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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 for CUET 2024 is part of CUET Mock Test Series preparation. The Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CUET exam syllabus.The Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 MCQs are made for CUET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 below.
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Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 1

Other than flavourings, what is used to manufacture chewing gum?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 1

Chicle is the word given to the part of the chewing gum that has lost its flavour and is manufactured from the milky juice of the zapota tree.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 2

Which theory may be applied to characterise and forecast the demographics of any location?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 2

Demographic transition theory can be used to describe and predict the future population of any area. The theory tells us that population of any region changes from high births and high deaths to low births and low deaths as society progresses from rural agrarian and illiterate society to urban industrial and literate society. These changes occur in stages which are collectively known as the demographic cycle.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 3

Which index measures the shortfall in human development?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 3

The poverty index is related to the Human Development Index. This index measures the shortfall in human development. It is a non-income measure. The probability of not surviving till the age of 40, the adult illiteracy rate, the number of people who do not have access to clean water, and the number of small children who are underweight are all taken into account to show the shortfall in human development in any region. Often the human poverty index is more revealing than the Human Development Index.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 4

Which of the following pack animals is preferred for mountainous areas?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 4

Mules are preferred in mountainous regions. A mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare). Mules have harder hooves than horses which make them great for rocky terrain. Mules' hooves are less likely to split or crack and can withstand mountainous trails and rocky farm soil. For many owners around the world who may not be able to regularly replace horseshoes, mules are cheaper to keep.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 5

Directions: Read the following passage carefully:

Mining requires large areas that need to be cleared prior to mining activities. Large scale deforestation results in the loss of oxygen producing plants and the destruction of vital habitats. Among other ill-effects of deforestation, the prime one is that it reduces overall biodiversity of an area. Mining utilises a variety of poisonous chemicals which can leak into nearby water supplies or evaporate into the air, bringing them into contact with humans, and wildlife.

Q. Profitability of mining does not depend on:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 5

The profitability of mining activities is determined by two major factors:
Physical characteristics: They include deposit size, grade, and method of occurrence.
Economic considerations such as mineral demand, accessible and used technology, capital to create infrastructure, and labour and transportation costs.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 6

Which of the following time-periods marked the emergence of three new disciplines pertaining to geography?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 6

Discontentment with the quantitative revolution and its dehumanised manner of doing geography led to the emergence of three new schools of thought of human geography (emergence of humanistic, radical and behavioural) in the 1970s. Human geography was made more relevant to the socio-political reality by the emergence of these schools of thought.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 7

Which of the following is inevitable in enlarging people's choice?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 7

Building people's capabilities in the area of education is important in enlarging their choices.For example, an uneducated child cannot make the choice to be a doctor because his/her choice has got limited due to lack of education. Similarly, very often poor people cannot choose to take medical treatment for disease because their choice is limited by their lack of resources. It is interesting to see to which group most of the school dropouts belong to. This should, then lead to an understanding of the reasons for such behaviour. In India, a large number of women and persons belonging to socially and economically backward groups drop out of school. This shows how the choices of these groups get limited by not having access to knowledge.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 8

Which of the following statements is/are true in context of manganese and its production in India?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 8

Manganese is an important raw material for smelting of iron ore and also used for manufacturing ferro alloys. Manganese deposits are found in almost all geological formations, however, it is mainly associated with the Dharwar system. Odisha is the leading producer of Manganese. Major mines in Odisha are located in the central part of the iron ore belt of India.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 9

Which of the following is/are correct?

1. The French established cocoa and coffee plantations in West Africa.
2. The British set up large tea gardens in India and Sri Lanka.
3. Rubber plantations were created in Malaysia and sugarcane and banana plantations were created in South America.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 9

In West Africa, the French planted cocoa and coffee. Large tea plantations were established by the British in Sri Lanka and India, as well as rubber plantations in Malaysia and sugarcane and banana plantations in the West Indies. In the Philippines, sugarcane and coconut crops received significant Spanish and American investment.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 10

Which of the following waterways belongs to the Europe?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 10

The Danube Waterway: This important inland waterway serves Eastern Europe. The Danube river rises in the Black Forest and flows eastwards through many countries. It is navigable up to Taurna Severin. The chief export items are wheat, maize, timber, and machinery.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 11

The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 11

Movement in search of pastures is undertaken either over vast horizontal distances or vertically from one elevation to another in the mountainous regions. The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as transhumance. In mountain regions such as Himalayas, Gujjars, Bakarwals, Gaddis and Bhotiyas migrate from plains to the mountains in summers and to the plains from the high altitude pastures in winters. Similarly, in the tundra regions, the nomadic herders move from south to north in summers and from north to south in winters.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 12

Which of the following groupings of cities has been done according to ascending order of their size of population?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 12

The group 'Greater Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai' shows the cities arranged in the 'sequence of their ranks' in size.
Greater Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai cities have the population of 16.4 million, 13.22 million, 12.79 million, and 6.42 million, respectively.
India is the seventh biggest country in the world by region, and a country this big has a population to match. In detail, the country has 39 cities which have a population of one million residents.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 13

As a matter of custom, each community possesses a well-defined region. Which of the following activities is characterised by the above-mentioned line?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 13

Nomadic herding is a prehistoric subsistence activity in which herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools, and transportation. They travel from one location to another with their animals, depending on the availability and quality of pastures and water. As a matter of custom, each nomadic society has a distinct region.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 14

Which of the following is not a method for distinguishing traditional industrial regions?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 14

Traditional industrial regions are distinguished by a high share of manufacturing jobs, high-density dwellings, frequency of low quality, and inadequate services, unappealing surroundings (such as pollution and rubbish dumps), unemployment, emigration, and abandoned land regions created by factory closures due to a global drop in demand.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 15

Which one is the oldest approach in human development?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 15

Income Approach is one of the oldest approaches to human development. Human development is seen as being linked to income. The idea is that the level of income reflects the level of freedom an individual enjoys. The higher the level of income, the higher is the level of human development.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 16

Why do humans favour living in flat, mild terrain?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 16

People prefer living on flat plains and gentle slopes. This is because such areas are favourable for the production of crops and to build roads and industries. The mountainous and hilly areas hinder the development of transport network and, hence initially do not favour agricultural and industrial development. So, these areas tend to be less populated. The Ganga plains are among the most densely populated areas of the world, while the mountain zones in the Himalayas are scarcely populated.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 17

The Human Development Index and the Human Poverty Index are two important indices used by the ___________ to measure human development.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 17

Since 1990, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been publishing the Human Development Report every year. This report provides a rank-wise list of all member countries according to the level of human development. The Human Development Index and the Human Poverty Index are two important indices used by the UNDP to measure human development.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 18

India occupies 2.4% of the world's land area and contributes to 15% of the world's population. In 10 years between 1991 and 2001, our population grew by nearly 21%.

Q. Which of the following factors will affect the population growth rates of a place?

i. Emigration
ii. Immigration
iii. Number of births

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 18

Births will add more individuals to the population, as will immigration, where people come in to a foreign country to live. Emigration is the act of leaving a resident country or place of residence with the intent to settle elsewhere. All these factors determine the rate at which the population of the country will grow. Thus, option D is correct.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 19

Which of the following characteristics define(s) the early colonial period?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 19

Exploration and description are the approaches of early colonial period. Imperial and trade interests prompted the discovery and exploration of new areas. An encyclopaedic description of the area formed an important aspect of the geographer's account. Elaborate description of all aspects of a region was not undertaken until later colonial period.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 20

When did the transportation revolution occur in the eighteenth century?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 20

Most of the movement of goods and services takes place over land. In early days, humans themselves were carriers. Later, animals were used as beasts of burden. With the invention of the wheel, the use of carts and wagons became important. The revolution in transport came about only after the invention of the steam engine in the eighteenth century. Perhaps, the first public railway line was opened in 1825 between Stockton and Darlington in northern England and then onwards, railways became the most popular and fastest form of transport in the nineteenth century.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 21

Which one is a primary activity?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 21

The correct answer is Mining.

The primary activity includes those occupations which are closely related to man’s natural environment.

  • The most important feature of the primary sector is that it forms the base for all other activities.
  • These economic functions deliver the raw material for other industries, which further refine and develop these materials into products to sell to customers.
  • Some important examples of primary activities are Gathering, hunting, fishing, lumbering, animal rearing, farming, and mining.
    • Animal rearing or dairy is a primary activity. In this activity, farmers are dependent on the biological process of the animals, the availability of fodder, etc. The product, milk, is also natural.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 22

_________  power plant is the plant which uses the non-conventional source of energy.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 22

The wind power plant is the plant that uses the non-conventional source of energy.

In general, power plants can be divided into two categories - conventional and non-conventional power plants.

Conventional power plants:

  • Fossil fuel power plants: Generates electric power by burning fossil fuels like coal, natural gas or diesel.
  • Nuclear power plants: The Controlled nuclear reaction is maintained to generate electricity.
  • Hydroelectric power plants: Electricity is produced by building dams on suitable rivers.

Non-conventional power plants:

  • Wind power plants: The kinetic energy of wind is used to create power.
  • Solar power plants: Generates power by collecting solar radiation
  • Geothermal power plants: Uses the natural heat found in the deep levels of the earth to generate electricity.
  • Biomass power plants: Natural organic matter is burnt to produce electricity.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 23

Viticulture is known as the cultivation and harvesting of_______?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 23

The correct answer is Grapes.

Viticulture is known as the cultivation and harvesting of Grapes.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 24

Which of the following is a conventional source of energy?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 24
  • The energy of a body is its capacity to do work. It is measured the total amount of work that the body can do.  
    • Conventional energy sources are:
    • Fossil fuel energy
    • Hydraulic energy
    • Nuclear energy
  • Fossil fuel energy:
    • Coal, petroleum, and natural gas are called Fossil fuel as these are formed by the decomposition of the remains of dead plants and animals buried under the earth for a long time.
    • These are non-renewable sources of energy, which, if exhausted, can not be replenished in a short time.
    • Their reserves are limited and are considered very precious.
    • These should be used with care and caution to let them last long.
    • These are also contributing to the global environmental pollution.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 25

In which of the following state the security factor is a reason for compact villages?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 25

Clustered Settlements -

  • The clustered rural settlement is a compact or closely built up area of houses.
  • In this type of village, the general living area is distinct and separated from the surrounding farms, barns and pastures.
  • The closely built-up area and its intervening streets present some recognisable pattern or geometric shape, such as rectangular, radial, linear, etc.
  • Such settlements are generally found in fertile alluvial plains and in the northeastern states.
  • Sometimes, people live in a compact village for security or defence reasons, such as in the Bundelkhand region of central India and in Nagaland. Hence the correct answer is option A.
  • In Rajasthan, scarcity of water has necessitated compact settlement for maximum utilisation of available water resources.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 26

In which state famous Nehru Trophy Boat Race (VALLAMKALI) held?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 26

Nehru Trophy Boat Race (VALLAMKALI) 

  • Nehru Trophy Boat Race is a popular Vallam Kali (boat race) held in the Punnamada Lake near Alappuzha, Kerala on the second Saturday of August every year. 
  • The most popular event of the race is the competition of Chundan Vallams (snake boats). Hence the race is also known as Snake Boat Race in English. 
  • Other categories of boats such as Churulan Vallam, Iruttukuthy Vallam, Odi Vallam etc. also participate in the competition. 
  • It is organized by the Nehru Trophy Boat Race Society under the guidance of the district administration. 
  • Vembanad is the longest lake in India, which spans several districts in Kerala. It is known as Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi. 
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 27

In which year the Border Road Organisation (BRO) was established?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 27

The correct answer is 1960.

  • Roads along the northern and north-eastern boundary of India are known as border roads. The Border Road Organisation (BRO) was established in May 1960 for accelerating economic development and strengthening defence preparedness through rapid and coordinated improvement and suffers daily necessities in border areas.
  • Example- Roads in high altitude mountainous terrain joining Chandigarh with Manila. This road runs at an average altitude of 4,270 meters above the mean sea level.

Border Roads Organisation

  • BRO was conceived and raised in 1960 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for coordinating the speedy development of a network of roads in the North and the North Eastern border regions of the country.
  • It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence.
  • It has diversified into a large spectrum of construction and development works comprising airfields, building projects, defence works, and tunneling and has endeared itself to the people.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 28

Which of the following is the oil seed crop?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 28

The correct option is Mustard.

  • The oilseeds are produced for extracting edible oils.
  • Drylands of Malwa plateau, Marathwada, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Telangana, Rayalseema region of Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka plateau are oilseeds growing regions of India.
  • These crops together occupy about 14 percent of the total cropped area in the country. Groundnut, rapeseed and mustard, soybean, and sunflower are the main oilseed crops grown in India.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 29

Which of the following is the correct meaning of ‘Golden Quadrilateral'?​

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 29

Golden Quadrilateral

  • It is a highway network that connects Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai, thereby uniting India's major industrial, agricultural, and cultural centers. Hence, option 1 is correct.
  • The project began in 2001.
  • It was Phase 1 of the larger National Highway Development Project, which was initiated by the same administration in 1998.
  • The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), which is part of the Ministry of Road, Transport, and Highways, is in charge of it.
  • When it was completed, the Golden Quadrilateral, which consisted of 5,846 km (3,633 mi) of four/six-lane express roads, was the biggest highway project in India and the fifth-longest in the world. Hence, option 2 is correct.
  • It is so named because it connects Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai, forming a type of quadrilateral. Hence, option 3 is correct.
  • The fundamental goal of these superhighways is to shorten the distance and time connecting India's four megacities.
  • This project includes the North-South corridor connecting Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) and Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu), as well as the East-West corridor connecting Silchar (Assam) and Porbandar (Gujarat).
  • The network also connects other key metropolises such as Pune, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Kanpur, Surat in the north and Bengaluru, Visakhapatnam, and Bhubaneswar in the south.
  • The increased speed limits were possible as a result of the systematic and planned strengthening of the track and its infrastructure by removing bottlenecks in these sections at a rapid pace.
  • This featured stronger rails, the installation of 260-meter-long welded rail panels, and the upgrading of bends and slopes, among other things.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 30

One of the dry farming practiced in India is:

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 30
  • Farming is the process of systematic and controlled growth of plants or livestock in order to obtain food materials and other raw materials.
  • The process of agriculture was initiated thousands of years ago, as civilizations became a part of human life, farming became an everyday chore for the people.
  • There are two types of farming based on the terrains in which the crops are cultivated.
  • They are known as wetland farming and dryland farming.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 31

Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 31

Use of Bauxite:

  • Bauxite is formed by surface weathering of clay rocks around the tropical region and composer of aluminum oxide Al(OH)3.
  • It contains 15%–25% aluminum and only ore used for commercial extraction for aluminum.
  • The bauxite occurs in near-surface layers and is usually mixed with clay minerals, iron oxide, and titanium dioxide.
  • Bauxite is the primary source of aluminum to make cement that is used for construction.
  • Aluminum is used for transport carriers, consumer durables, packaging, electrical, machinery equipment, refractory bricks, and abrasives.
  • The principal uses of bauxite are multipurpose covering metallurgy, chemical industries, as raw material in building and road aggregates.
  • Bauxite is the best and only material for making aluminum metal.
  • Bauxite is used in the chemical industry, refractory brocks, abrasive, cement, steel, and petroleum.
  • Lateritic bauxite is often used as a building material.
  • The calcined bauxite, produced by sintering of high-alumina in rotary, round, or shaft kilns at high temperature, is used as an anti-skid road aggregate which is used in selected areas to prevent road accidents.

Hence, Aluminum is the correct answer.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 32

Which settlements are widespread in the Gujarat plain and some parts of Rajasthan?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 32

Semi-Clustered or fragmented Settlements -

  • In this settlements may result from a tendency of clustering in a restricted area of dispersed settlement.
  • More often such a pattern may also result from segregation or fragmentation of a large compact village
  • In this case, one or more sections of the village society choose or are forced to live a little away from the main cluster or village.
  • The land-owning and dominant community occupies the central part of the main village, whereas people of lower strata of society and menial workers settle on the outer flanks of the village.
  • Such settlements are widespread in the Gujarat plain and some parts of Rajasthan. Hence the correct answer is option D.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 33

What was the first program telecasted on Doordarshan?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 33

Doordarshan

  • The first program to be telecast on Doordarshan was Krishi Darshan, which began on 26th January 1967 and is remembered as the longest-running TV program.
  • In 1982 Doordarshan came into existence as a national broadcaster and reached all parts of the country.
  • Doordarshan was Launched - on September 15, 1959.
  • On 15 September 1959, the Government of India launched Doordarshan, or DD in short, India's public service broadcaster in Delhi.
  • Starting, as an experiment with a small 5 KW transmitter and an improvised studio, DD became a national broadcaster in 1982.
  • On 15 September 1959, at the studio of All India Radio, Delhi, the first TV channel in India started an experimental telecast with a small transmitter and a makeshift studio, adopting the brand Doordarshan, Hindi for television.
  • The Delhi Doordarshan Centre was inaugurated by Dr. RajendraPrasad, the first Indian President in 1959.
  • Doordarshans Mumbai center began to telecast its programmes on 1st May 1972.
  • Colour television was introduced on 15th August 1982.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 34

Tarapur nuclear power plant is located in ________.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 34

The correct answer is Maharashtra.

  • Tarapur Atomic Power station is located in Tarapur, Maharashtra.
  • It was the first commercial atomic power station of India commissioned on 28th October 1969.
  • It was commissioned under 123 agreements signed between India, the United States, and International Atomic Energy Agency. 
  • The station is operated by the National power corporation of India.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 35

What is Terrace Farming?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 35

The correct answer is Terraces are made on the steep slopes so that flat surfaces are available to grow crops.

  • Terrace farming is a method of growing crops on the sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope.
  • Terraces are made on the steep slopes so that flat surfaces are available to grow crops.
  • It is efficient and often the only solution for hilly farmlands.
  • The essential feature of terrace agriculture is excavating and moving topsoil to form farmed areas and ridges.

 Thus, we can say that the above statements about terrace farming are correct.

Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 36

The Green Revolution in India was an introduction of High Yielding Varieties(HYV) of seeds for__________.

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 36

The correct answer is Wheat.

The Green Revolution in India was an introduction of High Yielding Varieties(HYV) of seeds for Wheat.

  • HYV seeds are those seeds that produce huge quantities of crops particularly wheat and rice.
  • The regular supply of water, maximum use of fertilizers, and use of pesticides in an accurate proportion are needed to use these seeds.
  • HYV are seeds are of better quality than normal quality seeds.
  • The yield from these seeds is slightly higher than the normal ones.
  • These seeds have a good immune system to fight insects and other diseases.
  • Under the new agricultural strategy, special emphasis has been placed on the development and widespread adoption of HYV seeds.
  • The actual area under HYV by the end of the 7th plan was only 63.1 hectares.
  • In 1998-99, the coverage rose to 78.4 million hectares.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 37

What is the objective of the Smart Cities Mission?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 37

Smart Cities Mission -

  • The objective of the Smart Cities Mission is
    • to promote cities that provide core infrastructure,
    • a clean and sustainable environment
    • give a decent quality of life to its citizens.
  • Hence the correct answer is option D.
  • One of the features of Smart Cities is to apply smart solutions to infrastructure and services in order to make them better.
  • The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas and create a replicable model, which will act as a lighthouse to other aspiring cities.
  • This MIssion is India's urban renewal and retrofitting programme with the mission to develop smart cities across the country, making them citizen-friendly and sustainable.
  • Launched in June 2015, the mission initially included 100 cities with the deadline for completion of the projects set between 2019 and 2023.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 38

Which group refers to dependent population in the population pyramid?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 38

The correct answer is Above 60 years group.

  • The population pyramid is a graphical representation of the age and sex composition of a specific population.
  • Age structure represents the number of people of different age groups and an important indicator of population composition.
  • Demographers express the share of the dependent age groups using a metric called the 'age dependency ratio'. This measures the ratio between 'dependents' (the sum of young and old) to the working-age population that is aged between 15 to 64 years old.
  • The large size of the population in the age group of 15- 59 indicates a large working population.
  • A greater proportion of the population above 60 years represents an ‘aging population’ or ‘the elderly population’ which requires more expenditure on health care facilities.
  • A high proportion of the young population would mean that the region has a high birth rate and the population is youthful. This population is known as children and young adolescents who are under 15 years old.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 39

Bewar, Podu and Bringa are types of 

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 39

Every region follows different agricultural practices.
Depending on the type of crop and scale of farming various agricultural practices are adopted.

Primitive Farming:

  • This type of farming is still practised in few pockets of India.
  • Primitive agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/community labour.
  • This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown.

About slash and burn agriculture:

  • It is a type of primitive farming in which the farmer cultivates on a plot of land temporarily.
  •  When he finds the land infertile to grow due to soil exhaustion, they move on to another plot.
  • It is largely practised in the north-eastern region of India, including Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, etc.
  • This way of farming is also known as "Jhum Kheti".
  • It is a shifting cultivation practice.
  • It is also known as fire-fallow cultivation.
  • Forest land is cleaned and ashes are added to the soil.
  • Cultivated spots/ areas are usually small.
  • Short periods of crop occupation alternate with long fallow periods.
  • Field rotation is practised instead of crop rotation.
Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 40

Ambala, Jalandhar, and Mhow are an example of which type of town?

Detailed Solution for Geography: CUET Mock Test - 8 - Question 40

On the basis of specialised functions, Indian cities and towns can be broadly classified as follows -

 

  • Industrial towns -
    • Industries constitute the prime motive force of these cities, such as Mumbai, Salem, Coimbatore, Modinagar, Jamshedpur, Hugli, Bhilai, etc.
  • Garrison Cantonment towns -
    • These towns emerged as garrison towns such as Ambala, Jalandhar, Mhow, Babina, Udhampur, etc.
    • Hence the correct answer is option 2.
  • Commercial towns -
    • Towns and cities specialising in trade and commerce are kept in this class. Kolkata, Saharanpur, Satna, etc., are some examples.
  • Mining towns -
    • These towns have developed in mineral-rich areas such as Raniganj, Jharia, Digboi, Ankleshwar, Singrauli, etc.
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