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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - CUET MCQ


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40 Questions MCQ Test CUET Mock Test Series - Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 for CUET 2024 is part of CUET Mock Test Series preparation. The Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CUET exam syllabus.The Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 MCQs are made for CUET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 below.
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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 1

Which alliance formed the government at the center in 1989?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 1

V. P. Singh, the leader of the second largest party Janata Dal (which also headed the National Front) was invited by the President of India to form the government.The government was formed with outside support from the Bharatiya Janata Party and a Left Front led by CPI (M).V. P. Singh was sworn in as the seventh Prime Minister of India on 2 December 1989.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 2

Agricultural  diversification means

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 2

Agricultural diversification is an important mechanism for economic growth. It depends, however, on there being opportunities for diversification and on farmers’ responsiveness to those opportunities. Agricultural diversification can be facilitated by technological breaks-through, by changes in consumer demand or in government policy or in trade arrangements, and by development of irrigation, roads, and other infrastructures.

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Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 3

TANWA project initiated in

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 3

Tamil Nadu Women in Agriculture (TANWA) was a project initiated in the late 1980s in Tamil Nadu to train women in latest agricultural techniques and in organic farming. It encouraged women to actively participate in raising agricultural productivity and family income.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 4

TANWA project relates to

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 5

The period between 1991-2003 is called

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 5

A significant increase in horticulture production is called Golden Revolution in India. In India, the period between 1991-2003 is termed as ‘Golden Revolution’. This period witnessed a tremendous increase in the productivity in horticulture. As a result, during this period, there was a huge increase in the production of various fruits, vegetables, spices and other horticulture products.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 6

During operation flood production of milk increase

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 6

Operation Flood is the program behind “the white revolution.” It created a national milk grid linking producers throughout India with consumers in over 700 towns and cities, it transformed India from a milk-deficient nation into the world’s largest milk producer.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 7

What was the growth rate of agricultural output during 2007-12?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 7

The farm sector grew at an average rate of 3.7 per cent as against 4 per cent targeted in the five year policy period. As against an annual average growth of 10-11 per cent envisaged for the industry during the period, the actual annual average growth stood at 7.2 per cent during the plan period.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 8

Which of the following is an institutional source of rural credit?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 8

Regional Rural Banks are government owned scheduled commercial banks of India that operate at regional level in different states of India. These banks are under the ownership of Ministry of Finance, Government of India. They were created to serve rural areas with basic banking and financial services.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 9

What is the name of an ancient social institution that has been part of Indian history and culture for thousands of years?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 9

Like any Indian, you already know that caste is the name of an ancient social institution that has been part of Indian history and culture for thousands of years. But like any Indian living in the twenty-first century, you also know that something called caste is definitely a part of Indian society today. 

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 10

How many major divisions were determined in the Varna system?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 10

These divisions were not very elaborate or very rigid, and only four major divisions were not determined by birth.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 11

What do castes involve within themselves?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 11

Castes also involve sub-divisions within themselves, i.e., castes almost always have sub-castes, and sometimes sub-castes may also have sub-castes.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 12

When did Indian independence occur?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 12

In 1947 India got independence.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 13

Who was the director of the 1901 census?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 13

The 1901 census under the direction of herbert Risley was particularly important as it sought to collect information on the social hierarchy of caste, i.e., the social order of precedence in particular regions, as to the position of each caste in the rank order.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 14

What made it difficult for the caste-segregated patterns of social interaction to survive?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 14

Urbanization and the conditions of collective living in the cities made it difficult for the caste-segregated patterns of social interaction to survive.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 15

What are tribes positively inclined towards?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 15

From the tribes' point of view, apart from the extent of assimilation, attitude towards Hindu society is also a major criterion, with differentiation between tribes that are positively inclined towards Hinduism and those who resist or oppose it.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 16

The industrial areas of what state have suffered a dilution of the tribal share of the population?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 16

The industrial areas of Jharkhand have suffered a dilution of the tribal share of the population. Similar pressure is being felt in Arunachal Pradesh. Today, this interactional process is formed rather than any primordial (Orginal, ancient) characteristics peculiar to tribes. Because the interaction with the mainstream has generally been on terms unfavorable to the tribal communities, many tribal identities today are centered on ideas of resistance and opposition to the overwhelming force of the non-tribal world—the positive impact of successes.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 17

With the globalisation of markets, the tastes and preferences of consumers world-wide are

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 17

Globalization has brought the world closer. It has made import and export of goods easier between all the countries. One can get access to the different goods available across the world due to globalization. Hence, as there has been globalization of markets, the tastes and preferences of consumers world-wide are converging upon a global warm.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 18

The seventh WSF meeting was held in:

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 18

The seventh World Social Forum was held in Nairobi, Kenya in January 2007. There were 66,000 registered attendees, and 1,400 participating organizations from 110 countries, making it the most globally representative WSF so far.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 19

India implemented the New Economic Policy in the year

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 19

1991 Liberalisation Privatisation and Globalisation reforms were carried out by Government of India to fight the crisis.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 20

In 1986-87, the overall fiscal deficit of India touched an all time high of

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 20

Highest fiscal deficit ever reached is 9% of GDP which reached in 1986-87 financial year.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 21

What  is  rural  development

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 21

Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 22

TANWA stands for

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 22

Tamil Nadu Women in Agriculture (TANWA) is a project initiated in Tamil Nadu to train women in latest agricultural techniques. It induces women to actively participate in raising agricultural productivity and family income.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 23

Golden revolution is related to

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 23

The definition of horticulture is the art or practice of gardening and cultivating plants and trees. When you grow lilac bushes and orchids, this is an example of horticulture.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 24

Operation flood is related to

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 24

Operation Flood, launched on 13 January 1970, was the world's largest dairy development program and a landmark project of India's National Dairy Development Board.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 25

Operation flood started in

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 25
  • Operation Flood was started by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970. The objective of this programme was to create a nationwide milk grid. The result was that India became the largest producer of Milk and Milk Products.
  • Operation flood is called White Revolution of India.
  • White Revolution followed the Green Revolution and both these revolutions contributed to a large extent to alleviate poverty from India. Gujarat-based co-operation “Anand Milk Union Limited” (Amul) was the engine behind the success of the programme.
  • Amul was founded by Tribhuvandas Patel and Verghese Kurien was the chairman of NDDB. Dr. Verghese Kurien, who was then 33, gave the professional management skills and necessary thrust to the cooperative, and is considered the architect of Operation Flood.
  • His work has been recognized by the award of a Padma Bhushan, the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership, the Carnegie-Wateler World Peace Prize, and the World Food Prize.
Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 26

Which among the following is an initiative taken for the development of rural India?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 26

Solution: Land reforms were taken just after independence. 5 year plans focussed on poverty allevation as well as human capital making.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 27

When was the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development set up?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 27

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development setup in 1982  is an apex regulatory body for overall regulation of regional rural banks and apex cooperative banks in India. It is under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Finance, Government of India.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 28

Which source of credit had emerged to fully integrate the formal credit system into the overall rural social and community development?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 28

Self Help Groups (SHGs) are small groups of poor people. The members of an SHG face similar problems. They help each other, to solve their problems. SHGs promote small savings among their members. The savings are kept with the bank.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 29

What is the word most commonly used to refer to the institution of caste in Indian languages?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 29

Jati is the word most commonly used to refer to the institution of caste in Indian languages. However, it is interesting to note that, increasingly, Indian language speakers are beginning to use the English word caste. The precise relationship between varna and jati has been the subject of much speculation and debate among scholars.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 30

Which of the following marriage system was allowed by the caste system?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 30

Caste groups are endogamous, i.e.marriage is restricted to members of the group.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 31

What kind of system is the society consisting of all castes?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 31

Further, this societal whole or system is a hierarchical rather than egalitarian system. Each caste occupies a distinct place, and an ordered rank a particular position in a ladder-like arrangement going from highest to lowest. The hierarchical ordering of castes is based on the distinction between purity and pollution.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 32

Some scholars argue that what we know today as caste is more a product of what?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 32

Some scholars argue that what we know today as caste is more a product of colonialism than of ancient Indian tradition.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 33

What brought about major changes in the institution of caste?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 33

Colonialism brought about major changes in the institution of caste. Perhaps it would be more accurate to say that the institution of caste underwent fundamental changes during the colonial period.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 34

Who contributed to the development of Sanskritisation and the dominant caste?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 34

Perhaps the most common of these are Sanskritisation and dominant caste, both contributed by M.N. Srinivas but discussed extensively and criticized by other scholars. Sanskritisation refers to a process whereby members of a (usually middle or lower) caste attempt to raise their own social status by adopting the ritual, domestic and social practices of a caste (or castes) of higher status.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 35

What type of economy has brought tribal societies into contact with the mainstream society a long time ago?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 35

The capitalist economy’s drive to exploit forest resources and minerals and to recruit cheap labor brought tribal societies in contact with the mainstream society a long time ago. However, the colonial era’s early anthropological work had described tribes as isolated cohesive communities. Colonialism had already brought irrevocable changes in their world.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 36

Globalization has led to the flow of ideas across

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 36

It has led to the flow of ideas across national boundaries through internet and computer. Economic globalisation has also brought economic ruin for the weaker countries, especially for the poor within these countries.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 37

According to the rightist view in India, globalisation tends to

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 37

According to rightist view, it leads to the weakening of the State. People will loose their identity and age-old values. They support protectionism and self-reliance.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 38

Which of the following is available in India due to globalisation?

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 38

Almost every foreign brand is available in India nowadays

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 39

This type of globalisation refers to global markets and the flow of capital, technology & goods is

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 39

Economic Globalisation works with flow of money and capital across the globe.

Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 40

During the colonial period, India became an

Detailed Solution for Sociology: CUET Mock Test - 2 - Question 40

Indian economy was dominated by british colonial and imperial mindset which led to drain of resources of India to fulfil Colonial luxuries so India became exporter of Primary goods and raw materials.

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