Towns and cities were fortified by what?
Who traveled long distances on pilgrimage, passing through towns?
Where did people seek shelter when towns were attacked?
Who maintained houses in Agra, Delhi, and Lahore?
What did artisans produce exclusive to the households of nobles?
What was brought into urban markets for the town dwellers and the army?
Which Mughal capitals lost their political authority?
Who found ready employment in the new kingdoms?
When did the British set up a base in Madras?
When was the first all-India census attempted?
Decennial censuses are an invaluable source for studying what?
Who has to use sources like the census with great caution?
In the forty years between 1900 and 1940, the urban population increased from about 10 percent of the total population to about what percentage?
The nature of what activity sharply differentiated colonial cities from India’s traditional towns and urban settlements?
When were railways introduced?
In what city was fort St.George built?
What type of mills were set up by Indian merchants and entrepreneurs in Bombay?
What was Jamshedpur specialising in?
When did John Lawrence move his council to Simla?
What made hill stations more accessible to a wide range of people, including Indians?