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 19

Directions: In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Mark your answer as per the codes provided below.

Assertion (A): Kerala performs much better than Punjab and Gujarat in human development.
Reason (R): Per capita income governs the extent of human development.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 19

Size of the territory and per capita income are not directly related to human development. Often smaller countries have done better than larger ones in human development. Similarly, relatively poorer nations have been ranked higher than richer neighbours in terms of human development. For example, Sri Lanka, Trinidad and Tobago have a higher rank than India in the Human Development Index despite having smaller economies. Similarly, within India, Kerala performs much better than Punjab and Gujarat in human development despite having lower per capita income.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 20

Which of the following settlements are constructed by the government by providing shelter, water and other infrastructure facilities?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 20

Planned settlements are the sites that are not spontaneously chosen by villagers themselves; these are constructed by the government by providing shelter, water and other infrastructure on acquired lands. The scheme of villagisation in Ethiopia and the canal colonies in Indira Gandhi canal command area in India are good examples.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 21

Which of the following has the highest railway density of 1 km of railway for every 6.5 sq km of land?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 21

The country with 1 km of railroad for every 6.5 sq km of land is Belgium. In Russia, railways account for about 90 per cent of the country's total transport with a very dense network west of the Urals. The densities in the industrial areas are among the highest in the world.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 22

Which is the longest nationwide expressway in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 22

In India, there are many highways linking the major towns and cities. For example, National Highway No. 7 (NH 7), connecting Varanasi with Kanyakumari, is the longest in the country. The Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) or Super Expressway is underway to connect the four metropolitan cities — New Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Kolkata, and Hyderabad.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 23

Which of the following fiber crops of India is grown on black soil?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 23

Black soil is made up of volcanic materials. It is also known as 'regur'  is also known as Black Cotton Soil as cotton is an important crop which is grown in this type of soil. Black soil is mostly found in the areas such as Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. 

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 24

The farmers cultivating small plots of land using simple tools and more labour in the plains are categorized under which one of the following types of farming?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 24

Intensive subsistence agriculture refers to the cultivation of small plots of land by farmers, using simple tools and more labour, just to feed themselves and their families with little or no surplus trade.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 25

What is Salinization?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 25

Salinization

  • Salinization is the increase of salt concentration in soil and is, in most cases, caused by dissolved salts in the water supply. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • This supply of water can be caused by flooding of the land by seawater, seepage of seawater or brackish groundwater through the soil from below.
  • Due to climate change, sea levels are rising, which further accelerates the process of salinization.
  • The addition of excessive unwanted material in the soil alters the level of minerals and nutrients present in it.
  • The increasing human population has led to an increase in the amount of waste generated.
  • This waste when left untreated on soil increases its salinity.
  • Soil salinity is also increased due to excessive use of fertilizers and improper farming techniques.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 26

Which waterway connects the interior part of the U.S.A. with the Gulf of Mexico in the south?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 26

The Mississippi Waterways 

  • The Mississippi-Ohio waterway connects the interior part of the U.S.A. with the Gulf of Mexico in the south.
  • Hence the correct answer is option 2.
  • Large steamers can go through this route up to Minneapolis.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 27

Which of the following is an example of Footloose industry?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 27

Footloose Industries:

  • Footloose industries can be located in a wide variety of places. They are not dependent on any specific raw material, weight loss or otherwise. 
  • They largely depend on component parts which can be obtained anywhere.
  • They produce in small quantities and also employ a small labour force.
  • The important factor in their location is accessibility by road network.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 28

Which of the following is the conventional source of energy?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 28

The correct answer is Firewood.

  • Firewood is an example of a conventional source of energy. It comes under a non-commercial group of conventional energy.
  • Conventional sources of energy are available in limited quantity apart from hydro-electric power.
  • The conventional sources of energy are divided into two parts :
  • Commercial energy sources - eg. Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas, Electricity, etc.
  • Non-commercial energy sources - eg. Firewood, Straw, Dried dung, etc.
  • ​Non-conventional sources of energy are freely available and are also known as renewable sources of energy.
  • The examples of non-conventional sources of energy are - Solar energy, bioenergy, tidal energy, and wind energy.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 29

_______________ are those that force the individual to move voluntarily.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 29

Push Factor

  • Push factors force the individual to move voluntarily, and in many cases, they are forced because, the individual risk something if they stay.
  • Push factors may include conflict, drought, famine, or extreme religious activity.
  • Low economic activity and lack of job opportunities are also big push factors for migration. Other push factors include race and discriminating cultures, political intolerance, and persecution of people who question the status quo.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 30

Seasonal migration of people with their animals is known as

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 30

Concept:
Seasonal migration of people:

  • It is a kind of seasonal basis movement of people from one place to another in seasonal shifts for labour demand.
  • It also happens during summer to escape from hits and find forage.
  • It includes the migration of people with sheep, cattle and other animals.
  • Human labour migration mainly happens for crop collection and food harvest.

Explanation:
Transhumance:

  •  It is a seasonal movement of people who rear animals move in search of new pastures according to changes in seasons.
  • This regular migration happens for livestock farming, not all people or populations travel for this migration.
  • Only the animal herds and some important people travel.
  • In this kind of migration, people prefer high pasturelands in the summertime and low elevation areas in the wintertime.
  • In this kind of migration seasonal movement happens repeatedly every year and people go to the trails and lands which they already know.
  • In transhumance the area they travel they practice temporary crop cultivation.
  • It is a traditional and common migration practice all over the world, especially in western Asia and Europe.

Thus, the seasonal migration of people with their animals is known as transhumance.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 31

Which one of the following depicts correct demographic equation of population growth?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 31

Population Growth refers to a change in the size of a population. It can be either positive or negative over time. It is caused exclusively by the operation of fertility, mortality, and migration. 

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 32

Which of the following is the correct effect of an excessive irrigation?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 32

Effect of an excessive irrigation

  • Increase in Saline and Alkaline Elements in Soil or Increase in Salinity. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • The problem of Waterlogging. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Hindrance in Air Communication.
  • Reduction in Temperature of Soil.
  • The shallowness of Roots
  • Marshy Land. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
  • More Nitrate Formation
  • Shortage of Soil Nutritive Elements and Decrease in Productivity
  • Due to excessive irrigation, nutritive elements of soil flow to sub-soil, resulting in a decrease in soil productivity and deficiency in crops.
  • Acidity of Soil
  • Deformation comes in soil structure.
  •  Attack of diseases and harmful insects.
  • It encourages the process of leaching.
  • The collection of other harmful salts and alkaline takes place on the surface of the soil.
  • There is a decrease in the activities of living organisms.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 33

Which of the following factors are known as place utility?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 33

Pull factor

  • Pull factors are those factors in the destination country that attract the individual or group to leave their home.
  • Those factors are known as place utility, which is the desirability of a place that attracts people.
  • Better economic opportunities, more jobs, and the promise of a better life often pull people into new locations.
  • Sometimes individuals have ideas and perceptions about places that are not necessarily correct but are pull factors for that individual.
    • As people grow older and retire, many look for locations with warm weather, peaceful and comfortable locations to spend their retirement after a lifetime of hard work and savings. Such ideal places become pull factors too.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 34

Which of the following is a non-renewable source of energy?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 34

The correct answer is Fossil fuels.

Non-Renewable Resources Examples

  • Fossil Fuel
  • Coal
  • Rare earth elements
  • Petroleum products
  • Uranium

Thus, Fossil fuels are a non-renewable source of energy.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 35

Which of the following is the not a small-scale industry in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 35

The correct answer is Petroleum Industry.

  • Small scale industries are industries that are mostly spread over a small, local area and do not require large equipment or extensive manufacturing procedures in the production of a commodity.
  • They are 'the engine of economic growth and development of the country'.
  • They constitute over 70-80% of total enterprises in most of the economies.
  • It is the second-largest employment generating sector, after Agriculture in India. It provides employment to around 120 million people in India.
  • MSMEs contribute around 6-7% of the manufacturing GDP and 24-25% of the GDP from the service sector.
  • It contributes around 45% of the overall exports from India.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 36

Which one of the following types of cultivation was developed by European colonists?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 36

Plantation Agriculture

  • Plantation agriculture as mentioned above was introduced by the Europeans in colonies situated in the tropics.
  • Some of the important plantation crops are tea, coffee, cocoa, rubber, cotton, oil palm, sugarcane, bananas and pineapples.
  • The characteristic features of this type of farming are large estates or plantations, large capital investment, managerial and technical support, scientific methods of cultivation, single crop specialisation, cheap labour, and a good system of transportation that links the estates to the factories and markets for the export of the products.
  • The French established cocoa and coffee plantations in west Africa.
  • The British set up large tea gardens in India and Sri Lanka, rubber plantations in Malaysia and sugarcane and banana plantations in West Indies.
  • Spanish and Americans invested heavily in coconut and sugarcane plantations in the Philippines.
  • The Dutch once had a monopoly over sugarcane plantation in Indonesia. Some coffee fazendas (large plantations) in Brazil are still managed by Europeans.
  • Today, ownership of the majority of plantations has passed into the hands of the government or the nationals of the countries concerned
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 37

Horticulture is widely farmed in:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 37

The correct answer is Temperate region.

  • Horticulture refers to the cultivation or processing of fruits, vegetables, ornamental plants, and flowers.
  • Horticulture is mostly developed in Temperate regions of the world.
  • It is well developed in the densely populated industrial areas of North-Western Europe and North-Eastern USA.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 38

Which of the following industries are agriculture based?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 38

The correct answer is All of these.

Agro-Based Industries:

  • These are the industries that depend on agricultural products for raw materials to produce new products.
  • Agro-based products in India include textiles, paper, sugar, vegetable oil, etc.
  • The textile industry is the largest in India.
  • Accounting for about 20% of the country's industrial output.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 39

Australian National Railway line runs across ________ to _________

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 39

Railways 

  • Australia has about 40,000 km of railways, of which 25 per cent are found in New South Wales alone.
  • The west-east Australian National Railway line runs across the country from Perth to Sydney.
  • Hence the correct answer is option 3.
  • New Zealand’s railways are mainly in the North Island to serve the farming areas.
  • Only Chile, among the remaining countries, has a considerable route length linking coastal centres with the mining sites in the interior.
  • Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela have short single-track rail lines from ports to the interior with no inter-connecting links.
  • There is only one trans-continental rail route linking Buenos Aires (Argentina) with Valparaiso (Chile) across the Andes Mountains through the Uspallatta.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 40

Which of the following is not the cause of rural-urban migration? 

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 4 - Question 40

Rural-urban migration

  • Migrant - A person, whose last usual place of residence was different from the present place of enumeration on the date of inquiry has been considered a migrant.
  • Population flow from rural to urban areas is caused by many factors, like
    • high demand for labor in urban areas, Hence, option 1 is correct.
    • low job opportunities in rural areas and Hence, option 2 is correct.
    • an unbalanced pattern of development between urban and rural areas. Hence, option 3 is correct.
  • In India, the population in cities is rapidly increasing.
    • Due to low opportunities in smaller and medium cities, the poor people generally bypass these small cities and directly come to the mega cities for their livelihood.
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